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Full text of "Personal accounts of events, travels, and everyday life in America : an annotated bibliography"

\\f 



The 

Winterthur 

Libraiy 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://www.archive.org/details/personalaccountsOOmcki 



Personal Accounts of Events, 

Travels, and Everyday 

Life in America 



Personal Accounts of Events, 

Travels, and Everyday 

Life in America 

An Annotated Bibliography 



COMPILED BY 

E. Richard McKinstry 



A Winterthur Book 



1997 



FIRST EDITION 



1997 by The Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, Inc. 
All rights reserved under the International and 
Pan-American Copyright Conventions. 



Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data 

Personal accounts of events, travels, and everyday life in 
America : an annotated bibliography / compiled by E. Richard 
McKinstry. — 1st ed. 

— (A Winterthur book) 

Includes bibliographical references and index. 

ISBN 0-912724-39-0 

1. United States — Description and travel — Bibliography — 
Catalogs. 2. United States — Social life and customs — 
Bibliography — Catalogs. 3. American diaries — Bibliography — 
Catalogs. 4. Travelers' writings, American — Bibliography — 
Catalogs. 5. Winterthur Library — Catalogs. I. McKinstry, 
E. Richard. 
Z1236.P47 1997 
[E161] 

016.973— dc21 97-10832 

CIP 



Manufactured in the United States of America 



Contents 

Preface vii 

Acknowledgments xi 

Introduction xiii 

Manuscripts 1 

Published Travel Accounts 125 

Short-Title Bibliography 205 

Chronological Index to Manuscripts 207 

Comprehensive Index to Manuscripts 213 

Geographical Index to Published Travel Accounts 233 



Preface 



The organization of this volume is quite simple. Following the 
customary introductory front matter is an annotated bibliography 
of ninety-four manuscript personal accounts in the Winterthur 
Library acquired by the Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts 
and Printed Ephemera through 1989. Each bibliographic entry 
includes a description of the item under consideration, men- 
tioning the account's author or subject and his or her life dates, 
title, date, length in number of pages or volumes, illustrative 
material, and height in centimeters. Brief essays describe the con- 
tents of the manuscripts and often include references to related 
works. 

Immediately following the manuscript accounts is a bibliogra- 
phy of 406 published travel narratives held in the Printed Book 
and Periodical Collection at Winterthur. Because the titles of the 
volumes regularly detail the itinerary of the author, annotation 
was thought unnecessary; however, bibliographies in which 
some of the narratives have been recorded are furnished. A 
short-title list of those bibliographies cited appears after the 
entries. 

Indexes play a major part in the efficient use of any bibliogra- 
phy or guide. To enhance the usefulness of Personal Accounts, 
three indexes are included. The first is a chronological index to 
the manuscripts. This index records the year, the keeper of the 
diary or other personal account or the title of the account, and 
the entry number of the item. The second is a comprehensive 
index to the manuscripts. Numbers in the index refer to the num- 
bers assigned to the personal account, from Ml to M94. The 
third index refers to geographical places mentioned in the titles 
of the published travel narratives. 

It is worth noting some standard sources that were consulted 
to identify the individuals who kept or who were mentioned in 
the personal accounts, to verify geographical locations, and to 
pinpoint historical events. The most informative biographical 
works were the Dictionary of American Biography, the standard in 
the field for sketches of important American figures, and for 



viii Preface 



background on Englishmen, the Dictionary of National Biography, 
a superb multivolume compilation from Oxford University Press. 
Offering briefer entries than its cousin, the DAB, is Who Was 
Who in America. For nineteenth-century people, The National Cyclo- 
pedia of American Biography, a thirteen-volume source published 
from 1892 to 1906 by James T. White and Company of New 
York, was most valuable. Census indexes and city directories 
furnished limited but important information for identifying 
residents of a particular location. Because there are many 
manuscript personal accounts in the collection by personages in 
the world of art or by people who discuss artists, two standard 
sources were illuminating: The New-York Historical Society's Diction- 
ary of Artists in America, 1564-1860, compiled by George C. Groce 
and David H. Wallace and published in New Haven, Connecti- 
cut, by Yale University Press in 1957, and Who Was Who in Ameri- 
can Art, edited by Peter Falk and issued by Sound View Press, 
Madison, Connecticut, 1985. 

Many personal accounts in the Downs collection are travel 
narratives. For geographical locations in the United States, the 
American Guide Series, prepared by members of the Federal 
Writer's Project of the Works Progress Administration, offered 
needed identification. Gazetteers, especially the hefty 2,478-page 
Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World, published in 1880 in Philadel- 
phia by J. B. Lippincott and Company, were useful. The nine- 
teenth-century Baedeker guidebooks of Europe were edifying for 
that part of the globe. Finally, the Atlas of the World, published 
by the National Geographic Society in Washington, D.C., 1975, 
helped identify itineraries of both ships and travelers. 

Historical events occurring in the United States are outlined 
in the Encyclopedia of American History, edited by Richard B. Mor- 
ris and Jeffrey B. Morris and published in 1976 by Harper and 
Row, New York. Happenings elsewhere are summarized in An 
Encyclopedia of World History, compiled and edited by William L. 
Langer and issued by Houghton Mifflin Company of Boston, 
1972. 



Preface ix 

Finally, because many diarists mention reading material in 
an abbreviated fashion, some bibliographical verification had to 
be undertaken. Databases of both OCLC and RLIN were con- 
sulted to identify authors and titles of books and periodicals that 
diary keepers remembered in their passages. 



Acknowledgments 



This volume is the third in a series of bibliographies published to 
describe the holdings of the Winterthur Library. Like its prede- 
cessors, Trade Catalogues at Winterthur: A Guide to the Literature of 
Merchandising, 1750 to 1980, published in 1984, and The Edward 
Denting Andrews Memorial Shaker Collection, issued three years 
later, this volume focuses on just one aspect of an incredibly var- 
ied collection of research material. 

While one name appears on the title page of Personal 
Accounts, many other individuals contributed to its production. 
Katharine Martinez, former director of the library, always voiced 
her support and encouragement. Working in an environment 
that promotes and appreciates research projects such as Personal 
Accounts has made my work much easier and enjoyable. Other 
library staff members who have contributed to such an environ- 
ment are Eleanor McD. Thompson, librarian of the Printed Book 
and Periodical Collection, and Kurt A. Bodling and Heather A. 
Clewell, formerly of the Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts 
and Printed Ephemera. I would be remiss if I did not mention 
the names of two former Downs collection librarians, Beatrice K. 
Taylor and Barbara M. Adams, who worked with the materials 
described herein as our immediate predecessors. Indeed, many 
diaries and other types of manuscripts included in this volume 
were acquired during Taylor's tenure as Downs collection librar- 
ian; to her, everyone owes a great deal of gratitude. 

A special word of thanks is due to Maja Teufer, who volun- 
teered many hours of her time to compile the initial draft of the 
bibliography of travel narratives. Her painstaking efforts in 
recording the entries are greatly appreciated. Without her excel- 
lent assistance, this volume would have been delayed for several 
months. Former colleague Don C. Skemer, curator of manu- 
scripts at Princeton University Library, read the manuscript and 
made useful comments. 

Finally, a word of appreciation is due Winterthur's Publica- 
tions Division, especially Susan Randolph, whose editorial exper- 



xi 



Xll 



Acknowledgments 



rise was most welcome and appreciated. This is the third time 
that I have worked with the folks in Publications on a book- 
length project and the third time that I have gladly recorded my 
thanks for their many contributions. 



Introduction 



The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephem- 
era is a rich, special collection for the study of domestic life, 
objects associated with the daily activities of our forebears, art, 
and the concerns of an increasingly mobile and multifaceted 
American population. Its resources include a variety of primary 
research materials, including sketchbooks, design books, architec- 
tural drawings, advertising literature of all kinds, fabric swatch 
books, greeting cards, business records of craftsmen and busi- 
nesses, and even children's toys, games, and paper dolls. In 
addition, an important portion of the Downs collection focuses 
on personal accounts in the forms of diaries, travel accounts, 
journals, commonplace books, and memoirs. The Printed Book 
and Periodical Collection — featuring rare books — complements 
the holdings of these original sources with thousands of pub- 
lished works, especially travel narratives. This descriptive bibliog- 
raphy details the nature and contents of the holdings of personal 
accounts in the Winterthur Library, particularly manuscript dia- 
ries and printed travel accounts. 

Although the words journal and diary are commonly used 
interchangeably, in reality they are two very different literary 
forms. 1 Individuals write journals as one way to focus on their 
internal concerns and ideas rather than to record external events 
that they see and that are beyond their control. On the other 
hand, because the chief purpose of the diary is to chronicle exter- 
nal events, they serve as an important way for people to react to 
their observations and surroundings. Having this distinction, 
however, does not necessarily mean that a manuscript fits neatly 
under the definition of journal or diary. In fact, Samuel Johnson 
equated journals and diaries in his dictionary when he wrote 
that a diary is "an account of the transactions, accidents and 
observations of every day; a journal." Steven E. Kagle, a modern 
prolific writer on the history of the diary, notes that "while 

1 For the difference between journals and diaries, see Steven E. Kagle, Ameri- 
can Diary Literature, 1620-1799 (Boston: Twayne Publishing, 1979), p. 16. 



xiu 



xiv Introduction 



many of the best colonial diaries adhered to relatively simple 
forms with limited motives, the diaries of the early nineteenth 
century were more likely to mix elements of the diary of external 
incident with those of the introspective journal." 2 It is thus cus- 
tomary for personal accounts such as the ones described in this 
volume to combine the attributes of both a journal and a diary. 
The reader will notice quickly, however, that each manuscript 
has a dominant direction. 

The diary constitutes the largest segment of personal 
accounts of Americans in the Downs collection. Originating with 
early explorers and colonists, it is one of the oldest forms of writ- 
ing in the country. The Puritans of New England kept diaries for 
spiritual reasons. Later, diaries dealt with such topics as love 
and courtship, war, and distinctive historical events. Although 
the most common diary is the one that records a specific activity, 
some writers kept diaries that transcended particular incidents. 3 
These so-called life diaries are, unfortunately, few and far 
between. 

Over the years, diaries have been kept by prominent and 
ordinary people alike. George Washington chronicled his life at 
Mount Vernon, Robert E. Lee sketched his military exploits as a 
colonel in the Second United States Cavalry in Texas, and 
Increase Mather commented about life in colonial America. 
While these accounts are important because they represent fig- 
ures significant in the history of the United States, they are less 
useful for historians studying the activities of American society 
at large. Not everyone oversaw the activities of a plantation like 
Washington, not everyone was a soldier like Lee, and not every- 
one could offer the keen insights of Mather. Instead, the diaries 
kept by such folks as Florence Ashmore Cowles, who discussed 
her life in postbellum Petersburg, Virginia; John W. Kinsey, a 

2 Thomas Mallon, A Book of One's Own: People and Their Diaries (New York: 
Ticknor and Fields, 1984), p. [lj; Steven E. Kagle, Early Nineteenth-Century Ameri- 
can Diary Literature (Boston: Twayne Publishing, 1986), p. 4. 

3 Kagle, Early Literature, p. 3. 



Introduction xv 



traveler who maintained a journal of his trip from Lowell, Massa- 
chusetts, to Chicago in 1850; and Harrison Vandegrift, a Civil 
War soldier who wrote about his experiences in 1863 and 1864, 
are more meaningful. 

People keep diaries for many reasons. 4 Children and teen- 
agers are encouraged to write as a way to instill discipline, and 
sometimes they continue the practice into adulthood. For exam- 
ple, fifteen-year-old Martha Vail was given a diary as a Christ- 
mas present in 1892 by her mother, another diarist. In it Martha 
faithfully recorded her concerns and the events of her young life 
in Somers Center, New York. 

Some individuals maintain diaries in their youth so that in 
old age they can relive past experiences and so their descendants 
can better understand the pattern of life generations before their 
own. David Clapp, a printer, writing when he was twenty-five 
years old, summed it up: "The pleasure of recording the inci- 
dents and a description of the scenes I witnessed; and the antici- 
pated satisfaction of perusing the record at some future time, 
and thus again living in those incidents and gazing upon those 
scenes have been my principal objects; not perhaps unaccompa- 
nied however, with the belief or the hope that other eyes — eyes 
of affection and of friendship — may likewise glide over these 
rude sketches and either bless Heaven that the writer still lives 
to enjoy with them the perusal, or drop one tear to the memory 
of the deceased." 5 

Individuals often keep diaries because of their sense of his- 
tory, believing that what they are observing and writing will be 
important to future generations. John Fanning Watson, a resi- 



4 On the reasons for keeping diaries and their common contents, see Arthur 
Ponsonby, English Diaries from the Sixteenth to the Twentieth Century with an Intro- 
duction on Diary Writing (London: Methuen; New York: Doran, 1922), pp. 6-25. 

5 David Clapp travel journal (entry M17), 2:2-3, Joseph Downs Collection of 
Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Winterthur Library (hereafter in this intro- 
duction, works of individually named diarists are located in the Downs col- 
lection). 



xvi Introduction 



dent of Philadelphia in the nineteenth century and an author of 
some renown, kept volumes of diaries that focused on important 
events of his day. His mother, Lucy, encouraged him at an early 
age to be conscious of history by her own activities as the Wat- 
son family genealogist and as a chronicler of her own mid eigh- 
teenth-century New England youth. John Vaughan's sense of 
history took a slightly different tack but was equally earnest. 
Vaughan lived in Wilmington, Delaware, in 1802 during a severe 
yellow fever epidemic. A physician, he was interested in chart- 
ing the spread of the disease and recording the activities taken 
to alleviate it. Vaughan's reason for maintaining his diary was to 
better understand the cause and spread of yellow fever and to 
consider a cure so that succeeding generations could be pro- 
tected from the affliction. A different example of a diarist with a 
sense of history is represented in the writings of Joseph Richard- 
son. His volume, entitled "Garden Book," was important 
because it served as a personal record of one growing season 
and facilitated his planning of subsequent annual planting 
schedules. 

A diary — a journal actually — serves as a confidential reposi- 
tory for the writer's own thoughts. Florence Ashmore Cowles 
wrote emotionally about the affection that she had for her hus- 
band, Will, and about the animosity between her and her 
mother-in-law. Of Will, she said, "to make Will unhappy for one 
minute is to me the most terrible thing in the world." 6 Of Will's 
mother, she commented that she was frequently in bad humor 
and unnecessarily critical; she added that Will did not realize 
how unkind his mother could be. Florence's diary is a splendid 
example of how an individual who is generally self-conscious 
could privately unburden herself and then undoubtedly feel bet- 
ter for having done so. Another such individual was Walter 
Mason Oddie, an artist whose painting style is categorized in the 
early Hudson River school style. Oddie constantly complained 

6 Florence Ashmore Cowles diary (entry M22), p. 47. 



Introduction 



about not having enough money and once wrote, "I shall know 
no peace of mind until I am once more free from the turmoils of 
debt — and stand independent of the world as far as relates to 
obligation." 7 

Diary keeping furnishes a special way to broaden a person's 
education. Individuals taking what we call the grand tour of 
Europe often kept a daily record of their journey for future refer- 
ence. The thoroughness of some observations suggests that 
guidebooks, rather than personal scrutiny, may actually have 
served as the source of the commentary. 

Legal matters inspired the writing of entire diaries and 
accounted for lengthy passages in more general journals. In 1876 
the recently widowed Lavinia M. Hoagland had to resort to legal 
maneuvers to claim her husband's estate since he had died with- 
out having signed a will. Because Hoagland's financial affairs 
were complicated and because Lavinia was challenged by attor- 
neys in New York and members of her husband's family in New 
Jersey, it would not be unreasonable to conclude that she kept 
her diary as a form of self-protection in case she had to remem- 
ber how events had transpired. William Thorn, the operator of a 
sawmill in upstate New York, wrote about his courtroom experi- 
ences as a way to vent his anger. In 1805 he said that he was not 
fond of lawsuits and added that he could recall many instances 
when he chose to lose money rather than bring an adversary to 
court. 

Finally, diaries were maintained to furnish their keepers 
with information that they might need to review in subsequent 
years. Artist Edwin Whitefield, a native of Great Britain, traveled 
to the midwest during the 1850s and 1860s to explore and pro- 
mote land development. His diaries include textual descriptions 
of what he saw and sketches of the scenery. In 1888 Whitefield 
remarked that he hoped to return to England to interest his fel- 
low countrymen in investing in Minnesota. While in England, he 

7 Walter Mason Oddie, "Private Notes &c."(entry M67), 1:[159]. 



xviii Introduction 



undoubtedly hoped to rely on his records of the trips that he 
had taken decades earlier to refresh his memory. In a similar 
vein, an unidentified New Yorker journeyed to present-day West 
Virginia in 1839 to examine an area for his own settlement or 
speculation along the Coal River. His diary furnished a perma- 
nent annal of the trip. 

The contents of diaries are as varied as their keepers. Artists 
write about their special endeavors, travelers comment about 
what they see, and inventors note their thoughts for new prod- 
ucts. Although writers concentrate on disparate topics, common 
threads appear from diary to diary. For some reason, nearly 
everyone comments about the weather. That is understandable 
in some instances, for weather is incredibly important for ocean 
voyages and for timing garden plantings. At other times, it is 
trivial, perhaps merely serving as a consistent way to open diary 
passages. 

Another common topic among diarists is health, either per- 
sonal, familial, or of friends. Food and drink are often singled 
out as well. When they are encountered, royalty and celebrities 
engender habitual comment. Family and personal milestones, 
including births, marriages, deaths, and birthdays, are more 
often than not mentioned in diaries. And an individual's reading 
habits often come to the fore. 

Personal accounts — diaries specifically — are valuable sources 
for historians. They often are the only immediate record of 
events, people, or special occasions. Harrison Vandegrift's 
account of his military exploits before the Civil War battle at Get- 
tysburg, for example, is important for its detail of a little-known 
but potentially meaningful encounter with Jeb Stuart's troops. 
Benjamin Johnson's description of his encounter with an inebri- 
ated Thomas Paine is illuminating for its characterization. In 
addition, diaries tend to offer a degree of candidness that other 
writings cannot approach because their keepers have not always 
allowed for the possibility that other eyes will review their 
words. A summary of the events of the Centennial Exhibition 



Introduction xix 



years after the fact, for instance, lacks the straightforward and 
sincere commentary that recent visitor E. S. Marsh provided in 
his manuscript. Arguably, diaries are the most truthful source 
for the historian because their immediacy and their details — 
perhaps frivolous — allow for a break from the rigors sometimes 
associated with the reading of historical accounts. 

This introduction has concentrated on diaries and journals. 
In addition to these two forms of personal accounts, the Downs 
collection includes commonplace books and memoirs. The com- 
monplace book is an intriguing source; its contents usually repre- 
sent the activities and thoughts of individuals through the words 
and art of others. For all intents and purposes, what makes up a 
commonplace book is whatever its compiler deems important 
enough to keep and record: perhaps copies of poetry by Walter 
Scott, an essay by a religious figure, a watercolor by Audubon, a 
fond wish from a friend, even legal forms. In short, common- 
place books are records of influence. 8 They tell today's reader 
what people, readings, and events had an impact on individuals 
generations ago. Although perhaps unrevealing singly, when 
considered with others of the same period, commonplace books 
uncover much that was important to individuals in any given 
period. 

Just as commonplace books are useful for studying groups of 
individuals, memoirs are important for gaining an understanding 
of the lives of individuals. Written by the subjects themselves, 
often at an advanced age, memoirs tell people's stories from the 
perspective of time. Although such an approach can lend context 
to the account, it also allows for the possibility of misrepresenta- 
tion because of either poor memory or an effort to sanitize 
unpleasant episodes. 

The collection of personal accounts in the Downs collection 
ranges from commonplace books of teenagers to Civil War dia- 
ries, from a diary of a female prison guard to a European travel 

8 Mallon, Book of One's Own, p. 120. 



xx Introduction 



narrative of a Quaker on a mission to heal a rift in a Quaker com- 
munity in France, from a journal kept by a Bucks County, Penn- 
sylvania, farmer to a log of a supercargo on an ocean voyage to 
the Orient, from an account of a taxidermist traveling through 
Panama to the recollections in memoir form of a septuagenarian 
known for his connections in the world of Boston politics and 
art. Each in its own way describes a portion of the American 
experience, and each complements the others in its contribution 
to the understanding of our nation's past. 

It is best if the reader of any personal account separate its 
contents into two parts: primary material that reveals themes 
and secondary material that provides a background and context 
to what is judged important. In writing the descriptions of the 
material in the Downs collection, these overall themes have been 
extracted and discussed. 



Manuscripts 



Ml Adams, Charles E., b. 1856. 
[Diary]. 1886-91. 
4 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Charles Adams worked chiefly as a woodcarver in New England 
during the time that he kept this diary. On October 7, 1885, as 
he recalled five months later, John W. Ayres, a cabinetmaker 
from Salem, Massachusetts, hired him to work on the renovation 
of the Loring-Emmerton house in Salem. Adams contributed 
carvings on moldings, a cap for a bay window that required a 
design in the form of a basket of fruit, capitals on pilasters that 
were to be situated between the double doors of the parlor, a 
panel that would go above a French window, and decorative ele- 
ments for a clock. Adams commented on visits made to Ayres's 
shop by George Emmerton, the current owner of the Loring- 
Emmerton house, and Emmerton's architect, Arthur Little. On 
February 3, 1886, Little "could not seem to think where the little 
capitols that [he was] cutting were to go," although on Febru- 
ary 12 Little admitted that he liked them. On March 6 Ayres let 
Adams go because most of the work that had been contracted 
for was finally completed. 

Adams next found employment in Providence, Rhode 
Island, where he was hired by a man named Brown and later by 
the firm of Morlock and Bayer. He worked on various projects, 
including a board — perhaps a sign — for Providence Coal Com- 
pany, a capital for the Barnaby Building, columns for the firm of 
French and McKenzie, a ceiling molding for Peabody's and Sons, 
a sign reading "Town Hall," and a mahogany table for Potter 
and Company. When his employment ended at Providence in 
mid September, Adams moved to Boston to look for 
employment. 

During the six years that Adams worked throughout New 
England and kept his diary, he would gravitate to Boston after 
each of his jobs ended. Some of his family resided there, and he 
struck up a friendship with Jennie Gookin that was very impor- 
tant to him. In addition, Adams wanted to pursue his education 
in art, so he enrolled in a Boston school run by George Hartnell 
Bartlett, a fairly well known teacher of drawing. At school 
Adams worked on exercises dealing with light and shading, geo- 



Manuscripts 



metrical patterns, and charcoal and attended lectures by Bartlett 
on historic ornament. Boston had many stores that sold artists' 
supplies, so Adams found many places to purchase the materials 
that he needed for his class as well as for some other work that 
he did, including modeling objects in clay and casting figures in 
plaster. At leisure, Adams enjoyed watching baseball; Boston's 
team made it possible for him to pursue this diversion. He also 
became a frequent bicycle rider and relied on Pope Manufactur- 
ing Company for supplies for his "wheel." 

Wherever Adams worked, he was involved in the labor- 
union movement. In Providence, for instance, he went to a lec- 
ture on labor by Henry George. He always kept his carvers 
union dues paid and even noted in his diary when a death 
assessment had to be collected by the union. When it was neces- 
sary to act as a unit, the carvers did not hesitate. On April 8, 
1887, the union met in Boston to appoint a committee "to see 
James Wemyss and see if they could not settle their trouble with- 
out a strike." In July 1890 the executive committee of the carvers 
union petitioned to reduce working hours from fifty-four to fifty 
per week and was instrumental in sending $300 to fellow carvers 
in Grand Rapids, Michigan, to help support them while they 
were on strike. Elected a shop representative at one point, 
Adams had to find out why some workers were not receiving 
the 3<£ raise that had been negotiated with their employers. 
Implying that he might have served as treasurer, Adams noted 
on June 25, 1890, that he "straightened out the accounts for the 
union." Adams also attended social events sponsored by the 
carvers union. 

Adams admired the work of others in his profession but 
was critical if a co-worker's carving was below standard. He com- 
mented favorably on the work of Luigi Frullini, an Italian artisan 
known in the late nineteenth century for his excellent carving of 
objects in Renaissance style. In autumn 1887 Adams had the 
opportunity to examine a sideboard that Frullini had carved, and 
he tried to sketch the front panel "as near as [he] could remem- 
ber." Adams was chagrined when the sideboard left the shop in 
which he was working at the time. 

Although Adams earned his living as a woodcarver from 



Manuscripts 



1886 through 1891, he was also actively engaged in architectural 
design. An interest in this field is manifested in his walks 
through towns and cities to study exterior architectural carving 
details on well-known houses and buildings. While he was 
employed in Salem on the Loring-Emmerton House, he had an 
opportunity to study interior architecture as well. In July 1888, 
while he was between carving jobs, Adams traveled to Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire, and Kittery, Maine, where he helped 
his Uncle Henry draft plans for a private house in Kittery, two 
area high schools, and a courthouse. 

M2 Andrews, Joseph, 1806-73. 

Journal of Joseph Andrews. 1835-36. 
[145] p.; 21 cm. 

In May 1835 Joseph Andrews left the United States for London 
to further his education in engraving. Although he had been 
apprenticed at sixteen and had operated a successful business 
that at one time employed fourteen engravers, Andrews believed 
that his knowledge of the craft was still incomplete. His choice 
of destination is not surprising; it was in London that other 
American painters and artists had received training for decades. 
Andrews made a tolerable but not entirely pleasant thirty-five- 
day crossing of the Atlantic on the Hollander. He passed the time 
reading Shakespeare, Sir Walter Scott, the Bible, and Emanuel 
Swedenborg, whose followers had established the New Jerusa- 
lem Church to which Andrews belonged. 

Andrews's London friends and contacts made him feel wel- 
come. On June 29, 1835, Andrews called on William Edward 
West to ask if he might engrave one of his paintings. Andrews 
was given The Dutch Girl and told that another of West's paint- 
ings, Annette Delarbre, owned by B. Wiggin, might also be avail- 
able. On July 8 he engaged Joseph Goodyear for six months to 
oversee his engraving work. An acquaintance persuaded 
Andrews that it was necessary for him to understand the form 
of the human skeleton in order to enhance his skills as an 
engraver, so he purchased John Flaxman's recently published 
Anatomical Studies of the Bones and Muscles for the Use of Artists and 
studied it in detail. To further his knowledge of the human form 



Manuscripts 



even more, Andrews visited a surgeon named Baleman who had 
a four-month-old fetus "showing the process of the formation of 
the bones. It is one of the most wonderful things that I have 
ever seen." 

Andrews devoted many hours to the study of engraving but 
still managed to travel around London and record his thoughts 
about the city and its people. He was enthusiastic about the 
River Thames and the buildings along its northern and southern 
banks. He felt comfortable on Oxford Street and enjoyed the 
atmosphere of Hyde Park. He wrote, however, "The crowds of 
people one meets in the frequented parts of London are aston- 
ishing and a great proportion of them unpleasant to the sight 
and numbers loathsome from filth and natural & accidental 
deformity." 

As a member of London's community of artists, Andrews 
felt compelled to remark about copyright issues, classical and 
modern artists, and his contemporaries. According to Andrews, 
in England the copyright of a painting was retained by the artist. 
Writing of this, he invoked the names of two royals: "The Duke 
of Bedford & Lord Egremont two of the greatest collectors of 
modern art had set their faces against this practice of paying the 
Painters for the privilege of engraving from pictures out of their 
possession." On the relative merits of classical and modern art- 
ists, Andrews commented: "It requires much deep study and a 
highly cultivated taste to appreciate or feel the beauties of the 
first class, while subjects of the latter address themselves immedi- 
ately to the feelings of almost every one from their interest." 
Andrews was favorably impressed with George Cruikshank and 
felt that he had made an excellent choice when he asked Joseph 
Goodyear to be his mentor, but he believed that the engravings 
of Joseph Goodall were less than satisfactory: "His work 
although preeminently beautiful as to effect was as to style of 
Engraving in some parts rotten." 

Andrews finished his studies in London in March 1836 after 
having engraved both of West's paintings. He then went to Paris 
and engraved a portrait of Benjamin Franklin. Andrews left for 
Boston and home on July 23, 1836. His journal ends on August 5 
while he was still at sea. 



Manuscripts 



Andrews's journal has been transcribed and is available in 
typescript form at Winterthur. In addition, see Nancy Carlson 
Schrock, "Joseph Andrews, Engraver: A Swedenborgian Justifi- 
cation," in Winterthur Portfolio 12, ed. Ian M. G. Quimby (Char- 
lottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1977), pp. 165-82. 

M3 The Arthur diary from Jany. 2nd, 1804 to Dec. 31st, 1805: the his- 
tory of a farm on the Hudson River near Fishkill, N. York. 1805. 
[218] p.; 20 cm. 

Kept by an unnamed member of the Arthur family, this journal 
describes the routine of a farm in early nineteenth-century 
upstate New York. Its owner, perhaps John Arthur, the only 
member of the Arthur family whose name appears in the 1800 
census from Dutchess County, where Fishkill is located, records 
such activities as harvesting rye and corn, haying, boarding 
other people's cattle and horses, selling farm goods in nearby vil- 
lages as well as in New York City, maintaining equipment, and 
marketing fruit and milk. Arthur includes payments made to 
hired hands and carefully notes money both invested in and real- 
ized on his products. 

Arthur was a member of an organization called the Franklin 
Union Society and served as a warden of a local church, proba- 
bly Episcopal. Despite the relatively late date of this diary, 
Arthur was probably engaged in trading slaves. On October 6, 

1804, he sold Cato for $250 to Major Prevost, and on April 15, 

1805, he entered into an agreement with Lewis Stebbins to buy 
Betty for $90. Arthur mentions on March 13, 1805, almost in 
passing: "This day sold Farm to William Tabor for fifteen thou- 
sand Dollars payable half 1st May 1806, the remainder in 3 equal 
payments on the 1st May 1807, 1808, & 1810 with Interest." 

M4 Bachman, Mary Eliza, 1818-41. 

The friendly repository and keepsake of Mary Eliza Bachman, 

1835. 1831-36, 1839. 

[127] p.: ill. (some col.); 21 cm. 

Mary Eliza Bachman was a young girl of thirteen when she 

began to keep this personal keepsake and twenty-one when she 

last wrote in it. Although she dated the volume 1835, it contains 



Manuscripts 



entries from several years between 1831 and 1839. On its pages 
Eliza copied poetry, including "Eliza's Search after Happiness," 
"Friendship," "What Is Charity," and "The First Kiss of Love." 
In addition, Eliza asked her friends to write and draw in her 
book. 

Apart from recording the personal thoughts of a teenager 
and young adult, this small volume is important for its connec- 
tion with John James Audubon and his Birds of America. Eliza 
was the daughter of John Bachman, a Lutheran clergyman and 
noted naturalist from Charleston, South Carolina. Bachman and 
Audubon met for the first time in mid October 1831 when Audu- 
bon was looking for a place to lodge in Charleston while he stud- 
ied the birds of the area. Bachman invited Audubon to stay with 
him, and all soon became good friends. Audubon described the 
Bachmans in a letter to his wife dated October 23, 1831: "An ami- 
able Wife and Sister-in-Law, Two fine young Daughters and 3 
paires more of Cherubs all of whom I already look upon as if 
brought up among them." Audubon's favorable working condi- 
tions contributed to the successful completion of many bird stud- 
ies. In another letter to his wife, Audubon wrote: "I am 
positively busy — I have drawn 9 Birds since here which make 5 
Drawings when finished — Mr. Bachman is more kind every day, 
and as I hope my letter of last Sunday (this day week) has 
reached thee I will not repeat any more the generous conduct 
which he has assumed towards us all." 

If Audubon had referred to his companions by name, he 
would have written about George Lehman and Edward A. 
Leitner. Lehman traveled with Audubon and was responsible for 
drawing many background settings for Birds of America. While 
residing with the Bachman family, Eliza asked Lehman to con- 
tribute something to her keepsake book, and he responded by 
painting a watercolor of Charleston that featured Castle Pinck- 
ney, a local landmark. When Birds was published, this view was 
used as the background of the plate depicting the long-billed 
curlew. 

Leitner, a native of Stuttgart, was a botanist who had origi- 
nally come to Charleston in 1830. In 1832 he advertised in the 
Charleston Courier that he hoped to give instruction in botany at 



Manuscripts 



the local medical college. Among the people who offered refer- 
ences concerning his botanical knowledge was the Reverend 
Bachman. Eliza asked Leitner to contribute to her book as well. 
His drawing shows a European village scene, probably some- 
thing recalled from his childhood. In 1838 at the age of twenty- 
six, Leitner was killed by Seminoles during a collecting trip to 
Florida. A third illustration of note in this manuscript has been 
attributed to Audubon's son John. It is dated October 15, 1833, 
and shows a Carolina wren. 

In early 1839 Audubon's other son, Victor, visited the Bach- 
mans for the first time. Since his brother had married Eliza's sis- 
ter, Maria, Victor probably was going to Charleston to meet his 
brother's new in-laws. While there, however, he and Eliza fell in 
love, and the couple was married on December 4, 1839. Their 
marriage was to be short lived, however, for Eliza contracted 
tuberculosis and died in 1841. 

Some illustrations in this manuscript were reproduced in 
Audubon: The Charleston Connection, edited by Albert E. Sanders 
and Warren Ripley and published by the Charleston Museum to 
coincide with an exhibition held September 8 to November 17, 
1985. The quotations from Audubon in this entry are from a 
two-volume work, Letters of John James Audubon, 1826-1840, 
edited by Howard Corning and published in Boston by the Club 
of Odd Volumes in 1930. 

M5 Bell, Abraham, b. 1813. 

[Diary]. 1867, 1869, 1872-73, 1876-78, 1880-84, 1886-89, 
1891-92. 
18 v.; 13-16 cm. 

Abraham Bell was involved in mercantile affairs in New York 
City during the first half of the nineteenth century. His family 
firm had trading contacts in Belfast, Dublin, Liverpool, and Lon- 
don as well as in the United States. The ships that the firm sent 
out contained various cargoes, including cotton, potash, turpen- 
tine, and tobacco. Returning vessels held such items as textiles, 
Irish whiskey, earthenware, watches, and glassware. By the time 
Bell started keeping these diaries, he was retired from his suc- 
cessful business and had many leisure hours to fill. 



Manuscripts 



Bell had homes in Yonkers, New York, and Narragansett 
Pier, Rhode Island. During the winter months he regularly vis- 
ited Green Cove Springs, along the St. John's River south of Jack- 
sonville, Florida. At Green Cove Springs, Bell whiled away the 
hours playing quoits and tenpins, fishing, walking, and taking 
part in croquet matches. He must have been serious about his 
croquet, for at times he supervised the rolling of the grounds by 
local workmen. Bell was careful in choosing his partners and 
ruled out any more matches with at least one individual: "This 
will probably be the last of my Croquet playing with Warren, he 
is so dictatorial & overbearing that I lose all interest in the 
game." 

Probably because of his business success, Bell was 
acquainted with several important political figures. In 1872, 
while visiting with Rhode Island governor William Sprague, him- 
self a former merchant, Horace Greeley called. That same year 
Bell met Supreme Court chief justice Salmon P. Chase, Sprague' s 
then father-in-law, on a boat bound for Newport. And Bell 
wrote of driving out of Newport in the company of a General 
Sherman, presumably William Tecumseh Sherman. 

Although there are eighteen volumes of Bell's diaries in the 
collection, they unfortunately reveal little about their keeper. 
Most of the entries reflect a routine life with predictable activities 
and few surprises. A typical entry, written on September 9, 
1873, when Bell was sixty, reads: "Light Clouds . . . Wind North- 
erly. Thermo. @ 7 am. 55° @ 12 m. 67° N. East. Sent Charley to 
Wakefield [Rhode Island] to get the horse, Prince, shod, 
remained in the house all morning. Wrote to H. K. Dillard, Mr. 
Purdon called, Drove to Wakefield with [wife] Rebecca. Called at 
Sheldons to buy a mattress. Reed, letters from J. H. Coates & 
A. Bell, stopped at J. C. Dillons." When Bell did offer comments 
about what he was doing, they were generally negative. He 
attended the presidential inauguration of Ulysses S. Grant in 
March 1869 and instead of commenting about the significance of 
the event complained about conditions: "The streets were so wet 
& muddy that we did not get out of the carriage, returned to 
Alexa. about 3 pm. tired and hungry." His comments about the 
1876 Centennial International Exhibition in Philadelphia were 



Manuscripts 



similarly negative: "The roads were so muddy in the neighbor- 
hood of the Centennial grounds that it was rather unpleasant 
walking about there." 

Papers relating to Bell's business career are located at the 
State University of New York at Albany, the New-York Histori- 
cal Society, and Harvard Business School's Baker Library. 

M6 Bell, John G., 1812-89. 
[Diary]. 1849-50. 
[71] p.; 13 cm. 

John Bell kept this diary for a little more than one year while he 
traveled from his home at 289 Broadway, New York City, to Pan- 
ama, on to California, and back to Panama. The 1849/50 New 
York directory lists Bell as a taxidermist, and a later issue refers 
to him as a naturalist. His last appearance in the directory series 
is 1886, when he is still listed as a taxidermist. Bell took his year- 
long journey chiefly to acquire specimens of birds that he had 
not yet encountered in his profession. The above record of pages 
in this diary does not include the many blank leaves at the end 
of the volume. 

Bell left New York on a steamship on March 1, 1849, and 
arrived at the Chagres River in Panama twelve days later. He 
and his party headed up the Chagres with native-born guides, 
and en route Bell commented, "I shall always number the time I 
spent on the Chagres River among the happyest hours of my 
life, such a variety of flowers & trees and enormous leaves & 
such beautiful vines ... I never saw before." On this part of his 
journey, Bell slept in the huts of the natives, whom he character- 
ized as being polite and attentive but very fond of money. 
Because the luggage that held his guns had not been transported 
upriver with him, Bell had to be content with only watching 
birds for a time. When his luggage finally arrived, Bell "went to 
work in earnest collecting birds." He continued: "I go out every 
morning at 5 oclock & return at 9 to breakfast, then prepare my 
birds. We then dine at 4 and sometimes I go out after dinner 
shooting." 

Although Bell primarily was concerned with shooting and 
studying birds, he took time to travel throughout the country- 



10 Manuscripts 



side and to write about some of the things that he saw. Bell vis- 
ited an ancient settlement that he called Old Panama. He noted 
that the women there were generally neatly dressed, except for 
their footwear, and that native Spaniards continued to dress as 
he had imagined they would back home. The children were all 
naked. Many of the residents enjoyed cockfights, and the local 
priests were known to bet heavily on them. The streets were 
well paved with hard stones, the houses contained much mahog- 
any, but "all seem[ed] to be going to ruin." Before Bell left Old 
Panama, he visited the remnants of what may have been an old 
city lookout or wall and took a brick from its tower and some 
mortar from one of its arches as souvenirs. 

On May 18, Bell left Panama on the steamer Panama for San 
Francisco and arrived there on June 5. Although Bell had most 
of his trip ahead of him, his diary was mostly completed upon 
his departure for California. Bell still wrote about birds and even 
listed those he saw around San Francisco, but he seemed more 
interested in other matters, including a side trip to see where 
gold had just been discovered. Exactly one year after leaving 
New York, Bell headed back. His diary ends on March 28, 1850, 
while he was traveling once again along the Chagres. 

M7 Bixby, Sarah. 

Journal. [Ca. 1850]. 

[121] p.; 13 cm. 

Sometime during the mid nineteenth century, Sarah Bixby, a 

young schoolteacher, kept this diary to coincide with her first 

teaching position. Her journal documents five months of rural 

American life more than a century ago. 

Bixby' s hometown was Mayville, New York. Located on the 
northern end of Chautaqua Lake in the western part of the state, 
at midcentury it was a small village of about five hundred peo- 
ple. Bixby taught in a one-room schoolhouse near Mayville. As a 
teacher, she was concerned with the number of children left in 
her charge — attendance varied from seven to eighteen on any 
given day. Out of school, she read biographies, embroidered, 
quilted, made bonnets, enjoyed walks, and delighted in picking 
wild berries. Although not a party-goer, she frequently had 



Manuscripts 11 



friends to visit and seemed to be happiest when with them. 
Bixby regularly recorded weather conditions and was pleased to 
have her daguerreotype taken on May 10. When school was dis- 
missed on September 9, her school money, presumably for the 
term, amounted to $18.67. 

Dating this diary is difficult because there are few revealing 
comments about current events or noteworthy people. Since 
Bixby recorded her church attendance on Sundays, a perpetual 
calendar reveals that her diary could have been written in either 
1845, 1851, or 1862. 

M8 Bogert, Mrs. James. 

Diary of a western tour. 1839. 
[31] p.; 21 cm. 

This short travel narrative begins on June 6 and ends on July 13, 
1839. Mrs. James Bogert writes about her family's round-trip to 
Niagara Falls from their home at 46 Bleeker Street, New York. 
Recording an itinerary that took them to Albany, then to Utica, 
Syracuse, Auburn, Geneva, Rochester, and finally Niagara, the 
diarist writes of little except their modes of transportation (she 
disliked the railroad and fast carriages), friends met along the 
way, and hotel accommodations. Of the sight of the falls from 
the Canadian side, she said: "No description can do justice to 
this mighty rush of Waters — it inspires me with reverential feel- 
ings of awe — and while I gaze in silent wonder, contemplating 
its foaming Surges, an Echo proclaims to my listening Ear — how 
boundless — boundless, is Eternity!" 

The Bogerts visited the falls and Canada during a time of 
anti-British sentiment. About one and a half years earlier the Car- 
oline, a small American steamboat, had been set afire and then 
adrift by a party of Canadian militia. Some of its crew had been 
killed. The so-called Caroline Affair touched off a strong anti- 
Canadian sentiment that would last for several years and, judg- 
ing from her diary, that was shared by Bogert. She wrote: 
"Being on British ground, which I predict will not always belong 
to them, at least if a War should occur, I hope the Americans 
will claim and subdue Canada." Perhaps reacting to her sense of 
patriotism, at a gift shop she bought, along with other pur- 



12 Manuscripts 



chases, a piece of what was purported to be part of the wreck of 
the Caroline. 

M9 Bradbury, Gotham, b. 1790. 

Gotham Bradbury's journal. 1881-83. 
190 p.; 27 cm. 

The keeper of this diary, called Captain Bradbury, presumably as 
a result of his military rank and not because he was a sailor, was 
ninety years old when he began to write in this volume. He was 
born in Chesterville, Maine, and later resided in Farmington, a 
fairly prosperous neighboring community. For most of his life he 
labored as a farmer, although in 1811 he worked in Bath, Maine, 
for a shipbuilding firm. Bradbury had six daughters, two sons 
(one of whom died in 1874), and two wives. His older sister, 
Jenny, was ninety-two in 1880. His father was a joiner and car- 
penter and later a farmer. 

For someone aged ninety, Bradbury was quite active. He 
mended fences, made wooden spoons for cooking, split hard- 
wood for his heating stove, gardened, and repaired household 
items. An inveterate reader, Bradbury subscribed to numerous 
publications, including Harper's Monthly, Atlantic Monthly, 
Scribner's Monthly, the Golden Rule (a religious journal from Bos- 
ton), and at least four newspapers. He delighted in writing let- 
ters to friends and boasted in his diary on August 21, 1882, that 
he had written to 3,912 of them since March 1, 1854. Bradbury 
smoked a pipe (preferring the Vanity Fair tobacco brand), 
walked with a cane, suffered from what he termed palpitations, 
liked to lend his bass voice to choirs, and detested cats to the 
degree that on July 25, 1881, he recorded that he had "killed a 
couple of our useless cats." 

Bradbury lived at a time when many things in the United 
States were undergoing change, including medical treatments, 
political ideas, religious thoughts, and ways of communicating. 
On January 26, 1881, the local physician, Dr. Douglass, brought 
his "electric machine" to the house to treat Bradbury's daugh- 
ter's bad wrist. Bradbury wrote: "All our family took shocks and 
[then we] gave the cats electricity which caused them to jump 
smartly." One year later Bradbury recalled this event and com- 



Manuscripts 13 



mented that his arm had not been free from pain since his treat- 
ment. Bradbury was a life-long Republican and had no use for 
political corruption or the Greenback Party, which was in decline 
as he was keeping this diary. He reacted predictably when Presi- 
dent Garfield was killed, saying that he thought the assassin, 
Charles Guiteau, deserved to be hanged. He did not like Roscoe 
Conkling, a New York politician, presumably because of the 
feud between Conkling and James Blaine, Maine's famous 
Republican leader and presidential candidate of 1884. Robert 
Ingersoll, the noted attorney and agnostic, did not gain favor 
with Bradbury either. He accused Ingersoll of demoralizing the 
youth of the nation. Bradbury wrote derisively about seances: 
"As far as my observation has been, but a very few persons of 
strong intellectual powers of mind have embraced these pre- 
tended spiritual manifestations." 

Finally, Bradbury related his first experience with a tele- 
phone: "I was at West Farmington to day and while in a store 
where the merchant kept a telephone — I heard a woman's voice. 
The man said it was his wife that lived seventy-five rods from 
where we were. The man put his face near a little box or hole in 
the wall and said — T am so busy now that I cannot talk with 
you.' I had previously heard and read about the telephone but 
had never until at this time witnessed the operation." 

M10 Breese, John M. 

Journal of a voyage from Newport to the East Indies in the 
Mount Hope. 1802-3. 
[147] p.; 32 cm. 

The voyage that is recorded in this manuscript took place 
between September 8, 1802, and April 29, 1803. It was made by 
the trading ship Mount Hope to transport sugar, coffee, cotton, 
saltpeter, and flour between Newport, Rhode Island, and the Isle 
de France, now called Mauritius, located in the Indian Ocean. The 
title chosen for John Breese's journal appears as a heading only on 
the pages that describe events on the trip to the East Indies. The 
headings used for the rest of the manuscript vary. 

The information supplied by Breese about the voyage is rou- 
tine, suggesting that the trip was uneventful. He commented 



14 Manuscripts 



about the latitudinal and longitudinal position of the ship, wind 
directions, miles traveled each day, weather conditions, course 
direction, necessary repairs to the ship, encounters with other 
vessels on the way, and progress in loading and unloading at 
the dock. Almost invariably, in order to fill in the blank spaces 
of the pages, Breese penned random thoughts, quoted well- 
known writers, including William Shakespeare and Henry Fiel- 
ding, or commented about people. He was particularly 
opinionated about the Irish and women. Breese used the pages 
at the back of the volume as a commonplace book, writing 
essays, anecdotes, extracts from periodicals of the day, and 
poetry. 

Mil Bridgman, Sarah E. 

[Commonplace book]. 1830-32, 1835. 
[122] p.; 23 cm. 

The only specific information about the keeper of this volume is 
recorded on the front page: "S. Bridgman, 105 Hudson St., New 
York." New York City directories for the decade of the 1830s, 
however, do not include any references to a member of the 
Bridgman family at that address. Entries dated 1835 in this book 
are from Delaware and southeastern Pennsylvania, suggesting 
that if Sarah had lived in New York at one time, she probably 
moved after a few years. 

This commonplace book contains prose and poetry from 
such authors as Lord Byron, Robert Burns, Sir Walter Scott, Wil- 
liam Cowper, Alexander Pope, and Harriet Beecher Stowe. 
Toward the back of the volume are several kinds of plant materi- 
als pressed between the leaves. One caption notes that a plant 
had been taken from the spot where American and British forces 
had battled during the revolutionary war in Chadds Ford, Penn- 
sylvania. 

M12 Brinton, Mary C. 

[Commonplace book]. 1826-29. 

[180] p.; 20 cm. 

According to a note inside the front cover of this book, "Mary C. 

Brinton was mother of Clement Stocker Phillips — her youngest 



Manuscripts 15 



son — my father — P. P. P. May 12, 1960. She married Clement 
Stocker Phillips & thei[r] son, my father, was named after him. 
She must have been romantic." 

The pages of this commonplace book contain both poetry 
and prose on a variety of topics. Cited sources include Lord 
Byron, Vivian Grey, Hannah More, Bracebridge Hall, and the 
Christian Observer. One selection is in French, "Sermon sur le 
Jugement dernier," par Massillon, and many of the writings are 
of a religious nature. Two of the compositions are headed "Ger- 
mantown," suggesting that Brinton may have lived in this Phila- 
delphia suburb. 

M13 Brown, T. Stewart, b. 1838. 
[Diary]. 1863-65. 
3 v.; 16-18 cm. 

In 1863 T. Stewart Brown worked with his father making and 
selling trunks and valises in Philadelphia. The relationship 
between father and son was not as good as it might have been, 
for on April 9, Brown wrote: "Had a talk with Father about mat- 
ters & things. Could not agree and will see the trunk business 

to if I can make any opening elsewhere." For the time 

being, however, there was nothing else for Brown to do to make 
his living. 

The Civil War interrupted his work in the family business. 
On June 27, he was mustered into the service for what he 
thought would be ninety days, doubtlessly as a result of the 
recently passed Conscription Act. Brown was first stationed at 
Camp Prevost in Pennsylvania and then marched a short dis- 
tance to Carlisle, where he and his fellow soldiers were shelled 
by a battery of Confederate troops. Brown was mustered out of 
the army early on August 1. He returned to Philadelphia and 
rejoined his father in the trunk business. On November 12, 1863, 
he married Lizzie Wonderly, the twenty-three-year-old daughter 
of Jacob S. Wonderly, a merchant who sold combs, brushes, and 
fancy goods. 

During 1864 and 1865, Brown led a quiet family life with his 
wife in Philadelphia. He lived with his in-laws and continued to 
work with his father, although business was usually "dull." He 



16 Manuscripts 



attended the opera, went to the opening of the Sanitary Fair in 
1864, and had his photograph taken. Although Brown did not 
serve any more time as a soldier, he commented on the progress 
of the war. On May 8, 1865, for example, he wrote: "Great excite- 
ment about the war news — which are favorable." At this time 
the Battle of the Wilderness was taking place in Virginia. And on 
June 7, he learned of the death of a friend, Harry Marchant, pre- 
sumably lost during the fighting in Virginia. On election day 
Brown "voted Clean Union for Old Abe." On April 3, 1865, he 
heard about the capture of Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia, 
and wrote: "city perfectly wild with excitement." A son was 
born to the Browns on February 20, 1865, and they named him 
Edgar. On September 9, 1864, Brown was elected secretary of 
Consolidated Oil Company and served in that capacity until the 
following February. He left Philadelphia after these volumes of 
his diary were written, moving to New York City, where he 
worked in the coal business. 

M14 Burdick, Horace Robbins, 1844-1942. 

[Diary]. 1914-17, 1928, 1930, 1933, 1934. 
5 v.; 17-20 cm. 

H. R. Burdick was born in East Killingly, Connecticut, and was a 
resident of Maiden, Massachusetts, for most of his adult life. He 
studied at the Lowell Institute and later at the Boston Museum 
of Art, where he was a pupil of artists George Hollingsworth, 
William Rimmer, and E. O. Grundmann. Burdick was best 
known as a restorer of paintings and a portraitist who worked in 
oil and crayon. He was a member of the Boston Art Club, and 
his works were shown at Fanueil Hall; the Berkshire, Massachu- 
setts, courthouse; the New London, Connecticut, city hall; and 
the Massachusetts Supreme Court building. Burdick's daughter, 
Doris, born in 1898, was an artist in her own right, concentrating 
on illustration and silhouettes. 

Burdick's diary reveals that he was a very active conservator 
of paintings for people in the city of Boston and its environs. In 
1914, for example, he retouched spots in a portrait of Daniel 
Webster by Gilbert Stuart and twenty years later, at the age of 
ninety, did some refraining. Most of his activities as a conserva- 



Manuscripts 17 



tor focused on retouching, varnishing, and cleaning. The repeti- 
tiveness of such work prompted him to remark in 1914 that he 
was "sick of varnishing painting." Burdick never gave up seek- 
ing work; in January 1934, he applied for a job at the Isabella 
Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston. 

There are many references in these manuscripts to Burdick's 
career as a painter. He experimented with several media. In 
1933, for instance, he remarked that he "painted in opaque 
water color on old yellow paper with fair success"; in 1914 he 
tried painting postcards "with little success"; and again in 1914 
he tried to retouch a chromolithograph. Burdick worked in mono- 
chrome, did miniatures, used wax colors, and painted portraits 
from photographs of his subjects. In 1915 Elisa Currier expressed 
an interest in taking painting lessons from him. Burdick deliv- 
ered talks on painting throughout his life and was an inveterate 
reader of historical and technical publications on art. Among the 
items that he read were works on the practice of drawing, on 
English pastel and watercolor painters, Samuel Isham's History of 
American Painting, Charles Lewis Hind's Education of an Artist, a 
biography of Whistler, and books about landscape painting by 
modern Dutch artists. In addition, Burdick attended numerous 
lectures and exhibitions of American and foreign artists at such 
places as the Fogg Museum, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 
and the Vose Gallery. 

Although Burdick's diaries are the focus of this description, 
the Downs collection also has a daybook that he maintained 
from 1869 to 1885 in which he recorded his professional activi- 
ties. Two pictures of paintings by Burdick — a portrait of Calvin 
Coolidge and The Madonna of the Apostles — and two sketches 
have been laid in it. 

M15 Burgess, Frances, b. 1844. 
[Diary]. 1864-65. 
2 v.; 13 cm. 

These volumes chronicle the activities of a young woman who 
resided in Cortland County, New York. Frances Burgess's daily 
routine was not remarkable for women of her time. She spent 
many hours occupied with work around the house, including 



18 Manuscripts 



cleaning, sewing, cooking, and washing. She was a regular 
churchgoer, attended lectures on temperance, and played the 
melodian and the piano. In July 1864, Burgess remarked that 
"three more terms is only necessary for me to take before being 
capable of teaching." There is no evidence, however, that she 
ever finished her training. Burgess was a regular reader of books 
on how to live a proper life. Among those she read were Mary 
Moreton: or, The Broken Promise, a True Story of American Life, by 
Timothy Shay Arthur, an author of books on manners, temper- 
ance, and Christian life, and Moral Heroism: or, The Trials and 
Triumphs of the Great and Good, published by the American 
Sunday-School Union. 

Although Burgess lived in a relatively isolated part of New 
York State, she was able to keep up with events of the Civil 
War. On August 3, 1864, she wrote that it "does seem hard to 
see them [the soldiers] go south to leave dear friends at home, 
still dear brothers you are going in a good cause, do not feel very 
well tonight." When Lee surrendered, she was jubilant: "There 
is hardly one copperhead in our place, all are strong Union. 'We 
have killed the Bear.' " Of President Lincoln's assassination, she 
noted that it was a sad and gloomy day. She recorded when 
John Wilkes Booth was caught, wrote about the capture of Jeffer- 
son Davis, and confided to her diary on April 29, 1865: "Have 
not done much today. Could but think of the death of 'Lincoln' 
all day." She implied that she dreaded practicing a piece of 
music, "Children of the Battlefield," because it reminded her of 
the war. 

It would not be unreasonable to conclude that her friendship 
with Albert F. Smith, a soldier, helped in some measure to prompt 
her interest in the war. On April 25, 1864, she wrote that news had 
reached her that an important battle was imminent and that she 
"had a real crying fit in my room all to myself." The battle that she 
anticipated took place in Virginia from May 5 to 12 between forces 
lead by generals Grant and Lee. Known as the Battle of the Wilder- 
ness, the Union's Army of the Potomac suffered about 30,000 casu- 
alties, counting among them the wounded Smith, who had been 
shot in the left arm. "How glad I was to hear he was no worse 
off," Burgess wrote. Smith recovered in a hospital in Washington, 



Manuscripts 19 



D.C., and then returned home, where Burgess saw as much of 
him as possible. Unfortunately, something in her behavior with 
Albert led her parents to scold her regularly, and with these 
rebukes Frances's diary ends. 

M16 Butler, William Colflesh, b. 1859. 

Diary of Wm. C. Butler. 1880-81, 1916. 
[184] p.; 20 cm. 

William Colflesh Butler was a resident of Philadelphia whose 
ambition was to become a painter with either a signmaking firm 
or an ornamental painting business. He hoped to find a position 
painting railway cars and remarked on April 9, 1880, that at the 
Pennsylvania Railroad Company "they do the finest kind of deco- 
rative painting on those Pullman Cars, that is just what I want 
to get at." Butler discovered one month later, however, that 
there were no openings at the company. Hoping to improve his 
skills, he took painting lessons from E. S. Haley and also 
worked at his father's wheelwright shop decorating wheels. On 
September 16, Butler struck out on his own. He ordered busi- 
ness cards that read: "Wm. C. Butler, Sign and Decorative 
Painter, S. E. Corner 39th and Spr. Garden Sts. West Philadel- 
phia. Artistic Painting in all its Branches." Unfortunately, Butler 
found little work. He remarked, however, that he had been com- 
missioned to do a sign for Bradley and Callaghan, storekeepers, 
that his uncle had asked him for a sign, and that he had a thir- 
teen-foot sign to letter in gold. Early in 1881, Butler gave up his 
own shop and did work for others, including Lengerts Wagon 
Shop. 

During summer 1881, Butler's family rented a place on Mas- 
sachusetts Avenue in Atlantic City, New Jersey, to run as a 
boarding house. Butler kept up with his painting by decorating 
shells to sell through the vacation season. His interest in botany 
came to the forefront when he went to the local Government 
Life Saving Station in Atlantic City to gather different kinds of 
seeds for his uncle's nursery in Germantown, a Philadelphia sub- 
urb. Butler's uncle, the husband of his mother's sister, was 
Thomas Meehan, a botanist, horticulturist, and author. A native 
of Scotland, Meehan had worked at Kew Gardens in London 



20 Manuscripts 



and Bartram's Garden in Philadelphia. He was a member of the 
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, the American Asso- 
ciation for the Advancement of Science, and the American Philo- 
sophical Society. Meehan served on the State Board of 
Agriculture of Pennsylvania as its botanist and in 1882 was 
elected a member of the Philadelphia Common Council, where 
he was instrumental in establishing many small parks through- 
out Philadelphia. Butler remarked in his diary several times 
about the activities of his uncle and mentioned that on July 10, 
1881, he and his wife, Butler's Aunt Kate, came to spend the 
day in Atlantic City. 

When Butler returned to Philadelphia from Atlantic City at 
the end of the summer, he found employment in a furniture fac- 
tory, located at the corner of Powelton and State streets, whose 
proprietor was George Smith. In December, after having been 
laid off, he found work as a filler for the Hale and Kilburn Manu- 
facturing Company. Apparently Butler abandoned his profes- 
sional interest in art, for a 1904 Philadelphia city directory lists 
him as a finisher for an unidentified furniture manufactory. 

In 1916, at the end of his diary, Butler wrote biographical 
sketches about his parents, who by that time had both died. 

M17 Clapp, David, 1806-93. 
[Travel journal]. 1831-43. 
4 v.; 17 cm. 

David Clapp was born in Dorchester, Massachusetts. He 
received his education locally and when he was thirteen years 
old got his first job, working as a tanner. After Clapp' s schooling 
was finished in 1822, he became an apprentice at John Cotton's 
printing shop in Boston. By this time Clapp had already begun 
to record his activities and thoughts regularly in a journal. Febru- 
ary 6, 1827, was Clapp's "freedom day," as he called it, the last 
day of his apprenticeship. He continued working with Cotton 
for pay until 1831, when he struck out on his own in a short- 
lived partnership with Henry Hull. From 1831 until 1892, when 
he retired, Clapp was a busy printer who enjoyed an excellent 
reputation. Among many other items, he printed volumes of 



Manuscripts 21 



the Boston city directory, the New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Register, and the Boston Medical and Surgical Journal. Clapp 
was a member of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Associa- 
tion, the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, Saint Mat- 
thew's Church, and the Boston Old School Boys Association. 
He married Mary Elizabeth Tucker in 1835, and they had six 
children. 

David Clapp's travel journals, except for one passing refer- 
ence, have nothing to do with his profession. Rather, they 
include observations and stories about his trips from Boston to 
New York City, Washington, D.C., and Niagara Falls. On keep- 
ing journals, he wrote: "The pleasure of recording the incidents 
and a description of the scenes I witnessed; and the anticipated 
satisfaction of perusing the record at some future time, and thus 
again living in those incidents and gazing upon those scenes 
have been my principal objects; not perhaps unaccompanied 
however, with the belief or the hope that other eyes — eyes of 
affection and of friendship — may likewise glide over these rude 
sketches and either bless Heaven that the writer still lives to 
enjoy with them the perusal, or drop one tear to the memory of 
the deceased." 

Volumes 1 and 2 of Clapp's journals were kept during the 
second half of 1831 and cover his visit to New York City. He 
traveled there with his business partner, Hull, on a boat called 
the Boston. His first trip by water, Clapp, perhaps in his enthusi- 
asm, wrote at length about what he encountered on board: enter- 
tainment by a black band, difficulties trying to sleep, strangers, 
the approach to New York's harbor, and meals. In New York 
Clapp stayed at the Franklin Hotel and visited Peale's Museum, 
where a snake commanded particular interest; the Castle Garden 
at the Battery; many churches; the Market; and what he called 
the large Methodist printing establishment. 

Volume 3, written in 1841, describes a trip to Washington, 
D.C., and features a tally of expenses at the end. A seasoned 
traveler by this time, Clapp's comments are generally matter-of- 
fact and lack the enthusiasm that marked his words about his 
trip to New York a decade earlier. Clapp does reveal himself, 



22 Manuscripts 



however, after visiting the chamber of the House of Representa- 
tives: "There was very little dignity manifested by the members, 
most of them being engaged in writing or reading newspapers." 

Volume 4 is an engaging account of Clapp and his wife's 
trip to Niagara Falls. They went by rail, changing trains fre- 
quently because of the many short lines throughout New York 
State, befriended a foreign clergyman and his wife on the way, 
and finally found themselves in uncomfortable quarters at Niag- 
ara Falls in a temperance hotel. Clapp writes about the falls with 
awe, remarking that it was truly one of God's wonders. 

A lengthy obituary on Clapp, featuring his portrait, 
appeared in New-England Historical and Genealogical Register 
(vol. 48, no. 2 [April 1894]: 145-56). 



M18 Clarke, Thomas Benedict, 1848-1931. 

A memorandum book descriptive of a collection of oil paintings 
belonging to Thomas B. Clarke (representing American art from 
1860 to 1881). 1872-81. 
[152] p.; 20 cm. 

Thomas Benedict Clarke was born in New York City in 1848, the 
son of an educator who founded the Mount Washington Colle- 
giate Institute in New York. Although Clarke graduated from his 
father's school, he did not continue his education. Rather, he 
turned to the business world and entered into a partnership in a 
lace, collar, and linen concern. After quickly achieving financial 
success, he began to purchase European art, favoring works of 
Italian, French, and German salon painters. He soon gave up col- 
lecting European art, however, because he thought it was too 
expensive to accumulate and turned his attention to American 
paintings. Clarke became an avid collector and sometimes 
bought works directly from an artist. He befriended George 
Inness and by century's end had thirty-nine of his works. In 
addition, Clarke served as Inness' s manager. Clarke was also par- 
tial to the pictures of Winslow Homer, owning at one time fif- 
teen of his oils and sixteen of his watercolors. Clarke was 
constantly upgrading his collection and selling for profit. He 
even opened his own gallery, the Art House, for this purpose. 



Manuscripts 23 



In 1899 Clarke sold 373 of his paintings at auction for $235,000, 
realizing a 60 percent to 70 percent profit over his original pur- 
chase prices. Before his death, Clarke had amassed impressive 
collections in other areas, including Chinese porcelain, seven- 
teenth- and eighteenth-century English furniture, American por- 
traits, and textiles. He lent many of his art objects to museums 
for exhibition. 

This memorandum book is composed of several sections. 
One contains a list of the American paintings that Clarke owned 
in 1872, usually identified by a short title, with their costs 
expressed in a letter code, a few of their dimensions, and a sale 
price if disposed of. A second section lists paintings that Clarke 
lent to galleries in 1879 for exhibition. A third section was writ- 
ten in 1881 to provide a fresh list of Clarke's holdings and where 
they were located. Two pages list "commissions out," and other 
pages list pictures bought for other people and their prices. 
Finally, Clarke includes a brief list of old porcelain in his col- 
lection. 

This manuscript might be used profitably with The Private 
Collection of Thomas B. Clarke of New York, Exhibited at American 
Art Gallery, New York, Dec. 28, 1883 to Jan. 12, 1884, a fifty-page 
descriptive catalogue of the highlights of Clarke's collection. It 
was printed by Studio Press and contains an introduction by Syl- 
vester R. Koehler, a nineteenth-century art historian. 



M19 Cogdell, John Stevens, 1778-1847. 
[Diary]. 1808, 1825. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 

John Cogdell, a sculptor, painter, lawyer, and banker, was born 
in South Carolina and graduated from the College of Charleston. 
When he was about seventeen he began to study law, and in 
1799 he was admitted to the bar. In June 1800, he and his 
brother Richard traveled to Europe, and John's appetite for art 
was whetted. Upon his return to America, Cogdell settled in 
Charleston and began his career as a lawyer. In 1810 he began 
the first of his four consecutive terms as a member of the South 
Carolina House of Representatives. In 1818 Cogdell was 



24 Manuscripts 



appointed comptroller general of South Carolina, and from 1832 
until his death in 1847, he served as president of the Bank of 
South Carolina. Despite the requirements of his professional life, 
Cogdell found time to be quite active in painting and clay model- 
ing. His talent in art elicited encouragement from prominent art- 
ists of the day, including Washington Allston and Gilbert Stuart. 
Cogdell's works were exhibited at the Boston Athenaeum, the 
National Academy of Design, the Charleston Library Society, 
and the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. 

These volumes cover trips that Cogdell made to northern 
cities in 1808 and 1825. They form part of a larger collection of 
Cogdell material at Winterthur that includes four other manu- 
script volumes containing copies of letters that he either wrote 
or received in 1816 and from 1829 to 1841. They record another 
trip that Cogdell made to the north in 1816 and offer insights 
into his concerns involving art and society. Because they fall out 
of the scope of this volume, however, their contents are not 
detailed here, but they are useful in understanding Cogdell's 
artistic progress and serve as an important supplement to his 
travel narratives. 

In 1808 Cogdell took at least a month-long trip from Charles- 
ton to Philadelphia and New York City. He left on August 29 on 
board the South Carolina and reached Philadelphia on September 
2. One of Cogdell's first stops was at the Peale Museum, where 
he saw a number of portraits of American statesmen. He did not 
think any of the portraits of George Washington were good and 
remarked that he liked only one of two of Thomas Jefferson. The 
likenesses of fellow South Carolinians Henry Laurens, David 
Ramsey, and Thomas Sumter pleased him. Cogdell toured the 
rest of Peale's museum and found it wanting. He wrote: "After 
having examined the Academy of Physick at Florence, consisting 
of all that can be imagined — from Reptiles up to Man in his 
most deformed & perfect State — occupying forty Rooms — there 
could not be very much at Peales museum to excite my won- 
der." Cogdell next visited the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine 
Arts, where he commented favorably on the paintings of Benja- 
min West, especially two that he called Lear in the Storm and 



Manuscripts 25 



Orlando Rescuing Oliver from the Lion and the Serpent. The latter 
had been lent to the Pennsylvania Academy by Robert Fulton for 
its first exhibition. Reflecting his interest in social matters, Cog- 
dell went to the Bettering House Hospital, later called the Penn- 
sylvania Hospital, which served as an institution for the insane. 
He was impressed by the cleanliness of the place and wrote 
about what he could see of Philadelphia from the top floor: 
"From the top of the building we could have seen to advantage 
much of the surrounding country — but the Trees are so numer- 
ous about this Institution — as well as thro' all parts of the City 
(Market Street excepted) as to interrupt all perspective or view at 
any distance even of the fine edifices of the City." Cogdell also 
toured a prison and discovered that most of its inmates were 
sawing marble to fill construction orders caused by a local build- 
ing boom. He commented that many of the inmates were black 
and noted further that some Philadelphians thought they com- 
mitted crimes purposely in order to be incarcerated and to have 
a place to live and to gain credit for their labor. Judging from his 
dinner companions, Cogdell must have been well connected 
socially. On September 7, he ate with Benjamin Barton, a natural- 
ist; Caspar Wister, a local physician; Benjamin Vaughan, a diplo- 
mat and economist; Charles Willson Peale, a painter; Stephen 
Elliott, a botanist from South Carolina; and Abraham Collins, 
who was identified in the Philadelphia city directory as a gen- 
tleman. 

On September 8, Cogdell traveled through New Jersey to 
New York City. He visited the panorama of Edward Savage and 
termed it "the most surprising and Interesting piece of Machin- 
ery" he had ever seen. He called St. John's Church "beyond 
doubt the most superb Church in N.Y. & at this moment not yet 
finished." 

In 1825 Cogdell traveled north again from Charleston. In 
Boston he met artists Gilbert Stuart, Washington Allston, Jona- 
than Mason, and Francis Alexander. Cogdell termed Septem- 
ber 20 "one of the most grateful and interesting days I have 
spent at the North," for Allston escorted him to private homes 
in Boston where important paintings were located. Cogdell vis- 



26 Manuscripts 



ited Stuart's rooms for the first time on September 22 and 
departed more impressed with him than ever. "His touch is so 
fine delicate & natural that I am more enraptured with his work 
than I ever was before," he wrote. On September 23, Cogdell 
met Mason, who "is very deaf but apparently a very pleasant 
young Man he has been 2 years in London pursuing his studies 
as an artist." Two days later they visited Mason's father and 
enjoyed looking at his collection of paintings. Francis Alexander, 
another Boston artist, led Cogdell to other residences to view pri- 
vate collections of paintings and also joined him for an evening 
at Stuart's home. In addition to spending time with Boston's 
community of artists, Cogdell was introduced to two prominent 
statesmen, presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams. 

In Philadelphia Cogdell characterized some of his contempo- 
raries and their works. He visited the Pennsylvania Academy 
again. "The Large Room is still distinguished by Mr. Alstons 
splendid picture which I found more to be admired than 9 years 
ago." And, "Mr. West's painting Christ healing the sick is 
placed in a building suited for it. . . . The painting of Mr. West 
is lighted from above — but the Spectator does not see the light." 
Cogdell thought that Charles B. Lawrence would have a success- 
ful career as a painter; as he was a pupil of Stuart and Rem- 
brandt Peale, he doubtlessly showed promise. Art historian 
William Dunlap wrote, however, that "Mr. Lawrence wisely 
relinquished painting, and has found employment in private life, 
where he is said to be very estimable." Cogdell confided to his 
diary that John Neagle was strong minded, had great talent, and 
was greatly improved as a painter. Neagle, who married a 
daughter of Thomas Sully, would eventually become a successful 
portrait painter and director of the Pennsylvania Academy. Of 
Thomas Doughty, Cogdell thought that he had taste of the first 
order, was clear and sparkling of thought, sensitive, and that life 
was seen in all of his work. Before he left Philadelphia, Cogdell 
purchased two of Doughty's paintings. As his life unfolded, how- 
ever, Doughty enjoyed success in the 1830s as a landscapist but 
was impoverished thereafter. 

Other papers relating to John Stevens Cogdell are located at 
the South Carolina Historical Society. 



Manuscripts 27 



M20 Collingwood, Cuthbert, b. 1808. 
[Autobiographical memoir]. 1880. 
[1], 5 p.; 36 cm. 

In 1880 an unidentified friend asked Cuthbert Collingwood to 
write a letter in which he reminisced about his family and 
childhood; this manuscript was the response. Collingwood 
was born in Salem, New Hampshire. His grandfather was a 
local blacksmith and his father a schoolteacher and post- 
master. The family home was adjacent to the town green and 
near the meetinghouse and graveyard. In 1814 Collingwood's 
father decided to move the family to Boston. At first deeply 
chagrined by this move, young Cuthbert grew to like his new 
home and soon became fascinated by sights and experiences 
in the city that he would never have encountered in rural Salem. 
Collingwood "attended the Grammar, Latin & Eng. Classical 
Schools; the latter was called the 'Boston College.' " He was 
the president of the Scholars' Club and the Garrick Society. 
Unfortunately, his father vetoed offers to pay for his college 
education, so Collingwood was denied opportunities to attend 
Harvard and Yale. From 1829, when his father met finan- 
cial ruin, until 1845, when this short narrative ends, Colling- 
wood alone was responsible for maintaining the well-being of 
his family. 

M21 Coney, Jabez. 

[Diary]. 1867-68. 
65, [7] p.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Jabez Coney, a resident of Boston from 1863 to 1870, kept this 
diary irregularly from January 26, 1867, until October 16, 1868, to 
record ideas that he had for inventions. According to Boston city 
directories, Coney was affiliated in some capacity with the Globe 
Works Foundry in 1863 and was identified as a consulting engi- 
neer between 1864 and 1870. 

Coney thought that he could make a better barrel. He noted 
that barrels had been manufactured for centuries and that their 
quality could not be improved. He believed, however, that they 
could be made more cheaply and that their staves could be held 
together using glue instead of hoops. In addition to the barrel, 



28 Manuscripts 



Coney had ideas for a new, improved passenger elevator for 
hotels that would rely on two continuous steel bands for lifting 
and lowering, a new circular saw whose basic principle was 
explained in an article from Scientific American, a steam boiler 
described as "The Vertical Inverted Cone or Differential Shell 
with Vertical tubes of various lengths," and an all-metal wagon 
wheel. Finally, Coney was favorably impressed with a new kind 
of railroad tank car used to transport oil that was designed to 
allow for greater storage capacity than ever before. 

M22 Cowles, Florence Ashmore, b. 1846. 
[Diary]. 1866-68. 
p. 21-234; 20 cm. 

Sometime during the first half of 1866, Florence Cowles began 
writing in this diary. Unfortunately, the first twenty pages have 
been removed, so the beginning date is uncertain. Originally 
from New Orleans but residing in postbellum Petersburg, Vir- 
ginia, Cowles was a newly married woman of nineteen in 1866. 
She revealed her feelings for her husband, Will: "To make Will 
unhappy for one minute is to me the most terrible thing in the 
world." And, "he thought I was reproving him. Oh Will! how 
could I reprove you? — you are so much better in all things than 
I." Will was a graduate of Randolph-Macon College, a Civil War 
veteran who had climbed the ranks to captain, and ten years 
older than his wife. As this diary was being kept, the couple 
was living with Will's parents, and Will probably was making a 
living as a farmer. 

The most important element of Cowles's life was her family. 
She felt exceedingly close to her husband and looked forward to 
sending and receiving letters from her parents, her brother (a stu- 
dent at Washington College in Lexington, Kentucky), and her sis- 
ters. She became despondent in 1867 when she realized that she 
could not visit her family in New Orleans because she and her 
husband did not have enough money to pay for the trip. Cowles 
wrote movingly about a sister who had died young, remarking 
that when the death had occurred she believed that all purpose 
had been taken from her own life. Cowles looked forward to hav- 
ing children of her own, and on March 24, 1867, a son named 



Manuscripts 29 



Will, Jr., was born. Throughout the pages of this diary, the 
growth and progress of the boy is recounted with delight. Per- 
haps the greatest disappointment in her family relationships was 
with her mother-in-law. Cowles noted that her husband's 
mother was usually in bad humor and highly critical, and she 
thought that Will did not realize how unkind his mother could 
be. For his part, Will said that his wife was the cause of estrange- 
ment between himself and his mother. 

Despite living in Petersburg, the location of bloody Civil 
War fighting, on only one occasion does Cowles betray her feel- 
ings about Northerners. An acquaintance of the family, Katie 
Watkins, was being sent to school somewhere in the north 
because her father could not afford the cost of room and board 
at a southern school. He could afford a school in the north, how- 
ever, where a family friend would house Katie. Cowles 
observed: "Its a shame for southern people to send their chil- 
dren to the North now. . . .I'm afraid Katie will lose her girl- 
hood gentleness in that land of strong-minded females." 

M23 Daily miniature diary for 1859. 
[128] p.; 10 cm. 

The keeper of this small diary resided in the vicinity of Rich- 
mond, Maine, and made his living as a trader, handyman, and 
farmer and from boarders who rented rooms in his house. His 
last name may have been Curtis, and his wife's maiden name 
could have been Brooks. It was common for him to work in his 
shop, repairing his wares, and then to load them on his wagon 
for the short ride into Richmond. The keeper routinely recorded 
the streets on which he traded and the names of the people in 
town with whom he ate and boarded. As the summer season 
approached, he spent more and more time with farm work, 
including planting, mowing, and barn repair. A representative 
diary entry was written on Saturday, July 2: "A storm threatens, 
loaded up took breakfast at Willises drove home arrived at 1/2 
past 9 all well: brought 809 lbs. rags PM loaded up for another 
week — went to farm then house went to meeting." Beyond his 
work, the diarist was a devout Baptist; had relatives in Hing- 
ham, Massachusetts, whom he visited in September; enjoyed eel- 



30 Manuscripts 



ebrating the Fourth of July; and was sympathetic to the 
temperance movement. On August 1, he saved a woman from 
committing suicide by hanging. 



M24 Dexter, Henry, 1806-76. 

[Autobiographical sketch]. [Ca. 1850]. 
[11] p.; 25 cm. 

Henry Dexter wrote this sketch of his life up to about 1850 in the 
form of a letter to someone named Miss Lee. His account begins 
with his birth and ends with notes about various busts that he 
had sculpted through the mid nineteenth century. Dexter was 
born on October 11, 1806, in Nelson, Madison County, New 
York. Sometime during his youth, a merchant from Utica, New 
York, moved into town and befriended the Dexter family. Por- 
traits that this merchant had hanging on his walls awakened 
young Henry's interest in art and were an early influence on his 
decision to become an artist. Shortly after the death of his father, 
or his father's disappearance as recorded in Dictionary of Ameri- 
can Biography, the remaining Dexters moved to Connecticut 
where Henry eventually became an apprentice to a blacksmith. 
He met Francis Alexander, an enterprising portrait painter, and 
later married his niece. Alexander dissuaded Dexter from earn- 
ing his living as an artist, suggesting instead that he continue 
with his work as a blacksmith. In 1836, after seven long years at 
that trade, Dexter opened his own art studio, working first in 
Providence, Rhode Island, and then in Boston. In Boston he 
again met Alexander, who now encouraged him to pursue a 
career as an artist. Finding little work in his chosen field of por- 
trait painting, Dexter turned to sculpture. By 1850 he had 
become a successful sculptor, working with both clay and mar- 
ble. His sitters included, among others, members of Boston soci- 
ety, political figures, and in 1842 Charles Dickens. 

Henry Dexter, Sculptor: A Memorial, written by John Albee 
and privately printed in 1898, offers a favorable biographical 
sketch and includes a portrait of the subject done late in his life 
and a catalogue of his works. 



Manuscripts 31 



M25 [Diary of a New Castle County, Delaware, cabinetmaker]. 
1785-86. 
[52] p.; 21 cm. 

This diary was kept from May 19, 1785, to January 10, 1786, and 
offers readers an indication of the different kinds of activities 
that a rural cabinetmaker had to pursue to make his living in 
postrevolutionary America. Despite having a primary interest in 
furnituremaking, the unidentified diarist made coffins; helped 
with barn raisings; constructed window sashes, frames, and shut- 
ters; fashioned architectural ornament; put up fences; shaved 
shingles; and mended wheels. His talents for furnituremaking 
and cabinetry are, however, most evident in his comments. The 
diarist recorded when he worked on such things as tables, 
desks, cradles, clothes presses, dressers, bureaus, chairs, and 
cupboards. Often he would involve himself in the entire process 
of manufacture, from gathering together the necessary wood and 
metal ornaments to cutting the parts, joining and gluing them 
together, affixing handles and hinges, smoothing the surfaces, 
and either painting, staining, or otherwise finishing the piece. 

Regrettably, the name of the writer of this diary is 
unknown. For a list of cabinetmakers working in Delaware from 
the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries, see Charles G. Dor- 
man, "Delaware Cabinetmakers and Allied Artisans, 1655-1855," 
Delaware History 9, no. 2 (October 1960): [105]-217. The work 
also was issued as a separate imprint in 1960. 

M26 [Diary of a trip from Philadelphia to Boston]. 1791. 
[14] p.; 12-17 cm. 

The keeper of this diary was probably a member of the Richard- 
son family. He left Philadelphia on July 14 with Jonathan Willis, 
identified as a friend. Although the word friend was written in 
lowercase, the writer may have used it to identify Willis as a 
member of the Society of Friends, for the purpose of this trip 
was to meet with Thomas Scattergood, a Quaker, in Boston. 
The two men traveled through New Jersey to New York 
City by stage and then sailed from New York on a sloop bound 
for Newport, Rhode Island. The writer described Newport as a 



32 Manuscripts 



once-prosperous place that had gone into decline after the Revo- 
lution but noted that "the Inhabitants of this place appear to be 
a very Civil well behaved People & their appearance so much 
similar to those of Philad. that they seemed quite familiar." The 
writer took several walks in Newport and spent time looking at 
the windmills that were located on a hill just outside town. After 
two postponements because of unfavorable weather conditions, 
the short sail to Providence, Rhode Island, their next stop, began 
on July 22. From Providence the travelers went to Boston by 
coach. 

Although the visit to Boston was for an unexplained, 
church-related reason, the writer had many opportunities to see 
the city. On getting about after dark, he wrote: "The streets of 
this City are not at present lighted at nights we were informed 
that it had been before the War but the Lamps being broke by 
the British Soldiers they have not since been replaced." On 
July 25, the writer and Willis left Boston and returned home, 
chiefly by land. 

M27 [Diary of a young American in Europe]. 1852-53. 
[238] p.; 21 cm. 

This diary of a European visit begins on September 23, 1852, in 
New York City, and ends on March 5, 1853, in the hills of cen- 
tral Italy. Its unidentified keeper sailed on the Southampton for 
England, stayed in London for ten days, went to France — chiefly 
Paris — for a month, and finished his tour in Italy, staying there 
for three months. 

The writer's comments about his ocean voyage include pas- 
sages on the activities of his fellow travelers, other ships passed 
en route, weather conditions, latitudinal and longitudinal posi- 
tions during the journey, and unexpected events, such as the 
sighting of leaping porpoises that he called "certainly the most 
ludicrous sight we have seen." Greeted on the coast of England 
by "a true English day" — sunshine, then clouds, then show- 
ers — the trip across the Atlantic ended in London, where every- 
one disembarked. 

In London the writer and his companion, someone named 
Davenport, visited several attractions that also claim the atten- 



Manuscripts 33 



Hon of today's visitor: the Tower of London, Westminster 
Abbey, the British Museum, the National Gallery, Hyde Park, 
and Madame Tussaud's Gallery. At the last place, the wax figure 
of Napoleon I elicited a comment: "The Napoleon relick inter- 
ested us much; his travelling carriage, so fitted that he could 
repose at full length, a desk on which he wrote his dispatches, 
dressing case and all accommodations for comfort, also his state 
carriage, and the one used by him at St. Helena." Unfortunately, 
the cultural places of London, the good food to be had there, 
and the homeyness of his rooms did not sufficiently counterbal- 
ance the weather: "We cant endure any longer the dull suicidal 
weather of London." So, the diarist and his companion hastily 
departed for the Continent. 

From all indications, France was the highlight of this trip. 
The diarist's special appreciation of the wax figure of Napoleon 
is, thus, understandable. "Paris," he commented, "may in truth 
be called a gay city and the only wonder is that a Parisian can 
live contentedly elsewhere." With Davenport the diarist went to 
the Tuileries, the Louvre, the Pantheon, the Palaces of Luxem- 
bourg, Versailles, and the Hotel Cluny, and he promenaded on 
the boulevards and squares of the city. The detail used to 
describe the many churches of Paris suggests that he was either 
an expert in church architecture and history with a talent for 
vivid recall or that he copied descriptions from guidebooks to 
remind him of his experiences later. The author could speak 
enough French to be understood but had trouble understanding 
replies. On November 6, he recorded that the French "never 
laugh at mistakes, nor urge you to buy, and even refrain from 
showing their goods unless requested." On the character of the 
French, he stated that they were people of taste because even 
the humblest had access to great art treasures in palaces that 
were open free of charge to the general public. While in Paris, 
the diarist also saw the emperor, attended impressive religious 
services, and visited the Gobelin Tapestry Works. 

In Italy, perhaps the final stop on his itinerary, the diarist 
spent most of his time in Naples and Rome. Although the classi- 
cal sites in and around Naples were of great interest, the pleth- 
ora of beggars seemed to impress him almost as much. On 



34 Manuscripts 



November 15, the diarist went to the Grotto del Cane and was 
forced to pay a local resident to guide him there. "Here, as 
usual," he noted, "half the pleasure is lost by being followed by 
a guide and getting into a quarrel with them or else submitting 
to their demands [for money]." In Rome the diarist attended 
Christmas mass in Saint Peters, visited the Coliseum, the Sistine 
Chapel, the Baths of Diocletion, the Vatican Museum, and other 
places of historical and religious interest. Judging from his com- 
ments, he must have had an aunt residing in Rome at the time 
of his visit. In addition to Naples and Rome, the diarist went to 
Genoa, Pompeii, and Pozznoli; traveled the Apian Way; and 
wound up in the mountains near Florence. 

M28 [Diary of an American on tour]. 1853. 
[Ill] p.; 16 cm. 

This travel narrative picks up the tour of an unnamed American, 
perhaps from New York City, on April 20 as he discussed the 
Cathedral St. Marco and other sites in Venice, Italy. He was less 
than impressed with the city, writing: "It is strange how quick a 
person uses up this town after a few rides in the Gondolas & vis- 
its to the Doges Palace & one or two churches in addition to the 
Cathedral St. Mark, one becomes wearied of the place and longs 
to get out of it." So he left after spending only three days there 
and headed for Vienna via the Alps and Trieste. 

Vienna was as impressive as Venice was disappointing. 
"This is really a fine city," he wrote, "the more I see of it, the 
better I like it." He lodged at the Archduke Charles Hotel and 
remarked that while the British were not held in very high 
regard by the Viennese, Americans were treated quite civilly. 
The traveler visited the Belvedere Palace, where he saw a collec- 
tion of armor and Egyptian antiquities; the Augustine Church, 
the location of the tomb of Emperor Leopold II; the Imperial 
Coach House, where a very impressive collection of centuries- 
old carriages was housed; the City Arsenal; the Volksgarten; and 
the Church of St. Stephen. He hoped to see the emperor on May 
Day but did not and was disappointed. 

The next stop on the itinerary was Dresden, and his impres- 
sion of it was not favorable. He spent five days there and visited 



Manuscripts 35 



the Royal Palace; what he called the Historical Museum, where 
he saw a collection of weapons of war that supposedly rivaled 
the one in the Tower of London; the Japanese Palace, the loca- 
tion of an exhibition of porcelain and china that included items 
from Pompeii and Herculaneum; and the Orangery. On May 8, 
he noted that he would finally be leaving for Berlin the next day 
and commented, "I am glad to get out of this lonesome place." 

In Berlin he settled at the Hotel du Nord and wrote that he 
was very pleased with the beauty of the city. He was favorably 
impressed with the wide, tree-lined streets, the fine public build- 
ings, and the public grounds. He could not find an inferior build- 
ing anywhere and reported that even "the poor people all live in 
nice houses." Visiting the Royal Palace, he commented that he 
witnessed some artwork being boxed up to be sent to New York 
for the world's fair scheduled for 1853 and 1854. Leaving Berlin 
on May 12, the diarist spent the next week and a half traveling 
through Germany to Frankfort and then Mainz, where he 
boarded the steamer Joseph Miller for a ride up the Rhine to 
Cologne. He compared the Rhine to the Hudson River by writ- 
ing: "The scenery from many parts of it is truly magnificent & so 
is that of the Hudson." In Cologne he said that the cologne busi- 
ness was a mania there with twenty-five or thirty manufacturers 
and shop signs in many languages. 

On June 1, the traveler left the continent for England. He 
arrived in London one day later and found a place to stay at the 
boarding house operated by a Mrs. Randall at 7 King Street, 
Cheapside. Remarking about London transportation, he wrote: 
"I find that I can get around as well as in N.Y. & no fear of get- 
ting lost." His chief objective in London was to see the crown 
jewels, which were not that impressive: "It was no great shakes 
after all." He saw Queen Victoria, Prince Albert, and three of 
their children leave Buckingham Palace in a coach and observed 
that "she is much older looking than I had expected & quite 
homely." At Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum he was favorably 
impressed with the carriage used by Napoleon on his unsuccess- 
ful foray into Russia. St. Paul's was not remarkable; in fact, 
"there is nothing very remarkable that I haven't seen the like of 
it on the continent." Further, "as to the story of England being a 



36 Manuscripts 



Paradise, or the country one perfect garden, I must say that it is 
all humbug." He went to Liverpool to set sail for the United 
States and wrote: "I don't like Liverpool at all — nor the peo- 
ple — it is a nasty smoky place and I see more poor, squallid, ras- 
cally looking people, both male and female, & more drunkenness 
than in any place yet." On June 11, he left England and arrived 
in Boston on June 23. 

M29 Doings on board the Sloop Bee. from Fire Island Bound to Three 
Mile Harbor. 1849. 
[4] p.; 25 cm. 

In this brief, matter-of-fact account, the writer chronicles a sea 
trip from the southern shore of Long Island west to New York 
City and then north on the East River to Three Mile Harbor. The 
writer traveled from December 3 to 14 and was probably a mem- 
ber of the Dominy family. He made note of the weather, his cod 
fishing on the way, a stopover at Raynortown near Hempstead, 
tying up at Pike Slip in New York, visiting with a Mr. Benson, 
attending a show at Burton's Theater, going to a museum, and 
sailing toward Throg's Neck and beyond. 

M30 [Douglass, Anna Elizabeth Dexter]. 
[Diary]. [Ca. 1892-93]. 
98 p.; 12 x 20 cm. 

In this travel narrative, Anna Douglass, a daughter of sculptor 
Henry Dexter, describes a trip from Boston to Daytona, Florida. 
Although there is some uncertainty concerning the years of this 
trip, comments about buildings in St. Augustine, Florida, and 
days and dates that have been related to a perpetual calendar 
suggest the years 1892 and 1893. There is no recorded beginning 
date of this account, but the last entry was made on February 
17. Although Douglass's name does not appear anywhere in this 
manuscript, it came to Winterthur as part of the Dexter family 
papers, and the keeper's date of birth, recorded as February 14, 
is Douglass's. 

Most of Douglass's narrative concerns her weeks traveling 
along the east coast of Florida from Jacksonville in the north to 
St. Augustine and Daytona further south. At Jacksonville she 



Manuscripts 37 



took many train trips into the surrounding countryside, visited 
the Sub-Tropical Exhibition building, where products from the 
state of Florida were on display, and enjoyed the beach. Leaving 
Jacksonville, Douglass went to St. Augustine and toured many 
of the historic sites related to the settlement of that town. 
Although she did not lodge there, Douglass reviewed in detail 
what she saw at the newly opened Ponce de Leon Hotel, 
described the recently damaged Cathedral of Saint Augustine, 
and wrote at length about Fort Marion. At her final destination, 
Daytona, she met and spent many hours with friends and 
relaxed with activities appropriate to hot and rainy weather. 

Douglass's travel narrative reveals little about her thoughts 
on society, people encountered, or traveling conditions. Rather, 
it concentrates on offering a good chronological account of her 
activities and fairly objective descriptions of what she observed 
as she took in the sights of a tourist. 

M31 du Pont, Henry, 1812-89. 

Diary for 1841; or, daily register for the use of private families 
and persons of business; containing a blank for every day in the 
year for the record of events that may be interesting, either past 
or future. 1841-42. 
[140] p.; 15 cm. 

This diary includes a few notes about events that transpired 
between January 19 and April 20, 1841, and records of crops in 
1842. Without exception, the entries are only several words long 
and regretfully offer little that contributes to an understanding of 
du Pont's life. Most of the pages of the diary are blank. 

M32 Fifield, Maria M., b. 1835. 
[Diary]. 1857-62. 
2 v.; 20 cm. 

These volumes record the activities of a young woman who 
resided in Salisbury, New Hampshire. Married in 1854, Maria 
Fifield took care of the home that she and her husband, John, 
made for themselves. John was three years older than his wife. 
Although most of her days were taken up with the routine 
chores of a homemaker, including baking, ironing, spinning, 



38 Manuscripts 



cleaning, churning butter, quilting, and making clothes, Maria 
was able to find enough time to make hats to sell at a local store. 
On May 5, 1860, she wrote: "Martha and I went to the village. I 
carried down 14 hats (8tf) $1.12." A little later she put her sew- 
ing talents to work for Civil War soldiers, offering to make cloth- 
ing for them. On October 8, 1861, she noted that "[I] got me 
some soldiers stockings to make." The following day she added 
that "I like making the stockings first rate." Martha participated 
in few social activities. She and her husband liked to sing, so 
they belonged to a club whose members gathered regularly for 
concerts. They also went to chuch, to meetings of a benevolent 
society, to a lecture on spiritualism at the local schoolhouse, and 
to the fair in nearby Concord. A daughter was born to Maria 
and John on December 16, 1860. 

At the end of the second volume of Maria's diary, another 
in a different hand begins. Much of what Maria wrote is dupli- 
cated here, and judging from its contents, it would not be unrea- 
sonable to conclude that John kept it. It dates from 1860 to 1862 
and is fifty-two pages long. 

M33 Finley, Mrs. James A. 
Memoranda. 1881. 
[148] p.; 15 cm. 

Mrs. Finley was a resident of Odessa, Delaware. In autumn 
1881, she traveled west to Iowa to visit relatives and friends and 
to see the sights along the way. In Iowa she remarked, "The 
country through here is rolley, good looking farmland — pretty 
well improved — has more of the appearance of our Del. Farms — 
good many cattle, some sheep." In Galena, Illinois, she stopped 
at the home of former president Ulysses S. Grant and described 
the place as "a rite nice comfortable looking place. Nothing very 
extra." Near Chicago, Finley visited Pullman, the company town 
of the train car manufacturing firm "where they build the Pull- 
man P Cars have 5000 men employed this company own about a 
thousand acres of land. This city is fine looking all new brick 
buildings." In New Albany, Indiana, she stayed with family 
friends, probably by the name of Gebhart. Mr. Gebhart had 
moved from Pittsburgh to New Albany twenty years before with- 



Manuscripts 39 



out much money to his name. He now supervised a woolen mill 
that employed six hundred men and women and was estimated 
to be worth $600,000. Finley toured the mill and saw every opera- 
tion, from carding to dyeing. And in Oil City, Pennsylvania, 
again staying with friends, she witnessed the workings of the 
Oil Exchange, where, she claimed, 800,000 barrels of oil were 
sold every month. 



M34 Fletcher, Martha. 

Miss Martha Fletcher's journal. 1864-67. 
[129] p.; 31 cm. 

On January 1, 1864, Martha Fletcher began a diary of her daily 
activities. In a matter-of-fact manner, she noted such things as 
who she saw each day, weather conditions, family concerns, 
travel, and her troubles with men. Little mention is made of 
events of national significance, the exception being the assassina- 
tion of Abraham Lincoln and the presence of his remains at Inde- 
pendence Hall in Philadelphia on April 23, 1865. 

Fletcher was a resident of Delanco, a small rural town in 
southern New Jersey. She attended weekly church services and 
served as a Sunday school teacher and church librarian. She was 
a dressmaker and chair upholsterer, maintained a scrapbook, 
and enjoyed playing cards and backgammon. During the course 
of her diary, she recorded that her father, Thomas Fletcher, died 
on November 14, 1866, and that William, probably her brother, 
succumbed to alcohol and mental illness in the same year. 
George Yerkes and George Whitney occupied her romantic 
thoughts, but as matters developed, neither man proved worthy. 
Martha as well as other Fletcher family members made frequent 
trips to Philadelphia to go shopping, to carry out business trans- 
actions, and in 1865 to attend the Sanitary Fair. 

In addition to Fletcher's diary, this volume contains a cata- 
logue of 225 books in the Delanco library, including history, 
travel accounts, biographies, novels, children's books, and some- 
thing called an "account of merchandise on hand." Since Maria's 
father and his partner in the silver and jewelry firm of Fletcher 
and Gardiner were forced into bankruptcy in 1842, this account 



40 Manuscripts 



undoubtedly relates to the auction held in that year to satisfy the 
creditors of the business. 

Thomas Fletcher's career is outlined in Elizabeth Ingerman 
Wood, "Thomas Fletcher: A Philadelphia Entrepreneur of Presen- 
tation Silver," in Winterthur Portfolio III, ed. Milo M. Naeve (Win- 
terthur, Del.: Henry Francis du Pont Winterthur Museum, 1967), 
pp. 136-71. He was the subject of Donald L. Fennimore, "Ele- 
gant Patterns of Uncommon Good Taste: Domestic Silver by 
Thomas Fletcher and Sidney Gardiner" (Master's thesis, Univer- 
sity of Delaware, 1971). 

Other papers relating to the family of Martha Fletcher are 
located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. 

M35 Food at Astor, etc. 1857. 
[12] p.; 20 cm. 

This manuscript account was kept by an unidentified, well-to-do 
young woman, probably originally from Jersey City, New Jersey, 
who roomed on Twenty-third Street in New York City. The 
manuscript has two sections. The first includes concise records 
of menus and table settings at the Astor Hotel in New York and 
comments on the appearances and characters of the writer's fel- 
low lodgers. The second section briefly describes the furnishings 
of hotels in Harvre, Rouen, Paris, Lyons, Dijon, Marseilles, and 
Nice, France, and in Genoa, Rome, and Florence, Italy, where 
the writer stayed beginning January 29, 1857. 

M36 Foote, Lucinda. 

A common place book containing variety: written in haste with- 
out premeditation, by Lucinda Foote while engaged as a matron 
in Auburn Prison. 1832-35, 1876. 
[112] p.; 20 cm. 

Auburn Prison was built in 1816 in Auburn, New York, and 
within ten years it had become a model for American prisons. It 
attracted visitors from England, Prussia, Canada, and France, 
most notably Alexis de Tocqueville and his traveling companion, 
Gustave Beaumont, who came searching for information for their 
study, Du Systeme Penitentiaire aux Etas-Unis et de son Application 
en Prance. By 1823 the so-called Auburn system of prison manage- 



Manuscripts 41 



ment was firmly in place. It required accomodation in individual 
cells for the male inmates; work with fellow prisoners during the 
day; separation from the outside world, including contact with 
families; strictly enforced silence; and severe punishment, includ- 
ing flogging and solitary confinement. Every Sunday church ser- 
vices, Sunday school, and restriction to cells without work 
responsibilities were allowed. While twentieth-century standards 
would undoubtedly characterize this system as harsh, for the 
early nineteenth century it was quite revolutionary and was 
admired in some quarters. 

Harriet Martineau visited Auburn and wrote her impres- 
sions in volume 1 of Retrospect of Western Travel, published in 
1838: "The arrangements for the women were extremely bad at 
that time; but the governor [warden] needed no convincing of 
this, and hoped for a speedy rectification. The women were all 
in one large room, sewing. The attempt to enforce silence was 
soon given up as hopeless; and the gabble of tongues among the 
few who were there was enough to paralyze any matron." 

Lucinda Foote expands on Martineau's observations. She 
remarked that she was shut up for ten hours per day with the 
female prisoners, "doing all in my power to reclaim them." 
When four new inmates arrived from Albany, New York, Foote 
wrote: "I will do the best I can to save them from ruin." Continu- 
ing, she noted that "they give pretty good attention to prayer 
reading the scriptures and instruction but if I touch upon vice 
they are manifestly displeased or entirely indifferent." Foote 
believed that she was treated with respect and kindness by the 
officials of the prison and responded enthusiastically when a 
select committee appointed by the New York state legislature vis- 
ited her on three different occasions to solicit her opinions about 
the prison. Foote enjoyed meeting foreign visitors and recorded 
her activity when some Spanish people toured Auburn on 
July 25, 1834. She took them to her room, presumably the one 
where she watched over her charges, and showed them the 
chapel. She observed that the Spanish were well dressed, gen- 
teel, intelligent, and interesting. On May 6, 1835, Foote recorded 
that she had been working at Auburn Prison for three years and 
had "learnt much of human nature of depravity in all its 



42 Manuscripts 



degrees." Later that year she left her job: "With a struggle of 
mind that well nigh prostrated my body and soul I gave it up." 

When Foote kept this diary, she was in her mid thirties and 
felt compelled to work. In another hand at the back of this vol- 
ume someone recorded the date of Foote' s marriage to Judge 
Henry Day of Indiana as October 16, 1846, when she was past 
her forty-seventh birthday. The diary entry for 1876 is in Foote's 
handwriting and is religious in nature. 

The Development of American Prisons and Prison Customs, 1776- 
1845, by Orlando F. Lewis, published by the Prison Association 
of New York in 1922, discusses the Auburn system. 

M37 Forney, Peter, d. 1881. 
[Diary]. 1858, 1861-62. 
3 v.; 13-15 cm. 

Peter Forney was a cabinetmaker and furniture dealer who 
resided in Annville, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania. He claimed 
that he could provide furniture in the latest and most approved 
style and that he maintained a sizable stock to be seen in his 
warerooms. A broadside advertisement that Forney circulated 
began: "Being engaged in the manufacture of household furni- 
ture, I would respectfully invite you to call and examine my very 
extensive and elegant stock of new furniture and chairs, embrac- 
ing every article in this line, required for comfort, utility and 
ornament in chambers, parlors, kitchens, &c." Forney implied 
that his prices would not be undercut, and he advised his pro- 
spective customers: "Do not be persuaded to purchase else- 
where, until you have seen my stock, and ascertained the 
prices." 

The entries in Forney's diary for the most part reflect his 
business activities. For example, on April 22, 1858, he purchased 
furniture components, including bedposts and table legs, pre- 
sumably to use in assembling finished pieces. This transaction, 
as well as others of a similar nature, reveal that he was familiar 
with a network of suppliers of furniture parts and that he did 
not necessarily customize his work as he claimed. On May 1, 
1858, Forney sold a secretary for $28, and in 1862 he provided 
the North Annville Township school with a bench and a black- 



Manuscripts 43 



board. Throughout Forney's diary he records when he made cof- 
fins and suggests that he acted as the local undertaker. On 
June 7, 1858, he wrote that he "made coffin for George Miller 
and took corps to Elizabeth furnace," Forney noted unrest by his 
workers: "Had been provoked very mush by the boyes in 
Shop." 

Forney writes sparingly about personal matters. He states, 
however, that he attended a meeting regarding the establish- 
ment of a fire company, that he was elected assistant librarian of 
his church, appointed tax collector of the school board, and that 
"the young men of Annville met in my ware room in the eve- 
ning to organize a Brass Band." On November 9, 1862, Forney 
writes without further elaboration: "William went to war." 

M38 Gibbons, Mary P. 

[Commonplace book]. 1819. 
26 items: ill., ports.; 5-24 cm. 

Mary Gibbons's work, consisting of twenty-five loose items and 
one small book, includes twenty-six silhouettes or cutouts of 
unidentified men and women; poetry on solitude, death, and dis- 
appointment; an illustration of the Philadelphia Patent Floor- 
cloth Manufactory at Bush Hill; a view of the house of Joshua 
Waddington across the East River from Rikers Island, New York; 
and a portrait of the King of the Seminoles, Mico Chlucco, the 
Long Warrior. Mary Gibbons lived in and around Philadelphia 
and at one time operated a school on Orange Street. This com- 
monplace book is part of the Gibbons family papers. 

M39 Gilbert. W. 

Journal of a voyage from Boston to Liverpool on board ship 
Hiram, capt. Samuel A. Whitney, commander. 1799-1800. 
[31] p.; 19 cm. 

Gilbert chronicles the events of routine crossings of the Atlantic 
Ocean during the last years of the eighteenth century. A typical 
entry, such as the one for July 31, 1799, reads: "Part of the day 
foggy, winds W. by N. & E. Course E. E. by S. Advanced 52 
miles this day. I enjoy excellent health — eat, drink and sleep 



44 Manuscripts 



hearty. I think I grow more fleshy." As the ship began to cross 
the banks of Newfoundland, those sailors who had never made 
the crossing before were given an initiation. They were assem- 
bled somewhere below, blindfolded, and taken up on deck. 
Next, they were tied down, and their faces were lathered up 
with a brush of tar. If any one of them shrieked, the tarred 
brush was shoved into his mouth. The sailors were then shaved 
and thrown in the tide to be washed. Finally, each sailor was 
required to take an oath: "He holds up his hand & swears that 
he never will eat brown bread when he can get white, that he 
never will lay with the maid when he can lay with the mistress, 
that he never will go to the Leward when he can get to Wind- 
ward &c. &c." On September 1, the ship reached its destination 
at Liverpool, England, having been at sea for about five and a 
half weeks. 

Gilbert's activities in England are for the most part unre- 
corded. He traveled through the country, stopping at various 
cities, including Nottingham, Sheffield, Wakefield, Leeds, Hali- 
fax, and Manchester. Unfortunately, he notes nothing about his 
stops, offering his readers only an itinerary of his trip. 

On February 16, 1800, Gilbert was set to return to the 
United States on board the ship John Adams, which was headed 
for Boston under the able captaincy of Peleg Tollman. Gilbert 
and some of his mates left the ship off the coast of Scotland and 
went ashore to hunt birds for food during the journey home. 
Although they were unsuccessful on their hunt, they came 
across a cottage where they hoped they could get some food. 
Instead, they encountered a spot "where poverty and Happiness 
seemed united." The hunters entered the cottage through the 
cow stable that was attached to it. The woman who lived there 
was dirty and barefooted. Her daughter, a fat and healthy look- 
ing girl, was spinning flax. The daughter made no secret about 
her wish to leave Scotland for America as soon as possible. Gil- 
bert observed that there was no chimney in the cottage but 
instead just a hole in the roof that let the smoke filter out. Gil- 
bert returned to his ship and five days later set off for home, 
reaching Boston in mid April. 



Manuscripts 45 



M40 [Gilman, Rufus King]. 
Diary. 1824. 
19, [1] p.; 16 cm. 

This short diary, attributed to Rufus King Gilman, covers a trip 
from New London, Connecticut, to Dublin, Ireland, and Liv- 
erpool and Manchester, England, taken from February 14 to 
June 7, 1824. 

Gilman records his observations of Ireland and England 
topically instead of chronologically. The country scenery sur- 
rounding Dublin was, to him, pleasant except that "the high 
stone walls surrounding all the grounds tend to remind the trav- 
eller of the unsettled state of the country and the insecurity felt 
by the proprietors." In 1824 Ireland was in the midst of one of 
its crises between Protestant landowners and Catholics. Gilman 
comments about Dublin's roads, greens, gas lighting, public 
buildings, poverty, churches, and city statues. After spending a 
week in Dublin, Gilman went to Liverpool, where he said there 
was little of interest to the stranger, and then to Manchester, 
which he characterized as a smoky, gloomy place. 

Although he belittled Liverpool, Gilman's description of the 
workings of the Herculaneum Pottery, which was located there, 
is the highlight of his diary: 

I visited the Herculaneum Pottery while at Liverpool and 
saw the whole process of manufacturing the crockery and 
Porcelain — the Clay is brot to town by the Canals and by 
mixing with Water is made so thin as to pass through a fine 
muslin sieve — A quantity of flint burnt & made equally fine 
is then mixed with it & the Water is boiled away & the clay 
is then passed several times through a machine to work it, 
when it is cut in small pieces for the different articles & 
round ware, such as plates, bowls &c. are shaped on a 
stand in the manner stoneware is made in America, and 
when a little dried is turned in lathe, and it is while in the 
lathe that the brown lines that we see on enamelled ware 
are put on. Oval Tea Pots &c. are made in moulds of Plaster 
of Paris — the ordinary blue Painting is done by taking the 
impression from a Copper Plate on thin Paper which is 



46 Manuscripts 



immediately placed on the Ware — this is done before glaz- 
ing — another kind of Painting is done by taking the Copper 
Plate impression in Oil on a sheet of glutinous substance 
which is then laid on the article to be Printed — a brown or 
red colour is then added which adheres to the Oil — the fine 
landscapes, Gilding &c. is done with the pencil, as well as 
the flowering of the enamelled Ware — Some of the Porcelain 
is burnt three or four times once after each addition of Paint- 
ing or Gilding — the Machinery is all operated & the boiling 
done by Steam. 

M41 Hewlett, Richard. 

Commonplace book. 1767. 
[99] p.; 16 cm. 

This commonplace book reveals that its keeper was a religious 
man and that he was interested in having nearby examples of 
texts of legal forms, including indentures, deeds of gift, bonds, 
and promissory notes. Hewlett recorded prayers for many occa- 
sions and penned full texts of legal documents. In addition, he 
wrote down riddles, very neatly printed the letters of the alpha- 
bet, and copied an undated letter that he presumably sent to his 
sister Hannah. Although Hewlett himself dated this manuscript 
1767, dates as early as 1764 and as late as 1771 appear. Since the 
handwriting style is consistent, Hewlett may have actually kept 
his book for only a short while, perhaps anytime between 1764 
and 1771. 

It would not be unreasonable to conclude that this common- 
place book belonged to the Richard Hewlett who, according to 
an article in The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, vol- 
ume 54, 1923, page 209, is buried in Old Town Burial Ground, 
Hempstead, New York. Born in 1846, this Hewlett would have 
been twenty-one years old when he dated this manuscript. His 
death occurred on September 18, 1794. A Hannah Hewlett, per- 
haps the sister to whom Richard wrote, is also buried in the cem- 
etery. Having died in 1809 at age fifty-seven, she would have 
been a fifteen-year-old girl when her brother wrote to her. 

Other papers relating to the family of Richard Hewlett are 
located at the Port Washington, New York, Public Library. 



Manuscripts 47 



M42 Hoagland, Lavinia M. 
[Estate diary]. 1876-79. 
[28] p.; 20 cm. 

In September 1876, James M. Hoagland, husband of Lavinia, 
died intestate. This diary records Lavinia's activities during the 
settlement of his estate. 

At the time of Hoagland's death, the couple resided in New 
York City at 153 West Forty-third Street. Hoagland's first appear- 
ance in a New York city directory was in 1861, but an occupation 
was never recorded next to his name. Hoagland probably real- 
ized that death was imminent because he arranged to meet an 
attorney, J. M. Guiteau, on either September 2 or 3 to draw up 
his will. They drafted the document, but Hoagland died before 
he could sign it. Lawyers questioned Lavinia about her hus- 
band's business affairs, account books, and the contents of his 
safe. Apparently, the questioning became quite severe, for "Mr. 
Clapp wanted the Auditor to enforce the law and put me in 
prison." Hoagland's investments in insurance companies and 
improvement bonds for the Southern Minnesota Railroad Com- 
pany and the city of Jersey City, New Jersey, were sold. The 
most serious problem that Lavinia had to face was the owner- 
ship of a parcel of land in Monmouth County, New Jersey. Sev- 
eral members of the Hoagland family, including one of James's 
nieces, and some tenants submitted claims for the property. On 
November 8, 1877, the matter was to be settled in Chancery 
Court. Unfortunately, the outcome is not revealed in Lavinia's 
diary. Lavinia may have kept this diary to help her remember 
how the events transpired and as a form of self-protection in 
case she happened to be challenged on her testimony at some 
future time. 

M43 Hoxie, John M. S. 

[Journal of my life]. 1824-25. 

[15] p.; 33 cm. 

The journal kept by John M. S. Hoxie occupies only fifteen 

pages of this volume. Approximately twenty-four pages contain 

records of personal financial accounts while about 160 pages are 

blank. The beginning date of Hoxie's journal is difficult to estab- 



48 Manuscripts 



lish because he often shifted between listing his accounts and 
describing his activities. He probably began the journal some- 
time during the spring of 1824, and the journal ended abruptly 
on November 19, 1825. There are frequent gaps of unrecorded 
time. The title of Hoxie's work is taken from the heading on one 
of its pages. 

Hoxie was a settler in the vicinity of current-day Daytona 
Beach, Florida. His activities included clearing land and 
operating a salt works, a business in which he claimed to be a 
half proprietor. Raising orange trees, however, seemed to be 
what he wanted most to do. Hoxie noted that he was unaware 
of any writings on the cultivation of orange trees, so he con- 
cluded that he would have to experiment until he achieved suc- 
cess. He started his venture in March 1825 and worked into the 
autumn to prepare the land for the eventual planting of his 
trees. Unfortunately, a hurricane struck in early October and 
ruined everything that he had done up to that time. Hoxie then 
wondered if he might be better off living and working in New 
River, a town to the south that would eventually become Fort 
Lauderdale. He summarized the advantages and disadvantages 
of moving there. Soon after, his journal ends. 

Another of Hoxie's wishes was to be left alone by his neigh- 
bors: "[I wish] to have as little communications with my fel- 
lowmen as circumstances will permitt, for this reason that they 
are for the most part, a parcel of men unsuitable for society, 
ignorant, selfish to an uncommon degree, neither their friend- 
ship or enmity can be depended on. . . . My impression is that 
they are all a base contemptible race the very scum of the earth, 
at all events I shall consider them as such, and use them so." 

M44 Jaques, George, 1816-72. 

Diary and memoranda. 1840-46, 1852-56. 
2 v.: ill., col. plan; 21-25 cm. 

George Jaques was born in Brooklyn, Connecticut. He graduated 
from Brown University in 1836 and for several years thereafter 
taught at schools in Uxbridge, Massachusetts, and Nottaway 
County, Virginia. Jaques finally settled in Worcester, Massachu- 
setts, where he again taught and also established a nursery spe- 



Manuscripts 49 



cializing in fruit and ornamental trees. Jaques was active in the 
local horticultural society, preparing its Transactions in 1849 and 
serving as an officer. In 1869 he offered the city of Worcester 
seven acres for a park, but the city declined for financial reasons. 
Jaques was chosen a member of Worcester's local school commit- 
tee and served as chairman of its high school committee. In 1871 
he was elected treasurer of the newly established Worcester City 
Hospital. Upon Jaques's death the bulk of his estate was left to 
the city in a trust fund, its income earmarked for the mainte- 
nance of this hospital. Jaques was a Unitarian. He died on 
August 24, 1872, after a short illness. 

Volume 1 of Jaques's diary covers his activities and thoughts 
from December 18, 1840, through January 29, 1846. He reviewed 
the progress of his education and wrote on topics that would 
claim his attention later in life. Jaques recorded in 1832 that he 
began to prepare for college at Northbridge. In subsequent 
years, he went to school at Leicester Academy and Drury's 
School in Pawtuxet, Rhode Island. Jaques wrote that he pursued 
studies of the classics, played the flute, and read a considerable 
amount of literature. Between 1840 and 1846, for example, he 
read, among other things, Barnaby Rudge and Master Humphrey's 
Clock, by Charles Dickens; Proverbial Philosophy, by Martin F. Tup- 
per; Tristram Shandy and The Sentimental Journey, by Laurence 
Sterne; Ten Thousand a Year, by Samuel Warren; and two works 
by Andrew Jackson Downing: Cottage Residences and Treatise on 
the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening. Of Cottage Resi- 
dences, Jaques commented that he thought only two of the places 
discussed therein were worthy. 

In 1843 Jaques described himself using Orson S. Fowler's 
ideas about phrenology. He believed that he was inclined to 
underrate himself, had a nervous temperament, was sensitive, 
prone to sickness, refined, delicate, and eager. Several days 
later he wondered if he should not lead a life of celibacy and 
remarked that he wished his father had; Jaques never married. 
Also in 1843 he began to read law and two years later revealed 
his thoughts about the profession: "I propose spending a part of 
the winter in a law office if I can find nothing better to do." 
Jaques may have found something better, for on December 28, 



50 Manuscripts 



he started to teach twenty-nine young scholars at a local school. 
Jaques was a member of the Washington Temperance Society 
until early 1846, when he resigned after questioning the wisdom 
of a resolution concerning the patronization of people who sold 
liquor. Jaques thought that the society had no right even to vote 
on it. This resignation left him with membership in only one 
organization, the Worcester County Horticultural Society. 
Jaques's interest in horticulture was further manifested in the 
workings of his nursery at 270 Main Street, Worcester. 

Volume 2 of Jaques's diary begins on January 20, 1852, and 
ends on September 24, 1856. Although he never became an attor- 
ney, many of the pages of this second volume are devoted to 
describing the legal details of property transfers in which he was 
involved. It is interesting to recall that twelve years earlier he 
had expressed disdain for the law. Jaques's reading habits 
changed slightly, reflecting his growing curiosity in architecture 
and travel. He read Sir Uvedale Price on the Picturesque and Practi- 
cal Hints upon Landscape Gardening, by William S. Gilpin; The 
Seven Lamps of Architecture, by John Ruskin; The American Cottage 
Builder, by John Bullock; Six Months in Italy, by George S. Hil- 
lard; Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands, by Harriet Beecher Stowe; 
and English Traits, by Ralph Waldo Emerson. He kept up with 
Dickens by reading Bleak House and Hard Times. Jaques seemed 
to have lost interest in running his nursery by 1854, when he 
wrote: "I am aiming to get out of this tree-trading as I have bet- 
ter and more important business on my hands." In addition, he 
no longer wanted to cultivate varieties of trees for the sake of 
exhibiting them at shows; however, he remained a frequent con- 
tributor of articles to horticultural and gardening periodicals, 
including Horticulturist, Gardener's Magazine, and the Journal of 
Agriculture. In January 1856, he began preparing for a trip to 
Europe by reading the North American Review for hints on foreign 
travel. He arranged for a passport and attended a lecture on 
travel delivered by Bayard Taylor at the lyceum in Worcester. 
On September 1, after having been back home for a month, he 
wrote down his impressions of Europe, comparing it to his per- 
ceptions of the United States. Jaques observed that, unlike 
Europe, American buildings and bridges were flimsy and its 



Manuscripts 51 



streets poorly maintained; the people appeared haggard, feeble, 
and unhealthy; in matters of aesthetic taste, Americans were lag- 
ging far behind; concerning dress and manners, Europeans were 
much more graceful; and Americans were religious hypocrites, 
keeping laws on Sunday while breaking them all other days of 
the week. 

In 1878 Albert A. Lovell, a personal friend of Jaques, pub- 
lished a short volume that contained selections from these dia- 
ries. Entitled Memorial of George Jaques: Comprising Selections from 
His Journals and a Biographical Sketch, it also included the record of 
Jaques's European trip. 

M45 Johnson, Benjamin, 1766-1822. 

[Travel diary in Europe]. 1796-97. 
505 [i.e. 512] p.; 23 x 29 cm. 

Benjamin Johnson enjoyed a successful career as a printer first in 
Reading, Pennsylvania, and then in Philadelphia. Among the 
items that he issued up to the time of his European trip were 
William Bartram's Travels; The Life of Benjamin Franklin; Captain 
Cook's Third and Last Voyage; three books by William Penn; The 
Extraordinary Case of Elizabeth Hobson, by John Wesley; an edition 
of Aesop's fables; sermons; children's books; a primer; a cook- 
book; the Bible; a bookkeeper's assistant; a surveyor's guide; and 
Neue Unpartheyische Readinger Zeitung, a newspaper. Johnson was 
an active member of the Society of Friends, which might explain 
his interest in printing materials of a religious nature. It certainly 
explains why he embarked for Europe and why he kept this 
travel journal. In 1796 and 1797, Johnson hoped to make contact 
with religious separatists in Germany and Quakers in France in 
order to hold Quaker meetings and to discuss the religious phi- 
losophy of the Friends. 

Johnson and his party left America from New Castle, Dela- 
ware, on May 18, 1796, aboard the ship Sussex. The voyage to 
Liverpool, England, was not enjoyable: "We have had but little 
pleasant weather since we left the capes of Delaware." Johnson 
describes the North Atlantic storms that were encountered, fish- 
ing activities off Newfoundland, a meeting with a ship from 
England headed to the United States to exchange mail, and ship- 



52 Manuscripts 



board occurrences. On June 16, the Sussex reached the Irish 
coast, and two days later Johnson set foot on land at Liverpool. 

From June 18 to August 4, Johnson was in England, spend- 
ing most of his time in London. He found it advantageous to be 
an American in Britain, for "it opens a source of conversation 
very pleasing to most I meet with & in consequence [they] are 
more willing to communicate such things as are interesting to 
me." And, "the people here seem to respect the Americans 
more than any other outlandish people (to use one of their own 
expressions)." In London, Johnson met with a lifestyle quite dis- 
similar to what he knew in Philadelphia. He wrote of the rag fair 
on Rosemary Lane, Covent Garden; the manner in which a 
household obtained its porter from tap houses; and how foot- 
wear was cared for by the abundant number of shoe blacks. 
When his stay in London was at an end, he boarded the Victoria 
for Bremen, Germany. 

In Germany, Johnson was unfavorably impressed with liv- 
ing conditions: "So far the extreme filth, apparent poverty & 
want of judgement in planning their houses are what most par- 
ticularly strikes a stranger as extraordinary — our surprise was 
still greater when G[eorge] D[ilwyn] who had been thro' Ger- 
many twice before, assured us that what we now saw was com- 
fortable when compared with the wretchedness of some of the 
interior parts of the country." He characterized the rural Ger- 
mans that he met as impoverished, coarse, uncouth, ill man- 
nered, and miserable. 

In Bremen, Johnson found what he had been looking for: 
"After considerable inquiry we found a small number of reli- 
gious people . . . who were dissatisfied with the forms and cere- 
monies in which they were educated and were seeking after 
something more inward and spiritual and as such were the 
objects which our little company were in search of." In town 
after town in Germany, Johnson was told of persecutions that 
resulted as a consequence of religious beliefs. In Celle, a 
Lutheran clergyman even admitted that although he questioned 
the rituals of religion, such as baptism and the Lord's Supper, 
he went through the motions to support his family. In Magde- 
burg, the forty or so separatists who had banded together met in 



Manuscripts 53 



seven different places so as not to attract too much attention or 
perhaps persecution. Johnson is both revealing and contradictory 
about his feelings on German separatists: "It is remarkable 
among these separatists of Germany that all are fluent upon reli- 
gious subjects, have much to say and explain themselves with so 
much clearness as sometimes to have been a matter of astonish- 
ment to us. And tho' they talk a great deal they are generally 
willing to hear what Friends have had to say to them." Later he 
writes: "Like most others of the Germans, [they] talk religion to 
death and speak on the subject with as much fluency & familiar- 
ity as the people of Philadelphia do of the politics of Europe." 

Johnson remained in Germany from early August until 
December 20 and then entered Holland so that his passport 
could be endorsed for a trip through France to Congenies, a vil- 
lage close to Montpelier where Quakerism had already been 
established. Unlike the living conditions in Germany, those in 
Holland were exceptional. Writing of Rotterdam, Johnson noted: 
"The public buildings and private houses in this place, as in 
almost all the other towns of Holland are remarkably neat, and 
everything as clean as water & scrubbing brushes can make it 
... It is as pleasant a place as I have ever seen." Finishing his 
business and meeting with the local population of Friends, John- 
son left Holland in early February 1797 and headed for France. 

On February 8, Johnson landed at Dunkirk, where he stayed 
for eight days and became acquainted with the Friends living 
there. He next traveled to Paris, not intending to stay for any 
length of time. "It is likely that we shall make but a short stay 
here as there is but little prospect of any religious service," he 
wrote. Johnson remained long enough, however, to form an 
opinion about the women of the city: "The women of Paris are 
supposed to be the most fashionable in Europe, but they are 
here confined to no fashion at all." Johnson left Paris after only 
four days and went south to Lyons, then Montelimar, Pont 
St. Esprit, Bagnoles, Nimes, and finally to Congenies, his ulti- 
mate destination. At Congenies, he was welcomed warmly by 
approximately eighty Quakers — called Trembleurs by the resi- 
dents — from the village and surrounding countryside. The col- 
ony there was established as a result of a visit by Friends Sarah 



54 Manuscripts 



Grubb and George Dilwyn in 1788 and an even earlier contact by 
a Congenies resident with some Friends in London. Between 
March 13 and April 3, Johnson stayed in Congenies, working 
and meeting with the local Quakers. Before he left, he managed 
to reinstate the recently lapsed meeting on a regular basis. On 
April 13, Johnson was again in Dunkirk, but this time he headed 
north to England for a ship back to America. He had traveled 
1,400 miles in France. 

Before Johnson set out for Europe, he undoubtedly carefully 
orchestrated his trip, allowing for special situations at each stop. 
Frequently when he came to a town or city, he had a contact, 
suggesting a planned itinerary. In Germany at Bremen, for exam- 
ple, merchants named Moyer and Topkin were recommended, 
and in Hamburg, there was a bookbinder called Richter. A Herr 
Wunderling from Magdeburg wrote a letter of introduction for 
Johnson so that he might find a receptive audience in Berlin. 
Unfortunately, the letter was subsequently recanted, thereby cre- 
ating serious problems for the traveler. In addition, Johnson took 
Quaker publications along to distribute where he thought they 
might do some good. Not coincidentally, at least one of these 
publications, William Penn's No Cross, No Crown, may have been 
drawn from Johnson's own press. 

During the course of his trip, Johnson had no difficulty meet- 
ing dignitaries. Among those he saw were John Quincy Adams, 
James Monroe, the Duchess of Brunswick, Thomas Paine, and 
Benjamin West. Adams and Monroe helped get Johnson's pass- 
port in order for his journey through France while the Duchess 
conversed politely for thirty minutes, inquiring about the politi- 
cal situation in the United States following the violent overthrow 
of her brother's, George Ill's, rule. Thomas Paine, a resident of 
Paris, gave an "unsuccessful interview." Johnson reported that 
"we found him alone, sitting over a glass of grog — He appeared 
to have already taken enough of it." Paine said that the United 
States was becoming a confused nation and added "with much 
appearance of self importance, 'It will be necessary for me to go 
over among you soon and set matters right.' " Becoming vocifer- 
ous, abusive, and turning to ridicule, according to Johnson, 
Paine criticized the Friends for not bearing arms and concluded 



Manuscripts 55 



by remarking: " 'Why! my books are more read and circulated 
thro' more countries than your Bible.' " Johnson's visit with the 
painter West was much more pleasant. Johnson delivered a let- 
ter from West's brother, William, who lived in Chester County, 
Pennsylvania. Johnson was given a warm reception from this 
"affable, agreeable man." Apparently familiar with West's fam- 
ily, Johnson wrote of the painter's wealth and contrasted it with 
his earlier circumstances: "His income, arising from his birth as 
painter to the king and paintings which he does for others is sup- 
posed to be ten thousand pounds sterling a year — This is the 
more extraordinary as but a few years ago he was a poor coo- 
pers son in Pennsylvania who gave Ben. many a sound whip- 
ping for drawing pictures on the casks instead of hooping 
them." 

Johnson sailed back to America from Liverpool and landed 
at Wilmington, Delaware. He had been away for one year, four 
months, and eleven days. When he returned, he found his par- 
ents well and his two sisters, Rebecca and Ann, both newly mar- 
ried. Like most travel accounts, this one records conditions of 
travel, both pleasant and disagreeable. Unlike many others, how- 
ever, Johnson comments infrequently about well-known tourist 
sights that might have been encountered along the way. Per- 
haps, however, it should not be surprising for a Quaker on a reli- 
gious mission to ignore such things. 

M46 [Journal of a printer's trip through Pennsylvania and West Vir- 
ginia]. 1813. 
[16] p.; 16 cm. 

In 1813 an unidentified representative of the Philadelphia pub- 
lishing firm of Kimber and Richardson traveled from Philadel- 
phia through southern Pennsylvania to Pittsburgh and 
Wheeling, West Virginia, plying his employer's publications. 
Two works are specifically mentioned in this journal: The Empo- 
rium of Arts and Sciences, new series, and Medical Inquiries and 
Observations upon the Diseases of the Mind, by Benjamin Rush. The 
keeper of this journal recorded the names of people who bought 
or subscribed to his firm's publications. Every stop he made en 
route is noted as are conditions of overnight lodgings. Although 



56 Manuscripts 



short, this journal nevertheless provides a glimpse into what 
early nineteenth-century printers and publishers were compelled 
to do to sell their books and journals. 

M47 Journey from England through Sweden, Denmark, Russia, Prus- 
sia, Germany. 1817-18. 
2 vols.: ill.; 15-19 cm. 

Unlike many of the travel accounts in Winterthur's collection 
that cover journeys in western Europe, this volume includes a 
description of a trip through northern and eastern Europe. The 
unidentified diarist spent most of his time in Sweden and Rus- 
sia. He left London, perhaps the city in which he resided full 
time, on July 12, 1817, for Goteborg, Sweden, a town that did 
not impress him favorably. He noted that the people there 
seemed to be dispirited and depressed, that the women resem- 
bled corpses, and that most of the residents were poor with little 
to call their own. The writer commented on their physical 
appearance, saying that they had high foreheads and cheek- 
bones, flat noses, and light hair and eyes. At his next stop, 
Copenhagen, the traveler found a city better looking than he 
had expected. From there he went on to Kronshtadt, Russia, 
where he remained until his papers for entering St. Petersburg 
could be put in order. Kronshtadt was a military depot. "They 
who delight in things of this sort might find much to gratify 
their curiosity if not their envy or their malice," he observed. 
The traveler saw the Czar when he inspected his warships in the 
harbor at Kronshtadt. He was finally permitted to enter St. 
Petersburg, where the public buildings were beyond anything 
that he had ever seen; he thought that the city was splendid. He 
toured the Hermitage and the Winter Palace, "the largest Pile of 
Building I ever saw." On September 1, he left Russia and trav- 
eled through Germany, visiting Lubeck, Hamburg, Bremen, and 
Oldenburg. On September 16, he entered Amsterdam, Holland, 
and ten days later began his stay in Belgium at Brussels. Volume 
1 of the diary ends while the traveler was in Ghent. 

On March 9, 1818, the diarist left London for a brief journey 
to Paris via Dover and Calais. He was exceedingly impressed 
with the cathedral at Amiens, calling it the most perfect in 



Manuscripts 57 



France and reminding himself that it had been built by the 
English during the regency of the Duke of Bedford. "Never have 
I seen the grand fortunes of the Gothick on such a scale," he 
wrote. On March 14, the diarist was in Paris. While there he vis- 
ited the Louvre, the Tuileries, Notre Dame, and the Palace of 
Luxembourg. 

The title of this manuscript diary was taken from a heading 
from the first volume. The illustration is of the battleground of 
Waterloo. 

M48 Kinsey, John W. 

Notes by J. W. Kinsey. 1850. 
[40] p.; 21 cm. 

"Having had a desire to visit the Western states for sometime 
past and knowing of a gentleman who was going, we made 
arrangements and packed up a few duds, bid farewell to those 
we left behind, and took cars for the Connecticut shore." Thus 
begins the diary kept by John W. Kinsey on a six-week trip with 
W. B. Bemans through the United States from Lowell, Massachu- 
setts, as far west as Chicago. 

The two men left Lowell on June 26 and headed south for 
Philadelphia, Kinsey's hometown. There he visited his Quaker 
parents, brothers, and sisters. They next traveled through Balti- 
more and then stopped in Washington, D.C. Kinsey sat in the 
gallery of the United States Senate on two occasions and wrote 
about both visits. He described the Senate chamber as "where 
the most wise and virtuous men which each state could produce 
should of been assembled, endeavouring to do that which would 
tend to the peace and prosperity of this great nation [and related 
that] just the opposite [was happening]: Henry Clay was in the 
chair presiding, only 1/3 of the Senate was present, & most 
seemed indifferent to Uppham of Vermont." There was a consid- 
erable commotion as Kinsey returned to the Senate a few days 
later: "We heard a great noise and soon found it to be Houstain 
of Texas roaring away on the boundary line of Texas and loudly 
denouncing Taylor and his Cabinet." Although the Senate was 
disappointing, Kinsey thought that the Patent Office was impres- 
sive but "not large enough to hold all American ingenuity." 



58 Manuscripts 



From Washington, D.C., the travelers headed northwest 
through Harpers Ferry, Virginia, to Pittsburgh, where Kinsey 
met a friend, J. Richardson. He commented on the black smoke 
that frequently enveloped the town: "Many times you cannot 
see 3 Squares ahead it causes the bricks and paint to get black, 
and makes the buildings to look old and gloomy." Heading fur- 
ther west, Kinsey remarked that he approved of Cincinnati: "I 
like the appearance of Cincinnati very much it is regularly laid 
out and hansome." And even further west, he wrote about Chi- 
cago, saying that he "enjoyed the rich scene, the clear blue 
waves were lashing the shore." Midwesterners not only were 
kind to strangers but also seemed to be satisfied with their lives. 
Kinsey wrote that "they seemed to enjoy themselves as well or 
perhaps better than those who live in palaces. It is a true saying 
a contented mind is a continual feast." 

Kinsey and Bemans then headed for home. Instead of retrac- 
ing their steps, they journeyed along the Great Lakes to New 
York State and then New England. They stopped at Niagara 
Falls long enough for Kinsey to observe, "I can say nothing 
about the grandeur of this place, those only who visit it can 
appreciate such sublime and stupendious works of Nature." 

M49 Konigmacher, A. 

[Memorandum book]. 1817-20. 
[80] p.; 32 cm. 

On the pages of this manuscript A. Konigmacher mixes com- 
ments about his business as a hardware merchant and personal 
matters. Of the former, most of what concerned him related to 
the better organization of his business. He wrote a note to him- 
self, for example, to make out a list of his customers organized 
by the towns in which they resided and another note to remind 
himself to buy some ledgers to record his financial activities. He 
also wished to get some bills of lading printed and bound. Konig- 
macher was interested in the activities of his employees, so he 
wanted to "draw a Sett of Rules & Regulations for the Govern- 
ment of my Boys & Store and have them framed and hung up in 
the Counting room." He needed to be able to forecast what he 
hoped to sell and to that end wanted to "make out a Statement 



Manuscripts 59 



of the Sales of 6 mo. of the quantity of different kinds of articles 
on order to know how to regulate orders exactly." In addition, 
Konigmacher indicated that he would devise a list of the kinds 
of tools used by various craftsmen, including silversmiths, coo- 
pers, black- and whitesmiths, and enginemakers, to ensure that 
enough of them were on hand for sale. 

Konigmacher wrote memos to himself regarding personal 
matters as well. He recorded that John Price borrowed his iron 
wedges, that he hoped to get a German style stove, and that he 
had just purchased a horse for $190. He hoped to write to his 
correspondents in Germany as soon as time would permit, was 
looking for Dutch herring, and needed to get his "bathing tub" 
painted. Konigmacher recalled that to destroy garlic it had to be 
pulled up while at seed and wrote about chimney care: "In order 
to obviate the necessity of Sweeping a chimney have the mortar 
with which you plaister the inside mixed with Salt and you will 
find that during the warm Season the Sut will all peal off and 
drop down and your chimney will be perfectly clean in the fall." 

M50 Kunze, John Christopher, 1744-1807. 
[Miscellaneous notebook]. 1785-93. 
[154] p.; 19 cm. 

John Christopher Kunze was born in Saxony at Artern on the 
Unstrut, Germany, and graduated from the University of Leipzig 
in 1763. He came to America in 1770 to assume a pastorate in 
Philadelphia under the tutelage of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, 
the patriarch of the Lutheran Church in America. In 1784 Kunze 
moved to New York City and filled the pulpit of Christ Church, 
located at the corner of William and Frankfort streets. From 1784 
until 1787 and again from 1797 until 1799, he taught oriental lan- 
guages at Columbia College. Kunze was the author of many 
books on religion and was well versed in astronomy, astrology, 
numismatics, and languages. In addition to the languages of the 
Orient, his native German, and English, he knew Greek, Latin, 
Hebrew, Arabic, and Italian. Although he could never master 
the pronunciation of English himself, Kunze was responsible for 
recognizing the necessity of its use in America during the wor- 
ship service of the Lutheran Church. John W. Francis character- 



60 Manuscripts 



ized Kunze in his Old New York as someone who was out of 
touch with much that surrounded him: "He was so abstracted 
from worldly concerns and the living manners of the times, that 
like Jackey Barett, of Trinity College, Dublin, he practically 
scarcely knew a sheep from a goat, though he might have 
quoted to your satisfaction Virgil and Tibullus." Kunze married 
Margaretta Henrietta Muhlenberg, the daughter of his mentor, 
and was a favorite of New York society, counting Aaron Burr 
among his friends. 

Much of what Kunze included in his book is in the form of 
lists. He listed the counties of Kentucky and New York, the 
townships of New York, the population of the United States 
state by state, memorable dates in American history, the recom- 
mendations made by George Washington in his farewell 
address, the salaries adopted by the United States Congress for 
governmental officials, a record of exports from the port of 
Goteborg, Sweden, and the names of the ships tied up in the 
harbor of New York City. Kunze also included a cure for cancer, 
a treatment for the bite of a mad dog, and a remedy for bugs. 

Considering Kunze' s knowledge of oriental languages and 
his vocation, it should not be surprising to find a description of 
Chinese worship. The Chinese deity, wrote Kunze, was a figure 
of a fat, laughing old man called a joss. The worshipper would 
come to him and bow his head three times. He would then 
throw two pieces of wood into the air, hoping they would land 
either with both round sides or both flat sides up; good fortune 
would then ensue. Devotion, called chin chin, followed. After 
chin chin, the worshipper bowed again, threw more wood, 
placed a lit taper in front of the joss, and departed. 

The supplied title of this manuscript comes from a descrip- 
tion of its contents that is written on page one. It is actually a 
commonplace book, and many of its early pages are in German. 

M51 Mabie, Charles A. 
Diary for 1866. 
1 vol. (unpaged); 16 cm. 

In this short diary — it covers the keeper's activities from January 
1 through April 24 only — the reader encounters a twenty-year- 



Manuscripts 61 



old Civil War veteran who was frequently depressed and despon- 
dent either because of his memories of the war or the death of 
his mother. Charles A. Mabie recalled his wartime experiences of 
a year before three times in this volume: on January 1, he 
remarked that a year earlier he had been with the army in South 
Carolina; on January 31, he remembered guarding rebel officers 
somewhere in Virginia; and on February 12, he wrote that he 
had been in New York City with a load of prisoners from South 
Carolina. As the diary opens, Mabie probably was working for 
his brother in Walton, New York, a small town south of 
Oneonta. By March 22, however, he had moved to Oneida, New 
York, for a better job with S. Chapin and Son, a jewelry firm. 
While there, he repaired glasses, rings, pins, clocks, and ear- 
rings. Many passages of Mabie's diary discuss his deeply held 
religious beliefs. 

M52 [Manuscript diaries of a Boston artist: excursions, fishing, and 
bird hunting]. 1851-54, 1857-63. 
2 v.: ill. (some col.); 25 x 30 cm. 

The two volumes of this diary record journeys and contain 
eighty-one watercolors and pencil sketches by an unidentified 
Boston artist who traveled as far south as Havana and as far 
north as Montreal. The text has been transcribed and is available 
in typescript. The above title has been adapted from the sup- 
plied title of volume 1 . 

Volume 1 contains an account of a trip that began in Febru- 
ary 1851 and eventually took the diarist to Cuba. His first long 
stopover was in Charleston, South Carolina, where he had 
friends and relatives. In Charleston the traveler commented that 
he had "had a very pleasant ride with Mrs. Brewster about the 
city & noticed many improvements: if they do not secede this 
will be a large city." While he was there he heard a sermon by 
Dr. John Bachman, who in addition to his duties as a Lutheran 
clergyman was a noted naturalist and collaborator of John James 
Audubon. On March 1, he embarked on the steamer Isabel, for 
Key West, Florida, and on March 18, he landed in Havana. Two 
days later, he began to think that Havana was a stupid place 
and that he "shall be glad to get out of it." On March 23, he 



62 Manuscripts 



attended a masquerade ball: "A grand bore it was — men smok- 
ing, atmosphere horrid, women ugly." After what must have 
been an interminable length of time, he left for home on May 9. 
On his way north, the traveler stopped again in Charleston, 
went through Annapolis and Philadelphia, then to New York 
City. There he attended an exhibition at the American Art 
Union, "where I saw a most execrable collection of trash, dis- 
graceful to America, Art & Artists," a second exhibition that was 
far superior at what he called the National Gallery, and a third 
that turned out to be disappointing at the Dusseldorf Gallery. 
He admired the works of Asher B. Durand, John F. Kensett, and 
Jasper F. Cropsey that were on display in the second show. He 
met his friend Victor Audubon, a son of recently deceased John 
James, and accepted his invitation to spend a night at his coun- 
try place. Victor's brother John was there, "the same old six- 
pence, without his wife." 

The second volume includes a description of another visit to 
Charleston and a side trip to the nearby estate of Robert F. W. 
Allston. Allston, an important antebellum political figure, owned 
a large rice plantation and was known for his advanced tech- 
niques of scientific agricultural management. The diarist had a 
"long walk with Mr. Allston over his father's rice fields of which 
he has the care" and then commented: "His rice fields look 
queer enough." Heading further south, the diarist went to Jack- 
sonville and St. Augustine, Florida, which he described as a min- 
iature Havana. 

During the latter half of the 1850s, the diarist traveled 
through New England and Canada and seemed to be taking part 
in incipient artists colonies in Vermont and Maine. Although 
such colonies would be fairly common and even formalized 
toward the turn of the century, at this time they had not found a 
place among this earlier generation of artists. The diarist records 
his activities as a member of these casual groups in volume 2. 

Although the text that outlines the activities of the diarist is 
informative, his illustrations play an equal if not more important 
role in recording what he saw. The eighty-one pictures include 
seascapes done on Key West, a cathedral in Havana, the old 
Spanish gate and fort in St. Augustine, the Naval Academy and 



Manuscripts 63 



State House in Annapolis, a depiction of the Brewster House in 
Charleston, the rice fields of the Allston plantation, city views in 
Montreal, local landmarks (such as the mill and railroad bridge 
in Brattleboro, Vermont), and the rocks at ocean's edge off Barn- 
stable, Massachusetts. 



M53 Marsh, E. S. 

Memoir of the Centennial Exhibition of 1876. 1877. 
4, [51] p., 8 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 25 cm. 
E. S. Marsh composed these recollections of his three-week visit 
to Philadelphia's Centennial International Exhibition on August 
13, 1877, from his residence in Brandon, Vermont. He wrote in a 
blank book that was prepared by the printing firm of J. H. 
Coates and Company and marketed at the fairgrounds of the 
exposition. In the preface to the book, called a publisher's note, 
Marsh read: "A personal narrative of one's own observations 
and impressions may be made a most interesting souvenir — for 
a present to a friend, or to lay aside for the next generation, or 
to preserve as a memento to oneself. ... It would make an excel- 
lent paper to be read before literary societies and lyceums." 
Coates and Company added that "the finished writing must of 
course be done at leisure after the Exhibition has ended, but it 
will be advisable to take notes during the visit to furnish data for 
the full account." Coates and Company sold notebooks for just 
such a purpose. 

Marsh toured the principal buildings of the fairgrounds and 
surveyed several of the smaller displays. He went through 
Machinery Hall, Memorial Hall, Agricultural Hall, and Horticul- 
tural Hall and wrote about such things as the Japanese dwelling, 
the Swedish schoolhouse, and the temporary encampment of the 
cadets of the United States Military Academy at West Point. 
Most of Marsh's comments resemble those of a guidebook and 
are very matter-of-fact. He did, however, reveal his thoughts in 
some observations; he believed that the exhibit buildings were 
fine specimens of architecture and regretted that all, except 
Memorial Hall, would be torn down when the exhibition ended. 
Marsh noted that the display of the Society for the Prevention of 



64 Manuscripts 



Cruelty to Animals "was sadly interesting" and then described 
its rather gruesome contents. 

At the end of Marsh's composition, he wrote: "At this point 
my enthusiasm, or my time, or something, failed me, and these 
'memoirs' will never be carried out as far as I at first intended." 
He allowed, however, that his visit to the Centennial Exhibition 
was among his most pleasant memories and that because of the 
large size of the exhibition, nobody could comprehend it without 
great study. Marsh concluded: "I take pride in thinking that I 
was present at the Centennial Exhibition which commemorated 
the deeds of the old Revolutionary heroes, and the foundation of 
this Republic." 

In addition to containing Marsh's handwritten text, this vol- 
ume includes eight colored plates, published by Thomas Hunter 
of Philadelphia and credited to artist J. Aubrun, depicting build- 
ings specially constructed for the exhibition. Their captions 
appear in English, German, and French. 

M54 Mason, Hannah Rogers, b. 1806. 

Diary; or, an account of the events of every day. 1825-27, 
1830-34, 1836. 
[92] p.; 21 cm. 

Hannah Rogers Mason was the sixth and last child of Daniel and 
Elizabeth Bromfield Rogers. As she began to keep this diary, her 
father was on his deathbed, and one of her brothers, Henry, 
was so ill that he believed a trip to Europe was the only thing 
that could cure him. Many of the pages of this volume record 
descriptions of similar agonizing events: the death of Hannah's 
sister, Elizabeth, in 1826; the death of her mother in 1833; the 
impoverishment of the Rogers family; and the departure of her 
brother-in-law for Europe, leaving behind two young children in 
Hannah's care. Hannah's preoccupation with religion is revealed 
in her words. She noted after finishing a book by Madame de 
Stael on the French Revolution that the United States was fortu- 
nate to enjoy freedom of religion and not to have a Napoleon- 
like leader who encroached upon the rights of man. Hannah 
mentions a trip to the Catskill Mountains and another to Niagara 
Falls. She wrote in 1826 that she believed women should confine 



Manuscripts 65 



themselves chiefly to performing good works for family and 
friends and that it was contrary to the female character to lead a 
public life. On October 24, 1831, Hannah married William P. 
Mason, an attorney from Boston. Her diary ends on July 2, 1837, 
with the birth of her second son. 

Family information on Hannah can be found in New-England 
Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. 13 (1859), pp. 68-69, and 
vol. 26 (1872), p. 39. 

M55 Mason, Jonathan, 1795-1884. 

The recollections of a septuagenarian: written without any 
attempt at elegant phraseology or fine writing, but currente 
calamo as his thoughts and remembrances arose to his mind 
between sundown and dark: for the amusement of his grandchil- 
dren. 1881. 

3 v.: ill., ports.; 20 cm. 

Jonathan Mason, a native New Englander, recalls his childhood 
and early adult life in Boston in the first volume of his recollec- 
tions. He describes what the city looked like, including its 
houses, stores, and street names; records the names of the resi- 
dents of various dwellings; and details activities on the Com- 
mon, such as the grazing of cattle. Mason was educated by 
tutors and also attended private schools run by Nathan Webb 
and William Welles. He entered Harvard in 1811. In 1813 he wit- 
nessed the battle between the frigates Sliannon and Chesapeake 
thirty miles off Boston harbor. After college Mason traveled to 
Havana, Cuba, to recover from a tonsil operation and upon his 
return to Boston in 1817 entered the business world with Samuel 
Snelling as a commission merchant on India Wharf. In July 1822, 
Mason decided that he had no taste for commercial life and gave 
up his job. 

From 1822 until 1824, Mason lived in England and France. 
In London he boarded at a number of houses before settling on 
a place on Great Marlborough Street. Although one of his duties 
in London was to procure medical instruments to be used in a 
new building being constructed for Massachusetts Hospital, 
most of his activities revolved around the city's artistic commu- 
nity. Mason befriended artists David Wilkie, Charles Robert Les- 



66 Manuscripts 



lie, Gilbert Stuart Newton, and Chester Harding. He took a 
drawing class at Sass Gallery and studied under Henry Fuseli. 
"He was," wrote Mason of Fuseli, "often very cross when look- 
ing over the drawings but was excusable on account of his age 
over seventy." Before leaving London for France in 1824, Mason 
saw the future queen, Victoria, "then a little girl who we saw 
one day playing hoop in the grounds fronting the [Kensington] 
Palace." 

In France Mason met Lafayette and was a fellow passenger 
on the ship that took Lafayette to the United States for his trium- 
phal tour in 1824. Mason regretted not having written down the 
anecdotes that Lafayette told about George Washington, the cap- 
ture of Maj. John Andre, and other incidents of the Revolution. 
Mason described the reception for Lafayette in New York City's 
harbor and recounted that afterward Lafayette had asked Mason 
if he could travel with him in a private conveyance to Boston. 
Mason replied that the United States government would 
undoubtedly provide a carriage. Lafayette's "usual answer was 
'you're very kind.' " 

From 1824 until 1834, Mason lived again in Boston and in 
his recollections wrote about the people he knew. As in London, 
most of his friends were artists. Mason recalled, for instance, a 
visit that he, Alvan Fisher, and Thomas Doughty made to the 
White Mountains of New Hampshire to paint and sketch. Of 
Thomas Cole he wrote: "He accompanied me back to Troy, 
where taking my horse and waggon we crost the country to 
Northampton and on the top of Mt. Holyoke Cole made the 
drawing from which he painted his picture of the Connecticut 
Valley." Later, Mason led Cole around Boston so he could find a 
suitable scene for a painting that he had been commissioned to 
do for Baring Brothers, a London banking firm. Mason enjoyed a 
warm friendship with Cole and considered him to have great 
moral worth. Whenever Cole was in Boston, he stopped at 
Mason's house. 

Mason studied art under Gilbert Stuart and even received 
one of Stuart's portraits of George Washington as a gift. Mason 
wrote: "He used to let me sit in his room where he was painting 
which it was said he would not allow any other person, not 



Manuscripts 67 



even his daughter, and although exceedingly eccentric which 
most great professional men are apt to be and often bearish to 
others I can conscientiously say I never recollect to have had an 
unkind expression of any kind from him." Recalling Stuart's 
advice, Mason wrote that "an artist is just half finished if he 
leaves out the character of the sitter," and "he must be a gentle- 
man to understand how to paint a gentleman." 

Mason compared the portraits of George Washington by Stu- 
art and Rembrandt Peale: "Rembrandt Peale's portrait has very 
little of the dignity of Stuart's and gives a representation of a 
heavy unexcitable character of no great intellect and no com- 
manding appearance, whereas Stuart's has all we have heard 
and read of Washington dignity, commanding appearance and 
graceful bearing." Mason concluded by remarking that although 
he greatly admired Stuart, Peale's work probably was historically 
accurate. Mason had spoken with Josiah Quincy, a Boston politi- 
cal figure and Harvard president, who had known Washington 
and claimed that he was neither of commanding appearance nor 
graceful but was a reticent country gentleman who did not seek 
notoriety. 

Other artists also figure in Mason's recollections. He 
thought that Thomas Sully captured the likenesses of women bet- 
ter than he did of men: "Sully I have never estimated as a great 
artist, but he was the best female painter we had in those days 
Stuart being deceased." John Vanderlyn, a Stuart pupil, did por- 
traits to make a living but had real talent for historical scenes. 
"Next to Allston I esteem him to have been the best colorist of 
those days in the United States." 

Mason went to Europe again in 1834 and visited old friends 
and places. In London he met sculptor Horatio Greenough, 
whom he had known since 1825, and learned that Stuart New- 
ton was in a mental hospital. Mason was married on Novem- 
ber 25, 1834, in Florence, Italy. Greenough was his groomsman 
and accompanied the couple on their wedding trip through Italy, 
Switzerland, and France. Recalling this trip later, Mason mused 
that "it is not impossible (if we may judge from the discoveries 
since my boyhood) but that they [his grandchildren] may cross 
the Ocean on wings some day future." 



68 Manuscripts 



From 1834 to 1851, Mason resided in Boston with his wife 
and six children. In 1851 the family left Boston because of Mrs. 
Mason's failing health to live in Pau, France, located at the base 
of the Pyrenees. She died on April 6 of that year. Mason 
remained in Europe for about twelve years, chiefly in Vevey, 
Switzerland, where he rented part of a chateau that had been 
built in 1839. While living in Switzerland, Mason had a close 
brush with paralysis. He was confined to his room as a conse- 
quence of depression and "bodily complaints" and thought that 
a course of hydropathy would cure him. After treatments with 
cold water, he found that it was difficult to walk. Mason 
stopped his therapy when he saw someone else who had under- 
gone hydropathy and who was now unable to walk at all. "My 
escape I consider providential," he reflected. 

Mason's father was a prominent Boston political figure who 
had served in the Massachusetts statehouse as well as in both 
the United States House of Representatives and Senate. It 
should not be surprising, therefore, to find references in these 
recollections to American statesmen and current events. Mason's 
father, for example, once gave Aaron Burr $100 to travel from 
Boston to New York. In 1832 Mason visited vice president John 
C. Calhoun, who received him in his bedroom while shaving 
just before he delivered a speech in the Senate. Mason met 
Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C., in 1832 to ask for letters 
of introduction and again in 1833 while the president was in Bos- 
ton. Mason went to the Senate with Washington Irving to hear 
Henry Clay speak on the Missouri Compromise. Finally, the poli- 
tics that culminated in the Civil War led to the wounding of one 
of Mason's sons, Herbert, and the death of another, Philip, in 
1864. 

These recollections are copies and except for a few notations 
of corrections were written by someone other than Mason. The 
final two pages, however, are in his handwriting. In 1881 Mason 
complained about growing old and feeling alone, for three of his 
six children were dead. Mason ended his recollections by writing 
the twenty-third psalm. The illustrations and portraits show 
Mason family members and are pasted on the inside of the 
covers. 



Manuscripts 69 



M56 Meigs, Henry, 1782-1861. 

Meteorological notes &c &c commenced Jany 26, 1833. 1833-36. 
[188] p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Henry Meigs was a native of New Haven, Connecticut, a gradu- 
ate of Yale, class of 1799, a law student, and a practicing attor- 
ney for most of his life. Meigs was a member of the State 
Assembly of New York, the 16th Congress of the United States, 
and held several positions in the municipal government and 
courts of New York City. He served as the recording secretary of 
the American Institute from 1845 to 1861 and was the secretary 
of the Farmers' Club. He was married in 1806, and his eldest 
child, Julia, married the artist Walter Mason Oddie. Meigs died 
on May 20, 1861, and was buried in Perth Amboy, New Jersey. 

Meigs was a man of many intellectual interests. On Octo- 
ber 18, 1835, for example, he passed an amusing evening with a 
friend translating passages of the ancient Roman comic dramatist 
Plautus. A few months later, he spent another evening reading a 
second ancient Roman, the elegiac poet Sextus Propertius. In 
addition, throughout the pages of his diary Meigs often wrote 
comments in Latin and Greek. Interested in astronomy, Meigs 
carefully noted his sightings of Halley's Comet in October 1835 
and on October 15 sketched it as he saw it, magnified forty 
times its actual size, through his own telescope. In order to fur- 
ther his astronomical interests and to enable others to enjoy the 
wonders of the sky, Meigs hoped to persuade some city or state 
to purchase a giant refracting telescope. Scientific experiments 
also interested him. On March 6, 1836, he wrote: "Son Henry 
has nearly completed an electrical machine with a cylinder of 14 
inches — I've made a prime conductor of our Coffee Urn & drew 
1/2 inch sparks from it." Meigs was also an observer of the 
aurora borealis, generally thought to be of electrical origin. One 
appearance fascinated him so much that he was prompted to 
write a description of it for publication in the Evening Star, a 
New York City newspaper. Finally, Meigs was a careful observer 
of balloon ascensions, writing about one in detail on Septem- 
ber 25, 1834. 

Although Meigs was accomplished in many areas, most of 
the pages of his diary were devoted to recording relatively sim- 



70 Manuscripts 



pie pursuits, including gardening, family get-togethers, weather 
conditions, and the concerns of running an efficient household. 
He was proud of his family and delighted in his grandchildren. 
Writing of his son-in-law, artist Walter Mason Oddie, Meigs 
noted on July 22, 1833, that he had crossed into New Jersey to 
sketch from nature. On December 8, he added: "My Son in Law 
Walter has attained a distinguished rank as a Landscape Painter. 
His Bay of Naples is valuable." When a grandchild "of perfect 
form" was born to his daughter Julia on September 3, 1835, 
Meigs composed a poem and named it "Rosalie" in the baby's 
honor. 

In addition to Henry Meigs's diary, Winterthur has two vol- 
umes entitled "Private Notes" kept by Walter Mason Oddie and 
described elsewhere in this volume. A privately printed geneal- 
ogy, Record of the Descendants of Vincent Meigs, Who Came from Dor- 
etshire, England to America about 1635, by Henry B. Meigs, 
privately published in 1901, is instructive as well. 

Other papers relating to Henry Meigs are located at the 
New- York Historical Society. 

M57 Mendinhall, Estelle M. 
Places visited. 1905-6. 
3 v., bound; 18 cm. 

From July 18, 1905, through August 24, 1906, and beyond, 
Estelle M. Mendinhall and her traveling companions were on a 
tour of Europe and Egypt. Mendinhall's travel account offers a 
detailed record of her itinerary and a good account of the sights 
that she saw on the way. 

The Mendinhalls — Estelle's husband, William, was among 
the group — arrived in Liverpool, England, and immediately 
headed for the Walker Art Gallery. A museum stop was not an 
uncommon feature of this trip. From Liverpool the group went 
to the Highlands of Scotland, then to Ireland and London. Leav- 
ing Great Britain on September 18, after having spent eight 
weeks there, they then traveled in Switzerland, Italy, and 
France. The Mendinhalls embarked for Alexandria, Egypt, from 
Marseilles on December 26 aboard the Hohenzollern 3 of the 
North American Lloyd Line. Most of their time in Egypt was 



Manuscripts 71 



spent in Cairo, except for a two-week sail down the Nile to see 
ancient monuments and ruins. Leaving Egypt on February 15, 
1906, they returned to Italy for about two months, headed into 
eastern Europe, cruised the Danube, and then visited Germany, 
the Netherlands, and France and England again. Although the 
travel account ends on August 9, 1906, notes that Mendinhall 
made on separate sheets of paper take the trip to August 26, 
when she visited Warwick Castle in England. 

Although Mendinhall was relatively silent about her private 
thoughts while traveling, her writings reveal some of her back- 
ground and interests. A resident of 1401 Pennsylvania Avenue, 
Wilmington, Delaware, she was a member of the city's upper 
class. Because she had a lively interest in literature, places associ- 
ated with authors were important to her. In Scotland she went 
to Sir Walter Scott's house and grave and commented that she 
had planned to visit "Burns country" while around Glasgow. In 
Pisa, Italy, she saw Byron's house, and in Rome she quoted Dick- 
ens about the Coliseum; Browning about "The Crucifixion," by 
Guido Reni; and Shelley on the cemetery in which he was bur- 
ied. A Greek statue in Rome that supposedly inspired Haw- 
thorne to write The Marble Faun, the house in which Goethe was 
born in Frankfort, Germany, and the home of poet Hans Sachs 
in Nuremberg, Germany, all were important enough to mandate 
visits. 

In addition to her literary inclinations, Mendinhall com- 
mented on the antiquities of Egypt and the art of Italy, sug- 
gesting that she must have been educated in those areas as well. 
The steamer Ramses III took her down the Nile to the ruins of 
ancient Memphis, Luxor, Aswan, and to the tomb of Amen- 
ophis, which had been opened only seven years earlier by Victor 
Loret and where excavations were still proceeding. She also vis- 
ited the Sphinx and Giza pyramid. Mendinhall wrote on New 
Years day 1906 about her impression of Egypt: "We seemed to 
be living in some huge illustrated book of Bible stories." 

In Italy, Mendinhall visited several palaces: the Vatican 
museums and library; galleries, including the Uffizi, Borghese, 
and Corsini; the Baths of Caracalla; and the ruins of the Pan- 
theon, which she thought were disappointing. She made note of 



72 Manuscripts 



paintings by Tanzio, Albani, Titian, and Boticelli. A Protestant, 
she nevertheless had an audience with Pope Pius X. Writing of 
her two favorite Italian cities, she said: "To return to Florence 
seems like coming to an old & loved friend — such charm it ever 
possesses in its dignity and age." And of Rome: "How much to 
interest us at every turn in this wonderful Eternal City." 

M58 Merritt, Benjamin H. 

[Diary]. 1858, 1859, 1863, 1895, 1900-1902. 
7 v.; 13-15 cm. 

These volumes record the activities of a man in two phases of 
life: as a young adult getting started in his work and as a sickly 
old man who may have been close to death. In 1858 Benjamin 
H. Merritt's chief concern was building a house on a two-acre 
plot of land in Somers Center, New York, that he had purchased 
from J. Ruxer, the proprietor of a sawmill. Merritt finally made 
up his mind on March 3, 1858, to start construction, and he and 
some friends dug and "stoned" the cellar, did the carpentry, 
erected the chimney, made a mantel piece, laid the front steps, 
and painted. On July 28, he moved into his new home. As con- 
struction progressed, Merritt kept up with his work in a sawmill 
owned by Ruxer. In addition to cutting wood at the mill, Merritt 
turned banisters, made wagon hubs and spokes, and fixed the 
water wheel. 

In 1863 Merritt was involved in a business venture at Sing 
Sing Prison near Ossining, New York. It is difficult to under- 
stand the exact nature of Merritt's work because his diary entries 
are not totally revealing. It would not be unreasonable to con- 
clude, however, that he and a partner operated a training pro- 
gram for inmates who were interested in learning a trade that 
they could pursue upon their release. At any rate, Merritt's 
involvement at the prison was short lived, for on September 10, 
"[I] returned to Sing Sing this p.m. & sold my interest in busi- 
ness at Sing Sing to A. L. Finch." 

In 1895 and from 1900 to 1902, Merritt recorded the activities 
of a man with a fair amount of leisure time. He did a lot of gar- 
dening, mowed his lawn, traveled to Long Island Sound to dig 
clams, fished, noted weather conditions, and spoke of his fre- 



Manuscripts 73 



quent trips to Purdys, New York. Merritt owned houses that he 
rented out and in 1900 described the roofing, siding, and con- 
struction of what he called a stoop — actually a large porch — on 
one of his properties. He knew or was related to Georgiana L. 
and Martha Vail, whose diaries are summarized elsewhere in 
this volume, and wrote about the times he spent with them. Mer- 
ritt's diary ends abruptly on April 15, 1902, when he seemed to 
be quite ill. 

Other papers relating to the family of Benjamin H. Merritt 
are located at the Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul. 

M59 Milhous, Sarah. 

[Commonplace book]. 1786, 1806. 
5-17, [31] p.; 16 cm. 

In 1786 Sarah Milhous copied into this short book essays enti- 
tled, "The Cares of Greatness," "Thoughts on Happiness," 
"True Greatness (Instance of) in Henry 4 of France," "On Con- 
tentment," and "Reflections on Different Subjects of Morality." 
In a different hand and dated 1806 is poetry addressed to Eliza- 
beth Coggeshell and Mary Morton, presumably friends of the 
writer. Milhous married into the Gibbons family, whose papers 
contain this commonplace book. 

M60 Minutes of the western Virginia land excursion. 1839. 
[46] p.; 17 cm. 

On April 14, 1839, the unnamed keeper of this travel account left 
his residence in Sacketts Harbor, New York, bound for the south- 
eastern section of present-day West Virginia. He journeyed prin- 
cipally by boat from his home to Buffalo, New York, then to Erie 
and Pittsburgh and finally to Wheeling and Charleston, Virginia. 
From Charleston he went by foot and horse along the Coal River 
to a place he referred to as the Promised Land. Although the 
writer does not state the reason for his trip, it probably involved 
either land speculation or an interest in examining the area 
before moving there from his upstate New York home. 

The narrative is most valuable for its descriptions of a rural 
part of America, which is best known today for its production of 
coal, from a century and a half ago. The diarist wrote that the 



74 Manuscripts 



newly populated "bottoms are all settled and have been some of 
them more than 30 years which makes this an old settled coun- 
try in the most proper sense of the question." The writer 
described the many good springs in the vicinity but concluded, 
"The streams are not right for mills owing to their general rapid 
descent and climate that is habitually dry." He observed that 
"Wolves, Panthers, and Bears have a place in society here as 
well as the Rattlesnakes and Copperheads." Of the residents' 
production of food and clothing, he said: "The people here have 
a mill for grinding corn about every third Family, but their 
wheat which they raise but little of they grind in their corn mills 
and sift by hand. . . . They use the common sand stone for mill 
Stones, every house has a loom and a woolen and linen wheel, 
raise a good quantity of flax which they spin weave and wear 
out." 

The diarist headed for home on May 1 and arrived on 
May 11. One of his traveling companions summed up the excur- 
sion: "Mr. Piatt thinks it is a very pretty country, verry pretty 
timber, very pretty prospect, and he is pretty tired." 



M61 Moore, Emeline. 
[Diary]. 1826-28. 
[28] p.; 22 cm. 

Emeline Moore, a young school-age girl, opened her diary by 
declaring her ambitious intentions: "I desire to be happy and use- 
ful in life and I consider that knowledge and virtue will promote 
my object. With the intention to improve my mind I have 
resolved to attend the Seminary a few months. At the commence- 
ment of the new year I enter school with a resolution to be more 
economical in the use of my time. ... I will try to understand 
what I commit to memory and likewise to gain three distinct 
ideas on each day which will be selected by my Teacher. . . . O 
may I grow wiser and better every day." Although it is impossi- 
ble to discern whether Moore attained her goals, her comment 
on leaving the seminary suggests that she was serious in pursu- 
ing her endeavors. She wrote that she regretted parting from her 
fellow students and new-found friends but believed that she and 



Manuscripts 75 



they had experienced "many pleasant hours in striving to gain 
useful instruction." 

In addition to the diary entries that record her thoughts 
about school, Moore included "Extracts from different Authors 
on several useful subjects particularly on the various Sciences." 
In this section she wrote about the importance of education, 
astronomy, botany, mythology, and her understanding of the dif- 
ferences between the liberal and mechanical arts. Moore also 
wrote down definitions of words that she wanted to remember 
and included a recipe for lemon mince pie and instructions for 
stuffing a turkey. 

An article by Elizabeth A. Ingerman in the Winterthur News- 
letter, May 29, 1961, entitled "Introducing Emeline Moore, of 
Cornwall," also discusses this manuscript. 

M62 Morris, James Pemberton. 
Day book. 1823-25. 
[55] p.; 32 cm. 

Kept between January 1, 1823, and October 14, 1825, this short 
daybook records some of the activities on the farm owned by 
James Pemberton Morris, a resident of Bucks County, Pennsylva- 
nia, near Bristol. Much of Morris's writings concern the construc- 
tion of a large barn, including preparing its cellar, digging its 
well, laying a stone foundation, raising girders, and putting on 
its siding and roof. Morris records his farm's planting schedules 
for such things as corn, oats, potatoes, and radishes. Morris had 
four daughters, was a vestryman of Saint James Church, Bristol, 
attended the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in Norristown, Pennsylvania, delivered the annual 
address of the Agricultural Society of Bucks County in 1823, was 
a subscriber to the Bristol Library, and was interested in 
expanding his landholdings. 

An article by Edward R. Barnsley entitled "Agricultural Soci- 
eties of Bucks County, Pa.," in Papers Read before the [Bucks 
County Historical] Society and Other Historical Papers (vol. 8, 
pp. 351-404), notes that James P. Morris delivered an address 
before the Bucks County Agricultural Society on April 28, 1823. 
The talk was printed and is listed in the Shaw/Shoemaker compi- 



76 Manuscripts 



lation for 1823 as number 13402. The keeper of this diary 
recorded that it was he who delivered this address. The 1830 cen- 
sus index includes a James P. Morris as a resident of Bristol, 
Bucks County, Pennsylvania. 

M63 Nichols, Francis. 

A journal of a cruise on board the United States frigate Chesa- 
peake. 1812-13. 
[96] p.; 33 cm. 

On June 1, 1813, the American frigate Chesapeake was challenged 
thirty miles off Boston harbor by one of its British counterparts, 
the Shannon. The American crew outnumbered the British but 
was newly formed and lacked the necessary discipline required 
for victory. The Chesapeake was pounded by the guns of the Shan- 
non and finally succumbed to a fifty-man British boarding party. 
The frigate was towed to Halifax, Nova Scotia, as a British prize. 
The rallying cry of the United States Navy, "Don't give up the 
ship!," is supposed to have been the dying command of James 
Lawrence, captain of the Chesapeake, during this engagement. In 
his Pictorial Field-Book of the War of 1812, published in 1868, Ben- 
son J. Lossing wrote that "history has recorded but few naval 
battles more sanguinary than this. It lasted only fifteen minutes, 
and yet, as Cooper remarks 'both ships were charnel-houses.' 
They presented a most dismal spectacle." 

Six months before its capture, the Chesapeake, then under the 
command of Samuel Evans, set sail from Boston on a five-month 
cruise of the Atlantic Ocean to try to harass and capture British 
warships. Francis Nichols was on board in an unnamed capacity 
and kept this sea journal of the activities of the Chesapeake from 
December 17, 1812, to March 20, 1813. Most of his comments 
concerned the details of sailing. The last half of his December 23 
entry is typical: "At 1 fresh breezes from W.S.W. The wind com- 
ing on to blow heavy, furled the mizen top Sail the gale increas- 
ing furled the fore and main top sail — at 3 hauled up the fore 
sail And set the main Storm Stay Sail at 1/2 past 3 Sent down 
fore and main topgallant yards and housed topgallant masts Set 
the fore and mizen storm Stay Sails, At 4 Cloudy with light- 
ning — Blowing a gale — At 8 difference between the Temperature 



Manuscripts 77 



and water — 4 Deg." Whenever the Chesapeake encountered other 
ships, however, Nichols was quick to take note. On January 1, 
the British merchant ship Julia was seized, and during the next 
five weeks the Volunteer, Liverpool Hero, and Earl Percy were simi- 
larly taken. Although the Chesapeake prevailed in these meetings, 
its successes were slight compared to its goal of destroying war- 
ships. 

When the Chesapeake entered Boston harbor during a violent 
storm after this foray, it lost a top mast and several men who 
were aloft. This tragedy, the lack of activity on the voyage, and 
its reputation among sailors as an unlucky vessel foretold, per- 
haps, its capture a few weeks later. 

For a list of ships captured at sea by the Chesapeake from 
December 13, 1812, through April 7, 1813, see pages 62 and 63 
of The Navy of the United States from the Commencement, 1775 to 
1853, published in 1853 by Gideon and Company, Washington, 
D.C 

M64 Nichols, Susan W. 

[Diary and book of watercolor paintings]. 1816. 
[7] p., 13 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 21 cm. 
This small volume contains twelve watercolors of fruit trees, 
wildflower blossoms, and a butterfly and one preliminary pencil 
sketch of a flower. There are two diary entries, dated March 5 
and 7, from Fairfield, Herkimer County, New York, that briefly 
discuss sermons and the keeper's lessons in Virgil, Cicero, and 
surveying. 

M65 Norris, Albert Lane, 1839-1919. 

A journal of Albert L. Norris, Epping, New Hamps. from April 
1st 1858 to [March 11th I860]. 
59 p.; 21 cm. 

Albert Lane Norris, a native of Epping, New Hampshire, was 
educated at Phillips Exeter and Wilbraham academies and 
received a medical degree from Harvard College in 1865. During 
the Civil War, he served as an assistant surgeon and took part in 
the Peninsular Campaign of 1862. An obituary notice from the 
Boston Transcript noted that Norris met President Lincoln many 



78 Manuscripts 



times and was a close personal friend of Gen. Lew Wallace. In 
1869 Norris continued his medical education abroad at hospitals 
in Vienna, Berlin, Edinburgh, and London. When he returned 
from Europe, he settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and prac- 
ticed medicine there until 1910. Norris married Cora E. Perley of 
Laconia, New Hampshire, in 1873 and had two daughters and 
one son, who also became a doctor. Upon retirement, he moved 
to Maiden, Massachusetts. Norris was a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic, the Military Order of the Loyal Legion, 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society, and the Massa- 
chusetts Medical Society. In 1890 he was a delegate to the Tenth 
International Medical Congress in Berlin and received an honor- 
ary degree from Wiley University. 

Norris began this diary when he was nineteen years old. At 
that time, he was employed as a clerk at Tinkham and Com- 
pany's dry goods store in Springfield, Massachusetts, and lived 
in a room above the store. Although Norris enjoyed his job, he 
left it after only four months, remarking, "I am convinced that it 
is a place of temptation and sore trial for a young man to live 
and do business in a city." Norris moved to rural Wilbraham, 
Massachusetts, and assumed another clerking position, this time 
at a store operated by S. F. Pickering. He remained with Picker- 
ing for more than a year and then moved to Boston to work in 
his third dry goods store, Palmer Waterman and Company's. 
Resigning this position after thirteen months, Norris continued 
his career as a merchant in partnership with Orien S. Currier. 
Commenting on his business life, Norris said: "I feel that I have 
been highly favored with good employers — good influences and 
good pay," and "I like store business very much indeed." Norris 
was a deeply religious man who rarely missed Sunday services 
at the local Methodist Church or camp meetings when they were 
close enough to attend. In his youth, he was an active member 
of the Union Philosophical Society of Wilbraham. 

This volume predates Norris's years as a soldier and physi- 
cian; however, loose sheets with notes and drafts of two letters 
to his sister reveal that he was eager to take part in the war and 
that he was concerned about his twin brother, Rufus, who was 
already in the army. Norris indicated his pro-Union sympathies 



Manuscripts 79 



on December 1, 1859, when he wrote from Wilbraham: "Tonight 
I helped with some 8 others to make and hang on the old Elm 
an image [of] Gov. Wise of Virginia in effigie." Wise is credited 
with quelling John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry, Virginia, and 
thus helping to send Brown to the gallows. Norris would serve 
as a medical cadet in a hospital near Richmond during his sum- 
mer vacation from Harvard in 1862. 

A short obituary on Norris appeared in New-England Histori- 
cal and Genealogical Register (supplement to April 1920): lx[i]-lxii. 

M66 Observations sur les Moeurs et des habitans de Distric a Maine, 
Nouvelle Angleterre, Ecrit a New Gloucester. 1797. 
[46] p.; 16 cm. 

In 1797 Maine experienced a rapid increase in population. 
Between the end of the Revolution and 1800, its residents grew 
in number from 96,000 to 152,000. This manuscript records obser- 
vations by an unidentified visitor to Maine during this time of 
growth. Among the subjects he commented on were the farm- 
ers' lifestyle and peculiarities, the politics of the day, religious 
customs, the Shakers, and logging. 

From what the writer observed during his stay in Maine, he 
concluded that the typical farmer was parsimonious, self- 
sufficient, not especially well educated, and uninclined to con- 
sider new ideas. Farmers were particularly proud of their houses 
and apparently spent a good deal of time improving them; yet 
the writer noted: "Being leisurely sometimes the house falls to 
decay before any of these improvements are adopted and some- 
times the old part of the house is worn out before the new 
rooms are compleated. The individual, however, has the satisfac- 
tion of being called the owner of a large house." 

The writer was not impressed by any political sophistication 
on the part of the residents of Maine. He commented that the 
people were generally apathetic, not wanting to abandon their 
tools or ploughs for political concerns. Stretching his observa- 
tions on politics to cover the whole of New England, he wrote 
that this attitude fostered an aristocracy in government there, 
something that the Federalists advocated. The writer believed 
that political differences of opinion in Congress would force the 



80 Manuscripts 



United States to split apart. He predicted that the North, being 
aristocratic, would ally itself with Great Britain and that the 
South, being democratic, would eventually enter into alliance 
with France. 

The writer was not kind in his remarks about what he called 
religious reformations: 

Some fanatic preacher has generally liberally dealt out dam- 
nation, brimstone, hell, & the devil with great liberality has 
worked upon a number of weak minds who, frightened and 
terrified, have been led to put the care of their souls in the 
hands of the pious man who by virtue of this prerogative 
has governed the conduct of his flock with arbitrary sway 
constraining them to attend lectures 3 or 4 times a week 
besides performing double duty on the Sabbath. But, as 
their penance did not suit all constitutions it has happened 
that the majority have generally fallen off, leaving a few 
saints to brood over their superior sanctity in holy solitude. 
The Shakers of Sabbathday Lake are considered on five 
pages of this manuscript. Among the things discussed are the 
Shakers' profession of celibacy, their public worship meetings, 
their methods of education, and their hospitality toward strang- 
ers. Two misunderstandings concerning the Shakers are passed 
on: first, the writer noted that early Shakers would "dance 
naked and roll in the mire to show their humility." Second, he 
stated that the most vigorous of the men "are permitted to 
impregnate all the women who are fit for conception" in order 
to increase the membership of the sect. The writer concluded 
that the practices of the Shakers are "repugnant to common 
sense." 

Timber has always been an important Maine resource. As 
the district grew and prospered during the last decades of the 
eighteenth century, lumbering provided a living for many resi- 
dents. In tandem and as a result of being located along the east- 
ern seaboard, the shipbuilding industry of Maine also flourished. 
The writer concluded his manuscript by discussing these aspects 
of Maine's economic life. He lamented what he believed to be 
the waste of good timber that originally was destined for the 
masts of ships but was being destroyed for its perceived lack of 



Manuscripts 81 



quality: "Several immense masts have been refused in conse- 
quence of a trifling flaw or very small knot of no real conse- 
quence. It is supposed that the District of Maine abt 30 years 
since contained masts enough to have supplied all Europe for 
centuries, but the impolicy before mentioned has caused such 
vast numbers to be destroyed." 

In addition, the writer made remarks in shorter composi- 
tions about recipes, the local dialect, the influence of newspa- 
pers, relations with Indians, courtship, the militia, and the 
disregard for laws. One page of the text, as well as its title, is in 
French. 

M67 Oddie, Walter Mason, 1808-65. 
Private notes &c. 1828-29. 
2 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 

Walter Mason Oddie's notoriety as a painter came from his land- 
scapes in the style of the early Hudson River school. He lacked 
extensive formal training and never traveled to England, where 
many of his contemporaries went for instruction. His early draw- 
ings revealed much natural ability and an eye for working from 
actual scenes. Oddie struggled continually with perspective, 
unable to show spatial depth effectively on a flat surface. 
Although he had been painting for years, Oddie waited until he 
was past forty before turning to art as a profession. At the time 
of his death, he had exhibited at the Boston Athenaeum, Penn- 
sylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Washington Art Association, 
and New Jersey Art Union. 

The notes that Oddie made in these two volumes document 
his formative years as an artist and reveal concerns that 
remained with him throughout his life. Oddie married Julia 
Meigs in 1825, and from every indication he was a devoted hus- 
band. The couple had two children early in their marriage and 
saw both die. Baby Julia's death is chronicled in these pages. 
Oddie's entry on March 17, 1828, reveals the kind of life he 
hoped to lead: "Yesterday, Sunday, I enjoyed myself at home 
painting and sailing on our pond. I wish nothing better for the 
rest of my days." Unfortunately for Oddie, he was not a wealthy 
man and was forced to work for a living. His job during the 



82 Manuscripts 



course of this diary was with a merchant identified as W. Meyer, 
perhaps from the firm of Meyer and Hupeden of 28 Broad 
Street, New York City. Almost from the beginning of his entries, 
Oddie lamented that he was unable to achieve financial stability 
for his family. On July 28, 1828, he remarked that he needed a 
better paying job, perhaps with a bank; by August 13, he was 
$200 in debt; on October 2, he was forced to accept a suit of 
clothes paid for by his father-in-law, Henry Meigs; and on Octo- 
ber 11, he wrote: "I shall know no peace of mind until I am once 
more free from the turmoils of debt — and stand independent of 
the world as far as relates to obligation." 

Oddie was a voracious reader, and he used the pages of 
these volumes to record what he read and his thoughts about 
each book. Among the authors and works that he was attracted 
to were: Belinda, by Maria Edgeworth; O'Donnel and Florence 
McCarthy, by Lady Morgan; The Life of Richard Savage, by Samuel 
Johnson; The Adventures of Roderick Random, by Tobias G. Smol- 
lett; The Clubs of London, by Charles Marsh; The Traveller's Oracle: 
or, Maxims for Locomotion, by William Kitchener; Posthumous 
Papers, Facetious and Fanciful, of a Person Lately about Town, by Cor- 
nelius Webbe; Travels through Spain in the Years 1775 and 1776, by 
Henry Swinburne; Sailors and Saints: or, Matrimonial Manoeuvers, 
by William N. Glascock; A Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada, by 
Washington Irving; and Devereaux, by Lord Lytton. He read four 
of Sir Walter Scott's books: The Monastery: A Romance, Redgaunt- 
let: A Tale of the Eighteenth Century, Kenilworth: A Romance, and 
Life of Napoleon Bonaparte. Rather than purchase these books, 
Oddie subscribed to the library of bookseller William B. Gilley at 
94 Broadway, New York City, where he could borrow what he 
required and where he had access to periodicals from London. 

Although Oddie claimed to disdain politics, he was a 
staunch foe of Andrew Jackson during the presidential campaign 
of 1828. On April 21, Oddie remarked about what he perceived 
as the violent tactics of Jackson's followers and called Duff 
Green's Telegraph (dubbed by some detractors as the Tell-a-lie-a- 
graph) as one of the most scandalous publications of the day. On 
July 16, he attended a political meeting held to elect delegates to 
a convention of young men at Utica, New York. Offended by 



Manuscripts 83 



what transpired, he wrote: "This is my first and last appearance 
in public life." One week later he noted that the election of Jack- 
son would be "the greatest curse that could fall upon our coun- 
try." Jackson was to Oddie "ignorant, ferocious & 
inexperienced." Just before the election, Oddie added: "I pray 
fervently he and his dastardly supporters may meet with the sig- 
nal defeat their conduct merits from all civilized beings." Oddie 
made his final remark about politics on Jackson's first speech as 
president: "Jackson's inaugural address pleases none." 

While Oddie kept this diary he was hoping to learn how to 
be a better artist. He enjoyed the many exhibitions in New York 
City. On April 8, 1828, for example, he saw the panorama paint- 
ing of Mexico City by Robert Burford at the Rotunda. Oddie des- 
ccribed it in great detail and concluded that "I have just enjoyed 
one of the greatest treats in the fine arts that has come within 
my reach." Almost a year later he met the artist and looked for- 
ward to having some instruction in panorama painting. In 1828 
and 1829, Oddie attended the third and fourth annual exhibi- 
tions of the National Academy of Design, where he saw works 
by Henry Inman, Samuel F. B. Morse, Charles C. Ingham, and 
Thomas Cole. He admired Cole's canvasses and later tried to 
copy Hagar in the Wilderness. Learning of a privately held collec- 
tion of art, Oddie visited Samuel Maverick, an engraver who 
had ten paintings by William Hogarth. "I immediately went and 
examined what I now consider the most valuable specimens of 
the arts in America," Oddie exclaimed. 

In addition to learning about painting from exhibitions, 
Oddie practiced his art by copying prints and taking lessons 
from portraitist Anthony Lewis DeRose. On November 3, 1828, 
he painted most of the day, copying a lithographic print lent to 
him by R. Ludlow. Oddie wrote: "I am much obliged to him at 
all events for lending me subjects for my pencil, not being able 
to afford to purchase them." Earlier he had spent time copying a 
lithograph of G. Engelmann, and Oddie deemed it one of his 
best pieces. In January 1829, Oddie began to sit for a miniature 
portrait painted by DeRose and soon was taking informal lessons 
from him. Oddie held his teacher in high regard: "For a young 
artist he is certainly far advanced in his art and some of his speci- 



84 Manuscripts 



mens of painting do not lose in the comparison with our best art- 
ists." And "from calling frequently and observing closely the 
fine effects produced by DeRose's pencil I am enabled to succeed 
much better in my humble efforts." 

Oddie was a man of refinement who was happiest when 
with his family, reading, sketching, and painting. Oddie wrote 
that he was fond of anything connected with intellect and 
genius. He preferred life in the country to life in the city and 
reflected this preference in his art. 

See also in this volume the entry for Henry Meigs, Oddie's 
father-in-law. In addition, see the spring 1980 issue of American 
Art Journal for an article by Annette Blaugrund on Oddie entitled 
"The 'Mysterious Mr. O.': Walter Mason Oddie (1808-1865)" 
(pp. 60-77). 

M68 Patton, Mary Shaw Bird, d. 1863. 
Journal of Mary Patton. 1860-61. 
[154] p.; 19 cm. 

From June 3, 1860, until July 17, 1861, Mary Patton kept this jour- 
nal of her wedding trip through western Europe. Mary's hus- 
band was a clergyman named William Patton who was noted for 
his contributions to policies of the Presbyterian and Congrega- 
tional churches in antebellum America. Reverend Patton's pri- 
mary influences were in the areas of slavery, temperance reform, 
education, and missionary work. Patton was born in Philadel- 
phia in 1798, graduated from Middlebury College in 1818, 
attended Princeton Theological Seminary for about two years, 
and was ordained to the ministry by the Congregational Associa- 
tion of Vermont in 1820. Patton was one of four ministerial 
founders of Union Theological Seminary, New York City, and 
served as a director and instructor there between 1836 and 1849. 
All of his pastorates were in New York City. Patton was a mem- 
ber of many professional groups and the author of several books 
and articles. In fact, while he was in London on this trip, he 
wrote articles for the English press explaining the antislavery 
background of the Civil War and published a pamphlet entitled 
The American Crisis; or, The True Issue, Slavery or Liberty. One of 
his sons, William Weston Patton, followed him into the ministry 



Manuscripts 85 



and served as the president of Howard University, Washington, 
D.C., from 1877 to 1889. Patton married three times. His second 
wife, Mrs. Mary Shaw Bird, also of Philadelphia, kept this jour- 
nal. Patton died in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 9, 
1879. 

Although the Pattons were on their wedding trip, William 
attended meetings, renewed old acquaintances among the Euro- 
pean clergy, and even conducted church services. On July 6, 
1860, he went to a committee meeting of the Evangelical Alli- 
ance, an organization, which he was instrumental in establishing 
in 1846, that promoted Christian union and religious liberty 
throughout the world; three days later the Pattons spent the eve- 
ning at the home of Rev. Dr. Davies, secretary of the London 
Tract Society; and one month later Reverend Patton filled the pul- 
pit of Rev. B. Noel in London. 

Many of the attractions that the Pattons enjoyed were reli- 
gious in nature. In London they went to St. Paul's, which Mary 
described as elegant and beautiful; Westminster Abbey; and St. 
George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. In Edinburgh they stopped 
at John Knox's house, and in Italy the couple spent a consider- 
able amount of time in churches everywhere. In Rome Mary com- 
mented that the floor of St. Peters was being redone "& I got 
two pieces of the old marble." They attended the 234th anniver- 
sary of the dedication of St. Peters on November 11, 1860, with 
many dignitaries, bishops, and cardinals. "The music & singing 
were very fine. . . . There were a large number of persons in the 
church but they were lost in the vastness of the building." On 
December 7, the Pattons were at the Church of the Holy Apos- 
tles in Rome, where they saw the Pope. Mary wrote that the 
Pope's guard lined the aisle and that the procession consisted of 
twelve priests carrying large candles, followed by the Pope in 
magnificent robes, then twenty-four cardinals, and finally the 
bishops. The Pope was carefully protected as he left the church 
in a gilt carriage pulled by six black horses. 

In addition to their church activities, the Pattons took many 
opportunities to see the sights of the countries they visited: 
England, Scotland, France, Belgium, Germany, Italy, and Swit- 
zerland. Highlights included the Crystal Palace in London, 



86 Manuscripts 



which Mary described, saying that "the grounds [were] magnifi- 
cent the palace wonderful — the ornaments of statuary, plants, 
lakes &c &c admirable wandered about for 45 minutes then took 
our seats for the concert." In England they also went to Covent 
Garden market, Hampton Court, Kew Gardens, and Sir John 
Soames museum, "the collection of a particular man of genius." 
After going to Madame Tussaud's Wax Museum, Mary wrote 
that "this exhibition strikes every beholder with its truly life like 
appearance." In Switzerland they rode horses to an elevation of 
8,150 feet to see the glacier from which the Rhone River flowed. 
"This is the grandest glacier of Switzerland, " she wrote, "& to 
me it was a grand sight altogether different from any thing I 
had ever seen or even imagined." In Italy the Pattons visited 
many art galleries and spent two-and-a-half hours with Ameri- 
can sculptor Hiram Powers, who had moved from the United 
States to Florence in 1837. Of Powers's studio, Mary observed: 
"I was delighted with him & his works particularly his 
America — fisher boy, etc." They also saw the leaning tower in 
Pisa, Vesuvius when it was smoking, and the ruins of Pompeii, 
where "there are strong indications of wealth, taste, & cultiva- 
tion also of great debasement." While in France, the Pattons vis- 
ited the Bois de Bologne, where they saw Emperor Napoleon III; 
the Louvre; the Gobelin Tapestry works; Versailles; and Napo- 
leon I's tomb. 

In addition to the people mentioned above, the Pattons met 
or saw several other well-known nineteenth-century figures. At 
the Crystal Palace in London, they witnessed a performance by 
Charles Blondin, a tightrope walker best known for crossing 
above Niagara Falls on a rope. In Rome they had an interesting 
interview with Harriet Hosmer, perhaps the most famous 
woman sculptor of her day. And again in Rome, on Novem- 
ber 26, 1860, "Mr. Terry, the artist, called." Mary noted the elec- 
tion of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States and 
wrote in Turin about the progress of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Ital- 
ian patriot and guerilla leader: "There was much excitement 
about the news of the victory. Many Garibaldi volunteers parad- 
ing the streets, singing, &c." 



Manuscripts 87 



M69 Randolph, R. 

Sundry memos of R. Randolph, esq. 1835-37. 
[17] p.; 16 cm. 

From 1835 to 1837, R. Randolph traveled through Europe, Asia, 
and Africa with a Mr. and Mrs. R. H. Haight and their servants. 
He maintained this short diary to list the cities that he and his 
companions visited and the money they spent. At the beginning 
of this diary, Randolph and the Haights were in Leipzig, Ger- 
many. From there they journeyed to Hamburg and Stockholm, 
Germany; to St. Petersburg, Moscow, and Odessa, Russia; Alex- 
andria, Egypt; Syria; Palestine; Paris; and London. Although 
much of their recorded expenses included money spent for acco- 
modations and personal items, a number of entries enumerated 
works of art that were purchased along the way, including sixty- 
eight engravings, twelve color lithographs, clocks, and lamps in 
Paris, and more engravings in London. 

M70 [A record of lessons in drawing]. 1855. 
[13] p.; 21 cm. 

From September 12 through November 15, the unnamed keeper 
of this diary recorded what he was taught during semi-weekly 
lessons in drawing from an instructor named Mr. Wood. He 
learned during his first class, for example, that when working 
with landscapes, it was advisable to draw the farthest object in 
sight first, to give the lightest color to the most distant clouds, 
and to make the edges of a drawing lighter than the center. He 
also studied the correct way to represent such things as trees, 
water, sky, shadows, mountains, and moonlight. He concluded 
that his lessons had been exceedingly valuable, for he wrote: "In 
this book is contained much important information." 

M71 Remeniscenses of our trip to the Columbian Exposition from 
August 21/93 to August 31/93. 1893. 
[87] p.; 17 cm. 

Mary, Etta, and the unnamed keeper of this diary left by train 
from their home in Buffalo, New York, on August 21, 1893, for 
the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. Upon arrival, 



88 Manuscripts 



they found a place to lodge opposite the fairgrounds at the Hotel 
Garfield and enjoyed ten days of sightseeing in the fair and city. 
Most of this diary is devoted to recording the various exhibitions 
that the travelers visited and commenting on the highlights of 
their experiences. They approved of Tiffany Company's display 
and found much to admire in historical exhibitions. Writing 
about the Convent de Larabita, the diarist observed: "This con- 
vent I consider the most interesting exhibit of all the exhibits in 
this Columbian Exposition as it contains nothing but relics and 
documents of Columbus." In addition, "the prettiest sight of all 
is the Libby Glass works illuminated. It is only excelled by the 
Ferris Wheel with its thousands of electric lights constantly mov- 
ing around." The traveler's experiences at the fair were not 
entirely pleasant, however. He thought the Irish Village was 
merely a place to sell expensive goods and service, as its restau- 
rant was poor. The beauty show, presented so that visitors 
might see different native costumes, was "another of the many 
fakes in the Midway Plaisance." While the group was there, an 
explosion occurred in Machinery Hall, but nobody was hurt, and 
there was little damage. Finally, the diary keeper could not 
understand why the fair was open on Sundays while the restau- 
rants on the grounds were closed. On August 30, the three trav- 
elers left the Hotel Garfield for the train station and took the 3:30 
p.m. train for Buffalo. They arrived home at 8:00 the next morn- 
ing, having spent $119.80 on their vacation. 



M72 Richardson, Joseph G. 
Garden book. 1850. 
[32] p.: plan; 16 cm. 

In this manuscript, Joseph G. Richardson, a resident of Philadel- 
phia, described the schedule of planting in his vegetable and 
herb garden from March 15 to July 9, 1850. He offered instruc- 
tions on how to plant: "Corn in 2 rows plant about 3 in apart in 
the rows, rows thre feet apart & 9 in from the edge making 150 
rows." And, "peas in 3 rows 18 in apart & 9 from the edge 
plants 1 in apart in the rows making about 7300 peas." He also 
noted plans for subsequent years: "Lima beans in 26 hills have 



Manuscripts 89 



got only 2 poles next year I must plant them deeper they were 
left uncovered by the rain." 

At the front of his book, Richardson pasted a map of his gar- 
den that included the dimensions of the various plots and a num- 
bered key that reminded him where his plants belonged. In all, 
there were eleven vegetables and herbs in the garden: cabbage, 
peas, beets, onions, eggplant, radishes, horse radish, tomatoes, 
potatoes, corn, and lima beans. 

M73 Richardson, Ruth Hoskins, 1756-1829. 
[Biographical sketch]. [Ca. 1829]. 
[24] p.; 19 cm. 

Shortly after Ruth Richardson's death, one of her daughters 
wrote this sketch of her life. The subject was born in Burlington, 
New Jersey, and was one of twelve children of John and Mary 
Hoskins. "Her father's house was the resort of friends travelling 
in the work of the ministry." Apparently sickly as a child, Ruth 
suffered her first serious bout with disease at age seventeen, 
when she contracted a nervous fever. Later she would have yel- 
low fever, bilious fever, cholera, and many less serious maladies 
that her daughter felt were not worthy to mention. On June 15, 
1780, Ruth was married. Most of this narrative is tied to illness, 
suffering, and finding a lasting peace with God. 

M74 Rumford, Charles G., b. 1841. 
Pocket diary for 1864. 
[400] p.; 11 cm. 

Charles G. Rumford was a native of Byberry Township, Penn- 
sylvania. He studied law with Judge E. W. Gilpin and Victor 
du Pont and was admitted to the Delaware bar in 1866. Rumford 
served as Deputy Attorney General of Delaware from 1867 to 
1869, was a federal court clerk in 1873, and later Solicitor of the 
Court of Chancery of New Castle County, Delaware, and Clerk 
of the District Court under Judge Willard Hall. Rumford was 
elected a director of the Union Bank of Delaware in 1888. The 
diary that he kept in 1864 recorded his activities as a twenty- 
three-year-old soldier during the Civil War. 

On January 19, Rumford and his unit were encamped near 



90 Manuscripts 



Washington, D.C., ready to embark for Louisiana. They arrived 
near New Orleans by the end of February and started their trek 
through the state in March. At Chayneyville, Rumford remarked 
that "the country was fertile and but poorly cultivated. Negro & 
white men few, plenty of sugar & cotton along the road." On 
April 7, Rumford was around Pleasant Hill and witnessed the 
wounded being brought back to camp after a skirmish. Two 
days later he was at the front, where there was much commo- 
tion, confusion, and retreat. On May 19, two truce flags flew to 
allow for the exchange of prisoners. Rumford observed on Octo- 
ber 4 that although it was a day of fasting, "did not fast at all. 
Soldiers do not appreciate the good intentions of the President 
in appointing days of fasting & prayer." Despite the disagree- 
ment between the soldiers and Lincoln on this matter, when the 
election of 1864 was held, Lincoln garnered sixty-two votes from 
Rumford's unit while his opponent, George B. McClellan, got 
only twenty-six. Rumford recalled an earlier battle after he 
returned to his old camp at Pleasant Hill in December: "Had our 
Gen. kept troops near each other . . . we would have had a vic- 
tory at Mansfield than the total defeat which we reed. The panic 
was not much exceeding the 1st Bull Run." 

M75 Rumford, Samuel Canby, 1876-1950. 

Life along the Brandywine between 1880-1895. 1938. 
48 p.; 28 cm. 

Samuel Canby Rumford was born into an old Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, family. His great-great-great-grandfather, Jonathan Rum- 
ford, had been an early resident of the city and had made his 
fortune in shipping. Samuel went to Friends' School in Wilming- 
ton and later to Penn Charter School in Philadelphia. He then 
attended medical school at the University of Pennsylvania and 
upon graduation practiced medicine, including surgery, in Wil- 
mington. Looking for a position that promised regular working 
hours, Rumford then became the medical director of the Conti- 
nental American Life Insurance Company. He married Beatrix 
Tyson in 1903, and they had two children, both sons. 

In this memoir of growing up in the city of Wilmington at 
the end of the nineteenth century, Rumford discusses a child- 



Manuscripts 91 



hood probably dreamed of by many but experienced by only a 
few. He lived at the corner of Fourteenth and Market streets, 
and his recollections were drawn from an area bounded by 
Tenth Street, French Street, Delaware Avenue, and Augustine 
Mills. 

Rumford's childhood revolved around his home. It was 
large, with a playroom and cellar in which to play. During the 
day peddlers brought goods to his door for sale, and unfortu- 
nately, the Rumfords feared that burglars wanted to break in to 
steal their household goods at night. So, every evening the shut- 
ters were closed, and the silverware was put away for safekeep- 
ing. A loaded revolver was always handy. The Rumfords used 
gas to light their house, operated one of the first telephones in 
Wilmington, and owned one of the first automobiles in town. 
Samuel's mother, the former Elizabeth "Lilly" Canby, enjoyed 
giving dinner parties and hired servants for these special occa- 
sions. 

Like most children, Rumford was fascinated by firefighters 
and had a streak of adventurism. On fighting fires, he wrote: 
"Fire engines gave us the same thrill that children have felt in all 
times at the sight of running horses accompanied by the clang- 
ing of bells. In those days the number of the fire box from which 
an alarm was being sent was rung by all the engine houses and 
since we had memorized those numbers of interest to us we 
could easily tell from any part of town if the fire was near our 
home." In addition to chasing fires, young Samuel witnessed 
several illegal dog and chicken fights in which local talent was 
challenged by the finest representatives from Baltimore and Ches- 
ter and Reading, Pennsylvania. The winners' owners made a lot 
of money off the efforts of their animals. Samuel looked forward 
to fireworks — especially the pinwheels — to celebrate the Fourth 
of July. He commented that "there were no public displays of 
fire works, each family having its own or a couple joining forces, 
with the ladies and children sitting safely in the background." 
Samuel also enjoyed shooting marbles, flying kites, trading ciga- 
rette cards, collecting stamps, keeping pets, and watching birds. 

Rumford wrote about the sights of his city, including the old 
wooden and covered Market Street bridge, which was torn 



92 Manuscripts 



down in 1888 and replaced by an iron expanse, and the DuPont 
Company's building site at Tenth and Market streets, where the 
Hotel DuPont currently stands. He noted that open drain gutters 
carried household waste water to a creek, "so that a little stream 
of dirty water was constantly leaking thru their bottom into the 
drinking water below," leading to outbreaks of typhoid. Ninety 
years earlier similar unsanitary conditions in Wilmington led to 
an outbreak of yellow fever that John Vaughan discussed in his 
diary (entry M87). Rumford noted that because street lighting 
was inadequate and streets were unpaved, many families spent 
evenings at home. 

Rumford concluded that he benefitted as a child from hav- 
ing to keep himself occupied. He wrote, "It has always seemed 
to me that children get much more out of life if they create their 
own amusements rather than having entertainment constantly 
provided for them and our minds were certainly fertile and pro- 
ductive." 

"Life along the Brandywine," edited by Claudia L. Bush- 
man, appeared in three issues of Delaware History (Fall/Winter 
1988 through Fall/Winter 1989). 

M76 Sea journal. 1804. 
[63, 13] p.; 43 cm. 

This manuscript contains an account of an Indian Ocean voyage 
from just west of the Azores to Mauritius (known in 1804 as the 
Isle de France) from April 13 to July 17, 1804. The ship may have 
been called the Confederacy, for the unnamed keeper of this jour- 
nal worked on that ship at one time and referred in passing to 
his experiences as its supercargo, or person in charge of the 
ship's finances. Observations on the ship's passage include its 
latitude and longitude, distance traveled each day, sicknesses on 
board, religious worship, disciplinary actions, fishing activities, 
and sightings of other ships. As the vessel made for Mauritius, 
the writer summarized the weather conditions of the island of 
Mauritius during the different seasons of the year and offered 
instructions on how to dock a ship so that it would not be dam- 
aged by the ocean bottom. 



Manuscripts 93 



The second part of the journal contains notes on the com- 
merce of Calcutta, Canton, and Manila. The section on Calcutta 
includes remarks about the comparative worth of money from 
Great Britain, Denmark, France, Spain, Portugal, China, and the 
United States; import and export duties; and details about the 
purchase of sugar, opium, and indigo. 

The writer's comments about the practice of trading in Can- 
ton summarize the conditions a westerner could expect to 
encounter as he attempted to establish his identity as a business- 
man acceptable to the Chinese. A trader would have to land at 
Macao and engage a river pilot, all the while being careful not to 
give the appearance of smuggling and taking care not to remove 
firearms from his ship. In addition, "should there be any female 
on board, they must be landed and left at Macao, for to carry 
a woman into China would produce your ruin." One of the 
first activities that had to be considered was the hiring of a 
hong (or united, licensed merchant) who was commissioned by 
the emperor and given the responsibility of carrying out trade 
with foreigners. A list of nine merchants, from Puanckeguay, 
described as the chief of all merchants, to Sonquoy, who was on 
the verge of financial failure, is provided. Unofficial contacts or 
outside merchants might also be considered; seven are listed by 
name and reputation. The writer cautioned that the longer a 
trader waited to find a merchant, the more the merchant would 
try to exact in fees. 

Writing of Manila, the author noted: "There is not perhaps 
on Earth a Place that Requires greater Secrecy, precaution, and 
circumspection in the accomplishment of your views than at 
Manila." Within the context of securing sugar and indigo, two of 
the Philippine's most plentiful products, trading customs are 
described. In stark contrast to China, trade in Manila required 
dealing with women; men were considered idle and indolent 
and generally were prevented from carrying out serious business 
activities. All goods brought to Manila were inventoried and 
duties levied upon them. Western traders were housed sepa- 
rately in Binondo, then located across the river from Manila but 
now a part of Manila's old business district. Concluding his dis- 



94 Manuscripts 



cussion of the Philippines, the writer noted that almost everyone 
that a western trader would come into contact with would be dis- 
honest; thieves who attacked foreigners were common, transpor- 
tation was poor, the heat oppressive, and the water injurious to 
one's health. 

A good discussion of the trading situation in China can be 
found in Yen-p'ing Hao, The Comprador in Nineteenth Century 
China: Bridge between East and West, published by Harvard Univer- 
sity Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1970. 



M77 [Sea journal of events from England to Jamaica]. 1765. 
20 p.; 30 cm. 

The unnamed keeper of this journal boarded his ship two miles 
below Gravesend, England, on January 6 and landed at Port 
Royal, Jamaica, on March 16. Nothing in the journal indicates 
the purpose of the trip. The writer was aboard as a passenger 
rather than as a hand and was supposed to establish residence 
in Port Royal for "some time — but I hope not long." The writer 
probably kept this record of shipboard activities for his wife and 
young son, Dick, who had to remain at home in England. 
Throughout the pages of his journal, the diarist lamented his sep- 
aration from them. Writing on January 27, he confided, "I throw 
myself to and fro upon my bed and in silent anguish bewail my 
unhappy fate in being separated from you and my dr. child." 
He also questioned whether he would ever return: "I now see 
myself surrounded with nothing but this ocean, and if the wind 
favors us, we shall see England no more, — farewell my native 
land! — with tears in my eyes — I bid you farewell!" 

The Atlantic crossing was anything but comfortable. The sea 
was unusually high at times, the winds alternated between very 
strong and nonexistent, and the weather was either bitterly cold 
or oppressively hot. The captain remarked that he had never 
experienced more disagreeable weather, and the diarist thought 
that he must have been blessed with the constitution of a lion to 
undergo such a rough voyage. 

After arriving in Jamaica, the diarist wrote about several 
unfamiliar matters. In order to protect himself from tropical dis- 



Manuscripts 95 



eases, he commented that he drank three-quarters of a pint of 
salt water and as an extra measure made arrangements with 
the ship's doctor to be bled. At Kingston, he wrote about the 
natives' lack of clothing. And he described a fish that he had 
never seen, the shark: "This is a monstrous fish, as large as a 
ferry boat upon the Thames." 



M78 Shank, Christian H. 

[Farm diary]. 1858-67. 
149, 69, [7] p.: ill.; 33 cm. 

Christian H. Shank lived in Annville, Lebanon County, Pennsyl- 
vania. The contents of his manuscript reflect the everyday activi- 
ties of a seemingly prosperous farmer in mid nineteenth-century 
America. A typical entry, that of May 17, 1859, reads: "(Variable) 
Carpenters been here, Funcks went home this morning, cleaning 
Hay, Mow, Hauling Ground and Manure for tree planting, been 
to Hummelstown to Blacksmith &c." During the course of his 
diary writing, Shank would, among other things, tear down his 
barn and construct a new one, renovate his house, make fences, 
put in a pig sty, and lay out a new garden. 

Interested in lightening his workday burdens, Shank 
explored the possibility of acquiring a mowing machine and 
bought a smut machine, probably to combat crop disease. He 
also fancied himself an inventor, sending a model of a thrasher 
to Washington, D.C., to apply for a patent. Shank made no fur- 
ther remarks about his application, and it may have been turned 
down. 

Shank frequently commented about horse breeding as a 
source of income. In May 1860, he recorded that "Solomon Lan- 
dis had a mare with my Horse this evening" and that Jacob 
Hoeker had paid him for two horses that his mare had had with 
Shank's horse. On May 10, he wrote with some chagrin: "The 
Sorrel mare with my Horse by accident. They were both hitched 
to the team." 

Although Shank's days were filled with farmwork, he was 
able to find time for recreational activities, including debates. 
One issue that he heard debated was whether Christopher 



96 Manuscripts 



Columbus should be accorded more honor for discovering 
America or George Washington for defending it. Columbus won 
out. A second debate focused on whether the Union should be 
dissolved; it should not was the debate's conclusion. And a third 
question read: "Is the Distillation of Grain a benefit to the Com- 
munity." The debater who argued in the affirmative was victori- 
ous. Shank and his family often attended camp meetings, and 
he noted that he once attended the "Collered camp-meeting" in 
Middletown, Pennsylvania. 

Shank's diary spans the Civil War, which affected him and 
his family. On April 18, 1861, Shank observed, "Great war excite- 
ment prevails in the north against the South." In September of 
the same year, his brother, Joseph, enlisted in the army. He 
would later die in battle at Fredericksburg in 1863. On Septem- 
ber 26, Shank noted that it was "a day appointed by the Presi- 
dent of the United States as day [of] humiliation and prayer." 
Shank joined a local outfit in 1862 and drilled with his company 
in nearby Hummelstown, Pennsylvania. The men elected him a 
second lieutenant. Following the defeat of Confederate forces at 
Antietam, Shank and his company were discharged. In July 
1863, Shank left home to visit the battlefield at Gettysburg. On 
July 10, he observed: "Went on the Battle field again this morn- 
ing until dinner. The destruction had been immense both in life 
and Property. Men and horse were not buried yet from July 2nd 
& 3rd." It would seem that Shank's early enthusiasm for the 
war effort became tempered as time passed. The death of his 
brother, Joseph, and what he saw at Gettysburg may have been 
contributing factors. Shortly after traveling to Gettysburg, Shank 
went to Harrisburg with a friend, J. Smith, to try to get him 
exempted from the army; he was. And on January 28, Shank 
attended a meeting in Hummelstown to raise money to buy 
replacement recruits. He recorded that the effort was unsuc- 
cessful. 

The title of Shank's diary comes from a page heading in the 
early part of the manuscript. The illustration is a diagram show- 
ing plantings of fruit trees — identified by variety — around 
Shank's farmhouse, the location of his bake oven, and fencing 
and gates. 



Manuscripts 97 



M79 Starr, John. 

[Diary]. 1835-36. 
[60] p.; 16 cm. 

In this short diary — most of its sixty pages are blank — John 
Starr records his observations of shipping activities in Wilming- 
ton, Delaware, from December 1, 1835, to April 20, 1836. Of the 
ships that he mentions, the schooner Pioneer was the most impor- 
tant to him. The owner was a relative named Thomas Starr, who 
used it to carry cargo that included flour and corn. 

The shipping industry was important to the business life of 
Wilmington. Henry C. Conrad wrote about it in his History of the 
State of Delaware: "Before the advent of the steam railroad, all 
shipping was necessarily done by water, and Wilmington, situ- 
ated between the Christiana and Brandywine creeks only a short 
distance from the broad Delaware, was admirably located for the 
shipping trade." The steam railroad that Conrad mentions began 
to have a great impact on American transportation during the 
mid nineteenth century. Unaware that he was witnessing the 
beginning of the country's great railroad era, Starr wrote on Feb- 
ruary 15 and 16 about the appearance of the Elizabeth Frith, 
which had railroad iron on board. It ended up in Wilmington 
after being towed by what Starr called the "TBoat" Huckleberry. 
The iron may have been delivered to the Betts and Pusey Com- 
pany of Wilmington, a firm that would be legally formed on 
March 1, 1836, for the purpose of constructing railroad cars. 

In addition to shipping activities, Starr faithfully recorded 
the harsh weather conditions of the winter of 1835-36. The ice 
on Brandywine Creek was at one time I6V2 inches thick, and the 
diarist remarked that someone told him that this winter was the 
coldest in fifty years. Finally, there are detailed reports on wind 
directions and speeds. 

M80 Steen, Mary Service, b. 1837. 

Journal. 1847-53, 1855-57, 1860-61. 
6 v.; 20 cm. 

Mary Service Steen began keeping her diary as a ten-year-old 
girl and finished as she was just into her twenties. She was a res- 
ident of Philadelphia and interested in her studies at school, first 



98 Manuscripts 



at Van Doren and David's Institute and later at Misses Gill's 
School. In addition to the diary, the Downs Collection holds her 
report card from September 25 to December 25, 1847, revealing 
her interest in and aptitude for schoolwork. 

Mary led what appears to be an ordinary life for a young 
girl whose family was fairly well-to-do, taking part in the cul- 
tural activities of her hometown. On October 28, 1848, for exam- 
ple, Mary went to the Franklin Institute to see an exhibition 
highlighting silver articles and then to another featuring draw- 
ings on rice paper. On May 16, 1849, she saw Walter McPherson 
Bayne's panorama of a voyage to Europe, "which I thought was 
very pretty." In New York City four years later, Mary visited the 
Dusseldorf Gallery and the Crystal Palace. Throughout the years 
that Mary kept her diary, she wrote of such activities as paper 
flower-making, knitting, drawing, music lessons, singing, and 
sewing. Mary was also an inveterate reader. Among the books 
that she read were The Maiden: A Story for My Young Coun- 
trywomen, by Timothy S. Arthur; Hands not Hearts, by Janet W. 
Wilkinson; The Mothers of England, by Sarah Ellis; and The City: 
Its Sins and Its Sorrows, by Thomas Guthrie of Edinburgh. Her 
favorite magazines were Miss Leslie's Magazine and Harper's. 
Mary was a religious girl. She attended church regularly, became 
a member of the Dorcas Society, and often wrote in her diary 
about sermons that she heard on Sundays. 

Mary's father, Robert Steen, was a merchant who frequently 
traveled to New York City on business. Mary noted on June 28, 
1851, that he had been named a commissioner for the Great Exhi- 
bition of the Works of All Nations taking place in London. Her 
father attended the fair during summer 1851. 

During the course of these diaries, Mary traveled to England 
and Ireland as well as to several places within the United States. 
She landed at Liverpool, England, on June 18, 1852, and 
remarked that the buildings appeared to have been constructed 
to last for some time. She visited several stores and commented 
that "our Philadelphia ones look like little things beside them." 
On June 21, Mary headed for Dublin and points north to visit rel- 
atives. Her quarters in Carrickfergus brought to her mind a "pig- 
sty hotel." Unfortunately, Mary's diary of her experiences in 



Manuscripts 99 



Ireland and England ends before her trip conluded. Her last 
adventure was a train derailment in which she and her family 
were thrown from their seats. 

The Steen family spent part of their summers in Cape May, 
New Jersey. Mary led an active social life there, walking along 
the beach, swimming with friends, and attending hops. On 
July 17, 1850, she must have been in a quandary, for she had 
invitations to two hops, one at Congress Hall and the other at 
the Columbia. In 1852 Mary accompanied her father to Saratoga, 
New York, where he went for his health. In 1857 they revisited 
Saratoga and also stopped at Niagara Falls. 

As time passed Mary's entries decreased. A passage in 1853 
revealed her thoughts: "It seems almost impossible for me to 
find anything to write in my journal & as to giving my thoughts 
& opinions about things I cannot do it for I do not think I have 
any." 

M81 Stover, Ralph. 

Journal of a tour from Alexandria D of C to the western country: 
commenced May second one thousand eight hundred and thirty 
three, by A. F. Stover and Ralph Stover; and returned after an 
absence of thirty five days / by R. Stover. 
[36] p.; 20 cm. 

From May 2 to June 7, the Stovers traveled from Alexandria, 
Virginia to the Ohio-Indiana state line and back, averaging 
between thirty and forty miles per day. Unfortunately, there is 
nothing in the diary that would suggest a reason for this trip. 
Most of Ralph Stover's comments describe the scenery that he 
saw on the way. He wrote of Harpers Ferry: "The Situation of 
Harpers Ferry is extremely rugged and romantic with tremen- 
dous mountains guarding it on every side it bears the appear- 
ance of uncouthness and uncultivation." And of the Allegheny 
Mountains, he remarked: "The Alleghany at a distance you can 
trace as far as the eye can reach as it were the backbone of the 
Earth lifting its towering summit to the skies." 

In Ohio, Stover became fascinated with the ancient burial 
mounds. On May 17, he wrote: "With numerable mounds of a 
very singular interesting and ancient appearance some of which 



100 Manuscripts 



are of a large size with circular and others square entrenchments 
around them it is universally believed to be the depository of the 
dead of some ancient nation of whom there is neither tradition 
nor history they are all covered with timber some of which is of 
a very large size." In Cincinnati, the travelers would visit what 
Stover called the Western Museum to see skeletons disinterred 
from the mounds. 

Although Stover focused on scenery, he made a few political 
remarks. Without further elucidation, he commented on slavery 
as he entered Virginia (present-day West Virginia) from Pennsyl- 
vania: "There is an astonishing contrast between the two banks 
of the Ohio river between a free and a slave state." In addition, 
Stover referred to internal improvements that were important 
during President Andrew Jackson's administration. On May 12, 
he wrote, "We kept the U. States road which was in an unfin- 
ished state at some places we were obliged to take the old road 
through immense forests." And a bit later, "we crossed several 
streams which would have caused us considerable difficulty had 
it not been for the bridges recently built by the U. States." 
Finally, "we crossed the Miami Canal frequently which is a great 
improvement through that section of the country it is finished 
from Cincinnati as far as Dayton the contemplation is to extend 
it to Lake Erie." 

At the end of Stover's narrative, he listed the names of the 
towns that he and his companion traveled through and the num- 
ber of miles that separated one from the other. 

M82 Studley, John M. 

[Diary]. 1858-62, 1864-67. 
9 v.: ill.; 13-18 cm. 

As these volumes open, John M. Studley is working as a carpen- 
ter, building stairs in Worcester, Massachusetts. From 1858 to 
1860, he made few entries and typically noted only where he 
was currently employed. On July 16, 1858, for example, he 
"worked on Cherry Rail for H. W. Eddy." In a more expansive 
mood, Studley wrote on February 1, 1858, that he "put up 3Vi 
Mahogany rail two flights with 8 in Octagon Newel — 1 3 A in Bui- 



Manuscripts 101 



ustrer — Birch. Price $50.00." In 1859 Studley was involved in 
some kind of law enforcement but, as with his trade, did not re- 
cord many details of his activities. 

On July 1, 1861, the United States Army invited Studley to 
attend Camp Scott, where he began his Civil War activities as a 
Union soldier. On March 26, 1862, while stationed in Washing- 
ton, D.C., as part of Gen. George McClellan's forces, he and his 
company were ordered to march to Yorktown, Virginia. They 
arrived on April 5, and all remained calm for a week and a half. 
Writing on April 16, Studley observed that it was a "very pleas- 
ant Spring morning with the exception of an occasional dis- 
charge of guns as quiet as a Sabbath in New England." At 
7:00 a.m., however, the Union's artillery moved to the front line 
and began shelling the Confederate's fortification at Yorktown. 
On April 17, the rebels tried to advance but were turned back. 
Matters then quieted, with alarms of supposed rebel movement 
called only infrequently. On May 5, the Confederate forces 
finally abandoned their position in Yorktown, and Studley and 
his fellow soldiers advanced to assume control. McClellan's 
troops then headed for Richmond, camping only twenty miles 
away along the Pamunkey River on May 9. 

On May 31 and June 1, Studley took part in the Battle of 
Seven Pines at Fair Oaks, Virginia, and during the month of 
June wrote about his activities as a soldier in the Peninsula Cam- 
paign. He remarked that there was a sharp engagement at Fair 
Oaks Station on May 31 and that the Union forces remained 
ready to defend their position all night. On June 1, Studley 
wrote that he "moved forward at 4 a.m. some picket and Artil- 
lery firing on our side" and that "McClellan here today, en- 
thusiastically received." By the end of June and after many 
engagements with the enemy, Studley and his fellow troops 
"were attacked again this p.m. after some hard fighting the 
Rebels were driven back, commenced the march towards the 
James river about midnight." On July 1, he recorded from near 
the James River that there was "brisk commanding on both sides 
for several hours." 

Compared with June, the months of July and August were 



102 Manuscripts 



calm for Studley. September, however, brought increased activ- 
ity. On September 6, Studley found himself stationed near Rock- 
ville, Maryland. He wrote: "Rebels said to have crossed the river 
and within a few miles of us, preparations made to receive 
them." On September 14, his unit reinforced troops commanded 
by General Burnside at Boliver Gap, and on September 16, they 
were shelled by the Confederates for three hours. On Septem- 
ber 17, Studley took part in the severe fighting at Antietam. His 
unit lost 363 men, counting those killed, wounded, and missing. 

Studley was not involved in any other action until Decem- 
ber 1863, when he was dispatched to North Carolina by boat. 
From New Bern, he traveled northwest to Goldsboro, meeting 
Confederate forces on the way. He helped burn a railroad bridge 
and then was ordered to "about face, the object of the expedi- 
tion being accomplished." 

Unfortunately, no diary survives for 1863, so Studley's Civil 
War activities for that year remain unrecorded. By 1864, he had 
been discharged from active duty, and he and his family were 
residing in Brooklyn, New York. His son, Eddie, was admitted 
to School 15, and his daughter, Fannie, began her first term at 
the Parker Institute. Studley worked in New York City at 100 Lib- 
erty Street for Theodore Studley, a relative who was identified in 
New York city directories as a merchant. In 1866 the Studley fam- 
ily moved to Providence, Rhode Island, where John found 
employment as a clerk. 



M83 Thorn, William, b. 1739. 

A journal of the proceedings of William Thorn in his occupation: 
together with the remarkable accidents happening within the lim- 
mits or hearing of him; liquise the draughts of the buildings 
which he hath been master of building; beginning in the year 
1762. 1762-76, 1796-1813. 
[148] p.: ill; 20 cm. 

William Thorn was a carpenter during most of his working life 
and operated a sawmill beginning around 1800. He probably was 
a member of the Society of Friends. From April 13, 1762, to 1766, 
Thorn recorded information about houses, grist mills, and barns 



Manuscripts 103 



that he helped construct in Dutchess County, New York. He 
sketched the framing of these buildings and identified their own- 
ers by name. When he wrote about grist mills, Thorn sometimes 
included drawings of the carving on their mill stones, sketches 
of water and cog wheels, and plans for mill dams and races. 

Apparently Thorn lost interest in maintaining the journal, 
for he did not write in it again until 1796, when he decided to 
use it as a letter book. From 1796 to 1813, Thorn included copies 
of letters to family and friends about business concerns. 

Thorn was a participant in many court cases involving his 
work. He denied to Jacob Brown in 1805, however, that he was 
"fond" of lawsuits, writing: "I can procure many instances 
where I have lost my debt rather than go to the law." He wrote 
of a particular distasteful experience in 1810: "The dispute was 
that I had charged him for sawing upwards of thirteen hundred 
feet more than I sawed." Thorn continued by suggesting that he 
cut the correct amount but that those who transported it from 
his mill failed to deliver the entire order. Whatever the case, 
Thorn, if only because he emphasized his legal problems in his 
writings, must have led an active life before the bench and bar. 



M84 Vail, Georgiana L., b. 1851. 
Excelsior diary. 1892-93. 
2 v.; 11-13 cm. 

Georgiana L. Vail's diary records the activities of a fairly ordi- 
nary resident of Somers Center, New York. Georgiana lived with 
her father, and they had at least one female servant. Her days 
were filled with making such things as pillow shams, bureau 
scarves, shawls, slumber robes, and silk quilts. Georgiana taught 
Sunday school regularly and vacationed in Ocean Grove, New 
Jersey, during the summer. There is nothing to suggest that 
Georgiana was married while she kept this diary, but she did 
have a ten-year-old daughter named Martha. Georgiana helped 
her daughter write letters, noted when she spilled ink on the car- 
pet, taught her lessons, and recorded when she took her first 
music instruction. Martha's diary for 1899 is part of Winterthur 
Library's collection (entry M85). 



104 Manuscripts 



Other papers related to the family of Georgiana L. Vail are 
located at the Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul. 



M85 Vail, Martha, b. 1883. 
Diary. 1899. 
[408] p.; 10 cm. 

On Christmas day 1898, Martha B. Vail's mother, Georgiana, 
gave her this diary, and in it Martha wrote about her concerns 
and the events of her young life in Somers Center, New York. 
Martha's mother, Georgiana, kept diaries as well, two of which 
are in Winterthur's collection (entry M84). 

Martha went to school in Katonah, New York, and was a 
good student. She received a report card on April 7 that 
recorded a mark of 100 in deportment and an 85 average in her 
scholastic studies. She noted that she once failed geography and 
physiology tests but that she did well on a reading test with a 
score of 100 and a writing test with a 90. Martha noted that she 
had circulated her autograph album in school and made some 
remarks about boys. "Elbert," she said, was "very nice to me to 
night. He will hardly treat Jennie civil." On April 20, she sat 
next to Harry Robertson in the library, "& he was very loving." 
The same afternoon, she was next to Will Boner, and "Will 
stunk like everything." Although many of the girls at school 
belonged to a baseball club, Martha did not. In July Martha's 
mother thought about sending her to Drew Seminary in Carmel, 
New York, but in the autumn Martha found herself back in class 
at Katonah. 

Martha had definite likes and dislikes. She enjoyed ice skat- 
ing, making candy, shopping, riding her bicycle, and attending 
the local strawberry ice cream festival. She did not, however, 
like her summer vacation at the shore in Ocean Grove, New Jer- 
sey. It was simply too hot there. Martha tried to make the best 
of things, however, spending time at the merry-go-round and 
the beach. She attended a lecture delivered by Theodore Roose- 
velt, at that time the governor of New York, and noted his 
dress: "He had on a little white sailor hat, a light pair of pants & 
black coat & vest." 



Manuscripts 105 



Other papers relating to the family of Martha E. Vail are 
located at the Minnesota Historical Society, St. Paul. 

M86 Vandegrift, Harrison, 1840-1931. 
[Diary]. 1863-64. 
[180] p.; 15 cm. 

On Sunday, June 28, 1863, Harrison Vandegrift was encamped 
with other troops of Company C, 1st Regiment, Delaware Volun- 
teer Cavalry, near Westminster, Maryland. The next day a small 
scouting party that included Vandegrift and his brother Willie 
was dispatched to check on reports of southern troops in the 
area. They quickly encountered what turned out to be the large 
advance guard of J. E. B. Stuart's cavalry, then traveling to Get- 
tysburg, Pennsylvania, only twenty-five miles further north. 
Knowing nothing of the force they had met, Vandegrift's party 
impetuously attacked Stuart's guard. They quickly were driven 
back, and Willie was killed. Vandegrift fled through a wheat 
field into nearby woods but was forced to throw off his haver- 
sack along the way. In it were his rations and the original copy 
of his Civil War diary. Stuart's men gave up the chase, thinking 
that their foe had successfully escaped. W. G. Rinehart, the 
owner of the property through which Vandegrift had run, found 
the haversack some time later and kept the diary. In 1908 a 
chance meeting between Vandegrift and Rinehart descendants 
prompted the return of the diary to its author, then sixty-eight 
years old. The diary in Winterthur's collection is a faithful copy 
of the original. 

Vandegrift's diary records his Civil War experiences from 
January 1 to June 29, 1863, and for all of 1864. He enrolled in the 
army in Wilmington, Delaware, on August 29, 1862, and spent 
his first months as a soldier in a nearby camp. During this time, 
he wrote about routine drills and inspections, living conditions 
of soldiers, dress parades, saber exercises, and leisure time at 
Wilmington concerts. On February 18, 1863, he was ordered to 
Camp Wallace, near Salisbury, Maryland, where his main respon- 
sibility seemed to involve policing the general area for deserters 
and smugglers and then arresting them. All things considered, 
Vandegrift's life was not too unpleasant. He was away from the 



106 Manuscripts 



violence of the battlefield and could control the situations in 
which he found himself. In addition, "our fare now is very 
good. The old Negro does his duty and prepares our meals at 
the proper time." Moving in Maryland from Vienna to Westmin- 
ster to Baltimore and then to Port Tobacco, Vandegrift learned 
on May 22, 1864, that his unit had just been ordered from the 
cavalry into the infantry, something that pleased neither him nor 
his fellow Delaware volunteers. 

On June 5, Vandegrift was assigned to the 6th Army Corps, 
Army of the Potomac. Shortly thereafter, he was only 1,200 
yards from the front, near Petersburg, Virginia, where there was 
heavy fighting. "It is," he observed, "very amusing to see the 
boys trying to dodge the bullets. It makes a man feel queer." In 
order to clear the dead, a truce was called one morning. "Our 
men and the Rebels during the truce were friendly and socia- 
ble." Then the guns started firing again. Vandegrift got to within 
one mile of Petersburg and commented erroneously that the 
Union troops had taken it. Six weeks after becoming a member 
of the Army of the Potomac, he was reassigned to the cavalry, 
headed back north, and on July 22, he went to the theater in 
Baltimore. 

From the time he was again a cavalryman until the end of 
1864, Vandegrift returned to his former duties of general police 
work. Apart from his chance encounter with Stuart's advance 
guard and participation in the Petersburg campaign, this diary 
provides a good firsthand account of routine life as a Civil War 
soldier. The diary might be used profitably with William P. 
Seville, History of the First Regiment, Delaware Volunteers, pub- 
lished by the Historical Society of Delaware, Wilmington, 1884. 

M87 Vaughan, John, 1775-1807. 

Medical diary no. 3: commenced January 1st ad 797; containing a 
meteorological table for every month with a nosological descrip- 
tion of the diseases which occur in their respective months & a 
pathological narration of such as are unusual or otherwise impor- 
tant. 1797-1802. 
[270] p.; 20 cm. 
John Vaughan was educated in Chester, Pennsylvania, and in 



Manuscripts 107 



1793 and 1794, while studying to be a doctor, attended lectures 
on medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. 
Vaughan practiced medicine in Delaware, first in Christiana 
Bridge and later in Wilmington. He was a member of several pro- 
fessional organizations, including the Philadelphia Academy of 
Medicine, the Medical Society of Philadelphia, the American 
Medical Association, and the Delaware Medical and Philosophi- 
cal societies. Vaughan was a prolific author, lending his pen to 
topics of medical and scientific importance. He kept his "Medical 
Diary No. 3" before and during the serious yellow fever epi- 
demic of 1802. Vaughan died in 1807 of typhoid fever. 

Vaughan was an assiduous observer of Wilmington's climate 
conditions, often listing the daily temperature, wind direction, 
and weather. He believed that these conditions influenced the 
occurrence of diseases at certain times of the year. Thus, on one 
group of pages Vaughan recorded weather information for a 
given month, and on another group he noted what his patients 
suffered from during the same period. 

Occasionally, Vaughan broke this pattern to copy an article 
that he had read, something he had heard, or a letter that he 
had either written or received about a medical matter. One of his 
correspondents was Dr. Benjamin Rush. A man of science and 
medicine, Vaughan wrote perhaps in amusement to substantiate 
his theory on the influence of weather on disease: "Mr. Alrichs, 
an ingenious watch maker, informed me that sickly seasons 
were always characterized by the breaking of watch springs — 
that the fact was so well established as to be proverbial & that it 
was peculiarly so this season." On August 26, 1800, Vaughan 
said: "Bad accounts from Baltimore & Norfolk — yellow fever 
spreading with great mortality." 

In 1802 a severe yellow fever epidemic broke out in Wilming- 
ton. Vaughan is reputed to have been the only doctor to have 
remained in town to administer to those who had contracted the 
dreaded disease. One year later, the American Philosophical Soci- 
ety requested that he write a pamphlet about the incident. A Con- 
cise History of the Autumnal Fever which Prevailed in the Borough of 
Wilmington in the Year 1802 resulted. Vaughan's manuscript diary 
features the author's immediate and private observances of the 



108 Manuscripts 



spread of the disease. In the pamphlet Vaughan detailed why he 
thought the yellow fever epidemic started, how he thought it 
spread, and what he thought had to be done to eradicate it. In 
his diary Vaughan recorded his early visit with Ann Davidson, 
whom he later identified as the initial carrier of the disease, and 
noted the conditions in the house neighboring the Davidson's: 
"Hadley's cellar, adjoining Davi[d]sons has been for a long time 
full of water — & the common receptacle of every filth ... oft 
condemned as a nuisance by the corporation, but neglected. 
Wm. Cloud complained of its being very offensive to them." 
Vaughan wrote of the activities of Wilmington residents on Sep- 
tember 13: "3/4 of the people left the lower parts of the town — 
below second street — great alarm. Board of Health disorganized 
in effect — some resigned — President fled — are not mankind 
reverting to Barbarism." 

Vaughan probably used his diary, serving as it did as a chro- 
nological record and source of valuable details, to construct the 
narrative of his pamphlet. On September 23, for example, 
Vaughan wrote a letter on the status of the disease to the presi- 
dent of the Board of Health, Isaac Dixon; he copied this letter 
into his diary, and it appeared subsequently in the circular. At 
the end of his pamphlet, Vaughan listed the people who died 
from the epidemic; in his diary he recorded the names and 
addresses of those stricken and noted whether they recovered or 
died. 

Vaughan never totally abandoned the original intent of his 
diary — to demonstrate a cause-and-effect relationship between 
weather conditions and the incidence of disease — to write about 
the outbreak of yellow fever in Wilmington. There are, in fact, 
numerous references to weather conditions during the epidemic, 
and the concept plays an important role in his Concise History. 

M88 Wales, Salem Howe, 1825-1902. 
[Diary]. 1867-68. 
5 v.; 22 cm. 

Salem Howe Wales was born in Wales, Massachusetts. He 
attended its local schools and then the Academy of Attica in 
upstate New York. In 1846 Wales went to New York City, where 



Manuscripts 109 



he joined an importing business. Two years later he began his 
affiliation with the Scientific American and served as its managing 
editor from 1848 until 1871. In 1855 Gov. Horatio Seymour of 
New York appointed him a commissioner to the Paris exposi- 
tion, which he subsequently visited and reported on in a series 
of letters published in the Scientific American. 

During the Civil War, Wales was an active member of the 
Christian Commission, an organization devoted to caring for the 
sick and wounded. In politics, Wales was a delegate to the 
Republican national conventions of 1872 and 1876 and a presiden- 
tial elector in 1872; in 1873 he was called to be a New York City 
park commissioner by reform mayor William F. Havemeyer; and 
in 1874 he ran unsuccessfully as the Republican party's candi- 
date for mayor of New York City. Wales was an officer of the 
Union League Club of New York, served as a trustee of the Mid- 
dletown, New York, insane asylum, assisted in establishing Hah- 
nemann Hospital and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and was 
a director of the Bank of North America and the Hanover Trust 
Company. Wales traveled widely and from May 4, 1867, to 
March 6, 1868, kept a diary of his trip to Europe. 

The Great Exhibition of Industry of All Nations held in Paris 
occasioned this trip, Wales's second, to Europe. In addition to 
France, Wales visited nearly every western European country. 
Of travel accounts in general Wales commented: "The whole 
business of telling what one sees abroad has been so thoroughly 
overdone in books, pamphlets, and newspapers that I shall for- 
bear many such details. ... I propose to jot down a few items 
of information which may be useful to a few inexperienced trav- 
elers." His remarks about the countries that he stayed in and 
comparisons with experiences in the United States reveal his 
keen intellect and gift for observation. 

Wales's feelings about France were mixed. Early in his trip 
he advised that foreigners needed to know the language and 
that women should arrive with adequate clothing because 
apparel prices were unrealistically high. "Genteel begging," he 
revealed, "is done here to perfection." On the other hand, he 
marveled at the French demeanor and fairness and the good 
quality of life in Paris. Cab drivers, for example, were uninclined 



110 Manuscripts 



to violate the fare structure or take riders out of their ways in 
order to inflate charges. He observed that "architecturally the 
city is rapidly changing its character by the opening of broad 
boulevards and the necessary destruction of those streets and 
houses where revolutions have kindled their fiercest fires." And 
he commented on the French character: "I desire to make my 
acknowledgements to the French people for the politeness and 
kind consideration a foreigner every where experiences among 
them. Undoubtedly they are the pleasantest people in the world 
for a stranger to deal with . . . [and] the most tasteful people in 
the world." 

As much as Wales liked France, even with its few shortcom- 
ings, he despised Spain. Wales noted that American travelers 
usually bypassed Spain because it was out of the way and later 
observed that Spanish food was bad (he encouraged fasting and 
prayer as good substitutes) and that Spaniards were naturally 
suspicious, dull, and taciturn. He continued by recording that 
"the rural hotels in Spain are not intended to accommodate any 
body" and that "the [railroad] cars are usually dirty, a national 
habit, scrupulously observed." Wales's introduction to the coun- 
try was abrupt. At the border between France and Spain, his 
train came to a sudden stop because it could pass no further on 
Spain's wider gauge track, constructed, according to Wales, to 
inhibit hostile invasion from France during wartime. Wales 
wrote: "Toledo is the most singular, dried up specimen of an 
old city that we have ever seen," and he thought that the 
bullfights there were cruel and inhuman. "There was nothing 
whatever in this spectacle which deserves to be called a fight. It 
is simply a cruel method of torturing to death a few bulls — and 
old worn out horses." Wales seemed, however, to be able to 
extract something good from every situation, even his days in 
Spain. He noted that "the chief attraction of all Spanish cities 
seems first to center in the old Cathedrals," and the Royal Gal- 
lery in Madrid possessed "the finest collection of pictures in 
Europe." 

Art was never far from Wales's attention. "Germany," he 
contended, "is the only country on the continent where the art 
of painting flourishes with any considerable boldness and singu- 



Manuscripts 111 



larity; and the seat of this department of fine arts has been trans- 
ferred from Rome and Florence to Munich." In Florence, Italy, 
Wales visited American sculptors Hiram Powers, Joel Tanner 
Hart, Thomas Ball, and Larkin Goldsmith Mead. Hart was work- 
ing on a bust of Andrew Jackson that had been modeled in 1839 
at Jackson's Tennessee home, the Hermitage; Mead was laboring 
over an order of capitols for ornamental pilasters of the Treasury 
Building in Washington, D.C. 

Wales visited other countries on his tour, including Austria, 
the Netherlands, Belgium, and England. As was his custom, he 
picked out things to admire in each place and isolated things to 
criticize. Even in Switzerland, a country that most travelers 
raved about, Wales found something to denigrate, commenting 
negatively on the curious living conditions of the rural Swiss: 
"The chalets are constructed to shelter under the same roof, 
men, women, children, cows, goats, and pigs." 

Wales commented freely on gambling, drinking, and smok- 
ing and judging from what he said, disapproved of all of them. 
He noted with disdain that the chief income of Monte Carlo was 
derived from gambling and added that "lottery offices are about 
as numerous in Rome as the churches." In France he wrote 
about tobacco: "Villainous tobacco, at villainous prices, is the sta- 
ple. If you know of any who wished to return a kindness to a 
Frenchman, recommend sending him a box of good cigars." In 
Spain everyone smoked. He observed in Italy that "barroom tip- 
pling, the curse of our own country, is a thing almost unknown 
in Italy," and "drunkenness, as we so well understand it, is also 
a thing unknown." According to Wales, the rowdiness that 
stemmed from what he called rum shops, so commonplace in 
New York, did not occur in Paris: "Monstrous public nuisances 
cannot propagate as freely here as they do in the cities where 
less vigor is exercised by the municipal authorities. This fact is 
being learned in New York by the forcible application of the law, 
under the guidance of its present energetic chief magistrate." 

Although five volumes of Wales's trip to Europe are cited, 
only two are in diary form. The other three volumes contain 
lengthy chronological summaries of his observations and are in 
another person's handwriting. 



112 Manuscripts 



M89 Ward, William E., b. 1821. 

Notes of European travel taken by William E. Ward. 1867. 
[248] p.; 21 cm. 

On April 20, 1867, William E. Ward embarked for Europe on the 
steamer St. Laurent from pier 50, New York City. He arrived in 
Brest, France, on April 30 and recorded his activities as a traveler 
and observer of the European scene through August 19. Ward, a 
Quaker who probably resided in New York City, celebrated his 
forty-sixth birthday on this trip and was, from all indications, 
involved with the iron industry. 

Ward began his sightseeing in Paris and then journeyed to 
Italy, passing through Lyons, Marseilles, Nimes, and Nice. Of 
Genoa he wrote: "I never approached a place with less, or left it 
with more satisfaction than Genoa." Similarly impressed with 
Naples, Ward commented that "I prepared for leaving Naples 
having spent more time there than I expected, but feeling better 
satisfied and repaid for my labor than any other place yet vis- 
ited." In Rome Ward found so much to occupy his time that he 
noted: "I despair of doing even moderate justice to any of the 
'land marks' around me, and shall only mention the most con- 
spicuous points of interest I shall visit, leaving to Murray the 
task of a fuller narrative than I have time to give." Upon leaving 
Florence, he remarked, "I can truly say it is the only place I have 
left on this side of the Atlantic with regret that I could not conve- 
niently stay longer." 

Ward next headed for Switzerland and on June 5 was in 
Geneva. From there he went to Chamonix, France, to see the 
Mer de Glace, a glacier and famous tourist attraction. He pro- 
nounced the sight "thrilling" and added: "At one glance I saw 
the Modus Operandi or whole operation of these stupendius 
engines of nature, in tearing up and pulverizing rocks in their 
slow and steady, but irresistible march down the side of moun- 
tains." Ward traveled in the Alps of Switzerland and France for 
about ten days and summed up his experiences by writing: "The 
whole tour through the mountains, on and by the lakes, cities, 
villages, rural districts and all, have imported a refreshing tone 
to my feelings and thoughts." Then, from June 17 until July 5, 



Manuscripts 113 



Ward was back in Paris to continue his sightseeing and to attend 
the Exposition Universelle of 1867. At the exposition Ward was 
most interested in the displays of manufacturers of metal prod- 
ucts. Of the London Bolt and Nut Company's exhibit, he said, 
"I was glad to find that I had been over the same ground." Fur- 
ther, he observed that the French system of making bolts was as 
crude as the English. Ward concluded that the Whitworth Com- 
pany from Manchester, England, made superior engines and 
tools and that W. Sellers and Company of Philadelphia had a 
"creditable display of tools." He believed that European safes, 
especially those manufactured in France, were of excellent qual- 
ity. "In cast iron ornamental work, although the French do well 
the Prussians still maintain their supremacy." In summing up 
the exposition, Ward wrote, "The progress made in the working 
of metals in Europe is truly astonishing," and "I find so much 
more of interest to me there than anywhere else I have been in 
Paris." 

Ward left Paris early in July and traveled in Germany, Aus- 
tria, and the Netherlands. He cruised the Rhine from Cologne 
and observed that "though delighted with the day's trip, I was 
somewhat disappointed not at finding the Hudson river more 
successfully rivalled by the over strained reputation of the 
Rhine." Ward noted that "my experience thus far in Germany 
is that a day in one small town gives one an idea of most of 
them." He announced that Munich was his favorite city east of 
Italy, that the Danube reminded him of the Schuylkill River of 
Pennsylvania, that Berlin was impressive for its architecture, and 
that the Hague was pleasantly neat. 

Ward returned to Paris on August 4 and instead of spending 
a great deal of time back at the exposition, took in some Parisian 
sights. On August 7, for instance, he visited the Gobelin tapes- 
try works and said: "I was very much disappointed, I expected 
to see an elaborate institution, instead of a cluster of old superan- 
nuated apartments, where the famous fabrics are patiently 
woven up, the work is pretty but does not compare in beauty or 
interest with the Roman Mosaic." Ward also visited the cata- 
combs, where bones of the disinterred from cemeteries in Paris 



114 Manuscripts 



were stacked in "artistic order" in lines measuring some 1,000 
feet in length, and the Garden of Acclamation, where he saw a 
magnificent collection of live birds. 

During his trip Ward met some important figures of Ameri- 
can history and sculpture. In Paris he made arrangements to talk 
with Abram S. Hewitt "in an investigation of the iron interest." 
Hewitt, the noted iron manufacturer and philanthropist, had just 
been appointed commissioner to the Paris exposition by Presi- 
dent Johnson. In 1870 he would manufacture the first steel of 
commercial value in the United States, and at this exposition he 
spent time with Ward reviewing the way it was currently being 
produced in Europe. Ward recorded in his diary that Hewitt was 
favorably impressed with the quality of the steel and that "Hew- 
itt seems determined that the same results shall be accomplished 
in our country." In Rome on May 25, Ward visited John Rogers, 
who achieved both critical and popular acclaim for his bronze 
statues at the Paris exposition, and Harriet G. Hosmer, called by 
some the most famous woman sculptor of her day. In Florence 
on May 27, Ward visited Hiram Powers, who "seems to delight 
in entertaining his countrymen." 

M90 Watson, John Fanning, 1779-1860. 

[Travel diaries]. 1804-6, 1822-23, 1825-27, 1829, 1831-35, 1839, 
1842-45, 1852, 1855-56, 1858. 
12 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 

John Fanning Watson was born in Batsto, New Jersey, the son of 
William and Lucy Fanning Watson. After the Revolution the Wat- 
sons settled in Philadelphia, where William was engaged as a 
sea captain in the coastal trade. Both William and John's brother, 
Wesley, died in a shipwreck off Cape Hatteras in 1804. The 
details of John's education are unknown, although he did obtain 
some business training from James Vanuxem, the operator of a 
countinghouse in Philadelphia. From 1798 to 1804, John worked 
for the United States War Department and was headquartered in 
Washington, D.C. He subsequently returned to Philadelphia and 
opened a mercantile house. Later business endeavors included 
the operation of a book store, publishing, banking, and rail- 
roads. 



Manuscripts 115 



Watson is well known as a historian of Philadelphia and 
New York City. His mother, Lucy, a Methodist mystic, probably 
influenced her son to appreciate history through her interest in 
genealogy and through stories of her youth in New England. 
Whatever the case, Watson published, among other works, 
Annals of Philadelphia, Historic Tales of Olden Time Concerning the 
Early Settlement and Advancement of New York City and State, and 
Historic Tales of Olden Time Concerning the Early Settlement and Prog- 
ress of Philadelphia and Pennsylvania. He also wrote newspaper 
and magazine articles that focused on history. Watson was a 
founder of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania and the Society 
for the Commemoration of the Landing of William Penn. He 
used oral history as early as 1821 in assembling reminiscences of 
elderly inhabitants of Philadelphia, studied archaeological evi- 
dence in an effort to support written documentation, and fre- 
quented Philadelphia's various archives. Watson's travel diaries 
are a natural extension of his interest in history and indicate a 
knack for keen observation. 

Watson's early travels took him west to New Orleans and 
then south to Cuba. In 1804 he was engaged by Gen. James 
O'Hara of Pittsburgh, former quartermaster-general of Anthony 
Wayne's Indian army, in a shipping venture. O'Hara's business 
was centralized in New Orleans. On March 10, Watson left Phila- 
delphia for Pittsburgh, where he was scheduled to board a 
boat to sail south on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers for New 
Orleans. He observed that the widespread burning of so much 
coal in Pittsburgh made the houses look more like forges than 
dwellings. He was generally pleased with the towns that he 
stopped in on the way. In Cincinnati, for instance, the houses 
were neat and beautiful, and New Madrid, Missouri, was beauti- 
fully situated. 

Watson landed in New Orleans in late May and learned 
about the deaths of his father and brother. He wrote: "This after- 
noon as I lay contemplating the clouds was impressed with 
observing a strong likeness of Maj. Swain & immediately after a 
striking one of my father. I search them for the appearance of 
my brother but the clouds went off without it showing any." 
New Orleans was larger than Watson had expected, and he 



116 Manuscripts 



found that the residents there were more engaged in business 
than in Philadelphia. In addition, he witnessed few high houses, 
rampant disregard for observing the sabbath, many lizards, 
expensive tailors, a lot of shrimp and gumbo to eat, and people 
of different ancestry — French, Spaniards, and Americans — 
keeping separate societies. 

Watson left New Orleans on November 11, 1805, and 
arrived in Cuba on November 26. He did not like the city of 
Havana very much but did enjoy the Cuban countryside. The 
Havana of Watson's day, as he observed it, was walled with nar- 
row, dirty, and crowded streets. The large gothic buildings were 
constructed, Watson said, with oblong stones, and they featured 
little ornamentation and no exterior window shutters. Watson 
wrote that "every other man you meet is either a Priest, Friar, or 
soldier" and that "the streets abound with beggars." He felt that 
"living here is extremely unpleasant." On the other hand, the 
country "in comparison with any other that I have seen is a per- 
fect Paradise." Nobody, Watson believed, should starve because 
there was plentiful game and abundant wild fruit and vegeta- 
bles. Many of the houses in the Cuban countryside had thatched 
roofs. 

Philadelphians have always traveled to the New Jersey 
shore for summer vacations; Watson and his family were not 
exceptions. Because so many of John Fanning Watson's diaries 
have survived, readers are given the opportunity to compare the 
observations of one man on the same places over a span of 
nearly thirty-five years. For example, in 1822 Watson said that 
the ocean was 165 feet from Aaron Bennett's boardinghouse in 
Cape May. He added that, in 1804, it had been 334 feet away 
and that during the mid eighteenth century more than 600 feet 
off. During Watson's visit of 1834, he recorded that Bennett's 
house had been reached by the ocean. On another occasion, he 
commented: "The Inlets & the beach have much altered in 50 
years. It was once covered with cedar trees — now all are gone — 
The Inlets in the War of the Revolution admitted two frigates to 
come in & now there is only water for small vessels." Over the 
course of time, Watson found himself acquainted with fewer and 
fewer of his fellow vacationers. In 1822 he wrote about Roger B. 



Manuscripts 117 



Taney, an attorney and future chief justice of the United States 
Supreme Court, who had a room in his boardinghouse. By 1839 
Watson was regretting that he knew so few faces and that 
everyone looked so young. Watson was never impressed with 
ostentation. During the 1820s, he wrote about his activities and 
friendships with glee, but by 1856 he was noting that "the Soci- 
ety [at Cape May] seems to be generally the class of lucky trad- 
ers — such as started low — & have had success and now think 
renown is won by expensive display!" 

Reflecting the travel patterns of many of his contemporaries 
of early nineteenth-century America, Watson took in the sights 
of Niagara Falls and Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania. He went to 
Niagara Falls in July of 1827 by stagecoach and boat. Watson's 
observations were religious in orientation and mirrored those of 
other visitors: "Oh, how the first sense of this mighty Cataract 
overwhelms the Soul & makes it stand in speechless awe\ It gives 
the blood a moral flow & for the moment it makes the worst 
devout." Despite being a location for coal mining, Mauch Chunk 
was a place frequented by travelers because of the way railroad 
cars were used to move coal, then a novelty. Watson sketched 
the scene as he saw it from his hotel window. 

Watson made frequent trips to New York City. He visited in 
December 1835 and reviewed the remains of a recent devastating 
fire. The area that had burned had recently been rebuilt "in 
costly grandeur," said Watson, having been the site that the 
Dutch had originally occupied. According to Watson, the only 
building that remained standing was owned by John Benson, a 
copper merchant, and was located at 83 Water Street. Many out- 
of-towners were touring the area, while the wonder of native 
New Yorkers had subsided. Watson thought that much of the 
destruction was due to inferior construction methods that fea- 
tured walls that were too thin and cheap lime from New 
England. In 1855 Watson came back to New York after a five- 
year absence and extended his travel to Long Island. He men- 
tioned that Long Island had always seemed little visited until the 
railroad made transportation easier. Watson remembered the 
New York of his youth and recalled seeing Dutch houses that 
were painted red. He remembered when expenses were moder- 



118 Manuscripts 



ate "and hospitality and friendly greetings were everywhere 
abounding." Watson noted that the New York of his old age 
was a busy, pushy, noisy, vainglorious show where there were 
abundant riches and palatial expenditures. "I felt," Watson con- 
fided, "that New York was a place to visit & to see wonder, but 
not to abide." 

Watson also made quick trips to places in the vicinity of his 
home in Philadelphia. In addition to Cape May, he went to 
other New Jersey shore towns, including Long Branch and Mana- 
hawkin, where he stayed at "The Mansion of Health." Watson 
traveled on the Delaware Canal; went to Harrisburg, Pennsylva- 
nia; and journeyed through Chester County, Pennsylvania, 
where he owned property, and through several New Jersey 
towns where he had friends and in which he had spent time as 
a youngster. What Watson saw in Mount Holly, New Jersey, 
occasioned a pensive remark: "The young and beautiful, espe- 
cially among the females, had become faded & motherly, & 
some of their daughters were fast growing up into their former 
place — But the houses & streets seemed to have renewed their 
age by improvements, & the glare of paint & ornament." In 1826 
Watson visited King Joseph and Prince Charles of Spain at their 
home at Point Breeze, New Jersey. He wrote of them: "The opin- 
ion that I then formed, was, that neither the King, nor the 
Prince would have been noticed as uncommon men in any mixt 
company." 

Watson summarized his thoughts on the keeping of travel 
journals in 1856 as he paid a visit to his birthplace of Batsto: "I 
feel & know, that I am a queer man — that is, a man by myself, 
in this preserving the record of my movements in the brief 
life — I just know, that when I shall have made my exit, & shall 
be no more seen of men, I shall have some descendants who 
shall like to travel over these pages — possibly to see the same 
land." 

In addition, see "Philadelphia's Boswell: John Fanning Wat- 
son," by Deborah Waters, in the Pennsylvania Magazine of History 
and Biography (January 1974): 3-52. Under her maiden name, Deb- 
orah Dependahl, Waters wrote her thesis, John Fanning Watson, 
Historian, 1779-1860, in 1971 for the University of Delaware. 



Manuscripts 119 



Other papers relating to the family of John Fanning Watson 
are located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadel- 
phia, and the Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, Cali- 
fornia. 

M91 Watson, Lucy Fanning, d. 1834. 

[Reminiscences]. 1803, [1834?], 1860. 
3 v.; 20-25 cm. 

These three volumes were written by either Lucy Fanning Wat- 
son herself or dictated by her to her son, John Fanning Watson, 
who then made final written copies. Because the nature of one is 
so different from the others, each is discussed separately. 

1. Wesley M. Watson family history. 1803. 

Despite the title of this manuscript, it is not a history of Wesley 
M. Watson's family but rather a genealogical account by Wes- 
ley's mother, Lucy, of much of the Fanning family. Wesley, the 
brother of John Fanning Watson, died in a shipwreck that also 
claimed the life of his father — Lucy's husband — in 1804. The 
account focuses primarily on New England, and the few dates 
that are mentioned are from the late eighteenth century. Most of 
the account details familial relationships without the benefit of 
any record of time periods. At the bottom of page fourteen is an 
explanation of the Watson coat of arms. 

2. Experience & incidents in the life of Mrs. Lucy Watson, who 
died at Germantown, Pa. 5th June 1834, aged 79 years. [1834?] 
This manuscript contains three sections. The first is a narrative 
of the life of Lucy Watson; the second, a diary kept by her spo- 
radically between 1805 and 1828; and the third, a copy book con- 
taining some of her letters. The volume is homemade, assembled 
from these three elements sometime after 1834, the year of 
Lucy's death. The narrative was penned by Lucy's son, John Fan- 
ning Watson, while the diary entries and letters seem to be in 
another hand, presumably Lucy's. 

These writings are chiefly religious. Lucy was born in 
Groton, Connecticut, and was the youngest of ten children. Her 
parents were New Light Baptists. Lucy felt that God had spoken 
directly to her for the first time when she was five or six, after 



120 Manuscripts 



she nearly died from a fall off a stone wall. Lucy claimed that 
she lost sight of God after moving from New England to Little 
Egg Harbor, New Jersey (a town that she considered ungodly) 
and then marrying. Eventually Reverend James, a country minis- 
ter, persuaded her to rejoin a church. When she moved to Phila- 
delphia later in life, she joined the Methodist church. 

From an early age Lucy was preoccupied with death. As a 
child, she believed that she was close to death at least four 
times, and as an adult, she suffered the loss of her husband, Wil- 
liam, and a son, Wesley, in a shipwreck. She dreamed regularly 
of her dead relatives and wrote in her diary about conversations 
she had with them. On May 9, 1805, she remarked about a mes- 
sage from Wesley: "Dreamed of being in the mud, awakened 
and thought it denoted trouble, slept again and dreamed one 
said, The comforts of religion is the only thing that can support 
us through." In 1807 she dreamed that her late husband was 
bringing her a coffin that had been used by the apostle Paul, 
whose bones were still inside. Lucy believed that someone in the 
family was to make use of it. In 1810 she summed up her feel- 
ings: "I think much of death since I have been debilitated in 
body; Is it because it is near; Or is it my natural gloomy turn of 
mind?" Sixteen years later she said she thought funeral sermons 
were tedious and useless if too long. She hoped that the biblical 
text of her own funeral would be: "And they that were ready 
went in with him to the marriage, and the door was shut." 

3. Mrs. Lucy Watson's memory & account of new settlers in the 
American woods— 1762, chiefly at Walpole, N.H. 1860. 
Sometime during the mid 1820s, Lucy Watson told her son, John 
Fanning Watson, about her childhood experiences in New Hamp- 
shire and asked him to write them down. In 1860, shortly before 
he died, John copied his original manuscript into this small vol- 
ume. At the end of his mother's reminiscences, John remarked 
that he, as a chronicler of New York City and Philadelphia, prob- 
ably inherited his sense of history from his mother and that he 
regretted that none of his children shared it. 

In 1762 Lucy Fanning left Stonington, Connecticut, with her 
family and headed north to settle at Walpole, New Hampshire. 



Manuscripts 121 



Her father owned a sloop called the Sea Gull in which they 
began their journey up the Connecticut River. At Enfield, Con- 
necticut, they bought a barge to continue their trip, and further 
north they switched to a wagon and oxen. Because the oxen 
were unable to pull the weight of the wagon, the Fannings were 
forced to lighten the load by leaving a chest of drawers by the 
roadside. When they arrived at Walpole, the Fannings bought 
150 acres and constructed a house. "Walpole looked new — had 
probably but 12 or 15 houses — All wooden ones — Most of them 
of logs and none of them fine to look at. The Meetinghouse was 
of frame and not quite finished — No Indians were seen at the 
Church or about the Town — It lay near the River." The Fannings 
raised corn and soon were able to produce ten acres of wheat. 
They fished, hunted, tapped maple trees for sugar, picked ber- 
ries, and made their own clothes. Finding that the weather was 
not to their liking, at the end of four years, they moved south to 
Batsto, New Jersey, where it was much warmer. Here John Fan- 
ning Watson was born in 1779. 

Other papers relating to the family of Lucy Fanning Watson 
are located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadel- 
phia, and the Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, Cali- 
fornia. 



M92 Watson, Selina. 

Journal, October from the 8 to 21-1837. 
20 p.: ill.; 17 cm. 

This account, written when Selina Watson was young, covers 
the first long journey of her life, from Germantown, Pennsylva- 
nia, where she lived, to New York City. Much of her narrative 
focuses on walks that she took on Broadway and other streets in 
New York, visits that she made to relatives and family friends, 
and church attendance. She was impressed by Castle Garden, 
remarking that "it was surprising that man could invent any 
thing so magnificent" but generally withheld substantive com- 
ment on her other activities. Returning home, she wrote of New 
Jersey: "The scene from Brunswick to Bordentown was nothing 
worth mentioning; it was all woods except now and then we 



122 Manuscripts 



would come to a house." The illustrations are pencil sketches of 
views of New York City and Philadelphia. 

When grown, Watson, who was the daughter of historian 
John Fanning Watson, married Charles Willing, a member of a 
socially prominent Philadelphia family. 

Other papers relating to the family of Selina Watson are 
located at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 
and the Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California. 

M93 White, Enos, 1803-[ca. 1852]. 
[Diary]. 1821-51. 
[150] p.; 19 cm. 

Enos White's diary covers his adult years from the time he 
moved out of his father's house at eighteen until shortly before 
his death. He did not record his daily activities but rather 
recapped events of his life in annual or occasional entries. For 
most of his life White lived in Weymouth, Massachusetts. 

On November 26, 1821, White decided to strike out on his 
own; he left his boyhood home and boarded with the widow 
Jane Humphrey. He soon left, however, and on May 13, 1822, 
recorded that he was working with his father "at the cabinet 
business." In 1826 he bought his father's shop and one year later 
purchased half of his father's house. In 1828 White married Jane 
Humphrey, probably the daughter of his former landlady, and 
in 1829 they had a daughter, Jane Augustus. 

White was concerned with finances throughout his life. On 
August 10, 1829, he wrote: "The deplorable state that I have con- 
sidered my father's circumstances to be in together with the 
view of the misfortunes of my brothers and the dread of poverty 
myself with all its inconveniences has induced me to make a 
slave of myself since I was of age to work for my own support." 
In an effort to find a more lucrative vocation — his furniture busi- 
ness had been off by l k in 1829 — White changed his occupation 
to shoemaker and entered into a partnership with Abner Nash. 
The two men moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, in autumn 1830 to 
start their new work and soon realized that there was not 
enough trade there to sustain them. They returned to Wey- 
mouth in February 1831. White had no regrets, claiming that he 



Manuscripts 123 



had learned more about the world than if he had remained at 
home, and resumed furnituremaking. 

In 1835 White's brother, probably living in New York City 
and somehow connected to the medical profession, asked him to 
make wooden cases for surgical instruments. This proved quite 
profitable, and because White himself was ill, it proved doubly 
welcome, since it required less strenuous physical exertion. In 
1837 White, still sick, again left furnituremaking. He wrote: "As 
I never expected to do any more work in the shop I sold all the 
Furniture and stock that I had on hand at auction." He began 
making frames for looking glasses and in 1838 returned to shoe- 
making. All the while White farmed his property. 

The 1840s was a decade of personal change. On January 7, 
1843, White's wife died after having delivered a baby; three days 
later the infant, named Stephen, died. In November White's 
seventy-year-old mother died, and on March 5, 1844, his father, 
age seventy-eight, died. On September 16, 1846, White married 
Mary Ann Fowler, age thirty-three. By 1849 White's children 
were in school: Jane attended Miss Blanchard's School; Lucy 
Ann was at the Charlestown Academy; and Charles, who would 
eventually become a shoemaker like his father, went to New 
Hampshire Academy. Shortly before the end of his life, White 
wrote that his health was still bad, that his farm was not doing 
well, and that he had entered into land speculation that proved 
unsuccessful. 

M94 Whitefield, Edwin. 

[Travel diary]. [Ca. 1855J-63. 
8 v.: ill; 17-25 cm. 

Edwin Whitefield, a native of England, emigrated to the United 
States around 1840 and soon embarked on a career of landscape 
and flower painting. He began his work in America by sketching 
and painting numerous scenes of the Hudson River valley. In 
1845 Whitefield contributed the illustrations to American Wild 
Flowers in Their Native Haunts, by Emma C. Embury, and two 
years later published a series of views entitled North American Sce- 
nery. During the 1880s, Whitefield lived in Boston and Reading, 
Massachusetts, and began to issue volumes of The Homes of Our 



124 Manuscripts 



Forefathers, featuring depictions of early New England 
architecture. Whitefield's artistic endeavors were financially 
rewarding, for during the 1850s and 1860s, he made several trips 
to the Midwest to explore and promote real estate ventures. In 
1888 he even remarked about returning to Great Britain so that 
he could encourage English settlement in Minnesota. 

The Downs collection includes diaries kept by Whitefield on 
some of his trips through the Midwest. While they lack, for the 
most part, personal observations, they include many entries that 
vividly describe a developing and prosperous region of the 
nation. Of Jonesboro, Illinois, Whitefield wrote: "The land rises 
quite high and is rather broken quite enough to be picturesque. 
Woods all around." And commenting about Cairo, Illinois, 
Whitefield focused on architecture: "Several large three story 
brick stores and one 4 story. Then the new hotel nearly finished 
is a large and handsome brick edifice 4 stories high." In addition 
to describing Cairo, Whitefield sketched a picture of the hotel. 
Many of Whitefield's text descriptions were supplemented with 
pictorial representations. Whitefield's interest in the picturesque 
and in architecture, revealed in the diaries, culminated in his 
publication of the aforementioned series, Homes of Our Fore- 
fathers. 

The extent of Whitefield's diaries — eight volumes — suggest 
a sizable amount of literature. Many of the volumes number 
only a few pages, and most are succinct. These diaries are valu- 
able, however, when used with the larger body of Whitefield 
papers, prints, and books in Winterthur's collection. 

Whitefield's travels are discussed by Bettina A. Norton, 
Edwin Whitefield: Nineteenth-Century North American Scenery (Barre, 
Mass.: Imprint Society, 1977), pp. 15-31. Other Edwin White- 
field papers are located at the Society for the Preservation of 
New England Antiquities, Boston, and the Minnesota Historical 
Society, St. Paul. 




Being engaged in the Manufacture of 
HOUSEHOLD rXJR.3STTTXJRE, 
I would respectfully invite you to Call and 
Examine my Very Extensive and Elegant Stock of 

NEW FURNITURE and CHAIRS, 
embracing every Article in this Line, required for 
Comfort, Utility and Ornament, m Chambers, 
Parlors, Kitchens, Ac among which are 

Bureaus with Marble Tops, Book Cases, 
Desks, Stands, Tables, Bedsteads, &c, 

of Every Style : also, All Kinds of 

Chairs, Lounges, Sofas, Stuffed (hairs, 
Cane Scat, Windsor, Rockers, and other Chairs, 

of the Latest., and most Approved Styles. 
My Stock is very Large, and it will positively 
be Sold at the LOWEST PRICES that the business 
will afford : and All my Work is WARRANTED 
to be of Good and Substantial Quality. 

All Persons purchasing Furniture from me will 
be accommodated by having it Delivered to them, 
FREE OF CHARGE, and without the least injury, 
as I have procured one of the Best Cushioned, 
Furniture Wagons, especially for that purpose. 
PLEASE CALL, AND EXAMINE. 
Do not l>e persuaded to purchase elsewhere, until 
you have seen my Stock, and ascertained the Prices. 
Remember the place of my Ware Rooms m 
Annville, North East corner of Main, & White Oak 
Street, opposite Oralis (Eagle) Hotel. 
Vei\ Truly Yours, 
PETES. FORNEY, 

Annville, Lebanon Co. Pa. 



Peter Forney advertisement. M37 




John Fanning Watson. From Annals of Philadelphia, and Pennsylvania, 
in the Olden Time . . . (Philadelphia: J. M. Stoddart, 1879), pi. facing 
p. [11]. M90 




From manuscript diaries of a Boston artist, 1850s, vol. 2, pi. 2. M52 




Jonathan Mason. From Jonathan Mason, "The Recollec- 
tions of a Septuagenarian . . . ," 1881, vol. 1, inside front 
cover. M55 







Carving design. From Charles E. Adams diary, vol. 4, p. 136. Mi 









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Portrait of a woman. From Horace Robbins Burdick diary, 1895. M14 




David Clapp. From New England Genealogical and Biographical Reg- 
ister (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1894), 
pi. facing p. 145. M17 




From Albert A. Lovell, Memorial of George Jaques, Comprising Selec- 
tions from His Journals and a Biographical Sketch (Worcester, Mass.: 
Privately printed, 1878). M44 



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Plot for a garden. From Joseph G. Richardson, garden 
book, 1850. M72 



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Yellow fever list. From John Vaughan, medical diary no. 3, 1707- 
1802. M87 




Salem Howe Wales. From The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 
vol. 3 (New York: James T. White, 1893), p. 310. M88 



Published Travel Accounts 



PI Abbott, Jacob, 1803-79. 

New England and her institutions / by one of her sons. Hart- 
ford, Conn.: S. Andrus and Son, 1847. 
271 p.; 20 cm. 

P2 Adams, Paul, 1862-1920. 

Vues d'Amerique. Paris: Societe d'editions litteraires et art- 
istiques, 1906. 
[6], 568 p.; 19 cm. 

P3 Adgar, the father. 

Recollections of rambles at the South / by Father William 

[pseud.]. New York: Carlton and Phillips, 1854. 

196 p., 5 leaves of plates: ill.; 15 cm. 

Howes no. W443. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 3, no. 506. 

P4 Aikman, Louisa Susannah Wells, 17557-1831. 

The journal of a voyage from Charlestown, S.C., to London: 
undertaken during the American Revolution by a daughter of an 
eminent American loyalist [Louisa Susannah Wells] in the year 
1778 and written from memory only in 1779. New York: Printed 
for the New York Historical Society, 1906. 
121 p., 2 leaves of plates: ill.; 26 cm. 

P5 Alcala Galiano, Dionisio. 

Atlas para el viage de las goletas Sutil y Mexicana al reconoci- 
miento del estrecho de Juan de Fuca en 1792, publicado en 1802. 
Madrid: Imprenta Real, 1802. 
8 p.£., cixviii, 185 p.; 21-30 cm. 
Howes no. G18. 
Sabinno. 69221. 

P6 Ampere, Jean-Jacques Antoine, 1800-1864. 

Promenade en Amerique / par J.J. Ampere; precedee d'une 
etude sur J. -J. Ampere par C.-A. Sainte-Beuve . . . Paris: 
Michel Levy Freres, 1874. 



125 



126 Published Travel Accounts 



xliii, 299 p., 11 leaves of plates: ill.; 27 cm. 
Howes no. A222. 
Sabin no. 1347. 

P7 Anburey, Thomas. 

Travels through the interior parts of America in a series of let- 
ters / by an officer. London: Printed for William Lane, 1789. 
2 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. A226. 
Sabin no. 1366. 

P8 Anburey, Thomas. 

Travels through the interior parts of America / by Thomas 
Anburey, lieutenant in the army of General Burgoyne, with a 
foreword by Major-General William Harding Carter . . . Boston 
and New York: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1923. 
2 v.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. A226. 

P9 Arese, Francesco, conte, 1805-81. 

A trip to the prairies and in the interior of North America (1837- 
38): travel notes by Count Francesco Arese, now first translated 
from the original French / by Andrew Evans [pseud.]. New 
York: Harbor Press, 1934. 
xxiv, 217 p., 1 plate (fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 

P10 Arfwedson, Carl David, 1806-81. 

The United States and Canada in 1832, 1833, and 1834 / by C. D. 
Arfwedson . . . London: R. Bentley, 1834. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. A304. 
Sabin no. 1943. 

Pll Baily, Francis, 1774-1844. 

Journal of a tour in unsettled parts of North America in 1796 
& 1797 / edited by Jack D. L. Holmes. Carbondale and 
Edwardsville, 111.; London; Amsterdam: Southern Illinois 



Published Travel Accounts 127 



University, [1969]. 

xxvi, 336 p., 8 leaves of plates: ill.; 22 cm. 

P12 Ballard, Joseph, 1789-1877. 

England in 1815 as seen by a young Boston merchant: being the 
reflections and comments of Joseph Ballard on a trip through 
Great Britain in the year of Waterloo. Boston; New York: 
Houghton Mifflin Co., 1913. 
viii, 181 p., 1 plate: ill.; 21 cm. 

P13 Barrow, John, Sir, 1764-1848. 

Travels in China: containing descriptions, observations, and com- 
parisons, made and collected in the course of a short residence 
at the Imperial Palace of Yuen-min-yuen, and on a subsequent 
journey through the country from Pekin to Canton . . . / by John 
Barrow. London: T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1806. 
x, 632 p., 10 leaves of plates: ill. (some col.); 28 cm. 

P14 Bartlett, John Russell, 1805-86. 

Personal narrative of explorations and incidents in Texas, New 
Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua: connected with the 
United States and Mexican boundary commission during the 
years 1850, 1851, 1852, and 1853 / by John Russell Bartlett. New 
York; London: Appleton, 1854. 
2 v.: ill.; 25 cm. 
Howes no. B201. 
Sabin no. 3746. 

P15 Bartlett, William Henry, 1809-54. 

Walks about the city and environs of Jerusalem / by W. H. Bart- 
lett. London: George Virtue, [1846?] 
viii, 255 p., 31 leaves of plates: ill.; 25 cm. 

P16 Bartram, John, 1699-1777. 

A journey from Pennsylvania to Onondaga in 1743 by John Bar- 
tram, Lewis Evans, [and] Conrad Weiser / introduction by Whit- 
field J. Bell, Jr.; illustrations by Nathan Goldstein. Barre, Mass.: 



128 Published Travel Accounts 



Imprint Society, [1973]. 
132 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

P17 Bartram, John, 1699-1777. 

Travels in Pensilvania and Canada / by John Bartram. Ann 
Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, [1966]. 
94 p., 1 plate (fold.): ill.; 19 cm. 

P18 Bartram, William, 1739-1823. 

Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and 
West Florida, the Cherokee country, the extensive territories of 
the Muscogulges, or Creek confederacy, and the country of the 
Chactaws: containing an account of the soil and natural produc- 
tions of those regions . . . / by William Bartram. Philadelphia: 
Printed by James and Johnson, 1791; London: Reprinted for 
J. Johnson, 1792. 

xxiv, 520, [12] p., 8 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. B223. 
Sabin no. 3870. 

P19 Bartram, William, 1739-1823. 

Travels through North & South Carolina, Georgia, East and 
West Florida: a facsimile of the 1792 London edition embellished 
with its nine original plates, also seventeen additional illustra- 
tions and an introduction by Gordon DeWolf. Savannah, Ga.: 
Beehive Press, [1973]. 
xx, 534 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

P20 Baudry des Lozieres, Louis Narcisse, 1761-1841. 

Voyage a la Louisiane et sur le continent de l'Amerique Septentri- 
onale fait dans les annees 1794 a 1798: contenant un tableau his- 
torique de la Louisiane . . . / par B*** D***; Orne d'une belle 
carte . . . Paris: Dentu, an xi, 1802. 
viii, 382 p., 1 plate (fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 
Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 76. 
Howes no. B243. 
Sabin no. 3979. 



Published Travel Accounts 129 



P21 Bayard, Ferdinand Marie, b. 1768? 

Travels of a Frenchman in Maryland and Virginia with a descrip- 
tion of Philadelphia and Baltimore in 1791; or, travels in the inte- 
rior of the United States, to Bath, Winchester, in the valley of 
the Shenandoah, etc., etc., during the summer of 1791 / by Ferdi- 
nand-M. Bayard. [Ann Arbor, Mich.]: Edwards Brothers, [1950]. 
xxvii, 182 p.; 23 cm. 

P22 Bayard, Ferdinand Marie, b. 1768? 

Voyage dans l'interieur des Etats-Unis a Bath, Winchester, dans 
la vallee de Shenandoha etc. etc. etc. pendant l'ete de 1791 / par 
Ferdinand-M. Bayard . . . Paris: Chez Cocheris, Imprimeur- 
Libraire, An cinquieme de la Republique, (1797, vieux style), 
xvi, 336 p.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. B255. 
Sabin no. 4022. 

P23 Beaumont, [Jean Francois] Albanis, 17537-1811. 

Travels through the Maritime Alps from Italy to Lyons across the 
Col de Tende by the way of Nice, Provence, Languedoc, &c: 
with topographical and historical descriptions; to which are 
added some philosophical observations on the various appear- 
ances in mineralogy &c. found in those countries / by Albanis 
Beaumont . . . London: Printed by T. Bensley, 1795. 
[6], 127, [2] p., 18 leaves of plates (1 double): ill., maps; 44 cm. 

P24 [Beckford, William], 1760-1844. 

Recollections of an excursion to the monasteries of Alcobaca and 
Batalha / by the author of "Vathek." London: R. Bentley, 1835. 
xi, 228 p., 1 plate: ill.; 23 cm. 

P25 [Bell, Andrew], of Southampton, w. 1838-66. 

Men and things in America: being the experience of a year's resi- 
dence in the United States in a series of letters to a friend / by 
A. Thomson [pseud.]. London: W. Smith, 1838. 
viii, 296 p.; 18 cm. 
Sabin no. 4447. 



130 Published Travel Accounts 



P26 Bell, Margaret Van Horn (Dwight), 1790-1834. 

A journey to Ohio in 1810 as recorded in the journal of Margaret 
Van Horn Dwight / edited with an introduction by Max Farrand. 
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1913. 
vi, 64 p.; 22 cm. 

P27 Bell, William Abraham. 

New tracks in North America: a journal of travel and adventure 
whilst engaged in the survey for a southern railroad to the 
Pacific Ocean during 1867-8 / by William A. Bell . . . London: 
Chapman and Hall; New York: Scribner, Welford, 1870. 
box, 564 p., 24 leaves of plates: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. B330. 

P28 Beltrami, Giacomo Constantino, 1779-1855. 

A pilgrimage in Europe and America leading to the discovery of 
the sources of the Mississippi and Bloody River: with a descrip- 
tion of the whole course of the former and of the Ohio / by J.C. 
Beltrami. London: Hunt and Clarke, 1828. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. B338. 
Sabin no. 4605. 

P29 Benjamin, Israel Joseph, 1818-64. 

Three years in America, 1859-1862 / by I. J. Benjamin; translated 
from the German by Charles Reznikoff with an introduction by 
Oscar Handlin. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of 
America, 1956. 
2 v.: ill.; 24 cm. 

P30 Bernhard, Karl, duke of Saxe- Weimar-Eisenach, 1792-1862. 
Reise Sr. Hoheit des Herzogs Bernard zu Sachsen-Weimar- 
Eisenach durch Nord-Amerika in den Jahren 1825 und 1826. Wei- 
mar, Ger.: Wilhelm Hoffman, 1828. 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. B385. 
Sabin no. 4953. 



Published Travel Accounts 131 



P31 Bernhard, Karl, duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, 1792-1862. 

Travels through North America during the years 1825 and 1826 / 
by His Highness, Bernhard, duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Phil- 
adelphia: Carey, Lea, and Carey, 1828. 
2 v. in 1; 23 cm. 
Howes no. B385. 
Sabin no. 4954. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 32277. 



P32 [Berquin-Duvallon]. 

Travels in Louisiana and the Floridas in the year 1802: giving a 

correct picture of those countries / translated from the French 

with notes &c. by John Davis . . . New York: Printed by and for 

J. Riley, 1806. 

viii, 181 p., 18 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 79. 

Howes no. B389. 

Sabin no. 4965. 



P33 [Berquin-Duvallon]. 

Vue de la colonie espagnole du Mississippi, ou des provinces de 

Louisiane et Floride Occidentale, en l'annee 1802 / par un obser- 

vateur resident sur les lieux . . . Paris: A lTmprimerie Expedi- 

tive, l'an XI, 1803. 

xx, 318, 5, [4] p., 2 leaves of plates (fold.): ill.; 21 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 79. 

Howes no. B389. 

Sabin no. 4962. 



P34 [Biddle, Richard], 1796-1847. 

Captain Hall in America / by an American. Philadelphia: Carey 
and Lea, 1830. 
120 p.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 5247. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 538. 



132 Published Travel Accounts 



P35 Bierce, Lucius Verus, 1801-76. 

Travels in the Southland, 1822-1823: the journal of Lucius Verus 
Bierce; edited with a biographical essay by George W. Knepper. 
Columbus: Ohio State University Press, [1966]. 
x, 139 p.; 23 cm. 

P36 Bigelow, Timothy, 1767-1821. 

Diary of a visit to Newport, New York, and Philadelphia during 
the summer of 1815 / by Timothy Bigelow; edited by a grandson 
. . . Boston: Printed for private distribution; [Cambridge, Eng.: 
Cambridge University Press], 1880. 
[5], 29 p.; 23 cm. 

P37 Bigelow, Timothy, 1767-1821. 

Journal of a tour to Niagara Falls in the year 1805 / by Timothy 
Bigelow; with an introduction by a grandson [Abbott Lawrence]. 
Boston: Press of John Wilson and Son, 1876. 
xx, 121 p.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. B437. 

P38 Bingley, William, 1744-1823. 

Travels in North America from modern writers: with remarks 
and observations; exhibiting a connected view of the geography 
and present state of that quarter of the globe / by the Rev. Wil- 
liam Bingley. London: Printed for Harvey and Darton, 1821. 
346 p., 3 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 
Sabin no. 5463. 

P39 Birkbeck, Morris, 1764-1825. 

Letters from Illinois / by Morris Birkbeck . . . Philadelphia: 

Printed for the author; Dublin: Re-printed for Thomas Larkin, 

1818. 

[xv], 112 p.; 23 cm. 

Howes no. B467. 

P40 Birkbeck, Morris, 1764-1825. 

Notes on a journey in America from the coast of Virginia to the 
territory of Illinois . . . / by Morris Birkbeck. London: James 



Published Travel Accounts 133 



Ridgway, 1818. 

iv, 156, 2, [2], 4 p., 1 plate (fold., col.): ill; 18 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 4. 

Howes no. B468. 

Sabin no. 5569. 

P41 Birket, James. 

Some cursory remarks made by James Birket in his voyage to 
North America, 1750-1751. New Haven: Yale University Press 
[etc., etc.], 1916. 
vi, 74 p.; 22 cm. 

P42 Blanc, Marie Therese (de Solms), 1840-1907. 

Les Americaines chez elle / Th. Bentzon [pseud.]. Paris: 
Hachette, 1904. 
358 p.; 19 cm. 

P43 [Blane, William Newnham], 1800-1825. 

An excursion through the United States and Canada during the 

years 1822-23 / by an English gentleman. London: Baldwin, Cra- 

dock, and Joy, 1824. 

[3], 515 p., 2 leaves of fold, plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

Howes no. B521. 

P44 Bloodgood, Simeon de Witt, 1799-1866. 

An Englishman's sketch-book; or, Letters from New-York. New 
York: G. and C. Carvill, 1828. 
[2], iv, [7]-195 p.; 20 cm. 
Sabin no. 22625. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 32401. 

P45 Blouet, Paul, 1848-1903. 

A Frenchman in America: recollections of men and things / by 
Max O'Rell [pseud.]. . . . with over one hundred and thirty illus- 
trations by E. W. Kemble. New York: Cassell Publishing Co., 
[1891]. 
x, 365, [3] p., 1 plate: ill.; 21 cm. 



234 Published Travel Accounts 



P46 Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith, 1827-91. 

An American diary, 1857-8 / edited from the manuscript by 
Joseph W. Reed, Jr. London: Routledge and Keagan Paul, [1972]. 
[8], 198 p., 2 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 



P47 Bontekoe, William Ysbrantsz, 1587-1647. 

Memorable description of the East Indian voyage, 1618-25 / 
translated from the Dutch by Mrs. C. B. Bodde-Hodgkinson and 
Pieter Geyl . . . with an introduction and notes by Professor 
Geyl. New York: Robert M. McBride, 1929. 
168 p., 10 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 



P48 Bossu, [Mons. Jean Bernard], 1720-92. 

Nouveaux voyages dans l'Amerique Septentrionale, contenant 
une collection de lettres ecrites sur les lieux par l'Auteur a son 
ami, M. Douin . . . ci-devant son camarade dans les nouveau 
monde / par M. Bossu . . . Amsterdam: Changuion, 1777. 
xvi, 392, 4 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. B627. 
Sabin no. 6470. 



P49 Boudinot, Elias, 1740-1821. 

Elias Boudinot's journey to Boston in 1809 / edited by Milton Hal- 
sey Thomas. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955. 
xiii, 97 p., 4 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

P50 Bourke, John Gregory, 1843-96. 

The snake dance of the Moquis of Arizona: being a narrative of a 
journey from Santa Fe, New Mexico to the villages of the Moqui 
Indians of Arizona; with a description of the manners and cus- 
toms of this peculiar people and especially of the revolting reli- 
gious rite, the snake dance . . . / by John G. Bourke. New York: 
Charles Scribner's Sons, 1884. 

xvi, 371 p., 31 leaves of plates (some col.): ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. B655. 



Published Travel Accounts 135 



P51 Bowles Samuel, 1826-78. 

Across the continent / by Samuel Bowles. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Uni- 
versity Microfilms, [1966]. 
xx, 452, p., 1 plate (fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 

P52 Braam Houckgeest, Andreas Everard van, 1739-1801. 

Voyage de l'ambassade de la Compagnie des Indes Orientales 
Hollandaises vers l'empereur de la Chine dans les annees 1794 & 
1795 . . .: le tout tire du journal d' Andre Everard Van Braam 
Houckgeest . . . Philadelphie: Chez l'editeur [etc.], 1797-98. 
2 v.: ill.; 27 cm. 
Evans no. 31860. 

P53 Brackenridge, Henry Marie, 1786-1871. 

Views of Louisiana: together with a journal of a voyage up the 

Missouri River in 1811 . . . / by H. M. Brackenridge. Pittsburgh: 

Cramer, Spear, and Eichbaum, 1814. 

304 p.; 22 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 136. 

Howes no. B688. 

Sabin no. 7176. 

P54 Bradbury, John, b. 1768. 

Travels in the interior of America in the years 1809, 1810, and 

1811: including a description of upper Louisiana, together with 

the states of Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, and Tennessee, with the 

Illinois and western territories; and containing remarks and 

observations useful to persons emigrating to those countries / by 

John Bradbury. Liverpool: Printed for the author by Smith and 

Galway and published by Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, London, 

1817. 

364 p.; 23 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 137. 

Howes no. B695. 

Sabin no. 7207. 

P55 Bradbury, John, b. 1768. 

Travels in the interior of America in the years 1809, 1810, and 



136 Published Travel Accounts 



1811 / by John Bradbury; foreword by Donald Jackson. Lincoln: 
University of Nebraska Press, 1986. 
320 p.: map; 20 cm. 

P56 Bremer, Fredrika, 1801-65. 

The homes of the New World: impressions of America / by Fre- 
drika Bremer. London: Arthur Hall, Virtue, 1853. 
3 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. B745. 
Sabin no. 7713. 

P57 Brissot de Warville, Jacques Pierre, 1754-93. 

The commerce of America with Europe, particularly with France 
and Great Britain . . .: shewing the importance of the American 
Revolution to the interests of France and pointing out the actual 
situation of the United States of North-America in regard to 
trade, manufacturers, and population / by J. P. Warville and 
Etienne Claviere; translated from the last French ed., rev. by Bris- 
sot, and called the second volume of his View of America . . . 
New York: T. and J. Swords, 1795. 
xxxv, 228 p.; 17 cm. 
Evans no. 28343. 
Howes no. C464. 
Sabin no. 8016. 

P58 Brissot de Warville, Jacques-Pierre, 1754-93. 

New travels in the United States of America performed in 1788 / 
by J. P. Brissot de Warville; translated from the French . . . Dub- 
lin: W. Corbet, 1792. 

xliii, viii, 46-482 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 20 cm. 
Sabin no. 8025. 

P59 Brissot de Warville, Jacques-Pierre, 1754-93. 

New travels in the United States of America performed in 
MDCCLXXXVII . . . / by J. P. Brissot de Warville. London: 
Printed for J. S. Jordan, 1794. 
3 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Sabin no. 8027. 



Published Travel Accounts 137 



P60 Brissot de Warville, Jacques-Pierre, 1754-93. 

Nouveau voyage dans les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique Septentrio- 
nale fait en 1788 / par J. P. Brissot (Warville) . . . Paris: Chez 
Buisson, 1791. 
3 v.; 21 cm. 
Sabin no. 8035. 

P61 Broughton, William Robert, 1762-1821. 

A voyage of discovery to the north Pacific Ocean: in which the 
coast of Asia, from the lat. of 35° north to the lat. of 52° north, 
the island of Insu (commonly known under the name of the land 
of Jesso), the north, south, and east coasts of Japan, the Lieu- 
chieux and the adjacent isles, as well as the coast of Corea, have 
been examined and surveyed; performed in His Majesty's sloop 
Providence and her tender in the years 1795, 1796, 1797, 1798 / 
by William Robert Broughton. London: Printed for T. Cadell and 
W. Davies, 1804. 

xx, 393 p., 6 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill., maps; 28 x 22 cm. 
Howes no. B821. 
Sabin no. 8423. 

P62 Bryant, Edwin, 1805-69. 

What I saw in California / by Edwin Bryant. Palo Alto, Calif.: 

Lewis Osborne, 1967. 

xiv, 480, [10] p., 15 leaves of plates: ill., maps; 23 cm. 

P63 Buckingham, James Silk, 1786-1855. 

America, historical, statistic, and descriptive / by J. S. Bucking- 
ham. London: Fisher, Son, 1841. 
3 v.: ill., map.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. B921. 
Sabin no. 8892. 

P64 Buckley, Michael Bernhard, 1831-72. 

Diary of a tour in America by M. B. Buckley of Cork, Ireland, a 
special missionary in North America and Canada in 1870 and 
1871 / edited by his sister, Kate Buckley. Dublin: Sealy Bryers 



138 Published Travel Accounts 



and Walker, 1886. 

384 p., 1 plate: ill.; 19 cm. 

P65 [Burlend, Rebecca], 1793-1872. 

A true picture of emigration; or, Fourteen years in the interior of 
North America; being a full and impartial account of the various 
difficulties and ultimate success of an English family who emi- 
grated from Barwick-in-Elmet, near Leeds, in the year 1831. Lon- 
don: G. Berger, [1848]. 
62 p.; 18 cm. 
Howes no. B992. 
Sabin no. 97133. 

P66 Burnaby, Andrew, 17347-1812. 

Burnaby's travels through North America: reprinted from the 
third edition of 1798 / with introduction and notes by Rufus 
Rockwell Wilson. New York: A. Wessels Co., 1904. 
265 p.; 22 cm. 

P67 Burritt, Elihu, 1810-79. 

Walks in the black country and its green border-land / by Elihu 
Burritt. London: S. Low, Son, and Marston, 1868. 
vi, 448 p., 1 plate: ill.; 21 cm. 

P68 Busch, Moritz, 1821-99. 

Travels between the Hudson and Mississippi, 1851-1852. [Lexing- 
ton]: University Press of Kentucky, [1971]. 
xix, 295, p.; 24 cm. 

P69 [Butel-Dumont, Georges Marie], 1725-88. 

Histoire et commerce des colonies angloises, dans l'Amerique 

Septentrionale. A Londres et se vend a Paris: Chez Breton, 

[etc.], 1755. 

xxiv, 336 p.; 18 cm. 

Howes no. B1049. 

Sabin no. 9602. 



Published Travel Accounts 139 



P70 [Caldwell, John Edwards], 1769-1819. 

A tour through part of Virginia in the summer of 1808: in a 
series of letters, including an account of Harper's Ferry, the Nat- 
ural Bridge, the new discovery called Weir's cave, Monticello, 
and the different medicinal springs, hot and cold baths, visited 
by the author. New York: Printed for the author [by] H.C. South- 
wick, 1809. 
31 p.; 23 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 139. 
Howes no. C23. 

P71 [Candler, Isaac]. 

A summary view of America: comprising a description of the 
face of the country, and of several of the principal cities, and 
remarks on the social, moral, and political character of the peo- 
ple; being the result of observations and enquiries during a jour- 
ney in the United States / by an Englishman. London: T. Cadell 
and W. Blackwood, 1824. 
viii, 503 p.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. C110. 
Sabin no. 10672. 

P72 Carr, George Kirwan. 

A short tour through the United States and Canada, October 
10th to December 31st, 1832: the journal of Lieut. George Kirwan 
Carr / edited with notes by Deoch Fulton. New York: New York 
Public Library, 1937. 
34 p., 3 leaves of plates: ill.; 26 cm. 

P73 Carroll, Charles, 1737-1832. 

Journal of Charles Carroll of Carrollton during his visit to Can- 
ada in 1776 as one of the commissioners from Congress / with a 
memoir and notes by Bantz Mayer. Baltimore: John Murphy, 
1845. 

84 p., 1 plate: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. C179. 
Sabin no. 11068. 



140 Published Travel Accounts 



P74 Carver, Jonathan, 1710-80. 

Three years travels through the interior parts of North-America 

for more than five thousand miles . . . / by Captain Jonathan 

Carver. Philadelphia: Key and Simpson, 1796. 

xx, 360, 20 p.; 21 cm. 

Evans no. 30169 

Howes no. C215. 

Sabin no. 11185. 

P75 Carver, Jonathan, 1710-80. 

Three years travels throughout the interior parts of North- 
America for more then five thousand miles . . . / by Captain Jon- 
athan Carver. Boston: John Russell for David West, 1797. 
xvi, [5J-312 p., 18 cm. 
Evans no. 31920 
Howes no. C215. 
Sabin no. 11185. 

P76 Carver, Jonathan, 1710-80. 

Travels through the interior parts of North America in the years 
1766, 1767, and 1768 / by J. Carver. London: C. Dilly [etc.], 1781. 
[4], 22, [22], xvi, [17]-543, [21] p., 7 leaves of plates (some fold. 
& col.): ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. C215. 
Sabin no. 11184. 

P77 Casey, Charles. 

Two years on the farm of Uncle Sam: with sketches of his loca- 
tion, nephews, and prospects / by Charles Casey. London: Rich- 
ard Bentley, 1852. 
ix, 311 p.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. C219. 
Sabin no. 11326. 

P78 Cather, Thomas. 

Journal of a voyage to America in 1836. London: Rodale Press; 
Emmaus, Pa.: Rodale Books, 1955. 
48 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 141 



P79 Chambers, William, 1800-1883. 

Things as they are in America / by W. Chambers. Philadelphia: 
Lippincott, Grambo, 1854. 
vi, 364 p.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. C275. 
Sabin no. 11807. 

P80 Chandler, Richard, 1738-1810. 

Travels in Asia Minor; or, An account of a tour made at the 
expense of the Society of Dilettanti . . . Dublin: Printed and sold 
by R. Marchbank, 1775. 
xxviii, 283 p.; 21 cm. 

P81 Chandler, Richard, 1738-1810. 

Travels in Greece; or, An account of a tour made at the expense 
of the Society of Dilettanti / by Richard Chandler. Oxford: 
Printed at the Clarendon Press, 1776. 
4, xiv, [2], 304 p., 7 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 28 cm. 

P82 Charlevoix, Pierre-Francois-Xavier de, 1682-1761. 

Journal of a voyage to North America / by Pierre de Charlevoix. 
Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms, [1966]. 
2 v.: ill., map; 19 cm. 

P83 Chastellux, Francois Jean, marquis de, 1734-88. 

Travels in North-America in the years 1780, 1781, and 1782 / by 
the Marquis de Chastellux . . . London: Printed for G. G. and J. 
and J. Robinson, 1787. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. C324. 
Sabin no. 12229. 

P84 Chastellux, Francois Jean, marquis de, 1734-88. 

Voyages de M. le marquis de Chastellux dans l'Amerique Septen- 

trionale dans les annees 1780, 1781, & 1782. Paris: Chez Prault, 

1786. 

2 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 



142 Published Travel Accounts 



Howes no. C324. 
Sabin no. 12227. 

P85 Chastellux, Frangois Jean, marquis de, 1734-88. 

Voyages de M. le marquis de Chastellux dans l'Amerique Septen- 

trionale dans les annees 1780, 1781 & 1782. Paris: Prault, 

1788-91. 

2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 

Howes no. C324. 

Sabin no. 12227. 

P86 Cipriani, Leonetto, conte, 1812-88. 

California and overland diaries of Count Leonetto Cipriani from 
1853-1871: translated and edited by Ernest Falbo. [Portland, 
Ore.]: Champoeg Press, 1962. 
[6], 148, [5] p., 1 plate: ill.; 27 cm. 

P87 Clarke, Edward Daniel, 1768-1822. 

Travels in various countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa / by 
Edward Daniel Clarke. Hartford, Conn.: John W. Robbins, 1817. 

2 v.; 18 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 40486. 

P88 Cobbett, William, 1763-1835. 

Rural rides in the southern, western, and eastern counties of 
England: together with tours in Scotland and in the northern 
and midland counties of England and letters from Ireland / by 
William Cobbett. London: Peter Davies, 1930. 

3 v., ill.; 26 cm. 

P89 Cobbett, William, 1763-1835. 

A year's residence in the United States of America . . .: in three 

parts / by William Cobbett. New York: Clayton and Kingsland, 

1818. 

134 p.; 19 cm. 

Howes no. C525. 

Sabin no. 14021. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 43654. 



Published Travel Accounts 143 



P90 Coke, Edward Thomas, 1807-88. 

A subaltern's furlough / by E. T. Coke. New York: J. and J. 

Harper, 1833. 

2 v.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. C546. 

Sabin no. 14239. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 18320. 

P91 Coleridge, Henry Nelson, 1789-1843. 

Six months in the West Indies in 1825 / by Henry Nelson Cole- 
ridge. London: John Murray, 1832. 
8, 311 p.; 16 cm. 
Sabin no. 14319. 

P92 [Colles, James], 1828-98. 

Journal of a hunting excursion to Louis Lake, 1851. Blue Moun- 
tain Lake, N.Y.: Adirondack Museum, 1961. 
[79] p.: ill., facsims.; 29 cm. 

P93 Collins, John Sloan, b. 1839. 

My experience in the West / edited by Colton Storm. Chicago: 
R. R. Donnelley and Sons Co., 1970. 
xxxv, 252 p.: ill.; 17 cm. 

P94 Colman, Henry, 1785-1849. 

European life and manners in familiar letters to friends . . . Bos- 
ton: Charles C. Little and James Brown; London: John Pether- 
ham, 1849. 
2 v.; 21 cm. 

P95 Comettant, Jean Pierre Oscar, 1819-98. 

Voyage pittoresque et anecdotique dans le Nord et le Sud des 
Etats-Unis d'Amerique / par Oscar Comettant. Paris: A. Laplace, 
Libraire-Editeur, 1866. 
vii, 469 p., 22 leaves of plates: ill. (some col.); 27 cm. 

P96 Cooley, James Ewing, 1802-82. 

The American in Egypt: with rambles through Arabia, Petraea, 



144 Published Travel Accounts 



and the Holy Land during the years 1839 and 1840 / by James 

Ewing Cooley. New York: D. Appleton, 1842. 

8, [xx], 610, [4], 12 p., 17 leaves of plates: ill.; 22 cm. 

P97 Cooper, James Fenimore, 1789-1851. 

Notions of the Americans: picked up by a travelling bachelor. 

Philadelphia: Carey, Lea and Carey, 1828. 

2 v.; 18 cm. 

Howes no. C750. 

Sabin no. 16486. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 32827. 

P98 Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839. 

A ride to Niagara in 1809 / by T. C. Rochester, N.Y.: George P. 

Humphrey, 1915. 

49 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 24 cm. 

P99 Cox, Ross, 1793-1853. 

Adventures on the Columbia River: including the narrative of a 
residence of six years on the western side of the Rocky Moun- 
tains, among various tribes of Indians hitherto unknown; 
together with a journey across the American continent / by Ross 
Cox. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1831. 

2 v.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. C822. 
Sabin no. 17267. 

P100 [Crevecoeur, Michel Guillaume St. Jean de], 1735-1813. 

Voyage dans la haute Pensylvanie et dan l'etat de New-York / 
par un membre adoptif de la nation Oneida; traduit et publie par 
l'auteur des Lettres d'un cultivateur Americain. Paris: Maradan, 
An IX, 1801. 

3 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. C884. 
Sabin no. 17501. 

P101 Crockett, Davy, 1786-1836. 

An account of Col. Crockett's tour to the North and Down 



Published Travel Accounts 145 



East . . . / written by himself. Philadelphia: E. L. Carey and 

A. Hart, 1835. 

234, 34 p., 1 plate: ill.; 19 cm. 

Howes no. C896. 

Sabin no. 17565. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 31203. 

P102 Cuming, Fortescue, 1762-1828. 

Sketches of a tour to the western country through the states of 

Ohio and Kentucky: a voyage down the Ohio and Mississippi 

Rivers, and a trip through the Mississippi territory and part of 

West Florida . . . / by F. Cuming. Pittsburgh: Cramer, Spear and 

Eichman, 1810. 

504 p.; 18 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 13. 

Howes no. C947. 

Sabin no. 17890. 

P103 Danckaerts, Jasper, b. 1639. 

Journal, Jasper Danckaerts 1679-1689 / edited by Bartlett Bur- 
leigh James . . . and J. Franklin Jameson . . . with a facsimile 
and two maps. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1952. 
313 p., 3 leaves of fold, plates: ill.; 22 cm. 

P104 Danckaerts, Jasper, b. 1639. 

Journal of a voyage to New York and a tour in several of the 
American colonies in 1679-80 / by Jasper Dankers and Peter 
Sluyter. Brooklyn: [The Society], 1867. 

xlvii, 440, viii p., 12 (i.e. 13) leaves of plates (some col. & fold.): 
ill.; 25 cm. 

P105 D'Arusment, Frances (Wright), 1795-1852. 

Views of society and manners in America: in a series of letters 
from that country to a friend in England during the years 1818, 
1819, and 1820 / by Frances Wright. London: Longman, Hurst, 
Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1822. 
x, 483 p.; 22 cm. 
Sabin no. 105597. 



146 Published Travel Accounts 



P106 Davis, John, 1774-1854. 

Travels of four years and a half in the United States of America 
during 1798, 1799, 1800, 1801, and 1802 / with an introduction 
and notes by A.J. Morrison. New York: Henry Holt, 1909. 
xi, [5], 429 p.; 23 cm. 

P107 Defoe, Daniel, 16617-1731. 

A tour thro' the whole island of Great Britain, divided into cir- 
cuits or journeys: giving a particular and diverting account of 
whatever is curious and worth observation / by Daniel Defoe, 
gent.; with which is included a set of maps of England and 
Wales divided into counties and a map of Scotland, composed 
by Herman Moll, geographer; with an introduction by G. D. H. 
Cole. London: P. Davies, 1927. 
2 v.: ill., maps; 25 cm. 

P108 Denon, Dominique Vivant, 1747-1825. 

Viaggio nel Basso ed Alto Egitto: illustrato dietro alle trace e ai 
disegni del Sig. Denon. Firenze: Presso G. Tofani, 1808. 
2 v.: ill.; 55 cm. 

P109 Denon, Dominique Vivant, 1747-1825. 

Voyage dans la basse et la haute Egypte pendant les campagnes 
du General Bonaparte. Paris: P. Didot l'aine, An X, 1802. 
2 v.: maps; 67 cm. 

P110 De Roos, Frederick Fitzgerald, 1804-61. 

Personal narrative of travels in the United States and Canada in 
1826: with remarks on the present state of the American navy / 
by Lieut, the Hon. F. Fitzgerald De Roos. London: William Har- 
rison Ainsworth, 1827. 

xii, 207, [14] leaves of plates (1 fold.),: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. D268. 
Sabin no. 19677. 

Pill Description de l'Egypte; ou, Recueil des observations et des 

recherches qui ont ete faites en Egypte pendant l'expedition de 
l'armee francaise; publie par les ordres de Sa Majeste l'Empereur 



Published Travel Accounts 147 



Napoleon le Grand. Paris, 1809-22. 
23 v.: ill.; 41-110 cm. 

P112 Dickens, Charles, 1812-70. 

American notes for general circulation / by Charles Dickens. Lon- 
don: Chapman and Hall, 1842. 
2 v.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. D316. 
Sabin no. 19996. 

P113 Dickinson, Jonathan, 1663-1722. 

Jonathan Dickinson's journal; or, God's protecting providence; 
being a narrative of a journey from Port Royal in Jamaica to Phil- 
adelphia between August 23, 1696 and April 1, 1697 / edited by 
Evangeline Walker Andrews and Charles McLean Andrews. 
New Haven: Yale University Press, 1945. 
x, 252 p., [4] leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 

P114 Dilke, Sir Charles Wentworth, bart, 1843-1911. 

Greater Britain: a record of travel in English-speaking countries 
during 1866 and 1867 / by Charles Wentworth Dilke. New York: 
Harper and Brothers, 1869. 
xiii, 561, [2] p.: ill.; 20 cm. 
Sabin no. 20155. 

P115 Dix, John, 18007-1865? 

Local loiterings and visits in the vicinity of Boston / by a 
looker-on. Boston: Redding, 1845. 
147 p.; 19 cm. 
Sabin no. 20344. 

P116 Dixon, James, 1788-1871. 

Personal narrative of a tour through a part of the United States 
and Canada: with notices of the history and institutions of Meth- 
odism in America / by James Dixon. New York: Lane and Scott, 
1849. 

431 p., 1 plate: ill.; 19 cm. 
Sabin no. 20370. 



148 Published Travel Accounts 



P117 Duden, Gottfried, 1785-1855. 

Report on a journey to the western states of North America and 
a stay of several years along the Missouri (during the years 1824, 
'25, '26, and 1827) / Gottfried Duden; an English translation; 
James W. Goodrich, general ed. . . . Columbia: State Historical 
Society of Missouri, 1980. 
xxiv, 372 p.; 24 cm. 

P118 Duflot de Mofras, Eugene, 1810-84. 

Exploration du territoire de l'Oregon, des Californies, et de la 
mer Vermeille: executee pendant les annees 1840, 1841, et 1842 / 
par M. Duflot de Mofras . . . Paris: Arthur Bertrand, 1844. 
3 v.: ill.; 24-54 cm. 
Howes no. D542. 
Sabin no. 21144. 

P119 du Pont de Nemours, Victor Marie, 1767-1827. 

Journey to France and Spain, 1801 / by Victor Marie du Pont. Ith- 
aca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1961. 
xxvi, 144 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

P120 Duvergier de Hauranne, Ernest, 1834-77. 

A Frenchman in Lincoln's America = Huit mois en Amerique: 
lettres et notes de voyage, 1864-1865 / by Ernest Duvergier de 
Hauranne; translated and edited by Ralph H. Bowen; with intro- 
duction and notes by Ralph H. Bowen and Albert Krebs. Chi- 
cago: Lakeside Press; R. R. Donnelly and Sons Co., 1974-75. 
2 v.: ill.; 18 cm. 

P121 Dwight, Theodore, 1796-1866. 

Things as they are; or, Notes of a traveller through some of the 

middle and northern states. New York: Harper and Brothers, 

1834. 

252 p., 1 plate: ill.; 21 cm. 

Howes no. D609. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 24249. 



Published Travel Accounts 149 



P122 Dwight, Timothy, 1752-1817. 

Travels in New-England and New-York / by Timothy Dwight. 
London: W. Barnes and Son; Edinburgh: H. S. Baynes, 1823. 
4 v.: ill; 22 cm. 
Howes no. D612. 
Sabin no. 21559. 

P123 Edwards, Amelia Ann Blandford, 1831-1892. 

A thousand miles up the Nile / by Amelia B. Edwards; with 
upwards of seventy illustrations engraved on wood by G. Pear- 
son . . . London [etc.]: G. Routledge and Sons, 1890. 
499 p., 1 plate: ill.; 23 cm. 

P124 Ellis, William, 1794-1872. 

A journal of a tour around Hawaii, the largest of the Sandwich 

Islands. Boston: Crocker and Brewster; New York: J. P. Haven, 

1825. 

xii, 264 p., 6 leaves of plates, 1 fold, map: ill.; 19 cm. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 20399. 

P125 Ellison, Frank. 

A facsimile of A journal of a trip Down East, Aug. 1858 / by 
Frank Ellison; foreword by Isaac Oelgart. Dallas: Somesuch 
Press, 1981. 
viii, [10], 33, [10] p.; 7 x 8 cm. 

P126 [Engelbach, Lewis]. 

Naples and the campagna felice: in a series of letters addressed 
to a friend in England in 1802. London: R. Ackermann, 1815. 
4, 400, [ii] p., 18 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 26 cm. 

P127 European delineation of American character as contained in a let- 
ter from a foreign traveller in New York to his friend in London. 
New York: Printed for the booksellers [by] J. Gary, 1820. 
16 p.; 22 cm. 
Sabin no. 23111. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 1126. 



150 Published Travel Accounts 



P128 Eustace, John Chetwode, 17627-1815. 

A classical tour through Italy . . . / by the Rev. John Chetwode 
Eustace. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1816. 
2 v.: ill., plans; 22 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 37528. 

P129 Faithfull, Emily, 1835-95. 

Three visits to America / by Emily Faithfull . . . New York: 
Fowler and Wells Co., 1884. 
xvi, 400 p.; 20 cm. 

P130 Faux, William. 

Memorable days in America: being a journal of a tour to the 
United States principally undertaken to ascertain by positive evi- 
dence the condition and probable prospects of British emigrants 
. . . / by W. Faux. London: W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, 1823. 
xvi, 488 p., 1 plate: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. F60. 
Sabin no. 23933. 

P131 Fea, Allan, b. 1860. 

Picturesque old houses: being the impressions of a wanderer off 
the beaten track / by Allan Fea . . . with numerous illustrations 
by the author. London: S. H. Bousfield, [1902]. 
xii, 224 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

P132 Fearon, Henry Bradshaw, b. ca. 1770. 

Sketches of America: a narrative of a journey of five thousand 
miles through the eastern and western states of America; . . . 
with remarks on Mr. Birkbeck's "Notes" and "Letters" / by 
Henry Bradshaw Fearon. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, 
Rees, Orme, And Brown, 1818. 
xi, 454 p.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. F65. 
Sabin no. 23956. 

P133 Felton, Mrs. 

American life: a narrative of two years' city and country resi- 



Published Travel Accounts 151 



dence in the United States / by Mrs. Felton. Bolton Percy, Eng.: 

By the author, 1843. 

136 p., 1 plate: ill.; 18 cm. 

Sabin no. 24044. 

P134 Ferguson, William. 

America by river and rail; or, Notes by the way on the New 

World and its people / by William Ferguson. London: James Nis- 

bet, 1856. 

viii, 511 p., 1 plate: ill.; 24 cm. 

Sabin no. 24100. 

P135 Ferri-Pisani, Camille. 

Prince Napoleon in America, 1861: letters from his aide-de- 
camp / by Lieutenant-Colonel Camille Ferri Pisani; translated 
with a preface by Georges J. Joyaux; foreword by Bruce Catton; 
illustrations by Gil Walker. Bloomington: Indiana University 
Press, 1959. 
317 p., ill.; 21 cm. 

P136 Fidler, Isaac. 

Observations on professions, literature, manners, and emigration 

in the United States and Canada made during a residence there 

in 1832. New York: J. and J. Harper, 1833. 

viii, 247, 6 p.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. F110. 

Sabin no. 24261. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 18807. 

P137 Fiennes, Celia, 1662-1741. 

Through England on a side saddle in the time of William and 
Mary; being the diary of Celia Fiennes / with an introduction by 
the Hon. Mrs. Griffiths. London: Field and Tuer [etc.]; New 
York: Scribner and Wilford, 1888. 
xi, 336 p.; 23 cm. 

P138 Finch, Marianne. 

An Englishwoman's experience in America / by Marianne Finch. 



152 Published Travel Accounts 



London: Richard Bentley, 1853. 
viii, 386 p.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. F132. 
Sabin no. 24354. 

P139 Finch, Marianne. 

An Englishwoman's experience in America / by Marianne Finch. 
New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969. 
viii, 386 p.; 23 cm. 

P140 Flint, Timothy, 1780-1840. 

Recollections of the last ten years passed in occasional residences 

and journeyings in the valley of the Mississippi: from Pittsburgh 

and the Missouri to the Gulf of Mexico and from Florida to the 

Spanish frontier; in a series of letters to the Rev. James Flint of 

Salem, Massachusetts / by Timothy Flint. Boston: Cummings, Hil- 

lard, 1826. 

[2], 395 p.; 23 cm. 

Howes no. F204. 

Sabin no. 24794. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 24553. 

P141 Fontaine, John, 1693-1767. 

The journal of John Fontaine, an Irish Huguenot son in Spain 
and Virginia, 1710-1719 / edited with an introduction by Edward 
Porter Alexander. Williamsburg, Va.: Colonial Williamsburg 
Foundation, [1972]; distributed by the University Press of Vir- 
ginia, 
xii, 190 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

P142 Fordham, Elias Pym. 

Personal narratives of travels in Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylva- 
nia, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky: and of residence in the Illinois Ter- 
ritory, 1817-1818 / by Elias Pym Fordham. Cleveland: Arthur H. 
Clark Co., 1906. 

248, [10] p., 5 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 
Howes no. F257. 



Published Travel Accounts 153 



P143 Forman, Samuel S., 1765-1862. 

Narrative of a journey down the Ohio and Mississippi in 1789- 
90 / by Samuel Forman. New York: Arno Press, 1971. 
67, [5] p.; 23 cm. 

P144 Fortune, Robert, 1813-80. 

Two visits to the tea countries of China and the British tea plan- 
tations in the Himalaya: with a narrative of adventures and a full 
description of the culture of the tea plant, the agriculture, horti- 
culture, and botany of China / by Robert Fortune. London: John 
Murray, 1853. 
2 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 

P145 Fowler, John. 

Journal of a tour in the state of New York in the year 1830: with 
remarks on agriculture in those parts most eligible for settlers; 
and return to England by the Western islands in consequence of 
shipwreck in the Robert Fulton / by John Fowler. London: Whit- 
taker, Treacher, and Arnot, 1831. 
333 p.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. F299. 
Sabin no. 25310. 

P146 Frazier, William, 1812-85. 

Copy of a journal by William Frazier, Esq., of Virginia: of his 
journey in the year 1843 by horseback, stage coach, and river 
steamer into the middle west thence to Niagara Falls and 
beyond. Richmond: Dietz Printing Co., 1930. 
88 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

P147 Fremont, John Charles, 1813-90. 

Report of the exploring expedition to the Rocky Mountains in 

the year 1842: and to Oregon and North California in the years 

1843-44 / by Brevet Captain J. C. Fremont. Washington, D.C.: 

Gales and Seaton, 1845. 

693 p., 18 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 23 cm. 

Howes no. F370. 

Sabin no. 25845. 



154 Published Travel Accounts 



P148 Gass, Patrick, 1771-1870. 

A journal of the voyages and travels of a corps of discovery 
under the command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the 
Army of the United States: from the mouth of the river Missouri 
through the interior parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean 
during the years 1804, 1805 and 1806 . . . / by Patrick Gass. Phila- 
delphia: Printed for Mathew Carey, 1810. 
262 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 
Howes no. G77. 
Sabin no. 26741. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 20185. 

P149 Gass, Patrick, 1771-1870. 

A Journal of the voyages and travels of a corps of discovery 
under the command of Capt. Lewis and Capt. Clarke of the 
Army of the United States: from the mouth of the river Missouri 
through the interior parts of North America to the Pacific Ocean, 
during the years 1804, 1805, & 1806 . . . / by Patrick Gass. Phila- 
delphia: Mathew Carey, 1812. 
262 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 17 cm. 
Howes no. G77. 
Sabin no. 26741 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 25498. 

P150 Gibson, Charles Dana, b. 1867. 

Sketches in Egypt / written and illustrated by Charles Dana Gib- 
son. New York: Doubleday and McClure Co., 1899. 
xv, 114 p., 1 plate: ill.; 26 cm. 

P151 Gilpin, William, 1724-1804. 

Observations on several parts of the counties of Cambridge, Nor- 
folk, Suffolk, and Essex: also on several parts of North Wales rel- 
ative chiefly to picturesque beauty, in two tours, the former 
made in the year 1769, the latter in the year 1733 / by William 
Gilpin. London: Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1809. 
x, 208 p., 20 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 155 



P152 Gilpin, William, 1724-1804. 

Observations on the coasts of Hampshire, Sussex, and Kent rela- 
tive chiefly to picturesque beauty: made in the summer of the 
year 1774 / by William Gilpin. London: Printed for T. Cadell and 
W. Davies, 1804. 
viii, 135 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P153 Gilpin, William, 1724-1804. 

Observations on the river Wye and several parts of South Wales, 

&c. relative chiefly to picturesque beauty: made in the summer 

of the year 1770 / by William Gilpin. London: Printed for 

R. Blamire, 1792. 

xvi, 152, 16 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 23 cm. 

P154 Gilpin, William, 1724-1804. 

Observations on the western parts of England relative chiefly to 
picturesque beauty: to which are added a few remarks on the pic- 
turesque beauties of the Isle of Wight / by William Gilpin. Lon- 
don: Printed for T. Cadell, Jun., and W. Davies, 1798. 
xvi, 359, p., 18 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P155 Gilpin, William, 1724-1804. 

Remarks on forest scenery and other woodland views (relative 
chiefly to picturesque beauty): illustrated by the scenes of New- 
Forest in Hampshire / by William Gilpin. London: Printed for 
R. Blamire, 1791. 
2 v.: ill., map; 23 cm. 

P156 Gillette, Martha Hill, b. 1833. 

Overland to Oregon and in the Indian wars of 1853: with an 
account of earlier life in rural Tennessee. Ashland, Ore.: Lewis 
Osborne, 1971. 
77, [3] p.: ill., fold, map.; 27 cm. 

P157 Goldie, John, 1793-1886. 

Diary of a journey through Upper Canada and some of the 
New England states, 1819 / by John Goldie. Toronto: William 



156 Published Travel Accounts 



Tyrrell, 1897. 

56 p., 3 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 

P158 [Goodwin, Nathaniel], 1782-1855. 

Memorandum of a journey from Hartford to Niagara Falls and 
return in 1828: also Hartford to Mendon in 1821. Vineland, N.J.: 
F. D. Andrews, 1909. 
12 p.; 19 cm. 

P159 Greeley, Horace, 1811-72. 

Glances at Europe in a series of letters from Great Britain, 
France, Italy, Switzerland, &c, during the summer of 1851. New 
York: Dewitt and Davenport, 1851. 
viii, 350 p.; 19 cm. 

P160 [Greene, Asa], 1789-1838. 

Travels in America / by George Fibblton, Esq. [pseud.], ex barber 

to his Majesty, the King of Great Britain. New York: William 

Pearson, Peter Hill, and others, 1833. 

216 p.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. G376. 

Sabin no. 28585. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 19100. 

P161 Gurney, Joseph John, 1788-1847. 

A winter in the West Indies described in familiar letters to Henry 
Clay of Kentucky / by Joseph John Gurney. London: John Mur- 
ray, 1841. 

xvi, 282, 12 p., 2 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 29312. 

P162 Gustorf, Frederick Julius, 1800-1845. 

The uncorrupted heart: journal and letters of Frederick Julius 
Gustorf, 1800-1845 / edited, with introductory notes by Fred Gus- 
torf; translated from the German by Fred Gustorf and Gisela Gus- 
torf. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1969. 
viii, [4], 182 p.; 24 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 157 



P163 Hadfield, Joseph, 1759-1851. 

An Englishman in America, 1785: being the diary of Joseph Had- 
field; edited and annotated by Douglas S. Robertson. Toronto: 
Hunter-Rose Co., 1933. 
be, 232 p., 1 plate: ill.; 24 cm. 

P164 Hall, Basil, 1788-1844. 

Travels in North America in the years 1827 and 1828 / by Basil 
Hall. Edinburgh: Printed for R. Cadell; London: Simpkin and 
Marshall, 1830. 
3 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. H47. 
Sabin no. 29725. 

P165 Hall, Francis, d. 1833. 

Travels in Canada and the United States in 1816 and 1817 / by 

Lieut. Francis Hall. Boston: From the London ed. by Wells and 

Lilly, 1818. 

322 p.; 22 cm. 

Howes no. H62. 

Sabin no. 29769. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 44223. 

P166 Hall, Margaret (Hunter), "Mrs. Basil Hall," 1799-1876. 

The aristocratic journey: being the outspoken letters of Mrs. Basil 
Hall written during a fourteen months' sojourn in America, 
1827-1828; prefaced and edited by Una Pope-Hennessy . . . New 
York; London: Knickerbocker Press, 1931. 
vii, 308 p., 13 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P167 Hall, Newman, 1816-1902. 

From Liverpool to St. Louis / by Rev. Newman Hall. London: 
George Routledge and Sons [etc.], 1870. 
xxv, 294, p., 1 plate: ill.; 18 cm. 
Sabin no. 29834. 

P168 Hallam, George. 

Narrative of a voyage from Montego Bay in the island of Jamaica 



158 Published Travel Accounts 



to England . . .: across the island of Cuba to Havana; from 
thence to Charles Town, South Carolina, Newcastle on the Dela- 
ware, and Baltimore, Maryland; and by land to Washington and 
back, thence to Philadelphia, and through the Jerseys to New 
York where he embarked and made the voyage to Havre-de- 
Grace, in France . . . performed in the autumn, 1809 / by G. Hal- 
lam . . . London: Printed for C. J. G. and F. Rivington, 1831. 
iv, 116 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 24 cm. 

P169 Hamerton, Philip Gilbert, 1834-94. 

The Saone: a summer voyage / by Philip Gilbert Hamerton; with 
a hundred and forty-eight illustrations by Joseph Pennell and the 
author and four maps. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1888. 
xix, 386 p.: ill., maps; 24 cm. 

P170 Hamilton, Alexander, 1712-65. 

Hamilton's itinerarium: being a narrative of a journey from 
Annapolis, Maryland, through Delaware, Pennsylvania, New 
York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, 
and New Hampshire . . . / by Doctor Alexander Hamilton; 
edited by Albert Bushnell Hart. St. Louis: William K. Bixby, 
1907. 

xxvii, 263, [48] p. of plates, 5 leaves of plates: ill., facsims; 24 cm. 
Howes no. H125. 

P171 [Hamilton, Thomas], 1789-1842. 

Men and manners in America / by the author of Cyril Thornton, 
etc. . . . Edinburgh: W. Blackwood; London: T. Cadell, 1833. 
2 v.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. H138. 
Sabin no. 30034. 

P172 Hamy, Ernest Theodore, 1842-1908. 

The travels of the naturalist Charles A. Lesueur in North 
America, 1815-1837 / by E. T. Hamy, Milton Haber, translation, 
H. F. Raup, ed. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 1968. 
xiii, 96 p., 10 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 159 



P173 Hardy, Mary (McDowell) Duffus, lady, 18257-91. 

Through cities and prairie lands: sketches of an American tour / 
by Lady Duffus Hardy. New York: R. Worthington, 1890. 
xii, 338 p.; 20 cm. 

P174 Heap, Gwinn Harris. 

Central route to the Pacific from the valley of the Mississippi to 
California: journal of the expedition of E. F. Beale . . . and 
Gwinn Harris Heap from Missouri to California in 1853 / by 
Gwinn Harris Heap. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo, [etc.], 
1854. 

136, 32 p., 14 leaves of plates (1 fold., col.): ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. H378. 
Sabin no. 31175. 

P175 Heine, Wilhelm, 1817-85. 

Graphic scenes in the Japan expedition / by William Heine . . . 
New York: G. P. Putnam, 1856. 
10 plates: ill.; 52 cm. 

P176 Hennepin, Louis, seventeenth century. 

A new discovery of a vast country in America extending above 
four thousand miles between New France & New Mexico . . .: 
giving an account of the attempts of the sieur de la Salle upon 
the mines of St. Barbe &c, the taking of Quebec by the English, 
with the advantages of a shorter cut to China and Japan . . . / by 
L. Hennepin, now a resident in Holland. London: Henry Bon- 
wicke, 1699. 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. H416. 
Sabin no. 31372. 

P177 Henry, Alexander, 1739-1824. 

Alexander Henry's travels and adventures in the years 1760- 
1776 / edited with historical introduction and notes by Milo Mil- 
ton Quaife. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley and Sons Co., 1921. 
xxxii, 340 p., 2 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 18 cm. 



260 Published Travel Accounts 



P178 Heriot, George, 1759-1839. 

Travels through the Canadas: containing a description of the pic- 
turesque scenery on some of the rivers and lakes . . . / by 
George Heriot, Esq. London: Richard Phillips, 1807. 
xii, 602 p., 28 leaves of plates (some fold., col.): ill.; 28 cm. 
Sabin no. 31489. 

P179 Hillard, George Stillman, 1808-79. 

Six months in Italy / by George Stillman Hillard. Boston: Tick- 
nor, Reed and Fields, 1854. 
2 v.; 19 cm. 

P180 Hodges, William, 1744-97. 

Travels in India during the years 1780, 1781, 1782, & 1783 / by 
William Hodges. London: Printed for the author and sold by 
J. Edwards, 1793. 
vi, 156 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 30 cm. 

P181 Hodgson, Adam. 

Letters from North America written during a tour in the United 

States and Canada . . . / by Adam Hodgson. London: Hurst, 

Robinson, 1824. 

2 v.: ill. (fold, map); 23 cm. 

Sabin no. 32357. 

P182 Houel, Jean Pierre Louis Laurent, 1735-1813. 

Voyage pittoresque des isles de Sidle, de Malte et de Lipari, ou 
Ton traite des antiquites qui s'y trouvent encore . . . / par Jean 
Houel, peintre du roi. Paris: Imprimerie de Monsieur, 1782-87. 
4 v.: ill., maps, plans; 52 x 34 cm. 

P183 Howells, William Dean, 1837-1920. 

Venetian life / by William Dean Howells; with illustrations from 

original water colors. Cambridge: Printed at the Riverside Press, 

1892. 

2 v.: col. ill.; 20 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 161 



P184 Hue, Evfariste Regis, 1813-60. 

The Chinese empire: forming a sequel to the work entitled "Rec- 
ollections of a journey through Tartary and Thibet" / by M. Hue. 
London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1855. 
2 v.: map; 23 cm. 

P185 Hunter, Robert, 1764-1843. 

Quebec to Carolina in 1785-1786: being the travel diary and 
observations of Robert Hunter, Jr., a young merchant of Lon- 
don / edited by Louis B. Wright and Marion Tinling. San 
Marino, Calif.: Huntington Library, 1943. 
ix, 393 p.; 24 cm. 

P186 Huret, Jules, 1864-1915. 

En Amerique: New York a la Nouvelle-Orleans. Paris: Biblio- 
theque-Charpentier, 1904. 
420 p.; 19 cm. 

P187 James, Edwin, 1797-1861. 

Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Moun- 
tains performed in the years 1819 and 20: by order of the Hon- 
ourable John C. Calhoun, Secretary of War . . . / compiled by 
Edwin James. Philadelphia: H. C. Carey and I. Lea, 1823. 

2 v.: ill.; 31 cm. 
Howes no. J41. 
Sabin no. 35682. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 12942. 

P188 James, Edwin, 1797-1861. 

Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Moun- 
tains performed in the years 1819 and 1820: by order of the Hon. 
J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the command of Maj. S. 
H. Long of the U.S. Top. Engineers / compiled from the notes of 
Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the party by 
Edwin James . . . London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, 
Orme, and Brown, 1823. 

3 v.: ill. (some col.); 23 cm. 



162 Published Travel Accounts 



Howes no. J41. 
Sabin no. 35683. 

P189 Janin, Jules Gabriel, 1804-74. 

The American in Paris / by M. Jules Janin; illustrations by eigh- 
teen engravings from designs by M. Eugene Lami. London: 
Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans; New York: Appleton 
and Son, 1843. 
vii, 256 p., 18 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P190 Janson, Charles William. 

The stranger in America: containing observations made during 

a long residence in that country . . . London: Printed for 

J. Cundee, 1807. 

499 p., 12 leaves of plates: ill.; 28 cm. 

Howes no. J59. 

Sabin no. 35770. 

P191 Jarves, James Jackson, 1820-88. 

Italian rambles: studies of life and manners in new and old 
Italy / by James Jackson Jarves . . . New York: G. P. Purman's 
Sons, 1883. 
iv, 446 p.; 16 cm. 

P192 Jonveaux, Emile, 1819-71. 

L'Amerique actuelle / par Emile Jonveaux, precede d'une intro- 
duction par Edouard Laboulaye. Paris: Charpentier et cie, 1870. 
xvi, 339 p.; 19 cm. 
Sabin no. 36638. 

P193 Josselyn, John, w. 1630-75. 

An account of two voyages to New-England made during the 

years 1638, 1663 / by John Josselyn, gent. Boston: William Vea- 

zie, 1865. 

[5], vii, 211 p.; 25 cm. 

Howes no. J254. 



Published Travel Accounts 163 



P194 Kalm, Pehr, 1716-79. 

Travels into North America: containing its natural history and a 
circumstantial account of its plantations and agriculture in gen- 
eral . . . London: T. Lowndes, 1772. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. K5. 
Sabin no. 36989. 



P195 Kane, Paul, 1810-71. 

Wanderings of an artist among the Indians of North America 
. . . / by Paul Kane. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Long- 
mans, and Roberts, 1859. 

xvii, 455, [6] p., 9 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. K7. 
Sabin no. 37007. 



P196 Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840. 

Narrative of an expedition to the source of St. Peter's River, 
Lake Winnepeek, Lake of the Woods . . .: performed in the year 
1823 . . . under the command of Stephen H. Long, major U. S. 
T. E. / compiled from the notes of Major Long, Messrs. Say, 
Keating, and Calhoun by William H. Keating . . . Philadelphia: 
H. C. Carey and I. Lea, 1824. 
2 v.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. K20. 
Sabin no. 37137. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 16763. 



P197 Kendall, Edward Augustus, 17767-1842. 

Travels through the northern parts of the United States in the 

years 1807 and 1808 / by Edward Augustus Kendall. New York: 

I. Riley, 1809. 

3 v.; 22 cm. 

Howes no. K74. 

Sabin no. 37358. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 17862. 



264 Published Travel Accounts 



P198 King, Edward, 1848-96. 

The great South: a record of journeys in Louisiana, Texas, the 
Indian Territory, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, 
Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Kentucky, Ten- 
nessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Maryland / by Edward King 
. . . Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Co., 1875. 
802, iv p.: ill.; 26 cm. 
Clark, New South, vol. 1, no. 120. 
Howes no. K149. 

P199 Kinzie, Juliette Augusta (Magill), "Mrs. John H. Kinzie," 
1806-70. 

Wau-bun, the "early day" in the North-west / by Mrs. John H. 
Kinzie. New York: Derby and Jackson; Cincinnati, H. W. Derby, 
1856. 

498 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. K171. 
Sabin no. 37941. 

P200 Kircher, Athanasius, 1602-80. 

Athanasii Kircheri e Soc. Jesu China monumentis, qua sacris qua 
profanis, nee non variis naturae & artis spectaculis, aliarumque 
rerum memorabilium argumentis illustrata, auspiciis Leopoldi 
Primi roman, imper. . . . Amstelodami: apud Joannem Jansson- 
ium a Waesberge & Elizeum Weyerstraet, 1667. 
[14], 237, [11] p., 29 leaves of plates: ill.; 32 cm. 

P201 Klinckowstrom, Axel Leonhard, friherre, 1775-1837. 

Baron Klinkowstrom's America, 1818-1820 / translated and 
edited by Franklin D. Scott from the Swedish ed., Bref om de 
Forenta Staterna, forfattade under en resa till Amerika aren 1818, 
1819, 1820 af Friherre Axel Klinkowstrom. Evanston, 111.: North- 
western University Press, 1952. 
xiv, 262 p., 1 plate: ill.; 24 cm. 

P202 Klinckowstrom, Axel Leonhard, friherre, 1775-1837. 

Bref om de Forenta Staterna, forfattade under en resa till Amer- 
ika, aren 1818, 1819, 1820 / af friherre Axel Klinkowstrom. Stock- 



Published Travel Accounts 165 



holm: Ecksteinska, 1824. 
2 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. K201. 
Sabin no. 38053. 

P203 Knapp, Samuel Lorenzo, 1783-1838. 

Extracts from a journal of travels in North America: consisting of 
an account of Boston and its vicinity / by Ali Bey [pseud.]. Bos- 
ton: Printed by Thomas Badger, fun., 1818. 
124 p.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. K210. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 44525. 
Sabin no. 38071. 

P204 Knight, Sarah Kemble, 1666-1727. 

The journal of Madam Knight / with an introductory note by 
George Parker Winship. New York: Peter Smith, 1935. 
xiv, 72 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 21 cm. 

P205 Koch, Albert C, 1804-67. 

Journey through a part of the United States of North America in 
the years 1844 to 1846 / by Albert C. Koch; translated and edited 
by Ernst A. Stadler; foreword by John Francis McDermott. Car- 
bondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1972. 
xxxv, 177 p., 26 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P206 [Kriebel, Howard Wiegner]. 

Seeing Lancaster County from a trolley window. Lancaster, Pa.: 
Conestoga Traction Co., [1910]. 
80, [16] p., ill.; 25 cm. 

P207 Kurz, Rudolph Friedrich, 1818-71. 

Journal of Rudolph Friedrich Kurz: an account of his experiences 
among fur traders and American Indians on the Mississippi and 
the upper Missouri rivers during the years 1846 to 1852; trans- 
lated by Myrtis Jarrell, edited by J. N. B. Hewitt. Washington, 
D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1937. 



166 Published Travel Accounts 



ix, 382 p., 48 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. K281. 

P208 Laboulaye, Edouard, 1811-83. 

Paris in America / by Dr. Rene Lefebvre . . . (Edouard Labou- 

laye); translated by Mary L. Booth. New York: Charles Scribner, 

1863. 

373, x p.; 19 cm. 

Sabin no. 38440. 

P209 La Farge, John, 1835-1910. 

Reminiscences of the South Seas / by John La Farge . . . with 48 
illustrations from paintings and drawings made by the author in 
1890-91. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page, 1912. 
480 p., 48 leaves of plates (some col.): ill.; 25 cm. 

P210 Lahontan, Louis Armand de Lorn D'Arce, baron de, 1666-1715? 
Nouveaux voyages de mr. le baron de Lahontan dans l'Amer- 
ique Septentrionale: qui contiennent une relation des differens 
peuples qui y habitent, la nature de leur governement, leur com- 
merce, leur coutume, leur religion, & leur manier de faire la 
guerre ... A La Haye: chez les Freres l'Honore, 1704. 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 17 cm. 
Howes no. L25. 
Sabin no. 38639. 

P211 Lakier, Aleksandr Borisovich, 1825-70. 

A Russian looks at America: the journey of Aleksandr Borisovich 
Lakier in 1857 / translated from the Russian and edited by 
Arnold Schrier, Joyce Story; foreword by Henry Steele Com- 
mager; introduction by Arnold Schrier. Chicago: University of 
Chicago Press, 1979. 
xli, 272 p., 32 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

P212 Lamb, Joseph, 1833-98. 

A voyage to the gardens of the Hesperides / by Joseph Lamb; 
being a series of letters written while on a voyage to the Azores, 



Published Travel Accounts 167 



Portugal, and Spain in the year 1895. New York: Printed pri- 
vately for F. S. Lamb by H. Roberts Northrop, [1895?]. 
195 p., 4 leaves of plates: ill.; 28 cm. 

P213 Lambert, John, w. 1811. 

Travels through Canada and the United States of North America 
in the years 1806, 1807, & 1808; to which are added biographical 
notices and anecdotes of some of the leading characters in the 
United States / by John Lambert. London: Printed for C. Cradock 
and W. Joy [etc.] 1813. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. L40. 
Sabin no. 38734. 

P214 Lanman, Charles, 1819-95. 

Letters from the Alleghany Mountains / by Charles Lanman. 
New York: G. P. Putnam, 1849. 
198, 31 p.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. L89. 
Sabin no. 38921. 

P215 La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Francois Alexandre Frederic, due 
de, 1747-1827. 

Journal de voyage en Amerique et d'un sejour a Philadelphie, 1 
octobre 1794-18 avril 1795 / [par] due de Liancourt (La Rochefou- 
cauld-Liancourt); avec des lettres et des notes sur la Conspiration 
de Pichegru . . . publie avec une introduction et des notes par 
Jean Marchand. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1940. 
157 p., 7 leaves of plates.: ill.; 27 cm. 

P216 La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, Francois Alexandre Frederic, due 
de, 1747-1827. 

Travels through the United States of North America, the country 
of the Iroquois, and Upper Canada in the years 1795, 1796, and 
1797 . . . / by the Duke de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt . . . Lon- 
don: R. Phillips, 1799. 
2 v., ill.; 28 cm. 
Sabin no. 39057. 



168 Published Travel Accounts 



P217 Latrobe, Charles Joseph, 1801-75. 

The rambler in North America / by Charles Joseph Latrobe. Lon- 
don: R. B. Seeley and W. Burnside, 1836. 
2 v.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. L127. 
Sabin no. 39222. 

P218 Lawrence, Amos, 1786-1852. 

Extracts from the diary and correspondence of the late Amos 
Lawrence: with a brief account of some incidents in his life / 
edited by his son, William R. Lawrence. Boston: Gould and Lin- 
coln; New York: Sheldon, Lamport and Blakeman; London: 
Trubner, 1856. 

viii, 369, [8] p., 3 leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 
Sabin no. 39384. 

P219 Le Comte, Louis, 1655-1728. 

Memoirs and observations: topographical, physical, mathemati- 
cal, mechanical, naval, civil, and ecclesiastical; made in a late 
journey through the empire of China and published in several 
letters / by Louis Le Comte; translated from the Paris ed. and 
illustrated with figures. London: Printed for Benj. Tooke, 1698. 
[20], 517, [10] p., 6 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 

P220 [Lees, John], w. 1764. 

Journal of J. L. of Quebec, merchant. Detroit: Society of Colonial 
Wars of the State of Michigan, 1911. 
55 p., 2 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 24 cm. 

P221 Leoni, Pietro. 

Les merueilles de la ville de Rome: ou est traite des eglises, sta- 
tions, & reliques des corps saints qui y sont; avec la guide qui 
enseigne aux estrangers a aysement trouver les choses plus 
remarquables de Rome . . . Rome: Chez Bernabo, 1725. 
[5], 216 p., 1 plate: ill.; 18 cm. 

P222 Leslie, Miriam Florence (Folline) Squier, d.1914. 

California: a pleasure trip from Gotham to the Golden Gate, 



Published Travel Accounts 169 



April, May, June 1877 / [by] Mrs. Frank Leslie. Nieuwkoop, 

Netherlands: B. De Graaf, 1972. 

xxiv, 6, 286, [2] p., 23 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 

P223 Lesseps, Jean Baptiste Barthelemy, baron de, 1766-1834. 
Journal historique du voyage de M. de Lesseps . . .: dans 
l'expedition de M. le comte de la Perouse . . . depuis l'instant ou 
il a quitte les fregates franchises au port Saint-Pierre & Saint-Paul 
du Kamtschatka, jusqu'a son arrivee en France le 17 octobre 1788 
. . . Paris: Imprimerie Royale, 1790. 
2 v.: ill., maps; 21 cm. 
Howes no. L270. 
Sabin no. 40208. 

P224 [Letts, John M]. 

California illustrated: including a description of the Panama and 
Nicaragua routes / by a returned Californian. New York: W. Hol- 
dredge, 1852. 
224 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. L300. 

P225 Lewis, Henry, 1819-1904. 

Das illustrirte Mississippithal: dargestellt in 80 nach der Natur 

aufgenommenen Ansichten vom Wasserfalle zu St. Anthony an 

bis zum Gulf von Mexico . . . / von H. Lewis . . . Nebst einer 

historischen und geographischen Beschreibung der den Fluss 

begranzenden Lander, mit besonderer Riickksicht auf die 

verschiedenen den obern Mississippi bewohnenden Indianer 

Stamme. Diisseldorf: Arnz, [1857]. 

431 p., 80 leaves of plates (1 fold.): col. ill.; 28 cm. Howes no. 

L312. 

Sabin no. 40807. 

P226 Lewis, Henry, 1819-1904. 

Making a motion picture in 1848 by Henry Lewis' journal of a 
canoe voyage from the falls of St. Anthony to St. Louis / with an 
introduction and notes by Bertha L. Heilbron. Saint Paul: Minne- 



270 Published Travel Accounts 



sota Historical Society, 1936. 

4, 58 p., 14 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

P227 Lewis, Matthew Gregory, 1775-1818. 

Journal of a West-India proprietor: kept during a residence in the 
island of Jamaica / by the late Matthew Gregory Lewis. London: 
J. Murray, 1834. 
[8], 408 p.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 40821. 

P228 Lewis, Meriwether, 1774-1809. 

Original journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1804-1806: 
printed from the original manuscripts in the library of the Ameri- 
can Philosophical Society . . . / edited with introduction, notes, 
and index by Reuben Gold Thwaites . . . New York: Antiquarian 
Press, 1959. 
8 v.: ill., maps; 24 cm. 

P229 Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. 

Letters to a gentleman in Germany written after a trip from Phila- 
delphia to Niagara / edited by Francis Lieber. Philadelphia: 
Carey, Lea and Blanchard, 1834. 
356 p.; 26 cm. 
Sabin no. 40978. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 25336. 

P230 Lieber, Francis, 1800-1872. 

The stranger in America: comprising sketches of the manners, 
society, and national peculiarities of the United States in a series 
of letters to a friend in Europe / by Francis Lieber. London: 
R. Bentley, 1835. 
2 v.; 20 cm. 
Sabin no. 40984. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 32607. 

P231 Lincklaen, John, 1768-1822. 

Travels in the years 1791 and 1792 in Pennsylvania, New York, 
and Vermont: journals of John Lincklaen, agent of the Holland 



Published Travel Accounts 171 



Land Company with a biographical sketch and notes. New York; 

London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1897. 

xi, 162, 6 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 22 cm. 

P232 Louis Philippe, King of France, 1773-1850. 

Diary of my travels in America / Louis-Philippe, King of France, 
1830-1848; translated from the French by Stephen Becker. New 
York: Delacorte Press, 1977. 
202 p., 15 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 x 28 cm. 

P233 Luden, Heinrich, 1778-1847. 

Reise Sr. Hoheit des Herzogs Bernhard zu Sachsen-Weimar- 
Eisenach durch Nord-Amerika in den Jahren 1825 und 1826 / 
Herausgegeben von Heinrich Luden . . . Weimar, Ger.: Wilhelm 
Hoffman, 1828. 
2 v.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 4953. 

P234 Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. 

A second visit to the United States of North America / by Sir 
Charles Lyell . . . New York: Harper and Brothers; London: 
J. Murray, 1849. 
2 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. L574. 
Sabin no. 42763 

P235 Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. 

Travels in North America: with geological observations on the 
United States, Canada, and Nova Scotia / by Charles Lyell. Lon- 
don: John Murray, 1845. 
2 v.: ill., maps; 21 cm. 
Howes no. L575. 
Sabin no. 42761. 

P236 Lynch, Jeremiah, 1849-1917. 

Three years in Klondike / by Jeremiah Lynch; edited by Dale L. 
Morgan. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley and Sons Co., 1967. 
lvi, 375 p., 10 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 



172 Published Travel Accounts 



P237 Macdonald, Donald, 1791-1872. 

The diaries of Donald Macdonald, 1824-1826 / with an introduc- 
tion by Caroline Dale Snedeker. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical 
Society, 1942. 
p. 147-379 ; 24 cm. 

P238 MacDougall, Sylvia (Borgstrom) 

A summer tour in Finland / by Paul Waineman [pseud.]; with six- 
teen illustrations in colour by Alexander Federley and sixteen 
other illustrations. London: Methuen, 1908. . 
xvi, 318, [30] p., 32 leaves of plates: ill. (some col.); 23 cm. 

P239 M'llvaine, William, 1813-67. 

Sketches of scenery and notes of personal adventure in Califor- 
nia and Mexico / by William M'llvaine, Jr. Philadelphia: Smith 
and Peters, 1850. 

44 p., 16 leaves of plates: ill.; 26 cm. 
Howes no. M112. 
Sabin no. 43328. 

P240 MacKay, Alexander, 1808-52. 

The western world; or, Travels in the United States in 1846-47 
. . . / by Alex MacKay. London: R. Bentley, 1851. 
3 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. M117. 

P241 Mackay, Charles, 1814-89. 

Life and liberty in America; or, Sketches of a tour in the United 
States and Canada in 1857-8 / by Charles Mackay . . . London: 
Smith, Elder, [1859]. 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. Ml 18. 
Sabin no. 43355. 

P242 McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859. 

History of the Indian tribes of North America: with biographical 
sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs . . . / by Thomas 



Published Travel Accounts 173 



L. M'Kenney and James Hall. Philadelphia: F. W. Greenough 

[etc.], 1838-44. 

3 v.: col. ill.; 52 cm. 

Howes no. M129. 

Sabin no. 43410a. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 51414. 

P243 McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859. 

Sketches of a tour to the lakes, of the character and customs of 
the Chippeway Indians, and of incidents connected with the 
Treaty of Fond du Lac . . . / by Thomas L. McKenney. Minneapo- 
lis: Ross and Haines, 1959. 
viii, 493 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

P244 M'Robert, Patrick. 

A tour through part of the northern provinces of America: being 
a series of letters wrote on the spot in the years 1774 & 1775 
. . . / by Patrick M'Robert. Philadelphia: Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, 1935. 
x, 47 p.; 25 cm. 

P245 Manning, Samuel, 1822-81. 

American pictures drawn with pen and pencil / by the Rev. Sam- 
uel Manning. [London]: Religious Tract Society, [1876] 
224 p., 24 leaves of plates: ill.; 29 cm. 

P246 Marcy, Randolph Barnes, 1812-87. 

Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana in the year 1852 / by 
Randolph B. Marcy . . . Washington, D.C.: Beverly Tucker, 1854. 
xv, 310 p., 65 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill. (1 col.); 24 cm. 
Howes no. M276. 
Sabin no. 44512. 

P247 Marryat, Frank, 1826-55. 

Mountains and molehills; or, Recollections of a burnt journal / by 
Frank Marryat. London: Longman, Brown, Green and Long- 
mans, 1855. 
x, 443 p., 8 leaves of plates: ill. (col.); 22 cm. 



274 Published Travel Accounts 



Howes no. M299. 
Sabin no. 44695. 

P248 Marryat, Frederick, 1792-1848. 

A diary in America: with remarks on its institutions by Capt. 
Marryat. Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1839. 

2 v.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. M300. 
Sabin no. 44696. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 57056. 

P249 Marryat, Frederick, 1792-1848. 

A diary in America: with remarks on its institutions / [by Freder- 
ick Marryat]. London: Longman, Orne, Brown, Green and Long- 
mans, 1839. 

3 v. in 6 pts.; 20 cm. 
Sabin no. 44696. 

P250 Marryat, Frederick, 1792-1848. 

A diary in America: with remarks on its institutions / by Capt. 
Marryat. Paris: Baudry, 1840. 
2 v.; 24 cm. 
Sabin no. 44696. 

P251 Martineau, Harriet, 1802-76. 

Retrospect of western travel / by Harriet Martineau. London: 

Saunders and Otley; New York: Sold by Harper and Brothers, 

1838. 

2 v.; 21 cm. 

Howes no. M348. 

Sabin no. 44940 

P252 Mayer, Frank Blackwell, 1827-99. 

With pen and pencil on the frontier in 1851: the diary and 
sketches of Frank Blackwell Mayer / edited with an introduction 
and notes by Bertha L. Heilbron. Saint Paul: Minnesota Histori- 
cal Society, 1932. 
xii, 214 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 175 



P253 Mazzei, Filippo, 1730-1816. 

Recherches historiques et politiques sur les Etats-Unis de l'Amer- 
ique Septentrionale: ou Ton traite des etablissemens des treize 
colonies, de leurs rapports & de leurs dissentions avec la 
Grande-Bretagne, de leurs gouvernemens avant & apres la revo- 
lution &c. / par un citoyen de Virginie; avec quatre lettres d'un 
bourgeois de New Heaven [Condorcet] sur l'unite de la legisla- 
tion ... A Colle, et se trouve a Paris: chez Froulle, 1788. 
4 v. in 2; 21 cm. 
Howes no. M456. 
Sabin no. 47206. 

P254 Meares, John, 17567-1809. 

Voyages made in the years 1788 and 1789 from China to the 
north west coast of America: to which are prefixed an introduc- 
tory narrative of a voyage performed in 1786 from Bengal in the 
ship Nootka; observations on the probable existence of a North 
West Passage . . . / by John Meares. London: Printed at the Logo- 
graphic Press, 1790. 
viii, [12], xcv, 372, [108]p.: ill.; 31 cm. 
Howes no. M469. 
Sabin no. 47260. 

P255 Melish, John, 1771-1822. 

Travels through the United States of America in the years 1806 & 
1807, and 1809, 1810, & 1811: including an account of passages 
betwixt America and Britain and travels through various parts of 
Britain, Ireland, & Canada . . . / by John Melish. Philadelphia: 
John Melish, 1815. 
Howes no. M496. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 35249. 

P256 Michaux, Francois Andre, 1770-1855. 

Travels to the west of the Alleghany Mountains in the states of 
Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee and back to Charleston by the 
upper Carolinas . . . / by Francois Andre Michaux. London: 
Printed by D. N. Shury, for B. Crosby and J. P. Hughes, 1805. 



176 Published Travel Accounts 



xii, 294 p.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 48705. 



P257 Michaux, Francois Andre, 1770-1855. 

Voyage a l'Ouest des Monts Alleghanys dans les etats de l'Ohio, 
du Kentucky, et du Tennessee, et retour a Charleston par les 
Hautes-Carolines / par F. A. Michaux. Paris: Chez Levrault, 
Schoell, v., 312 p., 1 plate: fold, map; 20 cm. 1804. 
Howes no. M579. 
Sabin no. 48703. 



P258 Milbert, Jacques Gerard, 1766-1840. 

Picturesque itinerary of the Hudson River and the peripheral 
parts of North America / by }. Milbert. Ridgewood, N.J.: Gregg 
Press, [1968?] 
xxviii, 308 p.: ill.; 27 cm. 

P259 Mittelberger, Gottlieb. 

Gottlieb Mittelbergers Reise nach Pennsylvanien im Jahr 1750 
und Riickreise nach Teutschland im Jahr 1754. Stuttgard, Ger.: 
Gedruckt bey Gottlieb Friderich Jenisch, 1756. 
[8], 120 p.; 18 cm. 
Howes no. M705. 
Sabin no. 49761. 



P260 Mohr, Nicolaus, 1826-86. 

Excursion through America / by Nicolaus Mohr; edited by Ray 
Allen Billington. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley and Sons Co., 1973. 
lxxvi, 398 p.: ill.; 18 cm. 

P261 Mollhausen, Balduin, 1825-1905. 

Diary of a journey from the Mississippi to the coasts of the 
Pacific / by Balduin Mollhausen. New York; London: Johnson 
Reprint Corp., 1969. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 177 



P262 Mollhausen, Balduin, 1825-1905. 

Reisen in die Felsengebirge Nord-Amerikas bis zum Hoch- 
Plateau von Neu-Mexico: unternommen als Mitglied der im Auf- 
trage der Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten ausgesandten 
Colorado-Expedition / von Balduin Mollhausen . . . Eingefuhrt 
durch zwei Briefe Alexander von Humboldt's in facsimile. Leip- 
zig: Hermann Costenoble, Otto Porfurst, [1861]. 
2 v.: col. ill.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. M712. 

P263 Mollhausen, Balduin, 1825-1905. 

Tagebuch einer Reise vom Mississippi nach den Kiisten der 
Sudsee / von Balduin Mollhausen; Eingefuhrt von Alexander von 
Humboldt . . . Leipzig: Hermann Mendelssohn, 1858. 
6, xiv, viii, 494 p., 14 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 31 cm. 
Howes no. M713. 
Sabin no. 49914. 

P264 Montfaucon, Bernard de, 1655-1741. 

The travels of the learned Father Montfaucon from Paris thro' 
Italy: containing I. an account of many antiquities at Vienna, 
Arlels, Nimes, and Marseilles in France.; II. the delights of Italy, 
viz. libraries, manuscripts, statues, paintings, monuments, 
tombs . . . London: Printed by D. L. for E. Curll [etc.], 1712. 
vii, xv, 463 p., 5 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 

P265 Montule, Edouard de. 

Travels in America, 1816-1817 / Edouard de Montule; translated 
from the original French edition of 1821 by Edward D. Seeber. 
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1951. 
197 p., 18 leaves of plates: ill.; 26 cm. 

P266 Moore, Nathaniel Fish, 1782-1872. 

Diary: a trip from New York to the Falls of St. Anthony in 1845 / 

edited by Stanley Pargellis and Ruth Lapham Butler. Chicago: 

For the Newberry Library by the University of Chicago Press, 

1946. 

xviii, 101 p., 8 leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 



178 Published Travel Accounts 



P267 Moreau, F. Frederic. 

Aux Etats-Unis: notes de voyage . . . / par F. Frederic Moreau; 
avec un croquis de l'auteur. Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit, 1888. 
263 p., 1 plate: ill.; 19 cm. 

P268 Moreau de Saint-Mery, Frederic Louis Elie, 1750-1819. 

Moreau de St. Mery's American journey [1793-98] / translated 
and edited by Kenneth Roberts [and] Anna M. Roberts. Garden 
City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1947. 
xxi, 394, [8] p., 1 plate: ill.; 24 cm. 

P269 Morley, Frank Vigor, b. 1899. 

Travels in East Anglia / by F. V. Morley. New York: Harcourt, 

Brace, [1923]. 

xi, 254 p., 16 leaves of plates: ill. (some col.); 20 cm. 

P270 Moss, Fletcher, 1843-1919. 

Pilgrimages to old homes / by Fletcher Moss. Didsbury, Eng.: By 

the author, 1906. 

xii, 392, p., 1 plate: ill.; 27 cm. 

P271 Moss, Fletcher, 1843-1919. 

Pilgrimages to old homes mostly on the Welsh border / by 
Fletcher Moss. Didsbury, Eng.: By the author, 1903. 
xx, 405, p., 1 plate: ill.; 27 cm. 

P272 Muir, John, 1838-1914. 

Travels in Alaska / by John Muir. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 

1915. 

xiii, 327 p., 12 leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 

P273 Murray, Amelia Matilda, 1795-1884. 

Letters from the United States, Cuba and Canada / by the Hon. 
Amelia M. Murray. New York: Putnam, 1856. 
2 v. in 1; 20 cm. 
Howes no. M912. 
Sabin no. 51486. 



Published Travel Accounts 179 



P274 Murray, Charles Augustus, Sir, 1806-95. 

Travels in North America during the years 1834, 1835 & 1836 

. . . / by the Hon. Charles Augustus Murray. New York: Harper 

and Brothers, 1839. 

2 v.; 19 cm. 

Howes no. M913. 

Sabin no. 51491. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 57387. 

P275 Myers, J. C. 

Sketches on a tour through the northern and eastern states, the 
Canadas, & Nova Scotia / by J. C. Myers. Harrisonburg, Va.: 
J. H. Wartmann and Brothers, 1849. 
475 p.; 16 cm. 
Howes no. M932. 

P276 [Nason, Daniel]. 

A journal of a tour from Boston to Savannah: thence to Havana 
in the island of Cuba . . . thence to New Orleans and several 
western cities . . . / by a citizen of Cambridgeport. Cambridge: 
Printed for the author, 1849. 
114 p.; 16 cm. 
Sabin no. 51881. 

P277 [Nicklin, Philip Holbrook], 1786-1842. 

A pleasant peregrination through the prettiest parts of Pennsylva- 
nia / performed by Peregrine Prolix [pseud.]. Philadelphia: Grigg 
and Elliott, 1836. 
148 p.; 16 cm. 
Howes no. N149. 
Sabin no. 55237. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 39295. 

P278 Nieuhof, Johan, 1618-72. 

Atlas Chinensis: being a second part of a relation of remark- 
able passages in two embassies from the East-India Company of 
the United Provinces to the Vice-Roy Singlamong and General 
Taising Lipovi, and to Konchi, Emperor of China and East- 



180 Published Travel Accounts 



Tartary . . . / by A. Montanus; English'd ... by J. Ogilby, etc. 

London: printed by Tho. Johnson for the author, 1671. 

2 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 

723 p.: ill., fold. map; 42 cm. 

P279 Nieuhof, Johan, 1618-72. 

An embassy from the East-India Company of the United Prov- 
inces to the Grand Tartar Cham, emperour of China: delivered 
by their excellcies Peter de Goyer and Jacob de Keyzer at his 
Imperial city of Peking; wherein the towns, villages, ports, riv- 
ers, &c. in their passages from Canton to Peking are ingeniously 
described / by Mr. John Nieuhoff; with an appendix of several 
remarks taken out of Father Athanasius Kircher; Englished and 
set forth with their several sculptures by John Ogilby. London: 
Printed by John Macock for the author, 1669. 
327 (i.e. 307), 18, 106 p.: ill.; 42 cm. 

P280 Norden, Frederick Ludvig, 1708-41. 

Travels in Egypt and Nubia / by Frederick Lewis Norden . . . ; 
translated from the original . . . and enlarged with observations 
from ancient and modern authors ... by Dr. Peter Templeman. 
London: Printed for Lockyer Davis and Charles Reymers, 1757. 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 47 cm. 

P281 Norwood, Henry, fl. 1649. 

A voyage to Virginia / by Colonel Norwood. [London: s.n., ca. 

1732] 

50 p.; 25 cm. 

Clark, Old South, vol. 1, no. 130. 

Sabin no. 55933. 

P282 Nuttall, Thomas, 1766-1859. 

A journal of travels into the Arkansas territory during the year 
1819: with occasional observations of the manners of the aborigi- 
nes / by Thomas Nuttall. Philadelphia: T. H. Palmer, 1821. 
296 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill., fold, map; 23 cm. 
Clark, Old South, vol. 2, no. 48. 
Howes no. N229. 



Published Travel Accounts 181 



Sabin no. 56348. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 6319. 

P283 O'Donovan, Jeremiah. 

A brief account of the author's interview with his countrymen 
and of the parts of the Emerald Isle whence they emigrated . . . / 
by Jeremiah O'Donovan. Pittsburgh: By the author, 1864. 
382 p., 20 cm. 
Howes no. 024. 

P284 O'Ferrall, Simon Ansley, d. 1844. 

A ramble of six thousand miles through the United States of 
America / by S. A. Ferrall. London: Effingham Wilson, 1832. 
xii, 360, 16 p., 1 plate: ill.; 22 cm. 

P285 Oliver, William. 

Eight months in Illinois / William Oliver. Ann Arbor, Mich.: Uni- 
versity Microfilms, [1966]. 
iv, 141 p.; 17 cm. 

P286 Olliffe, Charles. 

American scenes: eighteen months in the New World / trans- 
lated with introduction and notes by Ernest Falbo [and] Law- 
rence A. Wilson. Painesville, Ohio: Lake Erie College Press, 
1964. 
xiii, 143 p.: ill.; 23 cm. 

P287 Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. 

A journey in the back country / by Frederick Law Olmsted. New 
York: Burt Franklin, 1970. 
xvi, [11], 492 p.; 23 cm. 

P288 Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. 

A journey through Texas; or, A saddle-trip on the south-western 
frontier; with a statistical appendix / by Frederick Law Olmsted 
. . . New York: Dix, Edwards; London: S. Low, Son, 1857. 
xxxiv, 516 p., 2 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 19 cm. 



182 Published Travel Accounts 



Howes no. 079. 
Sabin no. 57243. 

P289 Ossoli, Sarah Margaret (Fuller), marchesa d', 1810-50. 

Summer on the lakes in 1843 (1844) / Margaret Fuller. Nieuw- 

koop: B. De Graaf, 1972. 

xxxv, 256 p., 8 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 

P290 Palmer, John, fl. 1818. 

Journal of travels in the United States of North America and in 
Lower Canada performed in the year 1817 . . . / by John Palmer. 
London: Printed for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, 1818. 
vii, 456, 8 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. P49. 
Sabin no. 58360. 

P291 Parker, Samuel, 1779-1866. 

Journal of an exploring tour beyond the Rocky Mountains under 

the direction of the A. B. C. F. M.: performed in the years 1835, 

'36, and '37 . . . / by Rev. Samuel Parker. Ithaca, N.Y.: By the 

author, 1838. 

371 p., 2 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. P89. 

Sabin no. 58729. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 52133. 

P292 Parkinson, Richard, 1748-1815. 

A tour in America in 1798, 1799, and 1800 . . . / by Richard Par- 
kinson. London: Printed for J. Harding [etc.], 1805. 
2 v.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. P96. 
Sabin no. 58786. 

P293 Paul Wilhelm, Duke of Wurttemberg, 1797-1860. 

Travels in North America, 1822-1824 / translated by W. Robert 
Nitske; edited by Savoie Lottinville. Norman: University of Okla- 
homa Press, 1973. 
xxxiv, 456 p.; ill.; 24 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 183 



P294 Pausanius. 

An account of the statues, pictures, and temples in Greece / 
translated from the Greek of Pausanius by Uvedale Price. Lon- 
don: Printed for T. Evans, 1780. 
251 p.; 21 cm. 

P295 Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, 1855-1936. 

Italy's garden of Eden / by Elizabeth Robins Pennell; with illustra- 
tions by Joseph Pennell. [Philadelphia]: Pennell Club, 1927. 
[4], 36, [1] p.: ill.; 25 cm. 

P296 Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, 1855-1936. 

Over the Alps on a bicycle / by Elizabeth Robins Pennell. Lon- 
don: T. Fisher Unwin, 1898. 
110 p.: ill.; 21 cm. 

P297 Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, 1855-1936. 

To gipsyland / written by Elizabeth Robins Pennell and illus- 
trated by Joseph Pennell. New York: Century Co., 1893. 
240 p., 28 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 

P298 Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926. 

A Canterbury pilgrimage / ridden, written, and illustrated by 
Joseph and Elizabeth Pennell. New York: Charles Scribner's 
Sons, 1885. 
78 p.: ill.; 22 cm. 

P299 Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926. 

Our journey to the Hebrides / by Joseph Pennell and Elizabeth 
Robins Pennell. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1889. 
xx, 225, [6] p., 30 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 

P300 Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926. 

Our sentimental journey through France and Italy / by Joseph & 
Elizabeth Robins Pennell. London; New York: Longmans, 
Green, 1888. 
xvi, 268, [16] p., 20 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 



184 Published Travel Accounts 



P301 Pennell, Joseph, 1857-1926. 

Two pilgrims' progress from fair Florence to the eternal city of 
Rome / by Joseph and Elizabeth Robins Pennell; with pen draw- 
ings by Joseph Pennell. Boston: Little Brown, 1899. 
181 p, 19 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 

P302 Phillips, Sir Richard, 1767-1840. 

A morning's walk from London to Kew / by Sir Richard Phillips. 
London: J. and C. Adlard, 1820. 
xvi, 393, [15] p.: ill., map; 20 cm. 

P303 Pictet, Charles, 1755-1824. 

Tableau de la situation actuelle des Etats-Unis d'Ameriques: 

d'apres Jedidiah Morse et les meilleurs auteurs americains par 

C. Pictet, de Geneve. Paris: chez Du Pont, L'an III de la 

Republique, 1795. 

2 v.: fold, maps, fold, tab.: ill.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. P349. 

Sabin no. 62679. 

P304 Piercy, Frederick Hawkins, 1830-91. 

Route from Liverpool to the Great Salt Lake Valley . . . / by Fred- 
erick Piercy . . . ; edited by James Linforth. Liverpool: F. D. Rich- 
ards; London: Latter Day Saints Book Depot, 1855. 
viii, 120 p., 30 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 34 cm. 
Howes no. L359. 

P305 Piercy, Frederick Hawkins, 1830-91. 

Route from Liverpool to Great Salt Lake Valley / by Frederick 
Hawkins Piercy; edited by Fawn M. Brodie. Cambridge: Belknap 
Press of Harvard University Press, 1962. 
xxx, 313 p., 37 leaves of plates: ill; 25 cm. 

P306 Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1799-1813. 

An account of expeditions to the sources of the Mississippi: and 
through the western parts of Louisiana to the sources of the 
Arkansaw, Kans, La Platte and Pierre Jaun rivers . . . during the 
years 1805, 1806, and 1807; and a tour through the interior parts 



Published Travel Accounts 185 



of New Spain ... in the year 1807 / by Major Z. M. Pike. Phila- 
delphia: C. and A. Conrad, [etc.], 1810. 
5, 277, 65, 53, 87 p., 3 leaves of plates: charts; 26 cm. 
Howes no. P373. 
Sabin no. 62836. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 21089. 

P307 Pinart, Alphonse Louis, 1852-1911. 

Journey to Arizona in 1876 / Alphonse Pinart; translated from 

the French by George H. Whitney; biography & bibliography of 

Pinart by Henry R. Wagner . . . Los Angeles: Zamorano Club, 

1962. 

xi, [4], 47 p., 1 fold, plate: col. ill.; 26 cm. 

P308 Pons, Francois Raymond Joseph de, 1751-1812. 

A voyage to the eastern part of Terra Firma or the Spanish Main 
in South- America: during the years 1801, 1802, and 1804 . . . / by 
F. Depons . . . translated by an American gentleman. New York: 
I. Riley, 1806. 
3 v.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 19642. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 11180. 

P309 Porter, Lavinia Honey man. 

By ox team to California: a narrative of crossing the plains in 
1860 / by Lavinia Honeyman Porter. Oakland: Oakland Enquirer 
Publishing Co., 1910. 
xi, 139 p.; 25 cm. 
Howes no. P488. 

P310 Power, Tyrone, 1797-1841. 

Impressions of America during the years 1833, 1834, and 1835 
/ by Tyrone Power. Philadelphia: Carey, Lea and Blanchard, 
1836. 

2 v.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. P533. 
Shaw / Shoemaker no. 39694. 
Sabin no. 64780. 



186 Published Travel Accounts 



P311 Prieto, Guillermo, 1818-97. 

Viaje a los Estados-Unidos / por Fidel (Guillermo Prieto) (1877). 
Mexico: Impr. de Dublan y Chavez, 1877-78. 
3 v., ill.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. P607. 

P312 Pritchard, James Avery, 1816-62. 

The overland diary of James A. Pritchard from Kentucky to Cali- 
fornia in 1849: with a biography of Captain James A. Pritchard 
by Hugh Pritchard Williamson. Denver: Fred A. Rosenstock, 
1959. 
221 p., 5 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 27 cm. 

P313 Puckler-Muskau, Herman, Furst von, 1785-1871. 

Tour in England, Ireland, and France in the years 1828 and 1829 
... in a series of letters / by a German prince. Philadelphia: 
Carey and Lea, 1833. 
xx, 571 p.; 23 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 20878. 

P314 The rambles and reveries of an art-student in Europe. Philadel- 
phia: T. T. Watts, 1855. 
208 p.; 23 cm. 

P315 Reed, Andrew, 1787-1862. 

A narrative of the visit to the American churches by the deputa- 
tion from the Congregation Union of England & Wales / by 
Andrew Reed and James Matheson. London: Jackson and Wal- 
ford, 1835. 
2 v.: ill.; 24 cm. 
Sabin no. 68535. 

P316 Remington, Frederic, 1861-1909. 

Pony tracks / written and illustrated by Frederic Remington. 
New York: Harper and Brothers, 1895. 
viii, 269 p.; 23 cm. 
Howes no. R207. 



Published Travel Accounts 187 



P317 Revere, Joseph Warren, 1812-80. 

A tour of duty in California including a description of the gold 
region and an account of the voyage around Cape Horn: with 
notices of Lower California, the Gulf and Pacific coasts, and the 
principal events attending the conquest of the California / by 
Joseph Warren Revere . . . ; edited by Joseph N. Balestier. New 
York: C. S. Francis; Boston: J. H. Francis, 1849. 
vi, [6], 305, [6] p., 7 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. R222. 
Sabin no. 70182. 

P318 Richards, F. De Bourg. 

Random sketches; or, What I saw in Europe; from the portfolio 
of an artist / by F. De B. Richards. Philadelphia: G. Collins, 1857. 
344 p., 4 leaves of plates: ill.; 20 cm. 

P319 Robertson, James, of Manchester, Eng. 

A few months in America: containing remarks on some of its 
industrial and commercial interests / by James Robertson . . . 
London: Longman; Manchester, Eng.: James Gait, 1855. 
vii, 230, [8] p.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. R353. 
Sabin no. 71954. 

P320 Robin, Charles-Cesar. 

Voyage to Louisiana, 1803-1805 / by C. C. Robin; an abridged 
translation from the original French by Stuart O. Landry, Jr. 
New Orleans: Pelican Publishing Co., 1966. 
270, [2] p.; 23 cm. 

P321 Robin, Claude. 

Nouveau voyage dans l'Amerique Septentrionale en l'annee 
1781: et campagne de l'armee de m. le comte de Rochambeau / 
par m. l'abbe Robin. A Philadelphie; Paris: Chez Moutard, 1782. 
ix, 222 p. 20 cm. 
Howes no. R361. 
Sabin no. 72033. 



188 Published Travel Accounts 



P322 Rogissart, sieur de, fl. 1706. 

Les delices de l'ltalie: contenant une description exacte du pais, 
des principales villes, de toutes les antiquites, & de toutes les rar- 
etez es qui s'y trouvent; ouvrage enrichi d'un tres-grand nombre 
de figures en taille-douce . . . Paris: Par la Compagnie des 
Libraires, 1707. 
4 v.: ill., maps; 18 cm. 

P323 Rothschild, Salomon de, baron, 1835-64. 

A casual view of America: the home letters of Salomon de Roth- 
schild, 1859-1861 / translated and edited by Sigmund Diamond. 
Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1961. 
136 p.; 23 cm. 

P324 Rousiers, Paul de, 1857-1934. 

La vie americaine: ouvrage illustre . . . d'apres les photographies 
faites specialement pour l'ouvrage par M. Georges Riviere . . . 
Paris: Firmin-Didot, 1892. 
698 p.: ill.; 30 cm. 

P325 Roux de Rochelle, Jean Baptiste Gaspard, 1762-1849. 

Welt-Gem-alde-Gallerie oder Geschichte und Beschreibung aller 
Lender und Velker, par Roux de Rochelle, Deutsch von Dr. 
C. A. Mebold. Stuttgart: E. Schweizerbart, 1838. 

1 v. in 2,: ill.; 22 cm. 

P326 [Russell, John], w. 1740. 

Letters from a young painter abroad to his friends in England: 
adorned with copper plates. London: W. Russel, 1750. 

2 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 

P327 Ryan, William Redmond. 

Personal adventures in Upper and Lower California in 1848-9: 
with the author's experience at the mines; illustrated by twenty- 
three drawings . . . / by William Redmond Ryan . . . London: 
William Shoberl, 1850. 
2 v.: ill.; 19 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 189 



Howes no. R558. 
Sabin no. 74532. 

P328 Saint Non, Jean Claude Richard de, 1727-91. 

Voyage pittoresque: ou, Description des royaumes de Naples et 
de Sicile. Paris: Imprimerie de Clousier, 1781-86. 
4 v. in 5: ill., maps (some fold.); 51 cm. 

P329 Sala, George Augustus, 1828-95. 

My diary in America in the midst of war / by George Augustus 
Sala. London: Tinsley Brothers, 1865. 
2 v.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. S45. 

P330 Sansom, Joseph, 1765 or 1766-1826. 

Letters from Europe during a tour through Switzerland and Italy 
in the years 1801 and 1802 / written by a native of Pennsylvania. 
Philadelphia: Printed for the author by A. Bartram and sold by 
T. Dobson, 1805. 
2 v.; 24 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 9311. 

P331 Sarmiento, Domingo Faustino, 1811-88. 

Travels in the United States in 1847 / translation and introduc- 
tory essay by Michael Aaron Rockland. Princeton: Princeton Uni- 
versity Press, 1970. 
xiii, 330 p., 4 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P332 Saugrain de Vigni, Antoine Francois, 1763-1820. 

L'odyssee americaine d'une famille francaise / [par] le docteur 
Antoine Saugrain; etude suivie de manuscrits inedits et de la cor- 
respondance de Sophie Michau Robinson par H. Foure Selter. 
Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1936. 
ix, 123 p., 12 leaves of plates: ill.; 23 cm. 

P333 Schlissel, Lillian. 

Women's diaries of the westward journey / Lillian Schlissel; pref. 



190 Published Travel Accounts 



by Carl N. Degler. New York: Schocken Books, 1982. 
viii, 262 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 

P334 Schopf, Johann David, 1752-1800. 

Travels in the Confederation [1783-1784] / from the German of 
Johann David Schoepf, translated and edited by Alfred J. Mor- 
rison . . . Philadelphia: W. J. Campbell, 1911. 
2 v.: ill.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. S176. 

P335 Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864. 

Narrative journal of travels through the northwestern regions of 
the United States: extending from Detroit through the great 
chain of American lakes to the sources of the Mississippi River; 
performed as a member of the expedition under Governor Cass 
in the year 1820 / by Henry R. Schoolcraft . . . Albany: E. and 
E. Hosford, 1821. 

419, [4] p., 7 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill. (some col.); 23 cm. 
Howes no. S186. 
Sabin no. 77862. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 6729. 

P336 Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864. 

Narrative of an expedition through the upper Mississippi to 
Itasca Lake, the actual source of this river: embracing an explor- 
atory trip through the St. Croix and Burntwood (or Broule) Riv- 
ers in 1832 / by Henry R. Schoolcraft. New York: Harper and 
Brothers, 1834. 

307 p., 5 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. S187. 
Sabin no. 77863. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 26655. 

P337 Schultz, Christian, ca. 1770-ca. 1814. 

Travels on an inland voyage through the states of New York, 
Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, and 
through the territories of Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, and 



Published Travel Accounts 191 



New-Orleans: performed in the years 1807 and 1808 . . . / by 
Christian Schultz, Jun. Ridgewood, N.J.: Gregg Press, [1968] 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 24 cm. 

P338 Shirreff, Patrick. 

A tour through North America: together with a comprehensive 
view of the Canadas and United States . . . / by Patrick Shirreff. 
Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1835. 
iv, v, 473 p.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. S425. 
Sabin no. 80554. 

P339 Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864. 

Remarks made on a short tour between Hartford and Quebec in 
the autumn of 1819 / by the author of A journal of travels in 
England, Holland, and Scotland. New-Haven: S. Converse, 1820. 

407 p., 9 leaves of plates: ill.; 1820. 
Howes no. S459. 

Sabin no. 81041. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 3225. 

P340 Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864. 

Remarks made on a short tour between Hartford and Quebec in 
the autumn of 1819 / by the author of A journal of travels in 
England, Holland, and Scotland. New-Haven: S. Converse, 1824. 
443 p., 9 leaves of plates: ill.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. S459. 
Sabin no. 81042. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 17985. 

P341 Smet, Pierre-Jean de, 1801-73. 

Missions de l'Oregon et voyages dans les montagnes rocheuses 
en 1845 et 1846 / par le pere P. J. de Smet . . . ; ouvrage traduit 
de l'anglais, par M. Bourlez. Paris: Poussielgue-Rusand, 1848. 

408 p., 19 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 
Howes no. D286. 

Sabin no. 82266. 



192 Published Travel Accounts 



P342 Smith, John, 1580-1631. 

The generall historie of Virginia, New England, & the Summer 
Isles: together with the true travels, adventures and observa- 
tions; and a sea grammar / by Capitain Smith. Glasgow: James 
MacLehose and Sons; New York: Macmillan Co., 1907. 
2 v.: ill., maps; 23 cm. 

P343 Smith, John, 1580-1631. 

Travels and works of Captain John Smith, President of Virginia 
and Admiral of New England, 1580-1631 / edited by Edward 
Arber. Edinburgh: John Grant, 1910. 
2 v.: ill., maps; 22 cm. 

P344 Smith, Joshua Toulmin, 1816-69. 

Journal in America, 1837-1838 / by Joshua Toulmin Smith, edited 
with introduction and notes by Floyd Benjamin Streeter. Me- 
tuchen, N.J.: Printed for C. F. Heartman, 1925. 
54 p.; 25 cm. 

P345 Smith, William Loughton, 1758-1812. 

Journal of William Loughton Smith, 1790-1791 / edited by Albert 
Matthews. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1917. 
p. 21-88, 2 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 

P346 Smyth, John Ferdinand Dalziel, 1745-1814. 

A tour in the United States of America: containing an account of 
the present situation of that country . . . / by J. F. D. Smyth. 
London: Printed for G. Robinson [etc.], 1784. 
2 v.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. S730. 
Sabin no. 85254. 

P347 Sonnini de Manoncour, Charles Nicholas Sigisbert, 1751-1812. 
Travels in upper and lower Egypt / by C. S. Sonnini and by 
Vivant Denon during the campaigns of Buonaparte in that coun- 
try .. . Glasgow: W. Sommerville, A. Fullarton, J. Blackie, 1815. 
[5], 476 p., 6 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 22 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 193 



P348 Stansbury, Phillip, 18027-70. 

A pedestrian tour of two thousand three hundred miles in North 

America . . . / by P. Stansbury. New York: J. D. Myers and 

W. Smith, 1822. 

xii, viii, [13J-274, [6] p., 9 leaves of plates: ill.; 19 cm. 

Howes no. S885. 

Sabin no. 90376. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 10333. 

P349 Staunton, Sir George Leonard, bart., 1737-1801. 

An authentic account of an embassy from the King of Great 
Britain to the Emperor of China . . .: taken chiefly from the 
papers of His Excellency the Earl of Macartney ... Sir Erasmus 
Gower . . . and of other gentlemen in the several departments of 
the embassy / by Sir George Staunton. Philadelphia: Printed for 
Robert Campbell by John Bioren, 1799. 
2 v. in 1: ill.; 22 cm. 
Evans no. 36363. 
Sabin no. 90843. 

P350 Stebbins, William, 1786-1858. 

The journal of William Stebbins, Stratford to Washington in 
1810 / with an introduction by Leonard W. Labaree and notes by 
Pierce W. Gaines. [Hartford, Conn.?]: Acorn Club, 1968. 
57, [2] p.; 22 cm. 

P351 Steedman, Charles John, b. 1856. 

Bucking the sagebrush; or, The Oregon trail in the seventies / by 
Charles J. Steedman; illustrated by Charles M. Russell. New 
York; London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1904. 
ix, 270 p., 13 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill. (some col.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. S916. 

P352 Steele, Edward Dunsha, 1829-65. 

Edward Dunsha Steele, 1829-1865: pioneer, schoolteacher, cabi- 
netmaker, and musician; a diary of his journey from Lodi, Wis- 
consin, across the plains to Boulder, Colorado in the year 1859 / 



194 Published Travel Accounts 



edited by Nolie Mumey. Boulder, Colo.: Johnson Publishing 

Co., 1960. 

90 p., 1 fold, plate: map; 29 cm. 

P353 Stephens, John Lloyd, 1805-52. 

Incidents of travel in Central America, Chiapas, and Yucatan / 
by John L. Stephens. London: John Murray, 1841. 
2 v.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 91297. 

P354 Stephens, John Lloyd, 1805-52. 

Incidents of travel in Yucatan / by John L. Stephens . . . illus- 
trated by 120 engravings. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1843. 
2 v.: ill.; 23 cm. 
Sabin no. 91299. 

P355 Stork, William. 

A description of East-Florida: with a journal kept by John Bar- 
tram of Philadelphia, botanist to His Majesty for the Floridas, 
upon a journey from St. Augustine up the river St. John's as far 
as the lakes . . . London: Sold by W. Nicoll [etc.], 1769. 
[4], viii, 40, xii, 35, [1] p., 3 leaves of fold, plates: ill.; 27 x 21 cm. 
Sabin no. 92222. 

P356 Strickland, Sir William, bart., 1753-1834. 

Journal of a tour in the United States of America, 1794-1795 / by 
William Strickland; edited by J. E. Strickland . . . New York: 
New-York Historical Society, 1971. 
xxiii, [3]-335 p., 17 leaves of plates: ill.; 25 cm. 

P357 Strong, William Emerson, 1840-91. 

A trip to the Yellowstone National Park in July, August, and Sep- 
tember, 1875: from the journal of General W. E. Strong. Washing- 
ton, D.C., 1876. 

143 p., 16 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 30 cm. 
Howes no. S1083. 



Published Travel Accounts 195 



P358 Stuart, James, 1775-1849. 

Three years in North America. / by James Stuart. New York: 

J. and J. Harper, 1833. 

2 v.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. S1099. 

Sabin no. 93170. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 21389. 

P359 Stuart, James, 1755-1849. 

Three years in North America / by James Stuart. Edinburgh: Rob- 
ert Caldwell; London: Whittaker, 1833. 
2 v.: ill., fold, map; 20 cm. 
Howes no. S1099. 
Sabin no. 93170. 

P360 Stuart- Wortley, Lady Emmeline C. E. (Manners), 1806-55. 

Travels in the United States, etc. during 1849 and 1850 / by the 

Lady Emmeline Stuart- Wortley. New York: Harper and Brothers, 

1851. 

463, 4, 7, [5] p.; 20 cm. 

Howes no. W687. 

Sabin no. 93220. 

P361 Stukeley, William, 1687-1765. 

Itinerarium curiosum; or, An account of the antiquitys, and 
remarkable curiositys in nature or art observed in travels thro' 
Great Britain / by William Stukeley. London: Printed for the 
author, 1724. 
[10], 198, [6] p., 100 leaves of plates (some fold).: ill.; 36 cm. 

P362 Sutcliff, Robert, d. 1811. 

Travels in some parts of North America in the years 1804, 1805, 

& 1806 / by Robert Sutcliff. York, Eng.: Printed by C. Peacock for 

W. Alexander [etc.], 1811. 

xi, 293 p. 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 18 cm. 

Howes no. SI 145. 

Sabin no. 93943. 



196 Published Travel Accounts 



P363 Sutcliff, Robert, d. 1811. 

Travels in some parts of North America in the years 1804, 1805, 
& 1806 / by Robert Sutcliff. Philadelphia: B. and T. Kite, 1812. 
xi, 289 p.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. SI 145 
Sabin no. 93943. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 26833. 

P364 Svin'in, Pavel Petrovich, 1788-1839. 

Opyt zhyvopisnavo puteshestviya po severnoi Amerike. St. 

Petersburg, Russia: Printshop, 1815. 

[5], 219 p., 6 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 18 cm. 

Howes no. SI 159. 

Sabin no. 93992. 

P365 Swan, John Alfred, 1817-96. 

A trip to the gold mines of California in 1848 / by John A. Swan; 
edited with introduction and notes by John A. Hussey. San Fran- 
cisco: Book Club of California, 1960. 
xxxv, 51 p., 1 plate: ill.; 25 cm. 

P366 Tait, John Robinson, 1834-1909. 

European life, legend, and landscape / by an artist. Philadelphia: 
James Challen and Son, 1859. 
154, [8] p.; 22 cm. 

P367 Tardieu, Andre, 1876-1945. 

Notes sur les Etats-Unis: la societe, la politique, la diplomatic 
Paris: Calmann-Levy 1908. 
iii, 381 p.; 19 cm. 

P368 Taylor, Bayard, 1825-78. 

Eldorado; or, Adventures in the path of empire comprising a voy- 
age to California via Panama, life in San Francisco and Monte- 
rey, pictures of the gold region, and experiences of Mexican 
travel / by Bayard Taylor. New York: George P. Putman; Lon- 
don: R. Bentley, 1850. 
2 v.: ill.; 19 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 197 



Howes no. T43. 
Sabin no. 94440. 

P369 Taylor, Bayard, 1825-78. 

Eldorado; or, Adventures in the path of empire comprising a voy- 
age to California via Panama, life in San Francisco and Monte- 
rey, pictures of the gold region, and experiences of Mexican 
travel / by Bayard Taylor. New York: George P. Putnam, 1856. 
xiv, 444 p., 7 leaves of plates: ill. (some col.); 19 cm. 
Sabin no. 94440. 

P370 Taylor, Bayard, 1825-78. 

The lands of the Saracen; or, Pictures of Palestine, Asia Minor, 
Sicily, and Spain / by Bayard Taylor. New York: George P. Put- 
nam; London: Sampson Low, Son, 1856. 
451 p., 3 leaves of plates: ill., fold, map; 19 cm. 

P371 Taylor, Bayard, 1825-78. 

Picturesque Europe: a delineation by pen and pencil of the natu- 
ral features and the picturesque and historical places of Great 
Britain and the continent. New York: D. Appleton, [1875-79]. 
3 v.: ill.; 33 cm. 

P372 Taylor, Bayard, 1825-78. 

A visit to India, China, and Japan in the year 1853 / by Bayard 
Taylor. New York: George P. Putnam, London: Sampson Low, 
Son, 1855. 
xvii, [13]-539 p., 1 plate: ill.; 19 cm. 

P373 Thornton, Jessy Quinn, 1810-88. 

Oregon and California in 1848: with an appendix including 
recent and authentic information on the subject of the gold 
mines of California and other valuable matter of interest to the 
emigrant, etc. . . . / by J. Quinn Thornton . . . New York: 
Harper and Brothers, 1849. 
2 v.: ill.; 21 cm. 
Howes no. T224. 
Sabin no. 95630. 



198 Published Travel Accounts 



P374 Torrington, John Byng, fifth viscount, 17427-1813. 

The Torrington diaries: containing the tours through England 
and Wales of the Hon. John Byng (later fifth viscount Torring- 
ton) between the years 1781 and 1794 / edited with an introduc- 
tion by C. Bruyn Andrew and with a general introduction by 
John Beresford. London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1934-38. 
4 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 

P375 Townsend, John Kirk, 1809-51. 

Narrative of a journey across the Rocky Mountains to the Colum- 
bia River and a visit to the Sandwich Islands, Chili, &c: with a 
scientific appendix / by John K. Townsend. Philadelphia: Henry 
Perkins; Boston: Perkins and Marvin, 1839. 
352 p.; 24 cm. 
Howes no. T319. 
Sabin no. 96381. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 58926. 

P376 Trollope, Anthony, 1815-82. 

North America / by Anthony Trollope. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippin- 

cott, 1862. 

2 v. in 1; 22 cm. 

P377 Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, 1813-71. 

The Italian sketch book / by an American. Philadelphia: Key and 
Biddle, 1835. 
216 p.; 19 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 34620. 

P378 Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, 1813-71. 

The Italian sketch book. Boston: Sight and Stearns, 1837. 
272 p.; 20 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 47130. 

P379 Tudor, Henry. 

Narrative of a tour in North America: comprising Mexico, the 
mines of Real de Monte, the United States, and the British colo- 
nies . . . / by Henry Tudor. London: James Duncan, 1834. 



Published Travel Accounts 199 



2 v.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. T404. 

P380 Tudor, William, 1779-1830. 

Letters on the eastern states / by William Tudor. Boston: Wells 

and Lilly, 1821. 

423 p.; 23 cm. 

Howes no. T405. 

Sabin no. 97407. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 7016. 

P381 Upham, Samuel Curtis, 1819-85. 

Notes of a voyage to California via Cape Horn: together with 
scenes in El Dorado in the years 1849-50; with an appendix con- 
taining reminiscences / by Samuel C. Upham. Philadelphia: By 
the author, 1878. 
594 p.: ill.; 24 cm. 
Howes no. U23. 

P382 Voyages au Kentoukey, et sur les bords du Genesee, precede de 
conseils aux liberaux, et a tous ceux qui se proposent de passer 
aux Etats-Unis / par M**** . . . ; ouvrage accompagne d'une carte 
geographique, levee sur les lieux par l'auteur en 1820. Paris: 
M. Sollier, 1821. 
243 p., 1 fold, plate: ill.; 22 cm. 
Sabin no. 42898. 

P383 Waldo, Samuel Putnam, 1780-1826. 

The tour of James Monroe, President of the United States, 

through the northern and eastern states in 1817: his tour in the 

year 1818; together with a sketch of his life; with descriptive and 

historical notices of the principal places through which he 

passed / by S. Putnam Waldo. Hartford, Conn.: Silas Andrus, 

1819. 

348 p., 1 plate: ill.; 18 cm. 

Howes no. W29. 

Sabin no. 101012. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 50014. 



200 Published Travel Accounts 



P384 Waller, John Augustine. 

A voyage in the West Indies: containing various observations 
made during a residence in Barbadoes and several of the Lee- 
ward Islands / by John Augustine Waller. London: Printed for 
Sir Richard Phillips, 1820. 
[4], 106 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 24 cm. 
Sabin no. 101114. 

P385 Wain, Robert, 1794-1825. 

The hermit in America on a visit to Philadelphia: containing 
some account of the human leeches, belles, beaux, coquettes, 
dandies, cotillion poets, and painters of America / edited by 
Peter Atall. Philadelphia: M. Thomas, 1819. 
215 p.; 19 cm. 
Howes no. W60. 
Sabin no. 101137. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 50022. 

P386 Wansey, Henry, 17527-1827. 

An excursion to the United States of North America in the sum- 
mer of 1794 . . . / by Henry Wansey. Salisbury: J. Easton [etc.], 
1798. 

xi, 270, [14] p., 2 leaves of fold, plates: ill.; 18 cm. 
Sabin no. 101240. 

P387 Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865. 

Wanderings in South America, the North-west of the United 
States, and the Antilles in the years 1812, 1816, 1820, & 1824 
. . . / by Charles Waterton . . . New York: Sturgis and Walton 
Co., 1909. 
xxvi, 338 p., 16 leaves of plates: col. ill.; 22 cm. 

P388 Welby, Adlard. 

A visit to North America and the English settlements in Illinois: 
with a winter residence at Philadelphia . . . / by Adlard Welby. 
London: Printed for J. Drury [etc.], 1821. 
xii, 224 p., 14 leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 201 



Howes no. W229. 
Sabin no. 102514. 

P389 Weld, Isaac, 1774-1856. 

Travels through the states of North America and the provinces 
of Upper and Lower Canada, during the years 1765, 1796, and 
1797 / by Isaac Weld. London: John Stockdale, 1800. 
2 v.: ill.; 22 cm. 
Howes no. W235. 
Sabin no. 102541. 

P390 Weston, Richard. 

A visit to the United States and Canada in 1833 . . . / by Richard 
Weston. Edinburgh: Richard Weston and Sons [etc.], 1836. 
ii, 312 p.; 18 cm. 
Howes no. W291. 
Sabin no. 103052. 

P391 Wheler, Sir George, 1650-1723. 

A journey into Greece . . .: a voyage from Venice to Constantino- 
ple; an account of Constantinople and the adjacent places; a voy- 
age through the Lesser Asia; a voyage from Zant through several 
parts of Greece to Athens; an account of Athens; several jour- 
ney's from Athens into Attica, Corinth, Boeotia, &c. / by George 
Wheler. London: Printed for W. Cademan [etc.], 1682. 
483 p., 8 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 31 cm. 

P392 White, John, d. 1840. 

History of a voyage to the China Sea / by John White. Boston: 

Wells and Lilly, 1826. 

ix, 327 p., 6 leaves of plates (1 fold.): ill.; 24 cm. 

Sabin no. 103411. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 27634. 

P393 Wied, Maximilian, Prinz von, 1782-1867. 

Reise in das innere Nord-America in den Jahren 1832 bis 1834 / 
von Maximilian Prinz zu Wied. Coblenz, Ger.: J. Hoelscher, 
1839-41. 



202 Published Travel Accounts 



4 v.: ill.; 32-46 cm. 
Howes no. M443a. 



P394 Wied, Maximilian, Prinz von, 1782-1867. 

Travels in the interior of North America / by Maximilian, prince 
of Wied . . . Leipzig: Schmidt and Guenther, [192-]. 
2 v.: ill.; 34 x 42 cm. 
Howes no. M443a. 
Sabin no. 47017. 

P395 Wilson, Charles Henry. 

The wanderer in America; or, truth at home . . . / by C. H. Wil- 
son. Thirsk, Eng. : Printed for the author by Henry Masterman, 
1824. 

120 p.; 20 cm. 
Howes no. W517. 
Sabin no. 104611. 

P396 Wilson, Ernest Henry, 1876-1930. 

China, mother of gardens / by Ernest H. Wilson . . . Boston: 

Stratford Co., 1929. 

x, 408 p., 61 leaves of plates: ill., fold, map; 27 cm. 

P397 Wilson, Henri. 

Relation des iles Pelew, situees dans la partie occidentale de 
1' ocean Pacifique: composee sur les journaux et les commuinic- 
ations du capitaine Henri Wilson . . . / traduit de l'Anglois de 
George Keate. Paris: Le Jay fils, Maradan, 1788. 
xiv, 384 p., 17 leaves of plates (some fold.): ill.; 26 cm. 

P398 Wilson, Rufus Rockwell, 1865-1949. 

Rambles in colonial byways / by Rufus Rockwell Wilson; illus- 
trated from drawings by William Lincoln Hudson and from pho- 
tographs . . . Philadelphia and London: J. B. Lippincott Co., 
1901. 
2 v.: ill.; 19 cm. 



Published Travel Accounts 203 



P399 Wines, Enoch Cobb, 1806-79. 

A trip to Boston: in a series of letters to the editor of the United 

States Gazette / by the author of "Two years and a half in the 

navy." Boston: C. C. Little and J. Brown, 1838. 

224 p.; 17 cm. 

Howes no. W560. 

Sabin no. 104774. 

Shaw/Shoemaker no. 53696. 

P400 Winthrop, Theodore, 1828-61. 

Life in the open air and other papers / by Theodore Winthrop. 
Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1863. 
iv, 374 p.: 1 plate: ill.; 19 cm. 

P401 Wollenweber, Louis August, 1807-88. 

Gemalde aus dem Pennsylvanischen Volksleben . . . / von L. A. 

Wollenweber. Philadelphia und Leipzig: Schafer und Koradi, 

1869. 

143 p.; 16 cm. 

P402 Wollstonecraft, Mary, 1759-97. 

Letters written during a short residence in Sweden, Norway, 
and Denmark / by Mary Wollstonecraft. Wilmington, Del.: 
Printed for and sold by J. Wilson, and J. Johnson, 1796. 
218, [5], 12, p.; 17 cm. 
Evans no. 31653. 

P403 Wood, W. W. 

Sketches of China: with illustrations from original drawings / by 
W. W. Wood. Philadelphia: Carey and Lea, 1830. 
7, 250 p., 6 leaves of plates: ill.; 21 cm. 
Shaw/Shoemaker no. 5533. 

P404 Woods, John, d. 1829. 

Two years' residence on the English prairie of Illinois / edited by 
Paul A. Angle. Chicago: R. R. Donnelley and Sons Co., 1968. 
xxxv, 242 p.: ill.; 18 cm. 



204 Published Travel Accounts 



P405 Wright, Edward. 

Some observations made in travelling through France, Italy, &c. 
in the years 1720, 1721, and 1722 / by Edward Wright. London: 
Tho. Ward and E. Wicksteed, 1730. 
2 v.: ill.; 26 cm. 

P406 Wright, W. W. 

Dore / by a stroller in Europe. New York: Harper and Brothers, 

1857. 

vi, 386, [2] p.; 20 cm. 



Short-Title Bibliography 



Clark, Thomas D. Travels in the New South: A Bibliography. Nor- 
man: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962. 

Clark, Thomas D. Travels in the Old South: A Bibliography. Nor- 
man: University of Oklahoma Press, 1962. 

Evans, Charles. American Bibliography: A Chronological Dictionary of 
All Books, Pamphlets, and Periodical Publications Printed in the 
United States of America from the Genesis of Printing in 1639 Down 
to and Including the Year 1800, with Bibliographical and Biographi- 
cal Notes. Chicago: Printed for the author, 1903-59. 

Howes, Wright. U.S.iana (1650-1950): A Selective Bibliography in 
which Are Described 11,620 Uncommon and Significant Books 
Relating to the Continental Portion of the United States. New York: 
R. R. Bowker for the Newberry Library, 1962. 

Sabin, Joseph. Bibliotheca Americana: A Dictionary of Books Relating 
to America from Its Discovery to the Present Time. New York: J. 
Sabin, 1868-1936. 

Shaw, Ralph R., and Richard Shoemaker. American Bibliogra- 
phy . . . New York: Scarecrow Press, 1958-89. (Authors record 
entire series that was also compiled by others and, from 1964, 
entitled A Checklist of American Imprints . . .) 



205 



Chronological Index to Manuscripts 



1762 Thorn, William: 83 

1763 Thorn, William: 83 

1764 Thorn, William: 83 

1765 [Sea journal of events from 

England to Jamaica]: 77 
Thorn, William: 83 

1766 Thorn, William: 83 

1767 Hewlett, Richard: 41 

1785 [Diary of a New Castle County, 

Del., cabinetmaker]: 25 
Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1786 [Diary of a New Castle County, 

Del., cabinetmaker: 25 
Kunze, John Christopher: 50 
Milhous, Sarah: 59 

1787 Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1788 Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1789 Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1790 Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1791 [Diary of a trip from Philadel- 

phia to Boston]: 26 
Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1792 Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1793 Kunze, John Christopher: 50 

1796 Johnson, Benjamin: 45 
Thorn, William: 83 

1797 Johnson, Benjamin: 45 
Observations sur les Moeurs et 

des Habitans de Distric a 

Maine . . . : 66 
Thorn, William: 83 
Vaughan, John: 87 

1798 Thorn, William: 83 
Vaughan, John: 87 

1799 Gilbert, W.: 39 
Thorn, William: 83 
Vaughan, John: 87 

1800 Gilbert, W.: 39 
Thorn, William: 83 
Vaughan, John: 87 

1801 Thorn, William: 83 
Vaughan, John: 87 

1802 Breese, John M.: 10 
Thorn, William: 83 
Vaughan, John: 87 

1803 Breese, John M.: 10 



Thorn, William: 83 
Watson, Lucy Fanning: 91 

1804 Sea journal: 76 

The Arthur diary . . . : 3 
Thorn, William: 83 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 

1805 The Arthur diary . . . : 3 
Thorn, William: 83 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 

1806 Milhous Sarah: 59 
Thorn, William: 83 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 

1807 Thorn, William: 83 

1808 Cogdell, John Stevens: 19 
Thorn, William: 83 

1809 Thorn, William: 83 

1810 Thorn, William: 83 

1811 Thorn, William: 83 

1812 Nichols, Francis: 63 
Thorn, William: 83 

1813 [Journal of a printer's trip 

through Pennsylvania and 

West Virginia]: 46 
Nichols, Francis: 63 
Thorn, William: 83 

1816 Nichols, Susan W.: 64 

1817 Journey from England through 

Sweden, Denmark, Russia, 
Prussia, Germany: 47 
Konigmacher, A.: 49 

1818 Journey from England through 

Sweden, Denmark, Russia, 
Prussia, Germany: 47 
Konigmacher, A.: 49 

1819 Gibbons, Mary P.: 38 
Konigmacher, A.: 49 

1820 Konigmacher, A.: 49 

1821 White, Enos: 93 

1822 Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1823 Morris, John Pemberton: 62 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1824 [Gilman, Rufus King]: 40 
Hoxie, John M. S.: 43 
Morris, John Pemberton: 62 



207 



208 



Chronological Index 



White, Enos: 93 

1825 Cogdell, John Stevens: 19 
Hoxie, John M. S.: 43 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Morris, John Pemberton: 62 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1826 Brinton, Mary C: 12 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Moore, Emeline: 61 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1827 Brinton, Mary C: 12 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Moore, Emeline: 61 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1828 Brinton, Mary C: 12 
Moore, Emeline: 61 
Oddie, Walter Mason: 67 
White, Enos: 93 

1829 Brinton, Mary C: 12 
Oddie, Walter Mason: 67 
Richardson, Ruth Hoskins: 73 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1830 Bridgman, Sarah E.: 11 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
White, Enos: 93 

1831 Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Bridgman, Sarah E.: 11 
Clapp, David: 17 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1832 Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Bridgman, Sarah E.: 11 
Foote, Lucinda: 36 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1833 Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Foote, Lucinda: 36 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Meigs, Henry: 56 
Stover, Ralph: 81 



Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1834 Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Foote, Lucinda: 36 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Meigs, Henry: 56 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
Watson, Lucy Fanning: 91 
White, Enos: 93 

1835 Andrews, Joseph: 2 
Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Bridgman, Sarah E.: 11 
Foote, Lucinda: 36 
Meigs, Henry: 56 
Randolph, R.: 69 
Starr, John: 79 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1836 Andrews, Joseph: 2 
Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Mason, Hannah Rogers: 54 
Meigs, Henry: 56 
Randolph, R.: 69 

Starr, John: 79 
White, Enos: 93 

1837 Randolph, R.: 69 
Watson, Selina: 92 
White, Enos: 93 

1838 White, Enos: 93 

1839 Bachman, Mary Eliza: 4 
Bogert, Mrs. James: 8 
Minutes of the Western Vir- 
ginia land excursion: 60 

Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1840 Jaques, George: 44 
White, Enos: 93 

1841 Clapp, David: 17 
du Pont, Henry: 31 
Jaques, George: 44 
White, Enos: 93 

1842 du Pont, Henry: 31 
Jaques, George: 44 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1843 Clapp, David: 17 



Chronological Index 



209 



Jaques, George: 44 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1844 Jaques, George: 44 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1845 Jaques, George: 44 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
White, Enos: 93 

1846 Jaques, George: 44 
White, Enos: 93 

1847 Steen, Mary Service: 80 
White, Enos: 93 

1848 Steen, Mary Service: 80 
White, Enos: 93 

1849 Bell, John G.: 6 

Doings on board the sloop Bee. 
from Fire Island bound to 
Three Mile Harbor: 29 

Steen, Mary Service: 80 

White, Enos: 93 

1850 Bell, John G.: 6 
Bixby, Sarah: 7 
Dexter, Henry: 24 
Kinsey, John W.: 48 
Richardson, Joseph G.: 72 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
White, Enos: 93 

1851 [Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
White, Enos: 93 

1852 [Diary of a young American in 

Europe]: 27 
Jaques, George: 44 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 

1853 [Diary of a young American in 

Europe]: 27 
[Diary of an American on tour]: 

28 
Jaques, George: 44 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 



Steen, Mary Service: 80 

1854 Jaques, George: 44 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 

1855 Jaques, George: 44 

[A record of lessons in draw- 
ing]: 70 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1856 Jaques, George: 44 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1857 Fifield, Maria M.: 32 
Food at Astor, etc.: 35 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1858 Fifield, Maria M.: 32 
Forney, Peter: 37 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 
Norris, Albert Lane: 65 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 
Watson, John Fanning: 90 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1859 Daily miniature diary: 23 
Fifield, Maria M.: 32 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 
Norris, Albert Lane: 65 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1860 Fifield, Maria M.: 32 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Norris, Albert Lane: 65 
Patton, Mary Shaw Bird: 68 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 



210 



Chronological Index 



Studley, John M.: 82 
Watson, Lucy Fanning: 91 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1861 Fifield, Maria M.: 32 
Forney, Peter: 37 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Patton, Mary Shaw Bird: 68 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Steen, Mary Service: 80 
Studley, John M.: 82 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1862 Fifield, Maria M.: 32 
Forney, Peter: 37 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1863 Brown, T. Stewart: 13 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Vandegrift, Harrison: 86 
Whitefield, Edwin: 94 

1864 Brown, T. Stewart: 13 
Burgess, Frances: 15 
Fletcher, Martha: 34 
[Manuscript diaries of a Boston 

artist . . .]: 52 
Rumford, Charles G.: 74 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 
Vandegrift, Harrison: 86 

1865 Brown, T. Stewart: 13 
Burgess, Frances: 15 
Fletcher, Martha: 34 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 

1866 Cowles, Florence Ashmore: 22 
Fletcher, Martha: 34 

Mabie, Charles A.: 51 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 

1867 Bell, Abraham: 5 



Coney, Jabez: 21 
Cowles, Florence Ashmore: 22 
Fletcher, Martha: 34 
Shank, Christian H.: 78 
Studley, John M.: 82 
Wales, Salem Howe: 88 
Ward, William E.: 89 

1868 Coney, Jabez: 21 

Cowles, Florence Ashmore: 22 
Wales, Salem Howe: 88 

1869 Bell, Abraham: 5 

1872 Bell, Abraham: 5 

Clarke, Thomas Benedict: 18 

1873 Bell, Abraham: 5 

1876 Bell, Abraham: 5 
Foote, Lucinda: 36 
Hoagland, Lavinia: 42 

1877 Bell, Abraham: 5 
Hoagland, Lavinia: 42 
Marsh, E. S.: 53 

1878 Bell, Abraham: 5 
Hoagland, Lavinia: 42 

1879 Clarke, Thomas Benedict: 18 
Hoagland, Lavinia: 42 

1880 Bell, Abraham: 5 

Butler, William Colflesh: 16 
Collingwood, Cuthbert: 20 

1881 Bell, Abraham: 5 
Bradbury, Gotham: 9 
Butler, William Colflesh: 16 
Clarke, Thomas Benedict: 18 
Finley, Mrs. James A.: 33 
Mason, Jonathan: 55 

1882 Bell, Abraham: 5 
Bradbury, Gotham: 9 

1883 Bell, Abraham: 5 
Bradbury, Gotham: 9 

1884 Bell, Abraham: 5 

1886 Adams, Charles E.: 1 
Bell, Abraham: 5 

1887 Adams, Charles E.: 1 
Bell, Abraham: 5 

1888 Adams, Charles E.: 1 
Bell, Abraham: 5 

1889 Adams, Charles E.: 1 
Bell, Abraham: 5 



Chronological Index 



1890 Adams, Charles E.: 1 

1891 Adams, Charles E.: 1 
Bell, Abraham: 5 

1892 Bell, Abraham: 5 
[Douglass, Anna Elizabeth Dex- 
ter]: 30 

Vail, Georgiana L.: 84 

1893 [Douglass, Anna Elizabeth Dex- 

ter]: 30 
Remeniscenses of our trip 
to the Columbian Exposi- 
tion . . . : 71 
Vail, Georgiana L.: 84 
1895 Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 
1899 Vail, Martha: 85 



211 



1900 Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 

1901 Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 

1902 Merritt, Benjamin H.: 58 

1905 Mendinhall, Estelle M.: 57 

1906 Mendinhall, Estelle M.: 57 

1914 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 

1915 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 

1916 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 
Butler, William Colflesh: 16 

1917 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 
1928 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 
1930 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 

1933 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 

1934 Burdick, Horace Robbins: 14 
1938 Rumford, Samuel Canby: 75 



Comprehensive Index to Manuscripts 



Academy of Attica, Attica, N.Y., 
M88 

Academy of Natural Sciences, Phila- 
delphia, M16 

Academy of Physick, Florence, M19 

Adams, Charles E., Ml 

Adams, John, M19 

Adams, John Quincy, M19, M45 

Adventures of Roderick Random, The, 
M67 

Aesop, M45 

Agricultural Society of Bucks 
County, Pa., M62 

Agriculture, M3, M23, M33, M52, 
M62, M78, M91, M93 

Albani, Francesco, M57 

Albany, N.Y., M8, M36 

Albert, consort of Queen Victoria, 
M28 

Alexander, Francis, M19, M24 

Alexandria, Egypt, M57, M69 

Alexandria, Va., 5, M81 

Allegheny Mountains, M81 

Allston, Robert F. W., M52 

Allston, Washington, M19, M55 

Alps, M28, M89 

Alrichs, Mr., M87 

Amenophis, M57 

American Art Union, New York 
City, M52 

American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, M16 

American Cottage Builder, The, M44 

American Crisis; or, The True Issue, 
Slavery or Liberty, The, M68 

American Institute, M56 

American Medical Association, M87 

American Philosophical Society, Phil- 
adelphia, M16, M87 

American Sunday-School Union, 
M15 

American Wild Flowers in their Native 
Haunts, M94 

Amiens, Fr., M47 

Amsterdam, M47 

Anatomical Studies of the Bones and 



Muscles for the Use of Artists, M2 

Anatomy, M2 

Andre, Major John, M55 

Andrews, Joseph, M2 

Annals of Philadelphia, M90 

Annapolis, Md., M52 

Annette Delarbre (painting), M2 

Annville, Pa., M37, M78 

Antietam, Md., M78, M82 

Apian Way, It., M27 

Archduke Charles Hotel, Vienna, 
M28 

Architectural design, Ml, M83, 
M94 

Army of the Potomac, M15, M86 

Art House, New York City, M18 

Art schools, Ml, M14, M70 

Artern, Ger., M50 

Arthur, John, M3 

Arthur, Timothy S., M80 

Arthur, Timothy Shay, M15 

Arthur family, M3 

Artist colonies, M52 

Artists. See specific kinds of artists 

Astor Hotel, New York City, M35 

Astronomy, M56 

Aswan, Egypt, M57 

Atlantic City, N.J., M16. See also indi- 
vidual entries for specific sites, 
organizations, etc. 

Atlantic Monthly, M9 

Attorneys. See Lawyers 

Aubrun, J., M53 

Auburn, N.Y., M8. See also individ- 
ual entries for specific sites, orga- 
nizations, etc. 

Auburn Prison, Auburn, N.Y., M36 

Audubon, John James, M4, M52 

Audubon, John Woodhouse, M4, 
M52 

Audubon, Victor, M4, M52 

Augustine Church, Vienna, M28 

Augustine Mills, Wilmington, Del., 
M75 

Aurora Borealis, M56 

Austria, M88, M89 



213 



214 



Comprehensive Index 



Ayres, John W., Ml 
Azores, M76 

Bachman, John, minister, M4, M52 
Bachman, Maria, M4 
Bachman, Mary Eliza, M4 
Bachman family, M4 
Bagnoles, Fr., M45 
Baleman, Mr., M2 
Ball, Thomas, M88 
Baltimore, M48, M75, M86, 

M87 
Bank of North America, M88 
Bank of South Carolina, M19 
Bankers, M19 

Banks of Newfoundland, M39 
Baptists, M23, M91 
Barett, Jacky, M50 
Baring Brothers, London, M55 
Barn construction, M62, M78, M83 
Barnaby Building, Providence, Ml 
Barnaby Rudge, M44 
Barnstable, Mass., M52 
Barrels, M21. See also Coopers and 

cooperage 
Bartlett, George Hartnell, Ml 
Barton, Benjamin, M19 
Bartram, William, M45 
Bartram's Garden, Philadelphia, M16 
Baseball, Ml, M85 
Bath, Maine, M9 
Baths of Caracalla, Rome, M57 
Baths of Diocletion, Rome, M27 
Batsto, N.J., M90, M91 
Battle of Seven Pines, Fair Oaks, Va., 

M82 
Battle of the Wilderness, M15 
Bay of Naples (painting), M56 
Bayne, Walter McPherson, M80 
Beaumont, Gustave, M36 
Bedford, duke of, M2, M47 
Beggars, M27 
Belfast, Ire., M5 
Belgium, M68, M88 
Belinda, M67 
Bell, A., M5 



Bell, Abraham, M5 

Bell, John G., M6 

Bell, Rebecca, M5 

Belvedere Palace, Vienna, M28 

Bemans, W. B., M48 

Bennett, Aaron, M90 

Benson, John, M90 

Benson, Mr., M29 

Berkshire, Mass., Court House, M14 

Berlin, Ger., M28, M45, M65, M89. 
See also individual entries for spe- 
cific sites, organizations, etc. 

Bettering House Hospital, Philadel- 
phia, M19 

Bible, M2 

Binondo, Manila, the Philippines, 
M76 

Birds, M4 

Birds of America, M4 

Blacksmiths, M24 

Blaine, James, M9 

Bleak House, M44 

Blondin, Charles, M68 

Boarding houses. See Hotels, taverns, 
etc. 

Bogert, Mrs. James, M8 

Boilers, M21 

Bois de Bologne, Fr., M68 

Boliver Gap, Md., M82 

Boner, Will, M85 

Booth, John Wilkes, M15 

Bordentown, N.J., M92 

Borghese Gallery, Rome, M57 

Boston (U boat), M17 

Boston, Ml, M17, M19, M20, M21, 
M24, M26, M28, M30, M39, M55, 
M63, M94. See also individual 
entries for specific sites, organiza- 
tions, etc. 

Boston Art Club, M14 

Boston Athenaeum, M19, M67 

Boston city directories, M17 

Boston Common, M55 

Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 
M17 

Boston Museum of Art, M14 



Comprehensive Index 



215 



Boston Old School Boys Association, 

M17 
Boston Transcript, M65 
Botanists, M4, M16 
Boticelli, Sandro, M57 
Bracebridge Hall, M12 
Bradbury, Gotham, M9 
Bradbury, Jenny, M9 
Bradley & Callaghan, Philadelphia, 

M16 
Brandon, Vt., M53 
Brandywine Creek, Del., M79 
Brattleboro, Vt., M52 
Breese, John M., M10 
Bremen, Ger., M45, M47 
Brest, Fr., M89 
Brewster, Mrs., M52 
Bridgman, Sarah, Mil 
Bristol, Pa., M62 
British Museum, London, M27 
Brooklyn, Conn., M44 
Brooklyn, N.Y., M82 
Brooks family, M23 
Brown, Edgar, M13 
Brown, Jacob, M83 
Brown, John, M65 
Brown, Mr., Ml 
Brown, T. Stewart, M13 
Brown University, Providence, M44 
Browning, Robert, M57 
Brunswick, duchess of, M45 
Brussels, Belgium, M47 
Buckingham Palace, London, M28 
Bucks Co., Pa., M62 
Buffalo, N.Y., M60 
Bullfights, M88 
Bullock, John, M44 
Burdick, Doris, M14 
Burdick, Horace, M14 
Burford, Robert, M67 
Burgess, Frances, M15 
Burial mounds, M81 
Burlington, N.J., M73 
Burns, Robert, 11, M57 
Burnside, Ambrose, general, M82 
Burr, Aaron, M50, M55 



Burton's Theater, New York City, 

M29 
Butler, William Colflesh, M16 
Byberry Township, Pa., M74 
Byron, George Gordon, Lord, Mil, 

M12, M57 

Cabinetmakers. See Furniture 

workers 
Cairo, Egypt, M57 
Cairo, 111., M94 
Calais, Fr., M47 
Calcutta, India, M76 
Calhoun, John C, M55 
California, M6 

Cambridge, Mass., M65. See also indi- 
vidual entries for specific sites, 

organizations, etc. 
Camp meetings, M65, M78 
Camp Prevost, Pa., M13 
Camp Scott, M82 
Camp Wallace, Md., M86 
Canada, M8, M52 
Canby, Elizabeth, M75 
Canton, China, M76 
Cape Hatteras, N.C., M90 
Cape May, N.J., M80, M90. See also 

individual entries for specific 

sites, organizations, etc. 
Captain Cook's Third and Last Voyage, 

M45 
"Cares of Greatness, The," M59 
Carlisle, Pa., M13 
Caroline, M8 
Carpenters, M82, M83 
Carrickfergus, Ire., M80 
Carvers. See Wood carvers 
Castle Garden, New York City, M17, 

M92 
Castle Pinckney, Charleston, S.C., 

M4 
Cathedral of Saint Augustine, St. 

Augustine, Fla., M30 
Cathedral Saint Marco, Venice, M28 
Cats, M9 
Catskill Mountains, N.Y., M54 



216 



Comprehensive Index 



Celle, Ger., M45 

Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, 

M5, M53 
Chadds Ford, Pa., Mil 
Chagres River, Panama, M6 
Chamonix, Fr., M89 
Chapin and Son, Oneida, N.Y., M51 
Charles, Prince of Spain, M90 
Charleston, S.C., M4, M19, M52. See 

also individual entries for specific 

sites, organizations, etc. 
Charleston, W.Va., M60 
Charleston Courier, M4 
Charleston Library Society, M19 
Charlestown Academy, M93 
Chase, Justice Salmon P., M5 
Chautaqua Lake, N.Y., M7 
Chayneyville, La., M74 
Chesapeake (frigate), M55, M63 
Chester, Pa., M75, M87 
Chester Co., Pa., M45, M90 
Chesterville, Maine, M9 
Chicago, M71 . See also individual 

entries for specific sites, organiza- 
tions, etc. 
Chin Chin, M50 
China, M76 

Christ Church, New York City, M50 
Christ Healing the Sick (painting), M19 
Christian Commission, M88 
Christian Observer, M12 
Christiana Bridge, Del., M87 
Christiana River, Del., M79 
Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada, A, 

M67 
Church architecture, M27, M47 
Church of Saint Stephen, Vienna, 

M28 
Church of the Holy Apostles, Rome, 

M68 
Cicero, M64 

Cincinnati, M48, M81, M90, M93 
City: Its Sins and Its Sorrows, The, M80 
City Arsenal, Vienna, M28 
Civil War. See United States Civil 

War 



Clapp, David, M17 

Clapp, Mr., M42 

Clarke, Thomas Benedict, M18 

Clay, Henry, M48, M55 

Clay modeling. See Modeling 

Cloud, William, M87 

Clubs of London, The, M67 

Coal mines and mining, M90 

Coal River, W.Va., M60 

Coates, J. H., M5 

Coates, J. H., and Company, Phila- 
delphia, M53 

Cogdell, John Stevens, M19 

Cogdell, Richard, M19 

Coggeshell, Elizabeth, M59 

Cole, Thomas, M55, M67 

Coliseum, Rome, M27, M57 

College of Charleston, Charleston, 
S.C., M19 

Collingwood, Cuthbert, M20 

Collins, Abraham, M19 

Cologne, Ger., M28, M89 

Columbia, Cape May, N.J., M80 

Columbia University, New York 
City, M50 

Columbus, Christopher, M71, M78 

Commerce, M5, M76, M79, M88, 
M90 

Concise History of the Autumnal Fever 
Which Prevailed in the Borough of 
Wilmington in the Year 1802, M87 

Concord, N.H., M32 

Coney, Jabez, M21 

Confederacy (ship), M76 

Congenies, Fr., M45 

Congregational Association of Ver- 
mont, M68 

Congregationalists, M68 

Congress Hall, Cape May, N.J., M80 

Conkling, Roscoe, M9 

Connecticut River, M91 

Conrad, Henry C, M79 

Consolidated Oil Company, M13 

Continental American Life Insurance 
Company, M75 

Convent de Larabita, M71 



Comprehensive Index 



217 



Coolidge, Calvin, M14 

Coopers and cooperage, M45, M49. 

See also Barrels 
Copenhagen, Denmark, M47 
Copperhead (nickname), M15 
Corsini Gallery, Rome, M57 
Cortland Co., N.Y., M15 
Cottage Residences, M44 
Cotton, John, M17 
Covent Garden, London, M45, M68 
Cowles, Florence Ashmore, M22 
Cowles, Will, M22 
Cowper, William, Mil 
Cropsey, Jasper F., M52 
Croquet, M5 

Crucifixon, The (painting), M57 
Cruikshank, George, M2 
Crystal Palace, London, M68 
Crystal Palace, New York City, M80 
Cuba, M90 
Currier, Elisa, M14 
Currier, Orien S., M65 
Curtis family, M23 

Danube River, Ger., M57, M89 

Davenport, Mr., M27 

Davidson, Ann, M87 

Da vies, Dr., minister, M68 

Davis, Jefferson, M15 

Day, Judge Henry, M36 

Dayton, Ohio, M81 

Daytona, Fla., M30 

Daytona Beach, Fla., M43 

Death, M22, M38, M51, M54, M73, 

M91 
Debates and debating, M78 
Decedent's estates, M42 
Delanco, N.J., M34 
Delaware, Mil 
"Delaware Cabinetmakers and Allied 

Artisans, 1655-1855," M25 
Delaware Canal, M90 
Delaware Deputy Attorney General, 

M74 
Delaware District Court Clerk, M74 
Delaware Medical Society, Wilming- 



ton, M87 

Delaware Philosophical Society, Wil- 
mington, M87 

Delaware River, M79 

Delaware Volunteer Cavalry, 1st Regi- 
ment, Company C, M86 

Denmark, M76 

DeRose, Anthony Lewis, M67 

de Stael, Madame, M54 

Devereaux, M67 

Dexter, Henry, M24, M30 

Dexter family, M24 

Dickens, Charles, M57 

Dijon, Fr., M35 

Dillard, H. K., M5 

Dillon, J. C, M5 

Dilwyn, George, M45 

Dixon, Isaac, M87 

Doctors. See Physicians 

Doges Palace, Venice, Austria, M28 

Dominy family, M29 

Dorcas Society, M80 

Dorchester, Mass., M17 

Dorman, Charles G., M25 

Doughty, Thomas, 19, M55 

Douglass, Anna Elizabeth Dexter, 
M30 

Douglass, Dr., M9 

Dover, Eng., M47 

Downing, Andrew Jackson, M44 

Dresden, Ger., M28. See also individ- 
ual entries for specific sites, orga- 
nizations, etc. 

Drew Seminary, Carmel, N.Y., M85 

Drury's School, Pawtuxet, R.I., M44 

Dry goods merchants, M65 

Du Systeme Penitentiaire aux Etas-Unis 
et de son Application en France, M36 

Dublin, Ire., M5, M40, M80. See also 
individual entries for specific 
sites, organizations, etc. 

Dunkirk, Fr., M45 

Dunlap, William, M19 

du Pont, Alfred I., M75 

du Pont, Eugene, M75 

du Pont, Henry, M31 



218 



Comprehensive Index 



du Pont, Victor, M74 

DuPont Company, Wilmington, Del., 

M75 
Durand, Asher B., M52 
Dusseldorf Gallery, New York City, 

M52, M80 
Dutchess Co., N.Y., M3, M83 

Earl Percy (ship), M63 

East Indies, M10 

East Killingly, Conn., M14 

East River, New York City, M29 

Eddy, H. W., M82 

Edgeworth, Maria, M67 

Edinburgh, M65, M68 

Education of an Artist, The, M14 

Egremont, Lord, M2 

Elevators, M21 

Elizabeth Frith (ship), M79 

"Eliza's Search after Happiness," M4 

Elliott, Stephen, M19 

Ellis, Sarah, M80 

Embury, Emma C, M94 

Emerson, Ralph Waldo, M44 

Emmerton, George, Ml 

Emporium of Arts and Sciences, The, 

M46 
Enfield, Conn., M91 
Engelmann, E., M67 
Enginemakers, M49 
England, M66, M68, M76, M80, M88, 

M94 
English Traits, M44 
Engravers, M2 
Episcopals, M62 
Epping, N.H., M65 
Erie, Pa., M60 
Evangelical Alliance, M68 
Evans, Samuel, M63 
Evening Star, M56 

Exchange rates. See Foreign exchange 
Exhibitions, M14, M18, M19, M29, 

M52, M67, M68, M80, M88 
Extraordinary Case of Elizabeth Hobson, 

The, M45 



Fair Oaks, Va., M82 

Fair Oaks Station, Va., M82 

Fairfield, N.Y., M64 

Fanning family, M91 

Fanueil Hall, Boston, M14 

Farmers, M66 

Farmers' Club, M56 

Farming. See Agriculture 

Female diarists, M4, M7, M8, Mil, 

M12, M15, M22, M30, M33-M36, 

M38, M54, M57, M59, M61, M64, 

M68, M73, M80, M84, M85, M91, 

M92 
Ferris wheels, M71 
Fielding, Henry, M10 
Fifield, John, M32 
Fifield, Maria, M32 
Finch, A. L., M58 
Finley, Mrs. James A., M33 
Fire fighting, M75 
Fireworks, M75 
"First Kiss of Love, The," M4 
Fisher, Alvan, M55 
Fishkill, N.Y., M3 
Flaxman, John, M2 
Fletcher, Martha, M34 
Fletcher, Thomas, M34 
Fletcher, William, M34 
Fletcher and Gardiner, Philadelphia, 

M34 
Florence, It., M27, M35, M55, M57, 

M88, M89 
Florence McCarthy, M67 
Florida, M4 

Fogg Museum, Boston, M14 
Foote, Lucinda, M36 
Foreign exchange, M76 
Forney, Peter, M37 
Fort Lauderdale, Fla., M43 
Fort Marion, St. Augustine, Fla., 

M30 
Fourth of July celebrations, M23, 

M75 
Fowler, Mary Ann, M93 
Fowler, Orson F., M44 



Comprehensive Index 



219 



France, M55, M57, M66, M68, M76, 

M88, M89 
Francis, John W., M50 
Frankfort, Ger., M28, M57 
Franklin, Benjamin, M2 
Franklin Hotel, New York City, M17 
Franklin Institute, Philadelphia, M80 
Franklin Union Society, M3 
Fredericksburg, Va., M78 
French and McKenzie, Providence, 

Ml 
Friends School, Wilmington, Del., 

M75 
"Friendship" (poem), M4 
Frullini, Luigi, Ml 
Fulton, Robert, M19 
Furniture workers, Ml, M16, M25, 

M37, M93 
Fuseli, Henry, M55 

Galena, 111., M33 

Gambling, M88 

Garden of Acclamation, Paris, M89 

Gardener's Magazine, M44 

Gardening, M56, M72, M78 

Garfield, James A., M9 

Garibaldi, Guiseppe, M68 

Garrick Society, Boston, M20 

Gebhart family, M33 

General Convention of the Protestant 

Episcopal Church, Norristown, 

Pa., M62 
Geneva, N.Y., M8 
Geneva, Switz., M89 
Genoa, It., M27, M35, M89 
George, Henry, Ml 
George III, king of Great Britain, 

M45 
Germantown, Pa., M12, M16, M92 
Germany, M45, M49, M57, M68, 

M88, M89 
Gettysburg, Pa., M78, M86 
Ghent, Belgium, M47 
Gibbons, Mary P., M38 
Gibbons family, M59 



Gilbert, W., M39 

Gilley, William B., M67 

Gilman, Rufus King, M40 

Gilpin, E. W., judge, M74 

Gilpin, William S., M44 

Giza, Egypt, M57 

Glaciers, M68, M89 

Glascock, William N., M67 

Glasgow, Scotland, M57 

Globe Works Foundry, Boston, M21 

Gobelin Tapestry Works, Paris, M27, 

M68, M89 
Goethe, Wolfgang, M57 
Gold mines and mining, M6 
Golden Rule, M9 
Goldsboro, N.C., M82 
Goodall, Joseph, M2 
Goodyear, Joseph, M2 
Gookin, Jennie, Ml 
Goteborg, Sweden, M47, M50 
Government Life Saving Station, 

Atlantic City, N.J., M16 
Grand Army of the Republic, M65 
Grand Rapids, Mich., Ml 
Grand tour, M27, M28, M44, M57, 

M68, M69 
Grant, Ulysses S., M5, M15, M33 
Gravesend, Eng., M77 
Great Britain. See England 
Great Exhibition of Industry of All 

Nations, Paris, 1867, M88, M89 
Great Exhibition of the Works of All 

Nations, London, 1851, M80 
Great Lakes, M48 

Great Marlborough St., London, M55 
Greeley, Horace, M5 
Green, Duff, M67 
Green Cove Springs, Fla., M5 
Greenback Party, M9 
Greenough, Horatio, M55 
Grey, Vivian, M12 
Groton, Conn., M91 
Grotto del Cane, It., M27 
Grubb, Sarah, M45 
Grundmann, E. O., M14 



220 



Comprehensive Index 



Guiteau, Charles, M9 
Guiteau, J. M., M42 
Guthrie, Thomas, M80 

Hadley, Mr., M87 

Hagar in the Wilderness (painting), 

M67 
Hahnemann Hospital, New York 

City, M88 
Haight, Mr. and Mrs. R. H., M69 
Hale and Kilburn Manufacturing 

Company, Philadelphia, M16 
Haley, E. S., M16 
Halifax, Eng., M39 
Halifax, Nova Scotia, M63 
Hall, WUlard, judge, M74 
Halley's Comet, M56 
Hamburg, Ger., M45, M47, M69 
Hampton Court Palace, Eng., M68 
Hands not Hearts, M80 
Handymen, M23 
Hanover Trust Company, M88 
Hard Times, M44 
Harding, Chester, M55 
Hardware merchants, M49 
Harpers Ferry, W.Va., M48, M65, 

M81 
Harper's Magazine, M80 
Harper's Monthly, M9 
Harrisburg, Pa., M78, M90 
Hart, Joel Tanner, M88 
Harvard University, Cambridge, 

Mass., M20, M55, M65 
Harvre, Fr., M35 
Hatmakers. See Hatters 
Hatters, M32 

Havana, Cuba, M52, M55, M90 
Havemeyer, William F., M88 
Hawthorne, Nathaniel, M57 
Health care. See Medical care 
Hempstead, N.Y., M29 
Herculaneum, It., M28 
Herculaneum Pottery, Liverpool, 

Eng., M40 
Herkimer Co., N.Y., M64 
Hermitage, St. Petersburg, M47 



Hermitage, Tenn., M88 

Hewitt, Abram H., M89 

Hewlett, Hannah, M41 

Hewlett, Richard, M41 

Hillard, George S., M44 

Hind, Charles Lewis, M14 

Hingham, Mass., M23 

Historic Tales of Olden Time Concerning 
the Early Settlement and Advance- 
ment of New York City and State, 
M90 

Historic Tales of Olden Time Concerning 
the Early Settlement and Progress of 
Philadelphia and Pa., M90 

Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 
Philadelphia, M90 

History of American Painting, The, M14 

History of the First Regiment, Delaware 
Volunteers, M86 

History of the State of Delaware, M79 

Hoagland, James M., M42 

Hoagland, Lavinia, M42 

Hoeker, Jacob, M78 

Hogarth, William, M67 

Hohenzollern 3 (ship), M57 

Holland, M45 

Hollander (ship), M2 

Hollingsworth, George, M14 

Homer, Winslow, M18 

Homes of Our Forefathers, The, M94 

Hong merchants, M76 

Horse breeders, M78 

Horticulturist, The, M44 

Horticulturists, M44 

Hoskins, John, M73 

Hoskins, Mary, M73 

Hosmer, Harriet, M68, M89 

Hospitals, M19 

Hotel Cluny, Paris, M27 

Hotel du Nord, Berlin, M28 

Hotel DuPont, Wilmington, Del., 
M75 

Hotel Garfield, Chicago, M71 

Hotels, taverns, etc., M16, M23, 
M28, M35cf. 

House construction, M58, M78, M83 



Comprehensive Index 



221 



Housework, M15, M32 
Houston, Samuel, M48 
Howard University, Washington, 

D.C., M68 
Hoxie, John M. S., M43 
Huckleberry (tugboat), M79 
Hudson River, N.Y., M28, M89 
Hudson River school, M67 
Hudson River valley, N.Y., M94 
Hull, Henry, M17 
Hummelstown, Pa., M78 
Humphrey, Jane, M93 
Hunter, Thomas, M53 
Hurricanes, M43 
Hyde Park, London, M2, M27 
Hydropathy. See Hydrotherapy 
Hydrotherapy, M55 

Imperial Coach House, Vienna, M28 

Independence Hall, Philadelphia, 
M34 

Indian Ocean, M10 

Ingersoll, Robert, M9 

Ingham, Charles C, M67 

Inman, Henry, M67 

Inness, George, M18 

Insane asylums. See Psychiatric hos- 
pitals 

Internal improvements, M81 

International Medical Congress, 10th, 
Berlin, M65 

Inventors, M21, M48, M78 

Iowa, M33 

Ireland, M57, M80 

Ironwork, M89 

Irving, Washington, M55, M67 

Isabel (steam ship), M52 

Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, 
Boston, M14 

Isham, Samuel, M14 

Isle de France, M10, M76 

Italy, M55, M57, M68, M88 

Jackson, Andrew, M55, M67, M81, 

M88 
Jacksonville, Fla., M5, M30, M52. See 



also individual entries for specific 

sites, organizations, etc. 
Jamaica, M77 
James, Rev., M91 
James River, Va., M82 
Japanese Palace, Dresden, Ger., M28 
Jaques, George, M44 
Jefferson, Thomas, M19 
Jersey City, N.J., M35, M42 
Jewelers, M51 
John Adams (ship), M39 
Johnson, Andrew, M89 
Johnson, Ann, M45 
Johnson, Benjamin, M45 
Johnson, Rebecca, M45 
Johnson, Samuel, M67 
Jonesboro, 111., M94 
Joseph MUler (steamship), M28 
Joseph, king of Spain, M90 
Journal of Agriculture, M44 
Julia (ship), M63 
July 4 celebrations. See Fourth of July 

celebrations 

Katonah, N.Y., M85 
Kenihvorth: A Romance, M67 
Kensett, John F., M52 
Kensington Palace, London, M55 
Kentucky, M50 

Kew Gardens, London, M16, M68 
Key West, Fla., M52 
Kimber and Richardson, Philadel- 
phia, M46 
Kingston, Jamaica, M77 
Kinsey, John W., M48 
Kinsey family, M48 
Kitchener, William, M67 
Kittery, Maine, Ml 
Knox, John, M68 
Koehler, Sylvester R., M18 
Konigmacher, A., M49 
Kronshtadt, Russia, M47 
Kunze, John Christopher, M50 

Labor unions. See Trade unions 
Laconia, N.H., M65 



222 



Comprehensive Index 



Lafayette, Marquis de, M55 

Lake Erie, M81 

Landis, Solomon, M78 

Laurens, Henry, M19 

Lawrence, Charles B., M19 

Lawrence, James, M63 

Lawyers, M19, M42, M44, M56, M74, 
M83 

Lear in the Storm (painting), M19 

Lebanon Co., Pa., M37, M78 

Lee, Miss, M24 

Lee, Robert E., M15 

Leeds, Eng., M39 

Lehman, George, M4 

Leicester Academy, M44 

Leipzig, Ger., M69 

Leitner, Edward A., M4 

Lengerts Wagon Shop, Philadelphia, 
M16 

Leopold II, emperor of Austria, M28 

Leslie, Charles Robert, M55 

Libbey glass, M71 

Life of Benjamin Franklin, The, M45 

Life of Napoleon Bonaparte, M67 

Life of Richard Savage, The, M67 

Lincoln, Abraham, M13, M15, M34, 
M65, M68, M74 

Linguists, M50, M56 

Little, Arthur, Ml 

Little Egg Harbor, N.J., M91 

Liverpool, Eng., M5, M28, M39, 
M40, M45, M57, M80. See also 
individual entries for specific 
sites, organizations, etc. 

Liverpool Hero (ship), M63 

London, M2, M5, M27, M28, M45, 
M47, M55, M57, M65, M68, M69. 
See also individual entries for spe- 
cific sites, organizations, etc. 

London Bolt and Nut Company, Lon- 
don, M89 

London Tract Society, London, M68 

Long Branch, N.J., M90 

Long Island, N.Y., M29, M90 

Long Island Sound, M58 

Loret, Victor, M57 



Loring-Emmerton House, Salem, 
Mass., Ml 

Lossing, Benson J., M63 

Louisiana, M74 

Louvre, Paris, M27, M47, M68 

Lovell, Albert A., M44 

Lowell, Mass., M48. See also individ- 
ual entries for specific sites, orga- 
nizations, etc. 

Lowell Institute, Lowell, Mass., M14 

Lubeck, Ger., M47 

Ludlow, R., M67 

Luggage makers, M13 

Lumbering, M66 

Lutherans, M4, M45, M50, M52 

Luxor, Egypt, M57 

Lyons, Fr., M35, M45, M89 

Lytton, Lord, M67 

Mabie, Charles A., M51 

Macao, China, M76 

McClellan, George B., general, M74, 
M82 

Madame Tussaud's Gallery, London, 
M27, M28, M68 

Madison Co., N.Y., M24 

Madonna of the Apostles, The (paint- 
ing), M14 

Magdeburg, Ger., M45 

Maiden: A Story for My Young Coun- 
trywomen, The, M80 

Maine, M52, M66 

Mainz, Ger., M28 

Maiden, Mass., M14, M65 

Male diarists, M1-M3, M6, M9, M10, 
M13, M14, M16-M21, M23-M29, 
M31, M37, M39, M41, M43-M53, 
M55, M56, M58, M60, M62, M63, 
M65-M67, M90 

Manahawkin, N.J., M90 

Manchester, Eng., M39, M40 

Manila, the Philippines, M76 

Mansfield, La., M74 

Mansion of Health, Manahawkin, 
N.J., M90 

Marble Faun, The, M57 



Comprehensive Index 



223 



Marchant, Harry, M13 

Market Street Bridge, Wilmington, 

Del., M75 
Marseilles, Fr., M35, M57, M89 
Marsh, Charles, M67 
Marsh, E. S., M53 
Martineau, Harriet, M36 
Mary Moreton; or, The Broken Promise, 

a True Story of American Life, M15 
Mason, Hannah Rogers, M54 
Mason, Herbert, M55 
Mason, Jonathan, M19, M55 
Mason, Philip, M55 
Mason, William P., M54 
Mason family, M55 
Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic 

Association, M17 
Massachusetts Hospital, Boston, M55 
Massachusetts Medical Society, M65 
Massachusetts State House, Boston, 

M55 
Massachusetts Supreme Court, M14 
Massillon, Mr., M12 
Master Humphrey's Clock, M44 
Mauch Chunk, Pa., M90 
Mauritius, M10, M76 
Maverick, Samuel, M67 
Mayville, N.Y., M7 
Mead, Larkin Goldsmith, M88 
Medical care, M9, M50, M55, M77, 

M87 
Medical Inquiries and Observations upon 

the Disease of the Mind, M46 
Medical instruments and apparatus, 

M55, M93 
Medical Society of Philadelphia, M87 
Meehan, Kate, M16 
Meehan, Thomas, M16 
Meigs, Henry, M56, M67 
Meigs, Julia, M56, M67 
Memorial of George Jaques, M44 
Memphis, Egypt, M57 
Mendinhall, Estelle, M57 
Mendinhall, William, M57 
Mer de Glace, M89 
Merritt, Benjamin, M58 



Methodists, M65, M90, M91 
Metropolitan Museum of New York, 

M14, M88 
Meyer and Hupeden, New York 

City, M67 
Meyer, W., M67 
Miami Canal, Ohio, M81 
Mico Chlucco, King of the Semi- 

noles, M38 
Middlebury College, Middlebury, 

Conn., M68 
Middletown, N.Y., M88 
Milhous, Sarah, M59 
Military Order of the Loyal Legion, 

M65 
Miller, George, M37 
Mills and millwork. See specific kinds 

of mills 
Minnesota, M94 
Miss Blanchard's School, M93 
Miss Leslie's Magazine, M80 
Misses Gill's School, Philadelphia, 

M80 
Mississippi River, M90 
Missouri Compromise, M55 
Modeling, Ml, M19, M24 
Monastery: A Romance, The, M67 
Monmouth Co., N.J., M42 
Monroe, James, M45 
Monte Carlo, Monaco, M88 
Montelimar, Fr., M45 
Montpelier, Fr., M45 
Montreal, Canada, M52 
Moore, Emeline, M61 
Moral Heroism; or, The Trials and Tri- 
umphs of the Great and Good, M15 
More, Hannah, M12 
Morgan, Lady, M67 
Morlock and Bayer, Providence, Ml 
Morris, John Pemberton, M62 
Morse, Samuel F. B., M67 
Morton, Mary, M59 
Moscow, M69 

Mothers of England, The, M80 
Mount Holly, N.J., M90 
Mount Holyoke, Mass., M55 



224 



Comprehensive Index 



Mount Hope, M10 

Mount Vesuvius, It., M68 

Mount Washington Collegiate Insti- 
tute, New York City, M18 

Mover, Mr., M45 

Muhlenberg, Henry Melchior, M50 

Muhlenberg, Margaretta Henrietta, 
M50 

Munich, Ger., M88, M89 

Naples, It., M27, M89 

Napoleon I, M27, M28, M68 

Napoleon III, M68 

Narragansett Pier, R.I., M5 

Nash, Abner, M93 

National Academy of Design, M19, 
M67 

National Gallery, London, M27 

National Gallery, New York City, 
M52 

Neagle, John, M19 

Nelson, N.Y., M24 

Netherlands, M57, M88, M89 

Neue Unpartheyische Readinger Zeitung, 
M45 

New Albany, Ind., M33 

New Bern, N.C., M82 

New Brunswick, N.J., M92 

New Castle, Del., M45 

New Castle Co., Del., M25 

New England, M91 

New England Historic Genealogical 
Society, Boston, M17, M65 

New England Historical and Genealogi- 
cal Register, M17 

New Hampshire, M91 

New Hampshire Academy, M93 

New Haven, M56, M68. See also indi- 
vidual entries for specific sites, 
organizations, etc. 

New Jersey, M19, M26, M56, M92 

New Jersey Art Union, M67 

New Jerusalem Church, M2 

New Light Baptists, M91 

New London, Conn., M40 



New London, Connecticut City Hall, 

M14 
New Madrid, Mo., M90 
New Orleans, La., M22, M74, M90 
New River, Fla., M43 
New York City, M3, M5, M6, M8, 

Mil, M17-M19, M26, M28, M29, 

M42, M50-M52, M56, M80, M88- 

M93. See also individual entries 

for specific sites, organizations, 

etc. 
New York City Harbor, M50 
New York City mayor, M88 
New York City Park Commission, 

M88 
New York State, M48, M50 
New York State Legislature, M36, 

M56 
Newfoundland, M45 
Newport, R.I., M5, M10, M26 
Newton, Gilbert Stuart, M55 
Niagara Falls, N.Y., and Canada, 

M8, M17, M48, M54, M68, M80, 

M90 
Nice, Fr., M35, M89 
Nichols, Francis, M63 
Nichols, Susan W., M64 
Nile River, Egypt, M57 
Nimes, Fr., M45, M89 
No Cross, No Crown, M45 
Noel, Rev. B., M68 
Norfolk, Va., M87 
Norris, Albert Lane, M65 
Norris, Rufus, M65 
North American Lloyd Line, M57 
North American Review, M44 
North American Scenery, M94 
North Annville Township, Pa., M37 
North Carolina, M82 
Northampton, Mass., M55 
Northbridge, Mass., M44 
Notre Dame, Paris, M47 
Nottaway Co., Va., M44 
Nottingham, Eng., M39 
Nuremberg, Ger., M57 



Comprehensive Index 



225 



Nurseries (Horticultural), M44 

O'Donnel, M67 

O'Hara, James, general, M90 

Ocean Grove, N.J., M84, M85 

Ocean travel, M2, M6, M10, M19, 
M26-M29, M39, M45, M52, M55, 
M57, M60, M63, M76, M77, M79, 
M82, M89-M91 

Oddie, Rosalie, M56 

Oddie, Walter Mason, M56, M67 

Odessa, Del., M33 

Odessa, Russia, M69 

Ohio, M81 

Ohio River, M90 

Oil City, Pa., M33. See also individual 
entries for specific sites, organiza- 
tions, etc. 

Oil Exchange, Oil City, Pa., M33 

Old New York, M50 

Old Panama, Panama, M6 

Old Town Burial Ground, Hemp- 
stead, N.Y., M41 

Oldenburg, Ger., M47 

"On Contentment," M59 

Oneida, N.Y., M51 

Oneonta, N.Y., M51 

Orange trees, M43 

Orangery, Dresden, Ger., M28 

Orlando Rescuing Oliver from the Lion 
and the Serpent (painting), M19 

Ornamental painters, M16 

Oxford St., London, M2 

Paine, Thomas, M45 

Painters and paintings, M2, M4, 
M14, M16, M18, M19, M24, M45, 
M52, M55, M56, M64, M67, M70, 
M88, M94 

Paintings conservators, M14 

Palace of Luxembourg, Paris, M27, 
M47 

Palestine, M69 

Palmer Waterman & Company, Bos- 
ton, M65 



Pamunkey River, Va., M82 

Panama, M6 

Panama (ship), M6 

Panorama paintings, M19, M67, M80 

Pantheon, Paris, M27 

Paris, M2, M27, M35, M45, M47, 
M69, M88, M89. See also individ- 
ual entries for specific sites, orga- 
nizations, etc. 

Parker Institute, N.Y., M82 

Patton, Mary Shaw Bird, M68 

Patton, William, M68 

Patton, William Weston, M68 

Pau, Fr., M55 

Paul (The Apostle), M91 

Peabody's and Sons, Providence, Ml 

Peale, Charles Willson, M19 

Peale, Rembrandt, M19, M55 

Peale Museum, N.Y., M17 

Peale Museum, Philadelphia, M19 

Peninsular Campaign, M65, M82 

Penn, William, M45 

Penn Charter School, Philadelphia, 
M75 

Pennsylvania, Mil, M81 

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine 
Arts, Philadelphia, M19, M67 

Pennsylvania Board of Agriculture, 
M16 

Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, 
M19 

Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
M16 

Perley, Cora E., M65 

Perth Amboy, N.J., M56 

Petersburg, Va., M13, M22, M86 

Philadelphia, M13, M16, M19, M26, 
M34, M38, M45, M46, M48, M50, 
M52, M53, M68, M72, M80, M90- 
M92. See also individual entries 
for specific sites, organizations, 
etc. 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Com- 
mon Council, M16 

Philadelphia Academy of Medicine, 



226 



Comprehensive Index 



M87 

Philadelphia Patent Floor-Cloth Man- 
ufactory, M38 

Phillips, Clement Stocker, M12 

Phillips Exeter Academy, M65 

Phrenology, M44 

Physicians, M65, M75, M87 

Pickering, S. F., M65 

Pictorial Field Book of the War of 1812, 
M63 

Pike Slip, N.Y., M29 

Pioneer (schooner), M79 

Pisa, It., M57, M68 

Pittsburgh, M33, M46, M48, M60, 
M90 

Pius X, Pope, M57 

Plasterwork, decorative, Ml 

Piatt, Mr., M60 

Plautus, M56 

Pleasant Hill, La., M74 

Point Breeze, N.J., M90 

Pompeii, It., M27, M28, M68 

Ponce de Leon Hotel, St. Augustine, 
Fla., M30 

Pont Saint Esprit, Fr., M45 

Pope, Alexander, Mil 

Pope Manufacturing Company, Ml 

Popes, M57, M68 

Porpoises, M27 

Port Royal, Jamaica, M77 

Port Tobacco, Md., M86 

Portsmouth, N.H., Ml 

Portugal, M76 

Posthumous papers. Facetious and Fanci- 
ful, of a Person Lately About Town, 
M67 

Potter and Company, Providence, 
Ml 

Potteries, M40 

Powers, Hiram, M68, M88, M89 

Pozznoli, It., M27 

Practical Hints upon Landscape Garden- 
ing, M44 

Presbyterians, M68 

Prevost, Major, M3 



Price, John, M49 

Princeton Theological Seminary, 
Princeton, M68 

Printers, M17, M45, M46 

Prisons, M36, M58 

Private Collection of Thomas B. Clarke of 
New York . . . , The, M18 

Proverbial Philosophy, M44 

Providence, Ml, M24, M26, M82. See 
also individual entries for specific 
sites, organizations, etc. 

Providence Coal Company, Provi- 
dence, Ml 

Psychiatric hospitals, M88 

Puanckeguay, M76 

Pullman, 111., M33 

Pullman cars. See Railroads: Pullman 
cars 

Purdon, Mr., M5 

Purdys, N.Y., M58 

Quincy, Josiah, M55 

Railroads, M8, M16, M17, M21, M79, 

M80, M88, M90 
Railroads: Pullman cars, M16, M33 
Ramses /// (steamship), M57 
Ramsey, David, M19 
Randall, Mrs., M28 
Randolph, R., M69 
Randolph-Macon College, 

Lynchburg, Va., M22 
Raynortown, N.Y., M29 
Reading, Mass., M94 
Reading, Pa., M45, M75 
Redgauntlet: A Tale of the Eighteenth 

Century, M67 
"Reflections on Different Subjects of 

Morality," M59 
Religion, M66 
Religious persecution, M45 
Reni, Guido, M57 
Republicans, M9, M74, M88 
Resorts, M5, M16, M80, M84, M85, 

M90 



Comprehensive Index 



227 



Retrospect of Western Travel, M36 

Revolution. See United States Revo- 
lution 

Rhine River, Ger., M28, M89 

Rhone River, Switz., M68 

Rice plantations, M52 

Richardson, J., M48 

Richardson, Joseph G., M72 

Richardson, Ruth Hoskins, M73 

Richardson family, M26 

Richmond, Maine, M23 

Richmond, Va., M13, M65, M82 

Richter, Mr., M45 

Rikers Island, N.Y., M38 

Rimmer, William, M14 

Rinehart, W. G., M86 

Robertson, Harry, M85 

Rochester, N.Y., M8 

Rockville, Md., M82 

Rogers, Daniel, M54 

Rogers, Elizabeth, M54 

Rogers, Elizabeth Bromfield, M54 

Rogers, Henry, M54 

Rogers, John, M89 

Rogers family, M54 

Rome, It., M27, M35, M57, M68, 
M88, M89. See also individual 
entries for specific sites, organiza- 
tions, etc. 

Roosevelt, Theodore, M85 

Rosemary Lane, London, M45 

Rotterdam, Holland, M45 

Rotunda, New York City, M67 

Rouen, Fr., M35 

Royal Gallery, Madrid, M88 

Royal Palace, Berlin, M28 

Royal Palace, Dresden, M28 

Rumford, Charles G., M74 

Rumford, Jonathan, M75 

Rumford, Samuel Canby, M75 

Rumford family, M75 

Rush, Benjamin, M46, M87 

Ruskin, John, M44 

Russia, M47 

Ruxer, J., M58 



Sachs, Hans, M57 

Sacketts Harbor, N.Y., M60 

Sailors and Saints; or, Matrimonial 
Manoeuvers, M67 

St. Augustine, Fla., M30, M52. See 
also individual entries for specific 
sites, organizations, etc. 

Saint George's Chapel, Windsor Cas- 
tle, Eng., M68 

Saint Helena, M27 

Saint James Church, Bristol, Pa., 
M62 

Saint John's Church, New York City, 
M19 

Saint Johns River, Fla., M5 

Saint Laurent (steamboat), M89 

Saint Matthew's Church, M17 

Saint Paul's Cathedral, London, 
M28, M68 

Saint Peter's Cathedral, Rome, M27, 
M68 

St. Petersburg, M47, M69. See also 
individual entries for specific 
sites, organizations, etc. 

Salem, Mass., Ml. See also individual 
entries for specific sites, organiza- 
tions, etc. 

Salem, N.H., M20 

Salisbury, Md., M86 

Salisbury, N.H., M32 

San Francisco, Calif., M6 

Sanitary Fairs, M13, M34 

Saratoga, N.Y., M80 

Sass Gallery, London, M55 

Savage, Edward, M19 

Sawmills, M58, M83 

Saws, M21 

Saxony, Ger., M50 

Scattergood, Thomas, M26 

Scholars' Club, Boston, M20 

School students. See Students 

Schoolteachers. See Teachers 

Schuylkill River, Pa., M89 

Scientific American, M21, M88 

Scotland, M39, M57, M68 



228 



Comprehensive Index 



Scott, Sir Walter, M2, Mil, M57, 
M67 

Scribner's Monthly, M9 

Sculptors, M19, M24 

Sea Gull (sloop), M91 

Sea travel. See Ocean travel 

Seances, M9 

Sellers, W., and Company, Philadel- 
phia, M89 

Seminoles, M4, M38 

Sentimental Journey, The, M44 

"Sermon sur le Jugement dernier," 
M12 

Settlement of estates. See Decedents' 
estates 

Seven Lamps of Architecture, The, M44 

Seville, William P., M86 

Sextus Propertius, M56 

Seymour, Horatio, M88 

Shakers, M66 

Shakespeare, William, M2, M10 

Shank, Christian H., M78 

Shank, Joseph, M78 

Shannon (frigate), M55, M63 

Sheffield, Eng., M39 

Shelley, Percy Bysshe, M57 

Sherman, William Tecumseh, gen- 
eral, M5 

Shipbuilding industry, M9, M66 

Shoemakers, M93 

Sign painters, M16 

Silhouettes, M38 

Silversmiths, M34, M49 

Sing Sing Prison, Ossining, N.Y., 
M58 

Sir John Soames Museum, London, 
M68 

Sir Uvedale Price on the Picturesque, 
M44 

Sistine Chapel, Rome, M27 

Six Months in Italy, M44 

Slave trade, M3, M68, M81 

Smith, Albert F., M15 

Smith, George, M16 

Smith, J., M78 



Smollett, Tobias C, M67 

Snelling, Samuel, M55 

Society for the Commemoration of 
the Landing of William Penn, 
M90 

Society for the Prevention of Cruelty 
to Animals, M53 

Society of Friends, M26, M45, M89 

Solicitor of the Court of Chancery of 
New Castle County, Del., M74 

Somers Center, N.Y., M58, M84, 
M85 

Sonquoy, M76 

South Carolina, M51 

South Carolina (ship), M19 

South Carolina Comptroller General, 
M19 

South Carolina House of Representa- 
tives, M19 

Southampton (ship), M27 

Southern Minnesota Railroad Com- 
pany, M42 

Spain, M76, M88 

Sphinx, Egypt, M57 

Sprague, William, governor, M5 

Starr, John, M79 

Starr, Thomas, M79 

Stebbins, Lewis, M3 

Steel industry and trade, M89 

Steen, Mary Service, M80 

Steen, Robert, M80 

Sterne, Laurence, M44 

Stockholm, Sweden, M69 

Stonington, Conn., M91 

Stover, A. F., M81 

Stover, Ralph, M81 

Stoves, M49 

Stowe, Harriet Beecher, Mil, M44 

Stuart, Gilbert, M14, M19, M55 

Stuart, J. E. B., M86 

Students, M61, M80, M85 

Studio Press, M18 

Studley, Eddie, M82 

Studley, Fannie, M82 

Studley, John M., M82 



Comprehensive Index 



229 



Studley, Theodore, M82 

Stuttgart, Ger., M4 

Sub-Tropical Exhibition, Jacksonville, 

Fla., M30 
Sully, Thomas, M19, M55 
Sumter, Thomas, M19 
Sunny Memories of Foreign Lands, M44 
Sussex (ship), M45 
Swain, Major, M90 
Sweden, M47 
Swedenborg, Emanuel, M2 
Swinburne, Henry, M67 
Switzerland, M55, M57, M68, M88, 

M89 
Syracuse, N.Y., M8 
Syria, M69 

Tabor, William, M3 

Taney, Roger B., M90 

Tanners, M17 

Tanzio, Antonio, M57 

Taxidermists, M6 

Taylor, Bayard, M44 

Taylor, Zachary, M48 

Teachers, M7, M15, M44 

Telegraph, M67 

Telephones, M9 

Temperance, M15, M17, M23, M44, 

M68, M78, M88 
Ten Thousand a Year, M44 
Terry, Mr., M68 
Thames River, Eng., M2, M77 
The Dutch Girl (painting), M2 
Thorn, William, M83 
"Thoughts on Happiness," M59 
Three Mile Harbor, N.Y., M29 
Throgs Neck, N.Y., M29 
Tibullus, M50 
Tiffany Company, New York City, 

M71 
Tinkham & Company, Springfield, 

Mass., M65 
Titian, M57 

Tocqueville, Alexis de, M36 
Toledo, Spain, M88 



Tollman, Peleg, M39 

Topkin, Mr., M45 

Tower of London, London, M27, 
M28 

Trade. See Commerce 

Trade unions, Ml 

Traveller's Oracle; or, Maxims for Loco- 
motion, The, M67 

Travels through Spain in the Years 1775 
and 1776, M67 

Treatise on the Theory and Practice of 
Landscape Gardening, M44 

Trees, M44 

Trieste, It., M28 

Trinity College, Dublin, M50 

Tristram Shandy, M44 

Troy, N.Y., M55 

"True Greatness (Instance of) in 
Henry 4 of France," M59 

Tucker, Mary Elizabeth, M17 

Tuileries, Paris, M27, M47 

Tupper, Martin F., M44 

Uffizi Gallery, Florence, M57 
Undertakers and undertaking, M37 
Union League Club, New York City, 

M88 
Union Philosophical Society, Wilbra- 

ham, Mass., M65 
Union Theological Seminary, New 

York City, M68 
Unitarians, M44 

United Licensed Merchant, M76 
United States Civil War, M13, M15, 

M22, M32, M37, M51, M55, M65, 

M68, M74, M78, M82, M86, M88 
United States Congress, M50, M56 
United States House of Repre- 

sentaives, M17, M55 
United States Navy, M63 
United States Patent Office, M48 
United States Revolution, Mil, M26, 

M55, M90 
United States Senate, M48, M55 
United States Supreme Court, M90 



230 



Comprehensive Index 



United States Treasury Building, 
Washington, D.C., M88 

United States War Department, M90 

United States War of 1812, M63 

University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Ger., 
M50 

University of Pennsylvania, Philadel- 
phia, M75, M87 

Unstruct River, Ger., M50 

Uppham, Senator, M48 

Utica, N.Y., M8, M24, M67 

Uxbridge, Mass., M44 

Vail, Georgiana L., M58, M84, M85 

Vail, Martha, M58, M84, M85 

Van Doren and David's Institute, 
Philadelphia, M80 

Vandegrift, Harrison, M86 

Vandegrift, Willie, M86 

Vanderlyn, John, M55 

Vanexum, John, M90 

Vanity Fair tobacco, M9 

Vatican, M57 

Vatican Museum, Rome, It., M27 

Vaughan, Benjamin, M19 

Vaughan, John, M75 

Venice, M28. See also individual 

entries for specific sites, organiza- 
tions, etc. 

Vermont, M52 

Versailles, Fr., M27, M68 

Vevey, Switz., M55 

Victoria (ship), M45 

Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 
M28, M55 

Vienna, M28, M65. See also individ- 
ual entries for specific sites, orga- 
nizations, etc. 

Vienna, Md., M86 

Virgil, M50, M64 

Virginia, M51, M81 

Volksgarten, Vienna, M28 

Volunteer (ship), M63 

Vose Gallery, Boston, M14 

Waddington, Joshua, M38 



Wagon wheels, M16, M21 

Wakefield, Eng., M39 

Wakefield, R.I., M5 

Wales, Salem Howe, M88 

Wales, Mass., M88 

Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool, M57 

Wallace, General Lew, M65 

Walpole, N.H., M91 

Walton, N.Y., M51 

War of 1812. See United States War 

of 1812 
Ward, William E., M89 
Warren, Samuel, M44 
Warwick Castle, Warwick, Eng., M57 
Washington, George, M19, M50, 

M55, M78 
Washington, D.C., M5, M15, M17, 

M48, M55, M74, M82, M90. See 

also individual entries for specific 

sites, organizations, etc. 
Washington Art Association, M67 
Washington College, Lexington, Ky., 

M22 
Washington Temperance Society, 

Worcester, Mass., M44 
Watercolor paintings, M52, M64 
Waterloo, Belgium, M47 
Watkins, Katie, M22 
Watson, John Fanning, M90-M92 
Watson, Lucy Fanning, M91 
Watson, Selina, M92 
Watson, Wesley, M90, M91 
Watson, William, M90, M91 
Wayne, Anthony, M90 
Webb, Nathan, M55 
Webbe, Cornelius, M67 
Webster, Daniel, M14 
Welles, William, M55 
Wemyss, James, Ml 
Wesley, John, M45 
West, Benjamin, M19, M45 
West, William, M45 
West, William Edward, M2 
West Farmington, Maine, M9 
West Virginia, M60 
Westminster, Md., M86 



Comprehensive Index 



231 



Westminster Abbey, London, M27, 
M68 

Weymouth, Mass., M93 

"What Is Charity" (poem), M4 

Wheeling, W.Va., M46, M60 

Whistler, James Abbott McNeill, M14 

White, Charles, M93 

White, Enos, M93 

White, Jane, M93 

White, Jane Augustus, M93 

White, Lucy Ann, M93 

White, Stephen, M93 

White Mountains, N.H., M55 

Whitefield, Edwin, M94 

Whitesmiths, M49 

Whitney, George, M34 

Whitworth Company, Manchester, 
Eng., M89 

Wiggin, B., M2 

Wilbraham, Mass., M65. See also indi- 
vidual entries for specific sites, 
organizations, etc. 

Wilbraham Academy, M65 

Wiley University, M65 

Wilkie, David, M55 

Wilkinson, Janet W., M80 

Willing, Charles, M92 

Willis, Jonathan, M26 

Wilmington, Del., M45, M57, M75, 
M79, M86, M87. See also individ- 
ual entries for specific sites, orga- 
nizations, etc. 



Wilmington, Delaware, Board of 
Health, M87 

Windmills, M26 

Windsor Castle, Eng., M68 

Winter Palace, St. Petersburg, M47 

Wise, Gov. Henry A., M65 

Wister, Caspar, M19 

Wonderly, Jacob S., M13 

Wonderly, Lizzie, M13 

Wood, Mr., M70 

Wood carvers, Ml 

Woolen mills, M33 

Worcester, Mass., M44, M82. See also 
individual entries for specific 
sites, organizations, etc. 

Worcester City Hospital, Worcester, 
Mass., M44 

Worcester County Horticultural Soci- 
ety, Worcester, Mass., M44 

Worcester Lyceum, Worcester, 
Mass., M44 

World's Columbian Exposition, Chi- 
cago, M71 

Wunderling, Mr., M45 

Yale University, New Haven, M20, 

M56 
Yellow fever, M87 
Yerkes, George, M34 
Yonkers, N.Y., M5 
Yorktown, Va., M82 



Geographical Index to Published Travel Accounts 



Africa, P87 

Alabama, P198 

Alaska, P236, P272 

Alcobaca, Portugal, P24 

Allegheny Mountains, P214, P256, 
P257 

Alps, P23, P296 

America, P2, P6, P7, P8, P28, P29, 
P34, P40, P42, P45, P46, P54, P55, 
P56, P57, P63, P64, P71, P78, P79, 
P97, P105, P129, P132, P135, P138, 
P139, P160, P163, P166, P168, 
P171, P173, P186, P190, P192, 
P201, P202, P208, P211, P215, 
P232, P244, P245, P249, P250, 
P254, P260, P265, P286, P292, 
P310, P315, P319, P323, P324, 
P329, P332, P344, P364, P395. See 
also United States 

Annapolis, Md., P170 

Antilles, P387 

Arabia, P96 

Arizona, P50, P307 

Arkansas, P198, P282 

Arkansas River, P306 

Aries, Fr., P264 

Asia, P61, P87 

Asia Minor, P80, P370, P391 

Athens, Gr., P391 

Attica, Gr., P391 

Azores, P212 

Baltimore, P21, P168 

Barbados, P384 

Batalha, Portugal, P24 

Bath, Va., P21, P22 

Bloody River, P28 

Boeotia, Gr., P391 

Boston, P49, PI 15, P203, P276, P399 

Boulder, Colo., P352 

Broule River, P336 

Burntwood River, P336 

California, P14, P62, P86, PI 18, P147, 
PI 74, P222, P224, P239, P309, 
P312, P317, P327, P365, P368, 



P369, P373, P381. See also specific 
places 

Cambridge (Co.), Eng., P151 

Canada, P10, P17, P43, P64, P72, 
P73, P110, P136, P157, P165, P178, 
P181, P213, P216, P235, P241, 
P255, P273, P275, P290, P338, 
P389, P390. See also specific places 

Canterbury, Eng., P298 

Canton, China, P13, P279 

Cape Horn, P317, P381 

Carolinas, P185. See also North Caro- 
lina; South Carolina 

Central America, P353 

Charleston, S.C., P4, P168, P256, 
P257 

Chiapas, Mex., P353 

Chihuahua, Mex., P14 

Chile, P375 

China, P13, P52, P144, P176, P184, 
P219, P254, P278, P279, P349, 
P372, P396, P403. See also specific 
places 

China Sea, P392 

Colorado, P262. See also specific 
places 

Columbia River, P99, P375 

Connecticut, P170. See also specific 
places 

Constantinople, Turk., P391 

Corinth, Gr., P391 

Cuba, P273. See also specific places 

Delaware, P170. See also specific 

places 
Denmark, P402 
Detroit, Mich., P335 

East Anglia, Eng., P269 

East Indies, P47, P52 

Egypt, P96, P109, Pill, P150, P280, 

P347 
England, P12, P88, P137, P145, P154, 

P313, P374. See also Great Britain; 

specific places 
Essex (Co.), Eng., P151 



233 



234 



Geographical Index 



Europe, P28, P57, P87, P94, P314, 
P318, P366, P371, P406 

Finland, P238 

Florence, It., P301 

Florida, P18, P19, P32, P33, P102, 

P140, P198, P355. See also specific 

places 
France, P57, PI 19, P300, P313, P405. 

See also specific places 

Georgia, P18, P19, P198. See also spe- 
cific places 

Great Britain, P57, P107, PI 14, P159, 
P255, P361, P371. See also England; 
specific places 

Great Lakes, P243, P248 

Great Salt Lake, P304 

Greece, P81, P294, P391. See also spe- 
cific places 

Gulf of Mexico, P140, P225 

Hampshire (Co.), Eng., P152, P155 
Harper's Ferry, Va., P70 
Hartford, P158, P339, P340 
Havana, Cuba, P168, P276 
Havre-de-Grace, Fr., P168 
Hawaii, P124, P375 
Hebrides, P299 
Hesperides, P212 
Himalaya Mountains, P144 
Holy Land, P96 
Hudson River, P68, P258 

Illinois, P39, P40, P54, P142, P285, 

P388, P404 
India, P180, P372 
Indiana, P54, P142, P337 
Ireland, P88, P255, P283, P313 
Isle of Wight, P154 
Italy, P23, P128, P159, P179, P191, 

P264, P295, P300, P322, P330, 

P377, P378, P405. See also specific 

places 
Itasca Lake, P336 



Jamaica, P227. See also specific places 
Japan, P61, P175, P176, P372 
Jerusalem, P15 
Jesso, P61 

Kamchatka, Siberia, P223 
Kansas River, P306 
Kent (Co.), Eng., P152 
Kentucky, P54, P102, P142, P198, 

P256, P257, P312, P337, P382 
Kew Gardens, London, P302 
Klondike, P236 
Korea, P61 

La Platte River, P306 

Lake Winnepeek, P196 

Lancaster Co., Pa., P206 

Languedoc, Fr., P23 

Leeward Islands, P384 

Lieuchieux Islands, P61 

Lipari, It., P182 

Liverpool, Eng., P167, P304 

Lodi, Wis., P352 

London, P4, P302 

Louis Lake, P92 

Louisiana, P20, P32, P33, P53, P54, 

P198, P246, P306, P320, P337. See 

also specific places 
Lyons, Fr., P23 

Maine, P101, P125 

Malta, P182 

Marseilles, Fr., P264 

Maryland, P21, P142, P198. See also 

specific places 
Massachusetts, P170. See also specific 

places 
Mendon, N.Y., P158 
Mexico, P5, P239, P368, P369, P379. 

See also specific places 
Mississippi, P33, P102, P140, P198, 

P337 
Mississippi River, P28, P68, P102, 

P143, P207, P225, P261, P263, 

P306, P335, P336 



Geographical Index 



235 



Mississippi River valley, PI 74 
Missouri, PI 74, P198. See also specific 

places 
Missouri River, P53, PI 17, P140, 

P148, P149, P207 
Montego Bay, Jamaica, P168 
Monterey, Calif., P368, P369 
Monticello, Va., P70 

Naples, It., P126, P328 

Natural Bridge, Va., P70 

New Castle, Del., P168 

New England, PI, P122, P157, P186, 
P193, P342 

New France, PI 76 

New Hampshire, P170 

New Jersey, PI 68, PI 70 

New Mexico, P14, P176, P262. See 
also specific places 

New Orleans, PI 86, P276, P337 

New Spain, P306 

New York City, P36, P127, P168, 
P222, P266 

New York State, P44, P100, P104, 
P122, P145, PI 70, P231, P337. See 
also specific places 

Newport, R.I., P36 

Niagara Falls, P37, P98, P146, P158, 
P229 

Nicaragua, P224 

Nice, Fr., P23 

Nile River, P123 

Nimes, Fr., P264 

Norfolk (Co.), Eng., P151 

North America, P9, Pll, P27, P30, 
P31, P38, P41, P48, P64, P65, P66, 
P69, P74, P75, P76, P82, P83, P84, 
P85, P148, P149, P164, P172, P181, 
P194, P195, P203, P210, P217, 
P233, P235, P242, P262, P274, 
P293, P321, P338, P348, P358, 
P359, P362, P363, P376, P379, 
P388, P389, P393, P394 

North Carolina, P18, P19, P198. See 
also Carolinas 



Northwest, P199 
Norway, P402 
Nova Scotia, P235, P275 
Nubia, P280 

Ohio, P26, P54, P102, P142, P256, 

P257, P337 
Ohio River, P28, P102, P143 
Onondaga, N.Y., P16 
Oregon, P118, P147, P156, P341,P373 
Oregon Trail, P351 

Pacific Ocean, P27, P61, P148, P149, 

PI 74, P261, P397 
Palestine, P370 
Panama, P224, P368, P369 
Paris, Fr., P189, P264 
Peking, China, P13, P279 
Pelew Islands, P397 
Pennsylvania, P16, P17, P100, P142, 

P170, P231, P259, P277, P337, 

P401. See also specific places 
Petraea, Arabia, P96 
Philadelphia, P21, P36, P113, P168, 

P215, P229, P385, P388 
Pierre Juan River, P306 
Pittsburgh, P140, P187, P188 
Port Royal, Jamaica, P113 
Portugal, P212. See also specific 

places 
Provence, Fr., P23 

Quebec, Canada, P176, P185, P339, 
P340 

Real del Monte, Mex., P379 

Red River, P246 

Rhode Island, PI 70. See also specific 

places 
Rocky Mountains, P99, P147, P187, 

P188, P291, P341, P375 
Rome, It., P221, P301 

Saint Anthony's Falls, P225, P226, 
P266 



236 



Geographical Index 



St. Augustine, Fla., P355 

Saint Croix River, P336 

Saint John's River, P355 

St. Louis, P167, P226 

St. Paul, Siberia, P223 

Saint Peter's River, P196 

St. Pierre, Siberia, P223 

San Francisco, Calif., P368, P369 

Santa Fe, N.M., P50 

Saone River, P169 

Savannah, Ga., P276 

Scotland, P88, P107 

Shenandoah River valley, P21, P22 

Sicily, P182, P328, P370 

Sonora, Mex., P14 

South, P3, P35, P198 

South America, P308, P387 

South Carolina, P18, P19, P198. See 

also Carolinas; specific places 
South Seas, P209 
Spain, PI 19, P141, P212, P370 
Stratford, Conn., P350 
Sussex (Co.), Eng., P152 
Sweden, P402 
Switzerland, P159, P330 

Tennessee, P54, P156, P198, P256, 

P257, P337 
Texas, P14, P198, P288 



P95, P97, P99, P106, PI 10, PI 12, 
P116, P117, P120, P121, P130, 
P133, P134, P136, P146, P165, 
P181, P197, P205, P213, P216, 
P230, P234, P235, P240, P241, 
P253, P255, P267, P273, P275, 
P284, P290, P303, P311, P331, 
P335, P338, P346, P356, P360, 
P367, P379, P383, P386, P387, 
P390. See also America 

Venice, It., P183, P391 

Vermont, P231 

Vienna, Austria, P264 

Virginia, P21, P40, P70, P141, P142, 
P198, P281, P337, P342. See also spe- 
cific places 

Wales, P107, P151, P153, P271, P374 

Washington, D.C., P168, P350 

Weir's Cave, Va., P70 

West, P54, P93 

West Indies, P91, P161, P384 

West Virginia, P198 

Winchester, Va., P21, P22 

Wye River, P153 

Yellowstone National Park, P357 
Yucatan, Mex., P353, P354 



United States, P10, P25, P43, P58, 
P59, P60, P68, P71, P72, P77, P89, 



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